S. Thompson. Motif-index of folk-literature : a classification of narrative elements in folktales, ballads, myths, fables, mediaeval romances, exempla, fabliaux, jest-books, and local legends.

Revised and enlarged edition. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 1955-1958. • Main page

Grant support: INTAS project 05-1000008-7922, ÐÔÔÈ #06-06-80-420a, ÐÔÔÈ #07-06-00441-à




†D10.--D99. Transformation of man to different man

†D10. Transformation to person of different sex

†D20. Transformation to person of different social class

†D30. Transformation to person of different race

†D40. Transformation to likeness of another person

†D50. Magic changes in man himself

†D90. Transformation: man to different man -- miscellaneous

†D100.--D199. Transformation: man to animal

†D100.--D149. Transformation man to mammal

†D110. Transformation: man to wild beast (mammal)

†D130. Transformation: man to domestic beast (mammal)

†D150. Transformation: man to bird

†D170. Transformation: man to fish

†D180. Transformation: man to insect

†D190. Transformation: man to reptiles and miscellaneous animals

†D200.--D299. Transformation: man to object

†D210. Transformation: man to vegetable form

†D230. Transformation: man to mineral form

†D250. Transformation: man to manufactured object

†D270. Transformation: man to object -- miscellaneous

†D300.--D399. Transformation: animal to person

†D310.--D349. Transformation: mammal to person

†D310. Transformation: wild beast (mammal) to person

†D330. Transformation: domestic beast (mammal) to person

†D350. Transformation: bird to person

†D370. Transformation: fish to man

†D380. Transformation: insect to person

†D390. Transformation: reptiles and miscellaneous animals to persons

†D400.--D499. Other forms of transformation

†D410. Transformation: one animal to another

†D420. Transformation: animal to object

†D430. Transformation: object to person

†D440. Transformation: object to animal

†D450.--D499. Transformation: object to object

†D450. Transformation: object to another object

†D470. Transformation: material of object changed

†D480. Size of object transformed

†D500.--D599. Means of transformation

†D510. Transformation by breaking tabu

†D520. Transformation through power of the word

†D530. Transformation by putting on skin, clothing, etc.

†D550. Transformation by eating or drinking

†D560. Transformation by various means

†D600.--D699. Miscellaneous transformation incidents

†D610. Repeated transformation

†D620. Periodic transformation

†D630. Transformation and disenchantment at will

†D640. Reasons for voluntary transformation

†D660. Motive for transformation of others

†D670. Magic flight

†D680. Miscellaneous circumstances of transformation

†D700.--D799. Disenchantment

†D710. Disenchantment by rough treatment

†D720. Disenchantment by removing (destroying) covering of enchanted person

†D730. Disenchantment by submission

†D750. Disenchantment by faithfulness of others

†D760. Disenchantment by miscellaneous means

†D790. Attendant circumstances of disenchantment

†D800.--D1699. MAGIC OBJECTS

†D800.--D899. Ownership of magic objects

†D800. Magic object

†D810.--D859. Acquisition of magic object

†D810. Magic object a gift

†D830. Magic object acquired by trickery

†D840. Magic object found

†D850. Magic object otherwise obtained

†D860. Loss of magic object

†D880. Recovery of magic object

†D900.--D1299. Kinds of magic objects

†D900. Magic weather phenomena

†D910. Magic body of water

†D930. Magic land features

†D940. Magic forests

†D950. Magic tree

†D960. Magic gardens and plants

†D980. Magic fruits and vegetables

†D990.--D1029. Magic bodily members

†D990. Magic bodily members -- human

†D1010. Magic bodily members -- animal

†D1030. Magic food

†D1040. Magic drink

†D1050. Magic clothes

†D1070. Magic ornaments

†D1080. Magic weapons

†D1110. Magic conveyances

†D1130. Magic buildings and parts

†D1150. Magic furniture

†D1170. Magic utensils and implements

†D1210. Magic musical instruments

†D1240. Magic waters and medicines

†D1250. Miscellaneous magic objects

†D1300.--D1599. Function of magic objects

†D1300.--D1379. Magic objects effect changes in persons

†D1300. Magic object gives supernatural wisdom

†D1310. Magic object gives supernatural information

†D1330. Magic objects works physical change

†D1350. Magic object changes person's disposition

†D1360. Magic object effects temporary change in person

†D1380. Magic object protects

†D1390. Magic object rescues person

†D1400.--D1439. Magic object gives power over other persons

†D1400. Magic object overcomes person

†D1410. Magic object renders person helpless

†D1420. Magic object draws person (thing) to it

†D1430. Magic object pursues or captures

†D1440. Magic object gives power over animals

†D1450. Magic object furnishes treasure

†D1470. Magic object as provider

†D1500. Magic object controls disease

†D1520. Magic object affords miraculous transportation

†D1540. Magic object controls the elements

†D1550. Magic object miraculously opens and closes

†D1560. Magic object performs other services for owner

†D1600.--D1699. Characteristics of magic objects

†D1600.--D1649. Automatic magic objects

†D1600. Automatic object

†D1610. Magic speaking objects

†D1620. Magic automata

†D1640. Other automatic objects

†D1650. Other characteristics of magic objects


†D1710.--D1799. Possession and means of employment of magic powers

†D1710. Possession of magic powers

†D1720. Acquisition of magic powers

†D1740. Loss of magic powers

†D1750. Other characteristics of magic power

†D1760. Means of producing magic power

†D1800.--D2199. Manifestations of magic power

†D1800.--D1949. Lasting magic qualities

†D1810. Magic knowledge

†D1820. Magic sight and hearing

†D1830. Magic strength

†D1840. Magic invulnerability

†D1850. Immortality

†D1860. Magic beautification

†D1870. Magic hideousness

†D1880. Magic rejuvenation

†D1890. Magic aging

†D1900. Love induced by magic

†D1910. Magic memory

†D1920. Other permanent magic characteristics

†D1950.--D2049. Temporary magic characteristics

†D1960. Magic sleep

†D1980. Magic invisibility

†D2000. Magic forgetfulness

†D2020. Magic dumbness

†D2030. Other temporary magic characteristics

†D2050.--D2099. Destructive magic powers

†D2060. Death or bodily injury by magic

†D2070. Bewitching

†D2080. Magic used property

†D2090. Other destructive magic powers

†D2100.--D2149. Other manifestations of magic power

†D2100. Magic wealth

†D2120. Magic transportation

†D2140. Magic control of the elements

†D2150.--D2199. Miscellaneous magical manifestations



D0. †D0. Transformation (general). *MacCulloch Childhood 149ff.; *Wimberley 275ff.; Sébillot Incidents s. v. "métamorphose"; Burton Arabian Nights VIII 270, S IV 329. --*Tibbals "Elements of Magic in the Romance of William of Palerne" MPh I (1903) 355ff.; *Easter: a Study of Magic Elements in the Romans d'Aventure (Dissertation, Baltimore 1906); *Hegar Hessische Blätter f. Vksk. XXVIII 110ff. --Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 251 n. 4 (Neleus); Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D5. †D5. Enchanted person. See also the entire section on transformation. No real difference seems to exist between transformation and enchantment. A bewitched or enchanted person may, however, retain his original physical form, but may be affected mentally or morally. --*Type 400; Gr. Nos. 93, 163; BP II 335ff. --Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 105 n. 1 (Minos); India: Thompson-Balys; Missouri French: Carrière.

D5.1. †D5.1. Enchanted person cannot move. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 294 No. 8.

D5.1.1. †D5.1.1. Stepson cursed to stick in grave mound till pretty girl wants to substitute for him. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D5.2. †D5.2. Enchanted person on bier. Italian: Basile Pentamerone, Introduction.

D6. †D6. Enchanted castle (building). Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière.

D7. †D7. Enchanted valley. Irish myth: Cross.

†D10-†D99. Transformation: man to different man.

D10. †D10. Transformation to person of different sex. *H. Gaidoz "Du changement de sexe dans les contes celtiques" Revue de l'histoire des religions LVII 317ff.; *Chauvin VIII 43 No. 11; *Penzer VII 42ff., 223ff.; *Fb "menneske" II 577b, "kvinde" II 339b; *Brown JAOS XLVII 3; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 752; Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D10.1. †D10.1. Ogre has unique powers of exchange of sex with human being. India: Thompson-Balys.

D10.2. †D10.2. Change of sex after crossing water. McKay Beal III 139.

D11. †D11. Transformation woman to man. *Types 406, 514; BP II 79ff., 87, III 84; Gr. Nos 71, 134; *Loomis White Magic 80; Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 165, No. 108; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 248, (Cape York) Rasmussen III 152; (Koryak) Jochelson JE VI 195, 323; Africa (Dahomé): Einstein 28.

D11.1. †D11.1. Transformation: ogress to man. India: Thompson-Balys.

D11.2. †D11.2. Woman transforms herself into a bird and lends her female organ to a boy. He fails to return it and she becomes a man when she resumes human form. India: Thompson-Balys.

D12. †D12. Transformation: man to woman. Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 364 n. 1 (Tiresias); French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 147, 151. --Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 249, (West Hudson Bay) Boas BAM XV 325; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 247, (Dahomé) Einstein 27.

D12.1. †D12.1. Transformation: god to giantess. MacCulloch Eddic 131 (Loki to Thökk).

D20. †D20. Transformation to person of different social class. Irish myth: *Cross.

D22. †D22. Transformation: common man to exalted personage.

D22.1. †D22.1. Transformation: common man to grand officer. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17.

D22.2. †D22.2. Transformation: man of low caste takes on prince's appearance, and transforms prince to take on his. India: Thompson-Balys.

D23. †D23. Transformation to artisan.

D23.1. †D23.1. Transformation into a boatman. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "batelier".

D24. †D24. Transformation to humble person.

D24.1. †D24.1. Transformation: king to menial. Icelandic: Boberg.

D24.2. †D24.2. Transformation: king and queen to peasant and wife. Icelandic: Boberg.

D24.3. †D24.3. Transformation into a swineherd. Irish myth: Cross (†D23).

D24.4. †D24.4. Transformation: rich man to tramp. Smears hands and face. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D25. †D25. Transformation layman to professional man.

D25.1. †D25.1. Transformation to doctor. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D25.2. †D25.2. Transformation into a cleric (monk). Irish myth: Cross.

D27. †D27. Transformation into leper. Irish myth: Cross.

D28. †D28. Transformation into giant. Irish myth: Cross (†D29.1.)

D29. †D29. Transformation to a person of different social class -- miscellaneous. Irish myth: Cross.

D29.1. †D29.1. Transformation into a churl (bachlach). Irish myth: *Cross.

D29.2. †D29.2. Transformation into juggler. Irish myth: Cross (Cf. †D26).

D30. †D30. Transformation to person of different race.

D31. †D31. Transformation: white person to negro. (Cf. †D57) --Chauvin II 183 No. 23; *Fb "jomfru", "hvid" I 700b, "sort" III 467b, "pige" II 816b. --Spanish Boggs FFC XC 57 No. 425; Jewish: *Neuman.

D40. †D40. Transformation to likeness of another person. *Type 363; BP III 534 n. 1. --Wells 30 (Uther Pendragon); Icelandic: Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; Greek: Grote I 80; Eskimo (Greenland) Rasmussen II 211, (Cape York) Rasmussen III 54; Africa (Fang): Tessman 141f.

D40.1. †D40.1. Transformation to likeness of person whose shield one carries. (Cf. †D1101.1). Norse: FSS 37, 38.

D40.2. †D40.2. Transformation to likeness of another woman. India: Thompson-Balys.

D40.2.1. †D40.2.1. Transformation to resemble man's mistress so as to be able to kill him. India: Thompson-Balys.

D41. †D41. Humble man in guise of exalted.

D41.1. †D41.1. Transformation to likeness of ruler. Man so uses the last of three wishes granted to him. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D42. †D42. God in guise of mortal. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 56, *Cross; Greek: Iliad and Odyssey passim; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Marquesas: Handy 109.

D42.1. †D42.1. God transformed to giant with three heads and six arms. Chinese: Werner 236.

D42.2. †D42.2. Spirit takes shape of man. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 167, 169.

D43. †D43. Transformation: mortal to guise of deity. Greek myth: Grote I 117; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 166f; India: Thompson-Balys.

D43.1. †D43.1. Animal transformed to a god.

D43.1.1. †D43.1.1. Dog turned into a god. India: Thompson-Balys.

D44. †D44. Mortal in guise of spirit. Africa (Upoto): Einstein 142, (Buin) Wheeler 51. See also †D47.

D44.1. †D44.1. Transformation: man to angel. Jewish: Neuman.

D45. †D45. Persons exchange forms. Icelandic: Boberg.

D45.1. †D45.1. Kings exchange forms and kingdoms for a year. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 93; Irish myth: Cross.

D45.2. †D45.2. Gods exchange forms. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 56, Cross.

D45.3. †D45.3. Two friends exchange forms. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D45.4. †D45.4. Girl exchanges form with sorceress in order to visit her brother and get a son by him. Icelandic: Völsunga saga ch. 7.

D47. †D47. Transformation to likeness of monster. Irish myth: Cross (†D94, †D95); Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D47.1. †D47.1. Mortal temporarily takes shape of demon. India: Thompson-Balys.

D47.2. †D47.2. Transformation: normal men to ogres. Become ravenous. India: Thompson-Balys.

D47.3. †D47.3. Transformation: princess to ogress. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D49. †D49. Transformation to likeness of another person -- miscellaneous.

D49.1. †D49.1. Dwarf assumes human form. German: Grimm No. 64.

D49.2. †D49.2. Spirit takes any form. India: Thompson-Balys.

D49.3. †D49.3. Fairy transforms herself into a monstrous being with head of an ape, thin legs, sharp claws, fish scales and bristles. India: Thompson-Balys.

D50. †D50. Magic changes in man himself. Irish: Plummer clxxxiv (changes in form, complexion, height, and age).

D52. †D52. Magic change to different appearance. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D52.1. †D52.1. Transformation: man becomes hideous. Africa (Upoto): Einstein 130.

D52.2. †D52.2. Ugly man becomes handsome. Samoa: Beckwith Myth 473.

D53. †D53. Transformation in health.

D53.1. †D53.1. Transformation to sick man. Icelandic: Sturlaugs saga 642; Africa (Boloki): Weeks Congo 200ff.

D55. †D55. Magic change of person's size. Irish myth: *Cross; Eskimo (West Hudson Bay): *Boas BAM XV 361 (No. 34); Africa (Togo): Einstein 8.

