The research shows that species response to landscape modification is dependent on species movement pattern and spatial pattern. However the differences observed in the direction and magnitude implies that it is not possible to apply this as a general rule for different species. The influence of Region over result suggests that even populations of the same species can respond differently to the same habitat modification.

The rejection of some of the expected results can be explained by other factors that were not measured in this research project (ie. Anthropogenic disturbances are not only related to spatial modification, but also to increasing mortality risk). 


Management implications

Future research should focus on studying the specific characteristic of species population, the spatial disturbance pattern, and factors that could increase the mortality probability.