Kafr Hassan Daoud

Excavations conducted in collaboration with the Supreme Council of Antiquities (Egypt)
and with Dr. Fekri Hasan, Petrie Professor of Egyptology, Institute of Archaeology, University College London

Supported by grants from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and the University of Alberta

Kafr Hassan Daoud is located in the Wadi Tumilat of northeastern Egypt, and provides evidence of cemetery use during the Predynastic and Graeco-Roman Periods. Excavations of the predynastic cemetery were directed by Dr. Nancy Lovell in the summer of 1995, after a reconnaisance visit to the site in February of that year. Archaeologists working for the Supreme Council of Antiquities had begun excavations at the site some years earlier.

A total of 26 burials of the Pre / Early Dynastic and Graeco-Roman Periods were exposed during excavations of the cemetery at Kafr Hassan Daoud in 1995. The Graeco-Roman graves, none of which were excavated in 1995, are all oriented on an east-west axis and appear to consist of simple mud and brick tombs. Eighteen Pre / Early Dynastic burials were excavated. Most were dug as simple pits in the sand and did not include grave offerings other than pieces of crude pottery, although the extent of grave-robbing in antiquity is unclear. One of these pit graves is distinguished by its relatively rich grave accompaniments. Two graves of this period are characterized by mud-brick superstructures and quantities of schist and alabaster vessels, and have clear parallels to the elite tombs of Minshat abu Omar. The skeletal remains from Pre / Early Dynastic graves were poorly preserved, but enough biological data was obtained to ascertain that use of the cemetery was not restricted by age or sex. Low frequencies of arthritis, trauma, infection, and dental disease suggest generally good health among the inhabitants of the early community, although enamel defects of the teeth indicate that many adults had survived severe illness or malnutrition during childhood.


2000 Lovell, Nancy C. The 1995 Excavations at Kafr Hassan Daoud. Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities 27:34-41.


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