D55.1. †D55.1. Person becomes magically larger. Tobler 90. --Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Latin: Virgil Aeneid VI line 50; Africa (Fang) Trilles 184.

D55.1.1. †D55.1.1. Man magically stretches self to overcome cliff. Hawaii: Dixon 91; Melanesia: ibid. 91 n. 104; Micronesia: ibid. 91 n. 105.

D55.1.1.1. †D55.1.1.1. Man magically stretches self to overcome opponent in battle. Irish myth: *Cross.

D55.1.1.2. †D55.1.1.2. Man magically stretches self to sink tent pole. Irish myth: Cross.

D55.1.2. †D55.1.2. Transformation: person to giant. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 539; Eskimo: Boas BAM XV 314; Africa (Fang): Einstein 61.

D55.1.3. †D55.1.3. Pygmy turns into a giant. Finnish: Kalevala rune 2.

D55.2. †D55.2. Person becomes magically smaller. Irish myth: Cross; Japanese: Ikeda.

D55.2.1. †D55.2.1. Dwarf contracts self to enter nostrils of cannibals. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 154.

D55.2.2. †D55.2.2. Devil (troll) makes self small. *Fb "lille" II 428.

D55.2.3. †D55.2.3. Giant changes to normal size. Micmac: Michelson JAFL XXXVIII 39.

D55.2.4. †D55.2.4. Ten serving-women carried in bottle. They change size at will. Köhler-Bolte II 471ff.

D55.2.5. †D55.2.5. Transformation: adult to child. Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 103, (Mackenzie Area) Jenness 40; Africa (Togo): Einstein 8, (Boloki) Weeks Congo 200ff.

D55.2.6. †D55.2.6. Hero reduces in size small enough to get into mango seed. India: Thompson-Balys.

D56. †D56. Magic change in person's age. India: Thompson-Balys.

D56.1. †D56.1. Transformation to older person. Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D57. †D57. Change in person's color. (Cf. †D31.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D57.1. †D57.1. Man transformed to green knight. *Kittredge Gawain.

D57.2. †D57.2. Black man's color altered to white. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D57.3. †D57.3. Hair and skin turn to color of gold. India: Thompson-Balys.

D57.4. †D57.4. Transformation to black man. German: Grimm No. 121, 137; Jewish: Neuman.

D57.5. †D57.5. Transformation to person of rusty color. German: Grimm No. 136.

D61. †D61. Magic appearance of human limbs. A boy has no hands and legs; his abandoned sister successfully commands them to appear or disappear. Kaffir: Theal 74.

D90. †D90. Transformation: man to different man -- miscellaneous.

D91. †D91. Transformation: normal man to cannibal. Fb "blod" IV 48a.

D92. †D92. Transformation: wild man to normal. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D93. †D93. Transformation: prince to old man. Type 431.

D94. †D94. Transformation: man to ogre. Irish myth: Cross. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D96. †D96. Transformation: normal man to ascetic. India: Thompson-Balys.

D97. †D97. Transformation: man to witch. (Cf. †G200) India: Thompson-Balys.

D98. †D98. Transformation: children into horsemen. India: Thompson-Balys.

†D100-†D199. Transformation: man to animal.

D100. †D100. Transformation: man to animal. *BP II 60, III 8f.; *Dh III 284ff., 429ff., 446ff., 464ff.; Cosquin Contes indiens 58ff.; *Goerke Ueber Tierverwandlungen in französischer Dichtung und Sage (Dissertation, Königsberg 1904); Type 325; *Chauvin VI 199 No. 371. --Irish myth: *Cross; MacCulloch Celtic 168; Slavic (general): Máchal 229; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 13, 17; Missouri French: Carrière; Hindu: Penzer VI 5 n. 1, 40 n. 1, 56 n. 1, 2, VII 42 n. 1, 44 n. 1, IX 45; India: Thompson-Balys; Arabian: Burton Nights I 28, 35, 97, 126, 173, VII 83, 290, 296, 301, IX 310, S IV 329, 336. --Chinese: Frémine La Tradition Sept.-Oct. 1890; Indonesian: DeVries' list Nos. 152, 153; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 141; American Indian (Passamaquoddy): Prince PAES X 43 No. 9; (Amazon) Alexander Lat. Am. 301; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 271 No. 84.

D101. †D101. Transformation: god to animal. *Krappe Études 53ff. --Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 49 n. 2; Fox 178 (Apollo); Irish myth: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 56; Persian: Carnoy 269; Norse: De la Saussaye 261; India: *Thompson-Balys; Penzer VII 175 n. 1.

D102. †D102. Transformation: devil to animal. *Kittredge Witchcraft 175 nn. 12--21, 29, 30; Missouri French: Carrière.

D102.1. †D102.1. Transformation: demon to animal. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D103. †D103. Assembly or group transformed to animals. N. Am. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 98.


D110. †D110. Transformation: man to wild beast (mammal). *Dh III 446ff., Greek: Fox 16, Frazer Apollodorus II 67 n. 6; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bête"; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 85.

D112. †D112. Transformation: man to feline animal (wild).

D112.1. †D112.1. Transformation: man to lion. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Bósa saga 91; Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC 62 No. 451; Missouri French: Carrière; Jewish: Neuman. --Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 57 No. 25, (Angola): Chatelain 245 No. 47.

D112.1.1. †D112.1.1. Village of lion-men. India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 67f.

D112.2. †D112.2. Transformation: man to tiger. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 67 n. 6; Chinese: Werner 266, 270; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D112.2.1. †D112.2.1. Wer-tiger. Like werwolf. (Cf. †D113.1.) --India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Korea: Zong in-Sob 58, 71, 74, 79, 85, 89, 91.

D112.2.1.1. †D112.2.1.1. When a wer-tiger is injured, similar marks appear on the human body of man who has possessed it. India: Thompson-Balys.

D112.2.1.2. †D112.2.1.2. Village of tiger-men. (Cf. †B221.6.1.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D112.3. †D112.3. Transformation: man to lynx. Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 97.

D112.4. †D112.4. Transformation: man to leopard. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 71 No. 15, (Angola): Chatelain 167 No. 15, (Wakweli): Bender 52.

D112.5. †D112.5. Transformation: man to buffalo. Africa (Weute): Sieber 220ff.

D112.6. †D112.6. Transformation: man to jaguar. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 61, (Eastern Brazil): Lowie I 397.

D113. †D113. Transformation: man to canine animal (wild).

D113.1. †D113.1. Transformation: man to wolf. *Type 428; Dh III, Fb "blod" IV 48; Child V 497 s. v. "stepmother". --Irish myth: *Cross; Eng., U.S.: *Baughman; Icelandic: Corpus poeticum Boreale I 136, 140, *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek myth: Grote I 160; Finnish: Aarne FFC VIII 14 No. 75, XXXIII 53 No. 75; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 130 No. 73, 145 No. 38; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 48 No. 75; India: Thompson-Balys.

D113.1.1. †D113.1.1. Werwolf. A man changes periodically into the form of a wolf. He is usually malevolent when in wolf form. **R. Andree Globus XXVII (1875); *C. T. Stewart Zs. f. Vksk. XIX 30ff.; Kristensen Danske Sagn II (1893) 227ff.; (1928) 148ff.; Lid Saga och Sed 1937, 3ff.; Odstedt Varulven i svensk folktradition (Uppsala 1944); **K. E. Smith An Historical Study of the Werwolf in Literature (PMLA IX, 1894); **E. O'Donnell Werewolves (Boston 1914); Summers The Werwolf (London, 1933); *O. Clemen Zs. f. Vksk. XXX--XXXII 141; *Kittredge Witchcraft 175 nn. 5--7; ibid. Arthur 169 n. 1; **Baring-Gould The Book of Werewolves (London, 1865); *v. Sydow Feilberg Festskrift 594ff.; **Jijena Sanchez; *Lévy-Bruhl La mentalité primitive 279ff.; *Frazer Ovid II 318ff.; *Fb "varulv". --Irish myth: *Cross; Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 291; Icelandic: *Boberg, Hrolfs saga Kraka 50, Volsungasaga 15, Sveinnson FFC LXXXIII p. liv; Norwegian: Solheïm Register 16; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 46; German: Wuttke Volksaberglaube 277; Dutch: Schrijnen Volkskunde I 97; English: Philippson Germanisches Heidentum bei den Angelsachsen 53, Child III 498a s. v. "werewolves", Wells 19 (William of Palerne); Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 323 No. 109, 325, No. 9; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "loupgarou"; Gascon: Bladé Contes pop. de Gascogne II 360 No. 4; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 131f. Nos. 74--77, Eisen Esthnische Mythologie 31ff, Loorits Grundzüge I 311--320; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 63 Nos. 160--178; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3671; Slavic: Máchal 228f.; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; N. Am. Indian (Okanagon): Gould MAFLS XI 98 No. 2; S. Am. Indian (Amazon): Alexander Lat. Am. 301. --Africa: Frobenius Atlantis V 153, 165, VII 31ff, 56, XI 263, *Werner African 344; (Basuto) Jacottet 238 No. 35.

D113.1.2. †D113.1.2. God (goddess) assumes form of a wolf. Irish myth: Cross; Greek myth: *Grote I 43.

D113.2. †D113.2. Transformation: man to bear. *Dh II 99; Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 886 s. v. "Bär"; *Fb "bjørn" IV 43a, "hvidbjørn" I 701a; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 48 No. 75a; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek myth: Grote I 162; Hindu: Penzer VII 42 n. 1; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 217 No. 167; N. Am. Indian (Joshua): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 241 No. 20; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 251f., (West Hudson Bay) Boas BAM XV 326, (Kodiak) Golder JAFL XX 297, XXII 10, (Cape York) Rasmussen III 124, 297, 211, (Greenland) Rink 193, (Bering Strait) Nelson RBAE XVIII 493, (West Greenland) Rasmussen II 96, 184, (East Greenland) Rasmussen I 184; Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 249.

D113.2.1. †D113.2.1. Wer-bear. A bear-man like the werwolf. *Fb "bjørn" IV 43a; Fox: Jones PAES I 157.

D113.3. †D113.3. Transformation man to fox. *Fb "ræv" III 113a; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 179. --Irish myth: Cross; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 337 s. v. "Hexe", *302 No. 15, 307 No. 27, 32; Icelandic: Þorsteins saga Vik. 417; Missouri French: Carrière; Chinese: Krappe CFQ III (1944) 137; Korean: Zong in-Sob 19, 56; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 342 n. 233 (cf. †B651.1); Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 52, 56.

D113.4. †D113.4. Transformation: man to jackal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D113.4.1. †D113.4.1. Transformation: deity to jackal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D113.5. †D113.5. Transformation: man to hyena. Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 266.

D114. †D114. Transformation: man to ungulate (wild).

D114.1. †D114.1. Transformation: man to bovine animal (wild).

D114.1.1. †D114.1.1. Transformation: man to deer. (Cf. †B641.2.) --*Type 450; *Fb "hjort" I 625, "hind" I 612, "blod" IV 48a; Irish myth: Cross; *Loomis White Magic 80; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese and Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 182ff., Eskimo (Cape York): Rasmussen III 191; N. Am. Indian (White Mountain Apache): Goddard PaAM XXIV 128; S. Am. Indian (Tembe): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 140.

D114.1.1.1. †D114.1.1.1. Transformation: girl to deer (fawn) (by druid). Irish myth: *Cross.

D114.1.1.2. †D114.1.1.2. Transformation: woman to doe. India: Thompson-Balys.

D114.1.2. †D114.1.2. Transformation: man to eland. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D114.1.3. †D114.1.3. Transformation: man to hartebeest. Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 3.

D114.1.4. †D114.1.4. Transformation: man to buffalo. India: Thompson-Balys; N. Am. Indian (Cheyenne): Campbell JAFL XXIX 407 No. 1; Africa (Weute): Sieber 229.

D114.1.5. †D114.1.5. Transformation: man to musk ox. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 82.

D114.1.6. †D114.1.6. Transformation: man to caribou. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 56.

D114.1.7. †D114.1.7. Transformation: man to moose. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 40.

D114.2. †D114.2. Transformation: man to elephant. Hindu: Penzer VI 162; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 40; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 247, (Benga) Nassau 184 No. 24, (Basuto) Jacottet 90 No. 14, (Fang) Tessman 118.

D114.3. †D114.3. Transformation: man to swine (wild).

D114.3.1. †D114.3.1. Transformation: man to peccary. S. Am. Indian (Cariri): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (1) 559.

D114.3.2. †D114.3.2. Transformation: man to boar. Loomis White Magic 80; Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 187; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D114.3.2.1. †D114.3.2.1. Transformation: god to boar. (Cf. †D101.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D114.4. †D114.4. Transformation: man to wild goat. Africa: Milligan 141.

D115. †D115. Transformation: man to equine animal (wild).

D115.1. †D115.1. Transformation: man to zebra. Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 262.

D117. †D117. Transformation: man to rodent. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 120.

D117.1. †D117.1. Transformation: man to mouse. *Fb "mus" II 631b; Dh I 258ff. (cf. †C12.5.1); Type 545 A, B (BP I 325, III 487). --Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 102; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: *Thompson-Balys, Panchatantra III 13 (tr. Ryder) 353; Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 249.

D117.2. †D117.2. Transformation: man to hare (rabbit). *Fb "hare" I 556, "blod" IV 48a; Irish myth: *Cross (†D123).

D117.3. †D117.3. Transformation: man to rat. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 17, 425f.

D117.3.1. †D117.3.1. Transformation: man to bandicoot. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D117.4. †D117.4. Transformation: man to marmot. India: Thompson-Balys.

D118. †D118. Transformation: man to simian.

D118.1. †D118.1. Transformation: man to ape. *Dh II 100. --Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 241 n. 3; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Penzer I 28, III 191, VI 59, VII 44 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 177 No. 119; S. Am. Indian (Quiché): Alexander Lat. Am. 172, Chile: Pino Saavedra 402ff.

D118.2. †D118.2. Transformation: man (woman) to monkey. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D124. †D124. Transformation: man to wild animal -- mustelidae.

D124.1. †D124.1. Transformation: man to weasel. Fb "lækat" II 495a.

D124.2. †D124.2. Transformation: man to ermine. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 36a.

D124.3. †D124.3. Transformation: man to marten. Tobler 51.

D124.4. †D124.4. Transformation: man to badger. Irish myth: *Cross (†D117.2).

D127. †D127. Transformation: man to sea mammal.

D127.1. †D127.1. Transformation: man to seal. *Fb "sælhund"; Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 222, 224, 450, 469, Boas RBAE V 621, (Mackenzie Area) Jenness 84, (Cape York) Rasmussen III 100.

D127.2. †D127.2. Transformation: man to otter. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Völsunga Saga ch. 14; Eskimo (Aleut): Golder JAFL XVIII 221, (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XX 139.

D127.3. †D127.3. Transformation: man to whale. (Cf. references at †D178.) Icelandic: *Boberg; German: Grimm No. 197. --Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 31, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 170, (Labrador): Hawks GSCan XIV 157, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 625; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (P--G 13/10).

D127.4. †D127.4. Transformation: man to walrus. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 184, II 96.

D127.5. †D127.5. Transformation: man to dolphin. Icelandic: Boberg; Greek: Grote I 32, 45, 70x, 178 (Apollo), Frazer Apollodorus I 333 n. 1.

D127.6. †D127.6. Transformation: man to porpoise. Marquesas: Handy 92; Tonga: Gifford 77.

D130. †D130. Transformation: man to domestic beast (mammal).

D131. †D131. Transformation: man to horse. *Types 314, 502, 531, 726*; BP III 18ff, 94ff.; *Fb "hest" I 598; "æble" III 1136a, "blod" IV 48a; Tobler 44, 50, 80; *Malone PMLA XLIII 441 n. 25; Kittredge Arthur 170 n. 3; Cosquin Études 512ff. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 329 No. 52; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 40 No. 33, 45 No. 71; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 118, 120, 130 Nos. 25, 33, 72; Persian: Carnoy 269; Hindu: Penzer VI 5, 8; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1205; Japanese: Ikeda. --Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 68 No. 15.

D131.1. †D131.1. Transformation: merman to horse. (Cf. †B82.) Fb "hest" I 599a.

D132. †D132. Transformation: man to ass (mule, jennet, etc.).

D132.1. †D132.1. Transformation: man to ass. (Cf. †B641.4.) --*Types 430, 567; *Chauvin II 183 No. 23; *K. Weinhold Über das Märchen vom Eselmenschen (Sitzungsb. d. K. Pr. Akad. Berlin [1893] 475--488); Cosquin Études 512ff.; Wesselski Theorie 22. --Breton: *Sébillot Incidents s. v. "âne"; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.

D132.2. †D132.2. Transformation: man to mule. Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC 86 No. 754 C*.

D133. †D133. Transformation to cow (bull, calf, etc.). India: Thompson-Balys.

D133.1. †D133.1. Transformation to cow. *Type 473; *Fb "ko" II 240b. --Icelandic: Boberg; Greek: Grote I 80; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 43, 52.

D133.1.1. †D133.1.1. Nisser in form of cows. Fb "ko" II 240b; Kristensen Danske Sagn II (1893) 83ff., (1928) 63ff.

D133.2. †D133.2. Transformation: man to bull. (Cf. †B641.3.) --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 299 n. 2 (Europa), I 256 n. 3 (Achelous); Persian: Carnoy 269; Hindu: *Penzer VI 5 n. 1; Chinese: Werner 359.

D133.3. †D133.3. Transformation: man to ox. Cosquin Études 512ff.; Norse: FSS 118f, MacCulloch Eddic 181; Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC 48, 63 Nos. 327D*, 453.

D133.4. †D133.4. Transformation: man to calf. Fb "kalv" II 79; Irish myth: Cross.

D133.4.1. †D133.4.1. God assumes form of calf. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 136.

D133.5. †D133.5. Transformation: man to steer (bullock). German: Grimm No. 82a, 163.

D134. †D134. Transformation: man to goat (he-goat, she-goat, kid etc.). Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Greek: Grote I 238; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 48 No. 75C; German: Grimm No. 163; Hindu: Penzer VI 56 nn. 1, 2; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D134.1. †D134.1. Transformation: man to he-goat.

D134.2. †D134.2. Transformation: man to she-goat. Hartland Science 247; Loomis White Magic 80. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chèvre"; India: Thompson-Balys.

D134.3. †D134.3. Transformation: man to kid. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 320 n. 4 (Dionysus); India: Thompson-Balys.

D134.4. †D134.4. Transformations supernatural being into a goat. Irish myth: Cross.

D135. †D135. Transformation: man to sheep. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "mouton"; India: Thompson-Balys.

D135.1. †D135.1. Transformation: man to lamb. German: Grimm No. 141; India: Thompson-Balys.

D136. †D136. Transformation: man to swine. Fb "svin" III 676a; *Dh II 102. --Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish: *Hartland Science 198, *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Missouri French: Carrière; Greek: Fox 137, Frazer Apollodorus II 287 n. 2 (Odysseus and Circe); Hindu: Keith 218; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 217 No. 167; Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 37.

D141. †D141. Transformation: man to dog. (Cf. †B641.1.) --*Type 652; BP II 121 (Grimm Nos. 76, 30a); Types 449*, 726*; *Fb "hund" I 676b, "blod" IV 48a, "lys" II 483b; *Dh II 101; **Jijena Sanchez; *Kittredge Arthur 170 n. 3; Chauvin V 3 No. 2, *5 No. 443--Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish: *Cross; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3655; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VIII 141; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1205; Korea: Zong in-Sob 64 No. 35; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 349; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/52); Maori: Clark 50; Surinam: Alexander Lat. Am 274; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 347 n. 247, 248, (Canadian Dakota): Wallis JAFL XXXVI 90 No. 22; Eskimo (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 152, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 156.

D141.0.1. †D141.0.1. Kynanthropy. Irish myth: Cross.

D141.0.2. †D141.0.2. Men and women transformed to dogs by druidic spell. Irish myth: *Cross.

D141.1. †D141.1. Transformation: woman to bitch. Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 241 n. 4 (Hecuba).

D141.1.1. †D141.1.1. Transformation: girl to puppy. India: Thompson-Balys.

D142. †D142. Transformation: man to cat. Types 402, 566; Fb "blod" IV 48a, "kat" II 108a; Taylor MPh XVII (1919) 59 n. 8. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chat"; French: Cosquin No. 11; German: Grimm No. 130a; India: Thompson-Balys; Tonga: Gifford 20; N. Am. Indian: Thompson CColl II 400 ff.

D142.0.1. †D142.0.1. Transformation: woman to cat. Irish myth: *Cross.

D142.1. †D142.1. Devil as cat. *Kittredge Witchcraft 178 nn. 37--44 passim.

D142.2. †D142.2. God assumes form of a cat. Hindu: Penzer II 46, 197 n. 2; Tonga: Gifford 20.

D150. †D150. Transformation: man to bird. (Cf. †B644.) --*Types 405, 432, 665; BP II 26ff., 69; Dh II 250 ff., III 406, 429ff.; Hartland Science 247; Chauvin V 87 No. 27; Cosquin Études 516ff., 526ff.; Irish: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 75, 79; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 261; Greek: Fox 15, 16 (Ceyx and Alcyone), 70 (Procne and Philomela), Frazer Apollodorus I 70 n. 1, II 67 n. 6 (Thetis); Jewish: Neuman; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 46 No. 77**; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 48, 123ff., 125; Japanese: Ikeda; Korean: Zong in-Sob 64 No. 35; Maori: Dixon 79; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 139, 151; Marquesas: Handy 55, 108; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 115; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/619); Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 148, 287, 327, Rasmussen II 14; N. Am. Indian (Thompson River): Alexander N. Am. 137; S. Am. Indian (Kiangon): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 47, (Toba): Métraux: MAFLS XL 24, 26; Africa (Fang): Trilles Proverbes 202, Einstein 52, 55f.

D151. †D151. Transformation: man to bird -- passeriform.

D151.1. †D151.1. Transformation: man to swallow. *Dh III 414ff.; Icelandic: Boberg; Korean: Zong in-Sob 65 No. 35.

D151.2. †D151.2. Transformation: man to finch. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 119.

D151.2.1. †D151.2.1. Transformation into snowbunting. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 220.

D151.3. †D151.3. Transformation: man to nightingale. *Fb "blod" IV 48a. --Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 98 n. 2, Pausanias V 226.

D151.4. †D151.4. Transformation: man to crow. Fb "krage" II 285b. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 63 No. 453; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D151.5. †D151.5. Transformation: man to raven. *Type 451; Fb "ravn" III 22b, 23a; Krappe Speculum XX (1945) 405--414; German: Grimm No. 93; Irish myth: *Cross; Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 14; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 177, 227, 229, 303.

D151.6. †D151.6. Transformation: man to titmouse. Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 80.

D151.7. †D151.7. Transformation: man to blackbird. Irish myth: Cross.

D151.8. †D151.8. Transformation: man to sparrow. German: Grimm No. 68.

D151.9. †D151.9. Transformation: man to magpie. Icelandic: Boberg.

D152. †D152. Transformation: man to bird -- falconiform.

D152.1. †D152.1. Transformation: man to hawk. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 84. --Eskimo (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 263; S. Am. Indian (Yuracare): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 504, (Mundurucú): Horton ibid. 294; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 128 No. 22.

D152.1.1. †D152.1.1. Transformation: god to hawk. India: Thompson-Balys.

D152.2. †D152.2. Transformation: man to eagle. Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 97; Icelandic: Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 43; Italian novella: Rotunda; Missouri French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 94 No. 8.

D152.3. †D152.3. Transformation: man to vulture. Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VIII 142; Africa (Fang): Trilles 167.

D152.4. †D152.4. Transformation: girl to falcon. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D152.4.1. †D152.4.1. Odin as falcon. Icelandic: Hervarar saga 82, 140, *Boberg.

D152.5. †D152.5. Transformation: man to osprey. Irish myth: Cross.

D152.6. †D152.6. Transformation: man to kite. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D153. †D153. Transformation: man to bird -- coraciiform.

D153.1. †D153.1. Transformation: man to woodpecker. *Type 751A; Dh II 125. --Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 38 No. 50; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 80.

D153.2. †D153.2. Transformation: man to owl. (Cf. †A1710, †A1958). --Dh II 123; *Fb "ugle" III 964b. --Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 97; India: Thompson-Balys; S. Am. Indian (Chibcha): Kroeber BBAE CXLIII (2) 908.

D153.3. †D153.3. Transformation: man to hornbill. India: Thompson-Balys.

D154. †D154. Transformation: man to bird -- charadriiform.

D154.1. †D154.1. Transformation: man to dove. German: Grimm No. 130A; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408A*; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 180 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys; S. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 178.

D154.1.0.1. †D154.1.0.1. Transformation: god to dove. India: Thompson-Balys.

D154.2. †D154.2. Transformation: man to pigeon. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; India: *Thompson-Balys; Maori: Clark 36; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G 13/52).

D154.3. †D154.3. Transformation: man to snipe. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (P-G 13/10).

D154.4. †D154.4. Transformation: man to gull. Eskimo (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 262, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 327.

D155. †D155. Transformation: man to bird -- ciconiiform.

D155.1. †D155.1. Transformation: man to stork. *Dh II 102; Wesselski Bebel II 49 No. 117. --Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. 3131f., Legends Nos. 232, 234, 237, 239--242, 246f.

D156. †D156. Transformation: man to cuckoo. *Dh II 99, 101, 127, III 426ff.; Japanese: Ikeda.

D157. †D157. Transformation: man to parrot. *Bolte Reise der Söhne Giaffers 209; *Penzer V 27ff., VI 60; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D161. †D161. Transformation: man to bird of anatidae group (duck).

D161.1. †D161.1. Transformation: man to swan. *Type 451; **O. Rank Die Lohengrinsage (1911) 65f.; *Wehrhan Die Sage 50; *Wesselski Märchen 255 No. 64; *Chauvin VIII 206 No. 248; *G. Huet Romania XXXIV (1905) 206ff.; *Fb "svane" III 664ab; H. Am. Todd A propos of La Naissance du chevalier au cygne (MLN VI 2); Krappe Apollon Kyknos (Classical Philology XXXVII 353--370); *BP I 427ff.; Hibbard 248, *251. --English Romance: Wells 97 (Chevalere Assigne); Irish: *Cross; Icelandic: Hrómundar saga Gr. 373--75 (Kára), Boberg; Greek: *Frazer Pausanias II 395.

D161.2. †D161.2. Transformation: man to goose. *Types 403, 450; *Fb "gås"; Hdwb. d. Abergl. VII 1279f.

D161.2.1. †D161.2.1. Transformation: man to gander. India: Thompson-Balys.

D161.3. †D161.3. Transformation: man to duck. Types 403, 434*; Fb "and" IV 12b, "fjer" I 301, "blod" IV 48a; Missouri French: Carrière; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 32a.

D162. †D162. Transformation: man to crane. Fb "trane"; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Maori: Dixon 79.

D166. †D166. Transformation: man to gallinaceous bird.

D166.1. †D166.1. Transformation: man to chicken (cock, hen).

D166.1.1. †D166.1.1. Transformation: man to cock. Fb "kok" II 248b. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "coq", Missouri French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys.

D166.2. †D166.2. Transformation: man to peacock. Hindu: Penzer VIII 142; India: Thompson-Balys.

D166.3. †D166.3. Transformation: man to turkey. Papua: Ker 107.

D166.4. †D166.4. Transformation: person to ptarmigan. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 220, 302.

D169. †D169. Transformation: man to bird -- miscellaneous.

D169.1. †D169.1. Transformation: woman to waterfowl. India: Thompson-Balys.

D169.2. †D169.2. Transformation: magician to paddy-bird. India: Thompson-Balys.

D169.3. †D169.3. Transformation: man to toucan. S. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 178.

D169.4. †D169.4. Transformation: man to cassowary. Papua: Ker 90.

D170. †D170. Transformation: man to fish. *Types 555, 665; BP I 139; *Fb "fisk"; Chauvin 57 No. 222 n. 3; *Loorits Pharaos Heer in der Volksüberlieferung (Tartu, 1935); Cosquin Études 516ff. --English: Child V 497 s. v. "stepmother"; Irish myth: Cross; Norse: De la Saussaye 261; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 48 No. 75 D; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 122, Graham; India: *Thompson-Balys; Tahitian: Dixon 65; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth XXIII 204, 525; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G 3/1100); Marquesas: Handy 135; Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 372; Tonga: Gifford 84; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XX 139; N. Am. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 170 No. 32; S. Am. Indian (Cashinawa): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 684, (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 52, 150; Africa (Madagascar): Renel I 94ff.

D171. †D171. Transformation: man to carp. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 339.

D173. †D173. Transformation: man to eel. Irish myth: Cross; Polynesian, Melanesian, Indonesian: Dixon 55, 56 nn. 75, 76; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 21; Samoa: Clark 70.

D173.1. †D173.1. God assumes form of an eel. Irish myth: Cross.

D174. †D174. Transformation: man to cuttlefish. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 67 n. 6 (Thetis).

D175. †D175. Transformation: man to crab. New Guinea: Dixon 138 (woman); Papua: Ker 21, 86.

D175.1. †D175.1. Transformation: god to crab. India: Thompson-Balys.

D176. †D176. Transformation: man to salmon. Irish myth: *Cross; Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 146.

D177. †D177. Transformation: man (woman) to catfish. India: Thompson-Balys.

D178. †D178. Transformation: man to shark. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 140; Fiji: ibid. 131; Tonga: ibid. 130, Gifford 76, 184; Solomon Islands: Beckwith Myth 131.

D179. †D179. Transformation: man to fish -- miscellaneous.

D179.1. †D179.1. Transformation: man to trout. Irish myth: Cross.

D179.2. †D179.2. Transformation: man to pike. Icelandic: Völsunga saga ch. 14.

D179.3. †D179.3. Transformation: man to sardine. India: Thompson-Balys.

D179.4. †D179.4. Transformation: man to shrimp. India: Thompson-Balys.

D179.5. †D179.5. Transformation: man to sword-fish. Mangaia (Cook Island): Clark 140.

D180. †D180. Transformation: man to insect. Cosquin Études 527ff.; Irish: *MacCulloch Celtic 79ff.; Chinese: Werner 363, Eberhard FFC CXX 127; Eskimo (Aleut): Golder JAFL XVIII 220; Africa (Wachaga): Gutman 34.

D181. †D181. Transformation: man to spider. Tobler 80; Chinese: Werner 364; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 72 No. 10.

D182. †D182. Transformation: man to hymoptera.

D182.1. †D182.1. Transformation: man to bee. Chinese: Werner 363; Indonesian: Dixon 219f.; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 220 No. 32.

D182.1.1. †D182.1.1. Transformation: man to bumblebee. India: Thompson-Balys.

D182.2. †D182.2. Transformation: man to ant. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Italian Novella: Rotunda; German: Grimm No. 29; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 104.

D183. †D183. Transformation: man to orthoptera.

D183.1. †D183.1. Transformation: man to cicada. Greek: Fox 246 (Tithonus).

D183.2. †D183.2. Transformation: man to cricket. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 127; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 52 No. 8 (girl).

D184. †D184. Transformation: man to coleoptera.

D184.1. †D184.1. Transformation: man to beetle.

D184.2. †D184.2. Transformation: man to firefly. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 57, 85, 92.

D185. †D185. Transformation: man to diptera.

D185.1. †D185.1. Transformation: man to fly. *Fb "flue" I 315. --Icelandic: De la Saussaye 261f., *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 363; Gold Coast: Barker and Sinclair 42 No. 4.

D185.1.1. †D185.1.1. Transformation: woman (fairy) to fly. Irish myth: *Cross.

D185.2. †D185.2. Transformation: man to flea. Norse: Flateyjarbók I 276; India: Thompson-Balys.

D185.3. †D185.3. Transformation: man to gnat. Irish myth: Cross (†D187).

D186. †D186. Transformation: man to lepidoptera.

D186.1. †D186.1. Transformation: man to butterfly. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 172, No. 113.

D190. †D190. Transformation: man to reptiles and miscellaneous animals.

D191. †D191. Transformation: man to serpent (snake). (Cf. †B642.1.) --*Type 433; *BP III 89 n. 2; *E Hoffmann-Krayer Zs. f. Vksk. XXV 120 n. 1; R. M. Meyer Zs. f. Vksk. XXI 4; Köhler-Bolte II 435ff.; *Krappe Études 53ff.; Hartland Science 244--7; *Fb "orm" II 759b. --Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 54 (Bolverk), Boberg; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 67 n. 6; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer IX 45. --English: *Child V 497 s. v. "stepmother"; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "serpent"; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 296 No. 21; New Britain: Dixon 117; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 135; Eskimo (Greenland): Thalbitzer Phonetic Study of Eskimo Language (København, 1904) 5; American Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 112 No. 14; (Plains Ojibwa): Skinner JAFL XXXII 303 No. 7, (Ladino): Conzemius BBAE CVI 130f.

D191.1. †D191.1. Lucifer as serpent. Irish myth: *Cross.

D192. †D192. Transformation: man to worm (often==snake). Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child I 315f.; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D192.0.1. †D192.0.1. Transformation: demon (in human form) to worm. Irish myth: Cross.

D192.1. †D192.1. Transformation: man to caterpillar. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D192.2. †D192.2. Transformation: man to centipede. Korean: Zong in-Sob 99 No. 54; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 99.

D193. †D193. Transformation: man to tortoise (turtle). *Dh II 128. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "tortue". --India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 324; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 137.

D194. †D194. Transformation: man to crocodile. (Cf. †B642.2.) --India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 181, 401, (Kaffir): Theal 38, (Luba): DeClerq Zs. f. Kolonialsprachen IV 204.

D194.0.1. †D194.0.1. Wer-crocodile. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 401.

D194.1. †D194.1. Transformation: man to alligator. India: Thompson-Balys.

D195. †D195. Transformation: man to frog. (Cf. †B643). --*Type 440; *BP I 1ff.; *Fb "frø" I 378, "blod" IV 48 a; Tobler 80. --Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3188, Legends No. 202; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 97 No. 836A; Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 289, II 390; Korean: Zong in-Sob V No. 2; Chile: Pino Saavedra 405; Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 199, (Zulu): Callaway 211.

D196. †D196. Transformation: man to toad. Fb "tudse" III 889a; Hartland Science 51ff.; Tobler 26. --English: Lang Eng. Fairy Tales 190; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "crapaud"; Chinese: Graham; S. Am. Indian (Guaporé Rivér): Lévi-Strauss BBAE CXLIII (3) 379.

D197. †D197. Transformation: man to lizard. S. Am. Indian (Warrau): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 146.

D197.1. †D197.1. Transformation: man to iguana. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 66.

D198. †D198. Transformation: man to snail. India: Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 30 No. 13; Africa: Milligan 95.

D199. †D199. Transformation: man to other animals than those already treated.

D199.1. †D199.1. Transformation: man to centaur. (Cf. †B21.) --Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 413.

D199.2. †D199.2. Transformation: man to dragon. (Cf. †B11.) --English: Wells 103 (Alliterative Alexander Fragment A); Irish myth: *Cross.

D199.2.1. †D199.2.1. Magician fights as dragon. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D199.3. †D199.3. Transformation: woman to siren. Jewish: Neuman.

†D200-†D299. Transformation: man to object.

D200. †D200. Transformation: man to object. Burton Nights I 69, 163, IX 318, S V 247f.; Tawney I 232, II 363; India: Thompson-Balys.

D210. †D210. Transformation: man to vegetable form.

D210.1. †D210.1. Plants as transformed bodies of gods. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 93.

D211. †D211. Transformation: man to fruit. *Type 652; BP II 121ff., *125; Penzer VII 130f., 161.

D211.1. †D211.1. Transformation: man (woman) to orange. *Type 408; India: Thompson-Balys.

D211.2. †D211.2. Transformation: man (woman) to pomegranate. *Type 408; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D211.3. †D211.3. Transformation: woman (man) to belfruit. India: Thompson-Balys.

D211.4. †D211.4. Transformation: man (woman) to mango. India: Thompson-Balys.

D211.5. †D211.5. Transformation: man to apple. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D211.6. †D211.6. Transformation: man to peach. Chinese: Graham.

D212. †D212. Transformation: man (woman) to flower. *Type 652; *BP II 125; *Type 407; BP I 501, III 259; Tobler 69. --India: *Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 93.

D212.1. †D212.1. Transformation: man (woman) to carnation. *Type 652.

D212.2. †D212.2. Transformation: man (woman) to rose. *Fb "rose" III 80a; India: Thompson-Balys.

D212.3. †D212.3. Transformation: woman to lotus. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D213. †D213. Transformation: man to plant.

D213.1. †D213.1. Transformation: man to cockscomb plant. India: Thompson-Balys.

D213.2. †D213.2. Transformation: man to rosebush. German: Grimm Nos. 51, 113.

D213.3. †D213.3. Transformation: man to turmeric plant. Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 365.

D213.4. †D213.4. Transformation: man to vine. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 93, 99.

D213.5. †D213.5. Transformation: man to thorns. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 23.

D213.6. †D213.6. Transformation: man to plantain stalk. Africa (Bulu): Krug 121f.

D214. †D214. Transformation to grain.

D214.1. †D214.1. Transformation: man to rice-grain. India: Thompson-Balys.

D214.2. †D214.2. Transformation: man to maize. Africa (Luba): DeClerq Zs. f. Kolonialsprachen IV 207.

D215. †D215. Transformation: man to tree. *Type 442; *Fb "træ" III 867b. --Greek: Fox 16; Hindu: Penzer VI 25 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys; English: Child V 497 s. v. "stepmother"; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 48; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth XII 101, 254, 478, 495, 532; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 193; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 13; N. Am. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 489 No. 106, (Crow): Lowie PaAM XXV 45; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 42 No. 6, (Basuto): Jacottet 68 No. 10, (Fang): Tessman 112.

D215.1. †D215.1. Transformation: man (woman) to laurel. Greek: Fox 181 (Daphne).

D215.2. †D215.2. Transformation: man to pear tree. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "poirier".

D215.3. †D215.3. Transformation: man (woman) to ash tree. Fb "rön" III 125a.

D215.4. †D215.4. Transformation: man (woman) to linden tree. Fb "lind" II 432b.

D215.5. †D215.5. Transformation: man to apple tree. Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Apfel" n. 27.

D215.6. †D215.6. Transformation: man (woman) to mulberry tree. Hindu: Penzer VI 26 n. 3; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 84.

D215.7. †D215.7. Transformation: man (woman) to almond tree. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 262 n. 2.

D215.8. †D215.8. Transformation: man (woman) to mango tree. India: Thompson-Balys.

D216. †D216. Transformation: man to log. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 100; Menomini: Skinner and Satterlee PaAM XIII 317; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 60; Missouri French: Carrière.

D217. †D217. Transformation: man to stick. Africa (Hausa): Equilbecq II 171ff.

D218. †D218. Transformation: man to sheaf of grain.

D218.1. †D218.1. Transformation: man (woman) to paddy-sheaf. India: Thompson-Balys.

D221. †D221. Transformation: man to gourd (calabash). India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: DeVries' list No. 155; Cook Islands: Beckwith Myth 268, 450f.; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 262 No. 39.

D222. †D222. Transformation: man to nut. Icelandic: Boberg.

D222.1. †D222.1. Transformation: man to peanut. Africa: Weeks Jungle 462.

D223. †D223. Transformation: man to grass. Jewish: Neuman.

D224. †D224. Transformation: man to reed. Greek myth: Syrinx.

D225. †D225. Transformation: man to seaweed. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 13.

D230. †D230. Transformation: man to a mineral form.

D231. †D231. Transformation: man to stone. *Types 303, 471, 516; *Fb "sten" III 553b; Köhler-Bolte I 572f.; *Chauvin VI No. 273, *58 No. 222, VII 83 No. 373bis n. 1, 98 No. 375; *Loomis White Magic 80. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 503f.; England: *Baughman; Italian novella: Rotunda; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 153 n. 3, 343 (Niobe); India: *Thompson-Balys, Tawney 123; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 94, 119, 209; Japanese: Ikeda; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 61; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/6); Marquesas: Handy 106; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 65, 191, 342, 422; Tonga: Gifford 183, Mono Alu: Wheeler 25, 66; New Hebrides: Codrington 367; --Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 219, 464, Rasmussen III 152, 194, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 172, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 84, (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 159, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 505, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 172. --American Indian (Central Brazil): Ehrenreich Int. Cong. Americanists XIV 662, (Snuqualmi and Snohomish): Haeberlin JAFL XXXVII 378. --Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 260 No. 38, (Kaffir): Theal 101.

D231.1. †D231.1. Transformation: man to millstone. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 27.

D231.2. †D231.2. Transformation: man to marble column. *Type 707; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D231.2.1. †D231.2.1. Mass transformation of wedding party to marble statues, etc. India: Thompson-Balys.

D233. †D233. Transformation: man to shell. India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 114; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 27, (Congo): Weeks 200 No. 1.

D235. †D235. Transformation: man (woman) to golden object.

D235.1. †D235.1. Transformation: man (god) to shower of gold. Greek: Fox 33 (Zeus).

D235.2. †D235.2. Transformation: woman to golden stool. India: Thompson-Balys.

D237. †D237. Transformation: man to coral. India: Thompson-Balys; Tonga: Gifford 94, 100; Marquesas: Handy 106.

D241. †D241. Transformation: man to salt. Jewish: Neuman.

D242. †D242. Transformation: man to oil. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 61.

D244. †D244. Transformation: man to pumice. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 215.

D250. †D250. Transformation: man to manufactured object.

D251. †D251. Transformation: man to dish. N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 300 n. 100.

D251.1. †D251.1. Transformation: man to saucepan. Africa (Congo): Weeks 200 No. 1.

D252. †D252. Transformation: man to pot. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 240 No. 35.

D253. †D253. Transformation: man to needle. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 127 No. 22.

D254. †D254. Transformation: man to musical instrument.

D254.1. †D254.1. Transformation: man to fiddle. India: Thompson-Balys.

D255. †D255. Transformation: man to boat. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bateau".

D255.1. †D255.1. Transformation: man to canoe. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 231, 478.

D256. †D256. Transformation: man to wheel. *Fb "hjul".

D257. †D257. Transformation: man to hatchel. Fb "hegle".

D258. †D258. Transformation: man to fishhook. Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 364.

D261. †D261. Transformation: man to altar. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "autel".

D263. †D263. Transformation: man to ornament.

D263.1. †D263.1. Transformation: man to ring. *Fb "guldring" I 514b; Missouri-French: Carrière; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 341 n. 228a; Africa (Luba): DeClerq Zs. f. Kolonialsprachen IV 205.

D263.2. †D263.2. Transformation: man to necklace. India: Thompson-Balys.

D263.3. †D263.3. Transformation: man (girl) to comb. Hindu: Penzer VII 239.

D263.4. †D263.4. Transformation: man to beads. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 60.

D263.5. †D263.5. Transformation: man to crown. German: Grimm No. 51.

D264. †D264. Transformation: man (woman) to skein of silk. Fb "silke" III 204a.

D265. †D265. Transformation: man to mat. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 127 No. 22.

D266. †D266. Transformation: man to pick-handle. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 262 No. 39, (Congo): Weeks 200 No. 1.

D268. †D268. Transformation: man to building.

D268.0.1. †D268.0.1. Transformation: man to church. German: Grimm No. 51, 113.

D268.1. †D268.1. Transformation: man to housepost. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/276).

D268.2. †D268.2. Transformation: man to figure on ridgepole of house. Maori: Clark 110.

D270. †D270. Transformation: man to object -- miscellaneous.

D271. †D271. Transformation: man to meat.

D271.1. †D271.1. Transformation: man to lard. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 262 No. 39.

D275. †D275. Transformation: man to feather. Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 37; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 310 n. 117a.

D276. †D276. Transformation: man to egg. Faroe islands: MacCulloch Eddic 151.

D281. †D281. Transformation: man to storm. Hottentot: Bleek 65 No. 28.

D281.1. †D281.1. Transformation: man to wind. Hottentot: Bleek 65 No. 28; India: Thompson-Balys.

D281.1.1. †D281.1.1. Transformation: man to whirlwind. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 140 No. 20.

D281.2. †D281.2. Transformation: man to lightning. India: Thompson-Balys.

D281.3. †D281.3. Transformation: man to thunder. Madagascar: Renel Contes de Madagascar I 94ff. No. 14.

D283. †D283. Transformation: man to water.

D283.1. †D283.1. Transformation: man (woman) to pool of water. Irish myth: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 60; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 532.

D283.2. †D283.2. Transformation to spring of water. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 17; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 60.

D283.3. †D283.3. Transformation: watersprite to flood. German: Grimm No. 181.

D283.4. †D283.4. Transformation: person to seafoam. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-D. 13/203).

D283.5. †D283.5. Transformation: man to ocean wave. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G 13/249); Maori: Beckwith Myth 318.

D284. †D284. Transformation: man (woman) to island. Greek: Pauly-Wissowa: s. v. "Delos".

D285. †D285. Transformation: man to fire. India: Thompson-Balys; Penzer VIII 219; Hottentot: Bleek 65 No. 28.

D285.0.1. †D285.0.1. Transformation: god to fire. India: Thompson-Balys.

D285.1. †D285.1. Transformation: man to smoke. German: Grimm No. 163; Chinese: Werner 196.

D286. †D286. Transformation: man to ashes. Hindu: Keith 115.

D287. †D287. Transformation: man to mound. Africa (Bondei): Woodward FL XXXVI 367ff. No. 12.

D287.1. †D287.1. Transformation: man to ant-hill. India: Thompson-Balys.

D287.2. †D287.2. Transformation: man to pillar of earth. Africa (Loango): Pechuël-Loesche 110.

D291. †D291. Transformation: man to mountain. Africa (Bakuba): Einstein 160.

D292. †D292. Transformation: man to hair. *Charpentier 35 nn. 1, 2.

D293. †D293. Transformation: man to star. Jewish: Neuman; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/1005).

D294. †D294. Transformation into puff of dust. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/203).

D295. †D295. Transformation: man to spittle. Jewish: Neuman.

†D300-†D399. Transformation: animal to person.

D300. †D300. Transformation: animal to person. *Goerke Ueber Tierverwandlungen in französischer Dichtung und Sage (Königsberg, 1904); Tawney II 138; India: Thompson-Balys, N. Am. Indian (Plains Cree): Skinner JAFL XXIX 345 No. 1 (1); Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 205, Rink 450.


D310. †D310. Transformation: wild beast (mammal) to person. Irish myth: *Cross.

D312. †D312. Transformation: feline animal to person.

D312.1. †D312.1. Transformation: lion to person. Hindu: Penzer II 147; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 145, 147 No. 15.

D312.2. †D312.2. Transformation: tiger to person. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 62f.

D312.3. †D312.3. Transformation: leopard to person. Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 68 No. 15.

D313. †D313. Transformation: canine animal to person. Chinese: Krappe CFQ III (1944) 26ff., 136f.

D313.1. †D313.1. Transformation: fox to person. Chinese: Werner 370--379, Ferguson 157; Japanese: Ikeda, Anesaki 327; Korean: Zong in-Sob 128; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 11.

D313.2. †D313.2. Transformation: wolf to man. Irish myth: Cross; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 76.

D313.3. †D313.3. Transformation: bear to person. Korean: Zong in-Sob 3 No. 1; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 134, II 11, III 52, 86, Rink 196, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 54.

D313.4. †D313.4. Transformation: hyena to man. Jewish: Neuman.

D314. †D314. Transformation: ungulate animal (wild) to person.

D314.1. †D314.1. Transformation: bovine animal (wild) to person. Africa (Cameroon): Mansfield 235.

D314.1.1. †D314.1.1. Transformation: antelope to person. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 71 No. 15.

D314.1.2. †D314.1.2. Transformation: caribou to person. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 58, (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 328f.

D314.1.3. †D314.1.3. Transformation: deer to woman. S. Am. Indian (Maroja): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 448.

D314.1.4. †D314.1.4. Transformation: gazelle to person. Africa: Weeks Jungle 450.

D314.3. †D314.3. Transformation: elephant to person. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 126 No. 22.

D315. †D315. Transformation: rodent to man.

D315.1. †D315.1. Transformation: rat to person. Saintyves Perrault 151ff. (to coachman); Type 510. --Missouri French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Africa †V140.

D315.2. †D315.2. Transformation: mouse to person. India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer V 109 n. 2, Panchatantra III 13 (tr. Ryder) 353; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 58.

D315.3. †D315.3. Transformation: badger to person. Japanese: Anesaki 327.

D315.4. †D315.4. Transformation: squirrel to person. India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 74.

D315.5. †D315.5. Transformation: hare (rabbit) to person. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 60 No. 438; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 307; Africa (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 395 No. 28.

D318. †D318. Transformation: simian to person.

D318.1. †D318.1. Transformation: monkey to person. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 72 No. 557; Chinese: Werner 327.

D327. †D327. Transformation: sea-mammal to person.

D327.1. †D327.1. Transformation: otter to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D327.2. †D327.2. Transformation: seal to person. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 456.

D330. †D330. Transformation: domestic beast (mammal) to person.

D332. †D332. Transformation: equine animal (domestic) to person.

D332.1. †D332.1. Transformation: ass (donkey) to person. German: Grimm No. 144.

D333. †D333. Transformation: bovine animal to person. (Cf. †D658.4.)

D333.1. †D333.1. Transformation: bull to man. Am. Negro (Georgia): Harris Friends 81 No. 11.

D333.2. †D333.2. Transformation: calf to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 33 No. 55.

D334. †D334. Transformation: goat to person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D336. †D336. Transformation: swine to person. *Dh II 191f. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "cochon"; Missouri French: Carrière; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D336.1. †D336.1. Transformation: pig to person. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 116.

D341. †D341. Transformation: dog to person. Irish myth: Cross (†D343.1).

D341.1. †D341.1. Transformation: bitches to women. Irish myth: *Cross (†D343).

D342. †D342. Transformation: cat to person. Fb "kat" II 108a. --Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D350. †D350. Transformation: bird to person. Tobler 79. --Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 49f.; Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 373.

D352. †D352. Transformation: falconiform to person.

D352.1. †D352.1. Transformation: hawk to person. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 210.

D352.2. †D352.2. Transformation: eagle to person. Africa: Milligan Jungle 100.

D352.3. †D352.3. Transformation: falcon to person. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D353. †D353. Transformation: coraciiform to person.

D353.1. †D353.1. Transformation: woodpecker to person. Africa (Shangani): Bourhill and Drake 43ff. No. 5.

D354. †D354. Transformation: charidiiform to person.

D354.1. †D354.1. Transformation: dove to person. Dickson 52.

D354.2. †D354.2. Transformation: gull to person. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 216, 302, (Greenland): Rasmussen 219, Rink 451.

D357. †D357. Transformation: parrot to person. S. Am. Indian (Carajá): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (1) 516.

D361. †D361. Transformation: swan to person. Irish myth: Cross.

D361.1. †D361.1. Swan Maiden. A swan transforms herself at will into a maiden. She resumes her swan form by putting on her swan coat. (It is difficult to tell in most Swan Maiden tales whether the primary form is swan or maiden: the incident may belong at †D161.) --*Type 313, 400, 465A; *BP III 406; **H. Holmström Studier över svanjungfrumotivet i Volundarkvida och annorstädes (Malmö 1919); Cosquin Indiens 348, 387, 391ff.; *Köhler-Bolte I 444; G. de Raille RTP IV 312; *Penzer VIII 213; Fb "jomfru" II 43, "svane" III 664a. --Irish myth: Cross; Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC No. 400A; Germanic: Grimm Deutsche Mythologie I 354, Krappe Mod. Lang. Review. XXI 66, MacCulloch Eddic 258ff.; Boberg; French: Sébillot France II 198, III 207; U.S.: *Baughman. --Arabian: Burton Nights V 345ff., VIII 31 n.; Persian: Bricteaux Contes Persans 97; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Anesaki 258. --Indonesian: *DeVries's list Nos. 151--153, Dixon 64, 138 nn. 13--18, 207ff.; Polynesian, Melanesian: ibid. 64, 138 nn. 13--18; Australian: ibid. 294f. --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 356 n. 284; *Hatt Asiatic Influences 94ff.; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 364, II 12, III 74, 199, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 615, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 170, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 179, (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 95.

D361.1.1. †D361.1.1. Swan Maiden finds her hidden wings and resumes her form. Types 400, 465A. --U. S.: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 22ff. No. 11.

D364. †D364. Transformation: goose to person. *Dh II 191f; *Fb "gås" I 528b.

D365. †D365. Transformation: duck to person. (Cf. †D361.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D370. †D370. Transformation: fish to man. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 142 No. 96; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/194); S. Am. Indian (Brazil): Oberg 108; Africa (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 403.

D370.1. †D370.1. Fish cleaned by girl becomes man. Irish myth: Cross.

D373. †D373. Transformation: eel to person. Fb "ål" III 119Oa. --Tonga: Gifford 182; New Hebrides: Codrington 375; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 3/1295).

D375. †D375. Transformation: crab to man. India: Thompson-Balys.

D376. †D376. Transformation: salmon to person. Irish myth: Cross (†D374).

D380. †D380. Transformation: insect to person.

D381. †D381. Transformation: spider to man. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D382. †D382. Transformation: hymenoptera to person.

D382.1. †D382.1. Transformation: bee to person. Eskimo (Greenland): Thalbitzer Phonetic Study of Eskimo Language (København, 1904) 2.

D382.2. †D382.2. Transformation: ant to person. Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 53 n. 5; Fox 121.

D390. †D390. Transformation: reptiles and miscellaneous animals to persons.

D391. †D391. Transformation: serpent (snake) to person. Dickson 55 n. 71. --Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 389, 423; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169, 185; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 52, (Zulu): Callaway 321, (Basuto): Jacottet 134 No. 19, 146 No. 20.

D392. †D392. Transformation: worm to person. Tonga: Gifford 25.

D395. †D395. Transformation: frog to person. Tobler 77ff; Type 440. --Hindu: Keith 147; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 76, 78.

D396. †D396. Transformation: toad to man. Chinese: Graham.

D397. †D397. Transformation: lizard to person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D398. †D398. Transformation: snail to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 59f.

D399. †D399. Transformation: other animals than those already treated to person.

D399.1. †D399.1. Transformation: water-dragon to person. (Cf. †B12.) --Chinese: Werner 233.

†D400-†D499. Other forms of transformation.

D400. †D400. Other forms of transformation.

D410. †D410. Transformation: one animal to another. India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman.

D411. †D411. Transformation: mammal (wild) to another animal.

D411.1. †D411.1. Transformation: squirrel to another animal.

D411.1.1. †D411.1.1. Transformation: squirrel to horse. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "écureuil".

D411.2. †D411.2. Transformation: rat to another animal.

D411.2.1. †D411.2.1. Transformation: white rat to white-winged elephant. Chinese: Werner 121.

D411.3. †D411.3. Transformation: hare (rabbit) to another animal.

D411.3.1. †D411.3.1. Transformation: hare to leopard. Ila (Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 359 No. 12.

D411.4. †D411.4. Transformation: antelope to another animal.

D411.4.1. †D411.4.1. Transformation: antelope to dog. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 71 No. 15.

D411.4.2. †D411.4.2. Transformation: antelope to goat. India: Thompson-Balys.

D411.5. †D411.5. Transformation: monkey to other animal. Chinese: Werner 331.

D411.5.1. †D411.5.1. Transformation: monkey to eagle. Chinese: Werner 363.

D411.5.2. †D411.5.2. Transformation: monkey to candle-moth. Chinese: Werner 365.

D411.5.3. †D411.5.3. Transformation: monkey to ant. Chinese: Werner 366.

D411.5.4. †D411.5.4. Transformation: monkey to ox. Chinese: Werner 351, 360.

D411.6. †D411.6. Transformation: mouse to another animal.

D411.6.1. †D411.6.1. Transformation: mouse to horse. Saintyves Perrault 151ff.; Type 510.

D411.6.2. †D411.6.2. Transformation: mouse to cat. India: Thompson-Balys.

D411.7. †D411.7. Transformation: seal to another animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D411.7.1. †D411.7.1. Transformation: seal to horse. Irish myth: Cross.

D411.8. †D411.8. Transformation: fox to snake. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 228.

D411.9. †D411.9. Transformation: gorilla to eagle. Africa: Milligan Jungle 100.

D411.10. †D411.10. Transformation: bear to goose.

D411.10.1. †D411.10.1. Parts of bears fall off and become geese. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 256f.

D412. †D412. Transformation: mammal (domestic) to another animal.

D412.0.1. †D412.0.1. Transformation: domestic to wild animal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D412.1. †D412.1. Transformation: cat to another animal.

D412.1.1. †D412.1.1. Transformation: cat to horse. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chat".

D412.1.2. †D412.1.2. Transformation: cat to toad. *Kittredge Witchcraft 178 n. 36.

D412.1.3. †D412.1.3. Transformation: cat to dog. India: Thompson-Balys.

D412.2. †D412.2. Transformation: cow (ox) to another animal.

D412.2.1. †D412.2.1. Transformation: herd of cattle to wolves. Finnish: Kalevala rune 33.

D412.2.2. †D412.2.2. Transformation: ox-demon to pig. Chinese: Werner 361.

D412.2.3. †D412.2.3. Transformation: ox-demon to tiger. Chinese: Werner.

D412.2.4. †D412.2.4. Transformation: ox-demon to leopard. Chinese: Werner 361.

D412.2.5. †D412.2.5. Transformation: ox-demon to bear. Chinese: Werner 361.

D412.2.6. †D412.2.6. Transformation: ox-demon to elephant. Chinese: Werner 361.

D412.3. †D412.3. Transformation: swine becomes another animal.

D412.3.1. †D412.3.1. Transformation: pig-fairy to fish. Chinese: Werner 363.

D412.3.2. †D412.3.2. Transformation: pig to fish. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.3.3. †D412.3.3. Transformation: boar-pigs into he-goats. *Loomis White Magic 80.

D412.3.4. †D412.3.4. Transformation: sows into she-goats. *Loomis White Magic 80.

D412.3.5. †D412.3.5. Transformation: pig to dragon. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 162.

D412.4. †D412.4. Transformation: horse to another animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.4.1. †D412.4.1. Transformation: packhorse to palfrey. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5. †D412.5. Transformation: dog to another animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5.1. †D412.5.1. Transformation: dog to dove (transformed man). Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5.2. †D412.5.2. Transformation: hound to lap-dog. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5.3. †D412.5.3. Transformation: dog to otter. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5.4. †D412.5.4. Animal that is hound by day, sheep by night. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5.5. †D412.5.5. Transformation: dog to leopard. India: Thompson-Balys.

D412.5.6. †D412.5.6. Transformation: dog to spider. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 226.

D412.5.7. †D412.5.7. Transformation: dog to snake. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 75.

D412.6. †D412.6. Transformation: ass to horse. *Loomis White Magic 80; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 89.

D412.7. †D412.7. Transformation: sheep to grasshoppers. Mexico: Mendoza Santa Barbara; India: Thompson-Balys.

D413. †D413. Transformation: bird to another animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D413.1. †D413.1. Transformation: hawk to salmon (transformed man). Irish myth: Cross.

D413.2. †D413.2. Transformation: raven to water bird. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 73.

D415. †D415. Transformation: insect to another animal.

D415.1. †D415.1. Transformation: mantis to another animal.

D415.1.1. †D415.1.1. Transformation: mantis to hartebeest. Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 3.

D418. †D418. Transformation: reptile to other animal.

D418.1. †D418.1. Transformation: serpent (snake) to other animal.

D418.1.1. †D418.1.1. Transformation: python to gorilla. Africa: Milligan Jungle 100.

D418.1.2. †D418.1.2. Transformation: snake to dragon. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 31.

D418.1.3. †D418.1.3. Transformation: serpent to mosquito. India: Thompson-Balys.

D418.2. †D418.2. Transformation: worm to other animal.

D418.2.1. †D418.2.1. Transformation: worm to serpent. Jewish: Neuman.

D418.2.2. †D418.2.2. Transformation: worm to dog. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 72.

D419. †D419. Transformation: miscellaneous animals to other animals.

D419.1. †D419.1. Transformation: dragon to other animal. (Cf. †B11.)

D419.1.1. †D419.1.1. Transformation: sea dragon to serpent. Chinese: Werner 311.

D419.1.2. †D419.1.2. Transformation: dragon to horse. Korean: Zong in-Sob 64 No. 35.

D420. †D420. Transformation: animal to object. India: Thompson-Balys; Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 194, 196, 323; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 185, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 639.

D421. †D421. Transformation: mammal (wild) to object.

D421.1. †D421.1. Transformation: wolf to object.

D421.1.1. †D421.1.1. Transformation: wolf to tree. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 323. No. 108.

D421.2. †D421.2. Transformation: antelope to object.

D421.2.1. †D421.2.1. Transformation: antelope to nut. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 71 No. 15.

D421.2.2. †D421.2.2. Transformation: doe to bubble of water (enchanted woman). Irish myth: Cross.

D421.3. †D421.3. Transformation: elephant to object. India: Thompson-Balys.

D421.3.1. †D421.3.1. Transformation: elephant to lotus. India: Thompson-Balys.

D421.3.2. †D421.3.2. Transformation: elephant to stone. India: Thompson-Balys.

D421.4. †D421.4. Transformation: tiger to object.

D421.4.1. †D421.4.1. Transformation: tigress to mortar. India: Thompson-Balys.

D421.5. †D421.5. Transformation: deer to object.

D421.5.1. †D421.5.1. Transformation: stag to wind. Chinese and Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 182f.

D421.6. †D421.6. Transformation: bear to object.

D421.6.1. †D421.6.1. Transformation: bear to bow. N. Am. Indian (Klikitat): Jacobs U. Wash. II 31.

D421.7. †D421.7. Transformation: whale to object.

D421.7.1. †D421.7.1. Transformation: whale to skull. Eskimo (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 155, (Greenland): Rink 128, Holm 44, Rasmussen II 18, III 84.

D422. †D422. Transformation: mammal (domestic) to object.

D422.1. †D422.1. Transformation: horse to object.

D422.1.1. †D422.1.1. Transformation: horse to river. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "rivière".

D422.1.2. †D422.1.2. Transformation: horse to stone. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D422.2. †D422.2. Transformation: dog to object.

D422.2.1. †D422.2.1. Transformation: dead dog to money. Fb "hund" I 676a; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3629; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 229f. No. 176, FFC CXXVIII 201f. No. 113.

D422.2.2. †D422.2.2. Transformation: dog to pumpkin. India: Thompson-Balys.

D422.2.3. †D422.2.3. Transformation: dog to statue. India: Thompson-Balys.

D422.3. †D422.3. Transformation: pig to object. Irish myth: Cross.

D422.3.1. †D422.3.1. Transformation: pig to bread. Irish myth: Cross.

D423. †D423. Transformation: bird (fowl) to object.

D423.1. †D423.1. Transformation: goose to object.

D423.1.1. †D423.1.1. Transformation: flock of geese to stone. Fb "gås" I 528b.

D423.2. †D423.2. Transformation: quails to sticks and pebbles. India: Thompson-Balys.

D423.3. †D423.3. Transformation: duck to precious stone. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 196.

D423.4. †D423.4. Transformation: buzzard to door flap. Klikitat: Jacobs U. Wash. II 31.

D424. †D424. Transformation: insect to object.

D424.1. †D424.1. Transformation: butterfly to bamboo. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 266.

D425. †D425. Transformation: reptile to object.

D425.1. †D425.1. Transformation: snake to object.

D425.1.1. †D425.1.1. Transformation: snake to stone. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D425.1.2. †D425.1.2. Transformation: snake to jewel. India: Thompson-Balys.

D425.1.2.1. †D425.1.2.1. Transformation: snake to gold. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 184.

D425.1.3. †D425.1.3. Transformation: snake to garland. India: Thompson-Balys.

D425.1.4. †D425.1.4. Transformation: snake to ship. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1160.

D426. †D426. Transformation: fish to object.

D426.1. †D426.1. Transformation: eel to object.

D426.1.1. †D426.1.1. Transformation: eel to stone. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 21.

D426.1.2. †D426.1.2. Transformation: eel to dry land. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G 13/221).

D426.2. †D426.2. Transformation: octopus to stone. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 22.

D428. †D428. Transformation: amphibian to object.

D428.1. †D428.1. Transformation: frog to object.

D428.1.1. †D428.1.1. Transformation: frog to tree. Chinese: Graham.

D429. †D429. Transformation: animal to object -- miscellaneous.

D429.1. †D429.1. Transformation: water monster to Milky Way. Raratonga: Beckwith Myth 439.

D429.2. †D429.2. Transformation: dragon to object. (Cf. †B11.)

D429.2.1. †D429.2.1. Transformation: dragon-king to gust of wind. Chinese: Werner 311.

D429.2.2. †D429.2.2. Transformation: dragon to stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D429.2.2.1. †D429.2.2.1. Transformation: man-eating giantess to stone. India: Thompson-Balys.

D430. †D430. Transformation: object to person.

D431. †D431. Transformation: vegetable form to person.

D431.1. †D431.1. Transformation: flower to person. *BP II 126f.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D431.1.1. †D431.1.1. Transformation: rose to person. Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC 82 No. 708a; India: Thompson-Balys.

D431.1.2. †D431.1.2. Transformation: carnation to person. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 59 No. 425D.

D431.2. †D431.2. Transformation: tree to person. Irish myth: Cross; Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 263 No. 67; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D431.3. †D431.3. Transformation: leaf (of tree) to person. Africa (Yoruba): Ellis 257 No. 4, (Fjort): Dennett 43 No. 6, (Upoto): Einstein 141.

D431.4. †D431.4. Transformation: fruit to person. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D431.5. †D431.5. Transformation: grass to person.

D431.5.1. †D431.5.1. Transformation: grass to soldiers. Chinese: Graham.

D431.6. †D431.6. Transformation: plant to person. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 515; Papua: Ker 131.

D431.6.1. †D431.6.1. Woman emerges from plant. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D431.7. †D431.7. Transformation: reed to person. Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 259.

D431.8. †D431.8. Transformation: corn to person. Jewish: Neuman.

D431.9. †D431.9. Transformation: root (bulb) of plant to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D431.10. †D431.10. Transformation: sections of bamboo to persons. Papua: Ker 138.

D431.11. †D431.11. Transformation: nut to person. Papua: Ker 86; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 121.

D432. †D432. Transformation: mineral form to person. Irish myth: Cross.

D432.1. †D432.1. Transformation: stone to person. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 69; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 179.

D432.2. †D432.2. Transformation: shell to person.

D432.2.1. †D432.2.1. Every piece of shattered cowrie-shell turns into an armed man. India: Thompson-Balys.

D432.3. †D432.3. Transformation: jewel to person.

D432.3.1. †D432.3.1. Transformation: ruby to person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D434. †D434. Transformation: manufactured object to person.

D434.1. †D434.1. Transformation: utensil to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169.

D434.2. †D434.2. Transformation: rope to person. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 465.

D434.3. †D434.3. Transformation: canoe-bailer to person. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 233.

D434.4. †D434.4. Transformation: coffin cover to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D435. †D435. Transformation: image to person. (Cf. †D445.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 213; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 517.

D435.1. †D435.1. Transformation: statue to person.

D435.1.1. †D435.1.1. Transformation: statue comes to life. *Type 945, cf. Type 165*; *BP III 53 n. 2; D. E. MacKay The Double Invitation in the Legend of Don Juan (1943); *Loomis White Magic 81; Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Baum"; Köhler-Bolte I 531. --Greek: Fox 200 (Galateia); Finnish: Cf. Kalevala rune 37; Germanic: MacCulloch Eddic 188; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "statue"; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *701; Hindu: Benfey Panchatantra I 490; India: Thompson-Balys; Babylonian: Meissner Babylonien und Assyrien II 96; Semitic: bin Gorion Born Judas V 180ff.; Jewish: Neuman; Indonesian: DeVries's list No. 184, Dixon 200, *201 n. 38; Torres Straits: Dixon 142 n. 25; German New Guinea: ibid. 141; Australian: ibid. 274; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 479, 485, 497, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 619, (Koryak): Jochelson JE VI 22, 286, 370; N. Am. Indian: Thompson Tales 357 n. 287i, Hatt Asiatic Influences 97.

D435.1.2. †D435.1.2. Transformation: dolls change to fairies when flute is played. India: Thompson-Balys.

D435.1.3. †D435.1.3. Image of boy made of flowers comes to life. India: Thompson-Balys.

D435.1.4. †D435.1.4. Wax prince animated by serpent becomes human being. India: Thompson-Balys.

D435.1.5. †D435.1.5. Transformation: stone lion to man. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169.

D435.2. †D435.2. Transformation: picture to person.

D435.2.1. †D435.2.1. Picture comes to life. Chauvin VII 101 No. 376. --India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 61f.; N. Am. Indian: Thompson Tales 357 n. 287i, Hatt Asiatic Influences 100.

D436. †D436. Transformation: manufactured object to person.

D436.1. †D436.1. Transformation: utensil to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169.

D436.2. †D436.2. Transformation: rope to person. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 465.

D436.3. †D436.3. Transformation: canoe-bailer to person. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 233.

D436.4. †D436.4. Transformation: coffin cover to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D437. †D437. Transformation: part of animal or person to person.

D437.1. †D437.1. Human bone transforms self to person. Africa (Pahouine): Largeau 198.

D437.2. †D437.2. Animal bone transforms self to person. Papua: Ker 13.

D437.3. †D437.3. Transformation: feather to person. Africa (Shangani): Bourhill and Drake 43ff. No. 5.

D437.4. †D437.4. Transformation: excrements to person. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 85.

D437.5. †D437.5. Transformation: spittle to person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D439. †D439. Transformation: miscellaneous objects to persons.

D439.1. †D439.1. Transformation: tow to person. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "filasse".

D439.2. †D439.2. Transformation: coal to person. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D439.3. †D439.3. Transformation: water bubble to person. Jewish: Neuman.

D439.4. †D439.4. Transformation: egg to person. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Märchen 384.

D439.4.1. †D439.4.1. Woman emerges from egg. India: Thompson-Balys.

D439.5. †D439.5. Transformation: heavenly body to person.

D439.5.1. †D439.5.1. Transformation: moon to person. Samoa: Clark 118; S. Am. Indian (Amuesha): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 150.

D439.5.2. †D439.5.2. Transformation: star to person. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 15 n. 2, 109.

D439.6. †D439.6. Fire takes the form of a woman and runs away. India: Thompson-Balys.

D440. †D440. Transformation: object to animal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D441. †D441. Transformation: vegetable form to animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D441.1. †D441.1. Transformation: tree to animal. Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Baum"; BP I 146f.

D441.2. †D441.2. Transformation: fruit to animal.

D441.2.1. †D441.2.1. Transformation: fruit to birds. Trees grow fruits. Those which fall on ground ripen and are normal; those that fall into water become birds and fly away. --*Pauli (ed. Bolte) II 445 No. 879.

D441.3. †D441.3. Transformation: branch of tree to animal. S. Am. Indian (Ceuici): Alexander Lat. Am. 304.

D441.3.1. †D441.3.1. Transformation: faggots to chargers. India: Thompson-Balys.

D441.3.2. †D441.3.2. Transformation: log to bear. India: Thompson-Balys.

D441.4. †D441.4. Transformation: plant to animal. Jewish: Neuman.

D441.4.1. †D441.4.1. Transformation: fern to animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D441.5. †D441.5. Transformation: leaves to animal.

D441.5.1. †D441.5.1. Transformation: leaves to eels. New Hebrides: Codrington 396.

D441.5.2. †D441.5.2. Transformation: banana leaf to fish. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen JAS IV 71.

D441.6. †D441.6. Transformation: embers into animal. (Cf. †D562.2) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D441.6.1. †D441.6.1. Transformation: ashes into animals.

D441.7. †D441.7. Transformation: sticks of wood to animal. Jewish: Neuman; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 17, 33, 52, 58; S. Am. Indian (Apapocuvú-Guarani): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 138.

D441.7.1. †D441.7.1. Transformation: rod to serpent. Hebrew: Exodus 7:10.

D441.8. †D441.8. Transformation: piece of cotton to snake. India: Thompson-Balys.

D441.9. †D441.9. Transformation: straw to snake. India: Thompson-Balys.

D441.9.1. †D441.9.1. Transformation: wisp of hay to horse. (Cf. †D451.5.7.) --Gering Islendzk Æfentyri II 167; Grimm Irische Elfenmärchen No. 11. --Malay: Hambruch Malaiische Märchen 215.

D441.10. †D441.10. Transformation: chips of wood to animal. Eskimo (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 152.

D442. †D442. Transformation: mineral form to animal.

D442.1. †D442.1. Transformation: stone to animal. Irish myth: Cross (†D449.6); Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 22; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 163, 228.

D442.2. †D442.2. Transformation: earth (dirt) to animal. India: Thompson-Balys (†D446.1.)

D442.2.1. †D442.2.1. Transformation: earth to lice. Jewish: Neuman.

D442.2.2. †D442.2.2. Transformation: grave to animal. Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 21.

D442.3. †D442.3. Transformation: gold to animal. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 229f.

D444. †D444. Transformation: manufactured object to animal.

D444.1. †D444.1. Transformation: money of the hard-hearted to scorpions. (Cf. †D444.2, †D444.4, †D469.11, †D471.1). --Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XXIX 69; cf. BP III 168, 462.

D444.2. †D444.2. Transformation: meat to toad. Punishment for ungrateful son. Dh IV 262; Japanese: Ikeda.

D444.3. †D444.3. Transformation: pill to white rabbit. Chinese: Werner 185.

D444.4. †D444.4. Transformation: bread to serpents. (Cf. †D444.1, †D444.2, †D469.11, †D471.1.) --BP III 462.

D444.5. †D444.5. Transformation: book-satchel to bird. Irish myth: Cross.

D444.6. †D444.6. Transformation: drinking horn to dragon. Norse: Herrmann Saxo Gr. II 596.

D444.7. †D444.7. Transformation: armring to serpent. Norse: Herrmann Saxo Gr. II 596.

D444.8. †D444.8. Transformation: mortar to tigress. India: Thompson-Balys.

D444.9. †D444.9. Transformation: pouch to parts of body of ptarmigan. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 320.

D444.10. †D444.10. Transformation: dress to animal.

D444.10.1. †D444.10.1. Transformation: dress to butterfly. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 264.

D444.10.2. †D444.10.2. Transformation: mitten to dog. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 510.

D444.10.3. †D444.10.3. Duck's sandals transformed to part of his feet. S. Am. Indian (Chiriguano): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 178.

D444.11. †D444.11. Transformation: oars and masts to serpents. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 333 n. 1.

D445. †D445. Transformation: image of animal vivified. (Cf. †D435) --Dh. II 72ff. --India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 234; N. Am. Indian: Thompson Tales 357 n. 287i.

D445.1. †D445.1. Image of horse vivified. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 231f.

D445.1.1. †D445.1.1. Image of horse will be vivified only for one person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D445.2. †D445.2. Images of parrots vivified. India: Thompson-Balys.

D445.3. †D445.3. Image of golden calf vivified. Jewish: Neuman.

D447. †D447. Transformation: parts of animal or human body to animal.

D447.1. †D447.1. Transformation: hair to animal.

D447.1.1. †D447.1.1. Transformation: hair to monkey. Chinese: Werner 366.

D447.1.2. †D447.1.2. Transformation: hair to insect. Chinese: Werner 364.

D447.1.3. †D447.1.3. Transformation: hair to serpent. Sébillot France III 257; Eitrem Opferritus und Voropfer der Griechen und Römer 359. --England, U.S.: Baughman.

D447.2. †D447.2. Transformation: skull to water-monster. Africa (Angola): Chatelain 115 No. 9.

D447.3. †D447.3. Transformation: blood to animal.

D447.3.1. †D447.3.1. Transformation: blood drops to toads. India: Thompson-Balys.

D447.3.1.1. †D447.3.1.1. Transformation: blood drops to serpents. Greek: Fox 34.

D447.3.2. †D447.3.2. Transformation: blood of gorgon to flying horse. Greek: Grote I 7.

D447.4. †D447.4. Transformation: fishtail to shark. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 134.

D447.5. †D447.5. Transformation: toes of sorceress to dogs. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 248.

D447.6. †D447.6. Transformation: tooth to fox. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 185.

D447.7. †D447.7. Transformation: pig's bones to pig. Papua: Ker 13.

D447.8. †D447.8. Transformation: bone to dog. Eskimo (Greenland) Rasmussen III 119.

D447.9. †D447.9. Parts of sorcerer's body turn into serpents. Icelandic: Boberg.

D447.10. †D447.10. Transformation: brain to giant serpent. Irish myth: Cross (†D449.7).

D449. †D449. Transformation: miscellaneous objects to animals.

D449.1. †D449.1. Magic charm turns sweets into bugs. (Cf. †D522). India: Thompson-Balys.

D449.2. †D449.2. Transformation: corpse to serpent. Jewish: Neuman.

D449.3. †D449.3. Transformation: treasure to ducks. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 196.

D449.4. †D449.4. Transformation: snow to dogs. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 324.


D450. †D450. Transformation: object to another object. India: Thompson-Balys; Icelandic: Boberg.

D451. †D451. Transformation of vegetable form.

D451.1. †D451.1. Transformation: tree to other object. *Loomis White Magic 95; Africa (Loango): Pechuël-Loesche 109.

D451.1.0.1. †D451.1.0.1. Transformation: branch of tree to palace. India: Thompson-Balys.

D451.1.1. †D451.1.1. Transformation: ash to hazel. Irish myth: Cross (†D469.17).

D451.2. †D451.2. Transformation: plant to other object. Irish myth: Cross (†D452).

D451.2.1. †D451.2.1. Transformation: rush to leek. Irish myth: Cross (†D462.1).

D451.2.1.1. †D451.2.1.1. Transformation: rushes to grain. Irish myth: Cross (†D462.1.1).

D451.2.2. †D451.2.2. Transformation: wheat to barley. Irish myth: Cross (†D462.2).

D451.2.3. †D451.2.3. Transformation: oats to wheat. Irish myth: Cross (†D462.3).

D451.2.4. †D451.2.4. Transformation: cotton to leaves. India: Thompson-Balys.

D451.3. †D451.3. Transformation: fruit to other object. Irish myth: Cross (†D463).

D451.3.1. †D451.3.1. Transformation: apples to grain. Irish myth: Cross (†D463.1).

D451.3.2. †D451.3.2. Transformation: coconut to philosopher's stone. India: Thompson-Balys.

D451.3.3. †D451.3.3. Transformation: pumpkin to carriage. Type 410. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "carosse"; Missouri French: Carrière.

D451.3.4. †D451.3.4. Transformation: apples to pig bristles (frog legs). German: Grimm No. 165.

D451.4. †D451.4. Transformation: flowers to other object.

D451.4.0.1. †D451.4.0.1. Transformation: flowers to gold beads. India: Thompson-Balys.

D451.4.1. †D451.4.1. Transformation: lotus to human hand. Penzer VIII 54.

D451.4.2. †D451.4.2. Hibiscus blossom transformed to canoe. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 405.

D451.5. †D451.5. Transformation: grass to other object.

D451.5.1. †D451.5.1. Transformation: blade of grass to horse. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 63 No. 12.

D451.5.2. †D451.5.2. Transformation: blade of grass to knife. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 63 No. 12.

D451.5.3. †D451.5.3. Transformation: blade of grass to gun. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 63 No. 12.

D451.5.4. †D451.5.4. Transformation: grass to beard. Irish myth: Cross (†D457.4).

D451.5.5. †D451.5.5. Transformation: pieces of grass turned into stone steps. Chinese: Graham.

D451.5.6. †D451.5.6. Transformation: roll of grass into gold. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 210.

D451.5.7. †D451.5.7. Transformation: wisp of hay to bridge. --Maliseet: Mechling JAFL XXVI 251.

D451.6. †D451.6. Transformation: stick (log) to other object.

D451.6.1. †D451.6.1. Transformation: wand to other object.

D451.6.1.1. †D451.6.1.1. Transformation: wand to bridge. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "pont". --Cherokee: Mooney RBAE XIX 319 No. 67.

D451.6.2. †D451.6.2. Stick thrust in ground changes into spirit hut. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 62.

D451.6.3. †D451.6.3. Transformation: stick to weapon. Africa (Loango): Pechuël-Loesche 109.

D451.7. †D451.7. Transformation: nut to another object.

D451.7.1. †D451.7.1. Transformation: nut to palace. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 54 No. 400B.

D451.8. †D451.8. Transformation: leaf to another object. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 109; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 478.

D451.8.1. †D451.8.1. Transformation: leaves to cotton. India: Thompson-Balys.

D451.8.2. †D451.8.2. Transformation: leaf to knife. Africa (Loango): Pechuël-Loesche 109.

D451.9. †D451.9. Transformation: vegetable to other object.

D451.9.1. †D451.9.1. Transformation: peas to stones. (Cf. †D444.4, †D471.1.) --BP III 462.

D452. †D452. Transformation of mineral form.

D452.1. †D452.1. Transformation: rock (stone) to other object.

D452.1.1. †D452.1.1. Transformation: rock to hut. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 83.

D452.1.2. †D452.1.2. Transformation: stone to mountain. Regular in †D672, where references are given.

D452.1.3. †D452.1.3. Transformation: stone to salt. *Loomis White Magic 81; Irish myth: *Cross (†D456.3); Jewish: Neuman.

D452.1.4. †D452.1.4. Transformation: stone into jewel. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1670.

D452.1.5. †D452.1.5. Transformation: rock to glass. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D452.1.6. †D452.1.6. Transformation: stones to peas.

D452.1.6.1. †D452.1.6.1. Christ asks woman what she is cooking; she replies that she is boiling stones to make her children think they are peas and that they will have food. Christ changes the stones to peas. England: Baughman.

D452.1.7. †D452.1.7. Transformation: stone to firebrand. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen JAS IV 71.

D452.1.8. †D452.1.8. Transformation: stone to island. Tonga: Gifford 191.

D452.1.9. †D452.1.9. Transformation: stone to pillow. Jewish: Neuman.

D452.1.10. †D452.1.10. Transformation: rock to water. Jewish: Neuman.

D452.1.11. †D452.1.11. Transformation: stones to weapons. Jewish: Neuman.

D452.1.12. †D452.1.12. Transformation: stones to dust. Jewish: Neuman.

D452.2. †D452.2. Transformation: shell to another object.

D452.2.1. †D452.2.1. Transformation: shell to boat. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bateau".

D452.3. †D452.3. Transformation: sand to another object.

D452.3.1. †D452.3.1. Transformation: sand to rice. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Märchen 82.

D452.4. †D452.4. Transformation: earth (dirt) to another object.

D452.4.1. †D452.4.1. Transformation: dirt to pepper. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen JAS IV 71.

D454. †D454. Transformation of manufactured object.

D454.1. †D454.1. Transformation: box to another object.

D454.1.1. †D454.1.1. Transformation: box to carriage. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 72 No. 557.

D454.1.2. †D454.1.2. Transformation: box to ship. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "boîte".

D454.2. †D454.2. Transformation: bread to another object. (Cf. †D471).

D454.2.1. †D454.2.1. Transformation: bread to flower. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "fleur".

D454.2.2. †D454.2.2. Bread tree springs from crumb of bread. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.3. †D454.3. Transformation: clothing to other object.

D454.3.1. †D454.3.1. Transformation: one article of clothing to another. Irish myth: Cross (†D469.16).

D454.3.1.1. †D454.3.1.1. White chasuble suddenly turned into red. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D454.3.2. †D454.3.2. Transformation: handkerchief to other object.

D454.3.2.1. †D454.3.2.1. Transformation: handkerchief with three knots to clod, potsherd, and charcoal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.3.2.2. †D454.3.2.2. Transformation: handkerchief with three knots to golden leopard, golden snake, and golden monkey. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.3.3. †D454.3.3. Transformation: belt to bridge. N. Am. Indian (Quinault): Farrand JE II 115.

D454.3.4. †D454.3.4. Transformation: cloak to other object.

D454.3.4.1. †D454.3.4.1. Transformation: cloak to mountain. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/420).

D454.3.4.2. †D454.3.4.2. Transformation: cloak to vessel. Saintyves Saints Successeurs 254f.

D454.4. †D454.4. Transformation: needle to other object. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.4.1. †D454.4.1. Transformation: thread to other object. Africa (Vai): Ellis 191 No. 8.

D454.5. †D454.5. Transformation: milk sack to other object.

D454.5.1. †D454.5.1. Transformation: milk sack to sheet of water. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D454.6. †D454.6. Transformation: pot to other object. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 88.

D454.6.1. †D454.6.1. Transformation: bowl to other object. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.7. †D454.7. Transformation: brush to mountain. German: Grimm No. 79.

D454.7.1. †D454.7.1. Transformation: comb to mountain. German: Grimm No. 79.

D454.8. †D454.8. Transformation: ornament to other object.

D454.8.1. †D454.8.1. Transformation: necklace to other object. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.8.2. †D454.8.2. Transformation: ring to other object.

D454.8.2.1. †D454.8.2.1. Transformation: ring to saber. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bague".

D454.9. †D454.9. Transformation: weapon to other object.

D454.9.1. †D454.9.1. Transformation: spear to other object.

D454.9.1.1. †D454.9.1.1. Transformation: spear becomes mighty tree when driven into ground. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.9.2. †D454.9.2. Transformation: sling-stick to boat. Irish myth: Cross (†D469.18).

D454.10. †D454.10. Transformation: ship to other object.

D454.10.1. †D454.10.1. Transformation: ship to mountains. Maori: Beckwith Myth 467.

D454.10.2. †D454.10.2. Transformation: canoe into rock. Tonga: Gifford 76.

D454.11. †D454.11. Transformation: writing tablets to bundle. Irish myth: Cross (†D469.15).

D454.12. †D454.12. Transformation: mirror to glass mountain. German: Grimm No. 79.

D454.13. †D454.13. Transformation: pieces of chalk into tins of oil. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.14. †D454.14. Transformation: ink to beams of light. Jewish: Neuman.

D454.15. †D454.15. Transformation: statue to drinking vessels. Jewish: Neuman.

D454.16. †D454.16. Transformation: instruments of torture to lotus flowers. Chinese: Werner 268.

D457. †D457. Transformed parts of person or animal to object.

D457.1. †D457.1. Transformation: blood to another object.

D457.1.1. †D457.1.1. Transformation: blood to rubies. Turns to rubies as it drops. *Cosquin RTP XXVIII 194, *Contes indiens 18ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.1.2. †D457.1.2. Transformation: blood to milk. Bird caught and told to make milk bleeds and blood turns to milk. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 34 No. 1.

D457.1.3. †D457.1.3. Transformation: drops of blood to flowers. India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.2. †D457.2. Transformation: milk to blood. Irish myth: *Cross (†D454.2.1).

D457.3. †D457.3. Transformation: calf's head to death's head. *BP I 276 n. 2, II 535; Sébillot Incidents s. v. "tête".

D457.4. †D457.4. Transformation: hair to other object. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.4.1. †D457.4.1. Transformation: hair to stream. *Fb "hår" I 771b.

D457.4.2. †D457.4.2. Transformation: hair to forest. *Fb "hår" I 771b; Jewish: Neuman.

D457.4.3. †D457.4.3. Transformation: hair to bridge. Köhler-Bolte I 195.

D457.5. †D457.5. Transformation: meat to other object.

D457.5.1. †D457.5.1. Transformation: stolen meat to roses. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D457.5.2. †D457.5.2. Meat received from spirits transformed to banana leaves. Africa (Wachaga): Gutman 105.

D457.6. †D457.6. Transformation: scurf from body to palm tree. India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.7. †D457.7. Transformation: feather to tree. Africa (Shangani): Bourhill and Drake 43ff. No. 5.

D457.8. †D457.8. Transformation: tooth to ax head. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; Norse: Herrmann Saxo II 596.

D457.9. †D457.9. Transformation: finger to ax handle. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 131 No. 89.

D457.9.1. †D457.9.1. Transformation: cut-off hand to plant. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 130 No. 85.

D457.10. †D457.10. Transformation: moustache into grass. (Cf. †D562.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.11. †D457.11. Transformation: eye to another object.

D457.11.1. †D457.11.1. Transformation: bull's eye to hornets. India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.11.2. †D457.11.2. Transformation: eyeballs to torches. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.12. †D457.12. Transformation: bone to other object.

D457.12.1. †D457.12.1. Transformation: bone-dust becomes blazing fire. India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.12.2. †D457.12.2. Transformation: bone to skeleton. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 26.

D457.13. †D457.13. Transformation: animal dung to other object. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Märchen 82.

D457.14. †D457.14. Transformation: tongue to other object.

D457.14.1. †D457.14.1. Transformation: ogress's tongue to surfboard. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 194.

D457.14.2. †D457.14.2. Transformation: tongue to flame. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.15. †D457.15. Transformation: animal heart to other object.

D457.15.1. †D457.15.1. Transformation: fox's heart to rattle. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 138.

D457.16. †D457.16. Transformation: saint's relics to other object.

D457.16.1. †D457.16.1. Saint's relics assume form of Buddha. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 500f.

D457.17. †D457.17. Transformation: flesh to other object.

D457.17.1. †D457.17.1. Transformation: flesh to fire. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.18. †D457.18. Transformation: tears to other object.

D457.18.1. †D457.18.1. Transformation: tears to fountain. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.18.2. †D457.18.2. Transformation: tears to river. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.19. †D457.19. Transformation: ear tips (animal) into pelts. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 471, 541.

D469. †D469. Transformation: miscellaneous object to other objects.

D469.1. †D469.1. Transformation: egg to mist. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D469.1.1. †D469.1.1. Transformation: egg to house. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Märchen 83.

D469.2. †D469.2. Transformation: smoke to bridge. Africa (Vai): Ellis 191 No. 8.

D469.3. †D469.3. Transformation: chain of arrows to bridge. Africa (Vai): Ellis 191 No.8.

D469.4. †D469.4. Transformation: sea-scum to ice. Eskimo (Greenland) Rasmussen III 260.

D469.5. †D469.5. Transformation: furnace of fire to garden. Jewish: Neuman.

D470. †D470. Transformation: material of object changed. India: Thompson-Balys.

D471. †D471. Transformation: object to stone.

D471.1. †D471.1. Transformation: bread to stone. As punishment. (Cf. †D441.1, †D444.2, †D444.4, †D476.) --Type 368*; *BP III 168, 462; Fb "sten" III 553b, 554a; Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 1599; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D471.2. †D471.2. Transformation: house to stone. N. Am. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 212 No. 41, 398 No. 70, 409 No. 73.

D471.2.1. †D471.2.1. Transformation: house-door to stone. N. Am. Indian (Shasta): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 216 No. 6.

D471.3. †D471.3. Transformation: ship to stone. Greek: Fox 211.

D471.4. †D471.4. Transformation: cheese to stone. *Loomis White Magic 79; Irish myth: *Cross.

D471.4.1. †D471.4.1. Transformation: milk to stone. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D471.5. †D471.5. Transformation: salt to stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D471.6. †D471.6. Transformation: tree to stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D471.7. †D471.7. Transformation: poison to stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D471.8. †D471.8. Animals turned into stones. *Loomis White Magic 80f.

D471.8.1. †D471.8.1. Stolen chickens turned to stones in cooking. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D471.9. †D471.9. A candle becomes stone. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D471.10. †D471.10. Water becomes rocks. (Cf. †D478). Jewish: Neuman.

D472. †D472. Transformation: object to muck.

D472.1. †D472.1. Transformation: food to muck. As punishment. Fb "mog" II 603; India: Thompson-Balys.

D473. †D473. Transformation: object to wood.

D473.1. †D473.1. Transformation: sword to wood. Chauvin V 173 No. 96 n. 1.

D474. †D474. Transformation: object becomes bloody. Irish myth: *Cross.

D474.1. †D474.1. Transformation: key becomes bloody. *Type 311, 312; BP I 404ff.

D474.2. †D474.2. Transformation: water becomes bloody. Loomis White Magic 78; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 358.

D474.3. †D474.3. Transformation: cake becomes bloody. Irish myth: *Cross.

D474.4. †D474.4. Egg becomes bloody. German: Grimm No. 46.

D474.5. †D474.5. Transformation: butter (milk) to blood. Irish myth: *Cross.

D474.6. †D474.6. Tears change to blood. Jewish: Neuman.

D474.7. †D474.7. Spittle changes to blood. Jewish: Neuman.

D474.8. †D474.8. Fruit juice turns to blood. Jewish: Neuman.

D474.9. †D474.9. Eyes of stone lion become bloody. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 83.

D475. †D475. Transformation: object to treasure (or vice versa).

D475.1. †D475.1. Transformation: objects to gold. Encyc. Religion and Ethics s. v. "Alchemy"; *Loomis White Magic 79, 81. --Irish: Cross, Plummer xliv, clxxxv; German: Hartland Science 49; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 383.

D475.1.1. †D475.1.1. Transformation: coals to gold. Fb. "kul", "guld". --Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 322 No. 80.

D475.1.1.1. †D475.1.1.1. Transformation: ashes to gold. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.2. †D475.1.2. Transformation: shavings to gold. Fb "høvlspån".

D475.1.3. †D475.1.3. Transformation: dead leaves to gold. Grimm Deutsche Mythologie 2, 246, 452.

D475.1.3.1. †D475.1.3.1. Banyan leaves turn to gold. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1262.

D475.1.4. †D475.1.4. Transformation: spittle to gold. Hindu: Williams 11.

D475.1.5. †D475.1.5. Transformation: fire to gold. Fb "ild" II 11b.

D475.1.6. †D475.1.6. Transformation: rice to gold. India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Mitford 180ff.

D475.1.6.1. †D475.1.6.1. Transformation: grain to gold. *Loomis White Magic 79; Irish myth: **Cross.

D475.1.7. †D475.1.7. Transformation: brick (tile) to gold. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 382.

D475.1.8. †D475.1.8. Transformation: earth to gold. Fb "jord" II 45b.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.9. †D475.1.9. Transformation: copper to gold. India: Penzer III 162 n.

D475.1.10. †D475.1.10. Transformation: hair to gold. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.11. †D475.1.11. Paste (smeared on princess's body) turns to gold. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.12. †D475.1.12. Transformation: putrescence to gold. Irish myth: *Cross.

D475.1.13. †D475.1.13. Mucus turns to gold to reward piety. Irish myth: Cross.

D475.1.14. †D475.1.14. Transformation: bottle to gold. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D475.1.15. †D475.1.15. Transformation: palace to gold. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 210.

D475.1.16. †D475.1.16. Transformation: food to gold. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.17. †D475.1.17. Transformation: axe becomes golden. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.18. †D475.1.18. Transformation: flowers to gold and silver. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.19. †D475.1.19. Transformation: leaves on which meal is served turn to gold plates. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.20. †D475.1.20. Transformation: straw to gold. German: Grimm No. 55.

D475.1.21. †D475.1.21. Transformation: fingernails to gold. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 165 No. 108.

D475.2. †D475.2. Transformation: object to money (or vice versa).

D475.2.1. †D475.2.1. Transformation: stones to gold coins. Tobler 71.

D475.2.2. †D475.2.2. Transformation: water to money. Africa (Kpelle): Westermann Zs. f. afrikan., ozean., u. ostasiat. Spr. VI 161 No. 29a.

D475.2.3. †D475.2.3. Transformation: money to ashes (leaves). Fb "penge"; India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.2.4. †D475.2.4. Transformation: money to pewter. Chinese: Werner 373.

D475.3. †D475.3. Transformation: objects to silver.

D475.3.1. †D475.3.1. Transformation: earth to silver. Africa (Mossi): Frobenius Atlantis VIII 274ff. No. 20.

D475.3.2. †D475.3.2. Tin changed into silver. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D475.3.3. †D475.3.3. Transformation: stone to silver. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D475.3.4. †D475.3.4. Transformation: iron in axe to silver. German: Grimm No. 99.

D475.3.5. †D475.3.5. Transformation: silver dish becomes wooden. Irish myth: Cross (†D479.16).

D475.4. †D475.4. Transformation: object to jewels (or vice versa). *Loomis White Magic 81.

D475.4.1. †D475.4.1. Transformation: stones into jewels. *Loomis White Magic 81; India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.2. †D475.4.2. Transformation: lice into gems. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D475.4.3. †D475.4.3. Transformation: dishes to jewels. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.4. †D475.4.4. Transformation: peas to pearls. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.5. †D475.4.5. Tears become jewels. German: Grimm No. 179; Greek: Grote 134; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.6. †D475.4.6. Transformation: fingernails into jewels. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.7. †D475.4.7. Transformation: hairs to jewels. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.8. †D475.4.8. Water dripping off person becomes agates. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 43, 55.

D475.4.9. †D475.4.9. Oil changed to jewels. Jewish: Neuman.

D475.5. †D475.5. A cup of marble changed into one of crystal. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476. †D476. Food transformed.

D476.1. †D476.1. Inedible substance transformed into edible.

D476.1.1. †D476.1.1. Bread made from mud. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.2. †D476.1.2. Loaf of bread made from the leaf of a tree. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.3. †D476.1.3. Wood turned into grain. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.4. †D476.1.4. Lard made from tree bark. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.5. †D476.1.5. Butter made from nettles. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.6. †D476.1.6. Pancakes made of snow. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D476.1.7. †D476.1.7. Rock changed into milk. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.8. †D476.1.8. Stream changed to egg. Jewish: Neuman.

D476.1.9. †D476.1.9. Transformation: ice becomes grease. N. Am. Indian (Menomini): Skinner and Satterlee PaAM XIII 270, (Crow): Lowie PaAM XXV 23ff., (Southern Ute): Lowie JAFL XXXVII 11 No. 5.

D476.1.10. †D476.1.10. Bone-powder changed into cheese. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.11. †D476.1.11. Transformation: sand to rice. India: Thompson-Balys.

D476.2. †D476.2. Edible substance changed to inedible.

D476.2.1. †D476.2.1. Transformation: food to dust. Jewish: Neuman.

D476.2.2. †D476.2.2. Cooked meat changed to raw. (Cf. †D476.4.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D476.2.3. †D476.2.3. Milk transformed into other substance. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D476.2.3.1. †D476.2.3.1. Milk transformed into blood. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D476.2.3.2. †D476.2.3.2. Milk transformed into lye. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D476.2.4. †D476.2.4. Transformation: sugar to ashes. India: Thompson-Balys.

D476.3. †D476.3. Meat transformed.

D476.3.1. †D476.3.1. Meat takes on taste of any dainty desired. Jewish: Neuman.

D476.3.2. †D476.3.2. Bacon changed to iron. Irish myth: Cross (†D479.5).

D476.3.2.1. †D476.3.2.1. Bacon changed to different foods. Loomis White Magic 79; Irish myth: *Cross (†D479.5.1).

D476.3.3. †D476.3.3. Transformation: horse meat to mutton. Irish myth: Cross (†D479.6).

D476.3.4. †D476.3.4. Meat miraculously turned into fish on a feast day, and vice versa. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D476.4. †D476.4. Bread becomes cake. German: Grimm No. 64.

D477. †D477. Transformation: object becomes wine (or vice versa). Irish myth: *Cross.

D477.0.1. †D477.0.1. Wine miraculously changed into other object. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D477.0.1.1. †D477.0.1.1. Wine becomes blood (Cf. †D471.4.1). --*Loomis White Magic 78.

D477.0.1.2. †D477.0.1.2. Wine becomes honey. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D477.0.1.3. †D477.0.1.3. Spiced wine becomes bitter. Jewish: Neuman.

D477.1. †D477.1. Transformation: water becomes wine. Fb "vand" III 1000a.; St. John 2:9; Grimm Deutsche Mythologie I 486; Hartland Science 69; Farnell Cults of the Greek States V 156; Wuttke Volksaberglaube (Berlin 1900) 66ff.; *Toldo VI 310ff.; *Saintyves Essais 206ff.; Günter 246 s. v. "Wein"; *Loomis White Magic 78; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D477.1.1. †D477.1.1. Devil takes man waiting for water to turn to wine at midnight on Old Christmas Eve. U. S.: Baughman.

D477.1.2. †D477.1.2. Woman loses eye when she goes to well at midnight on Old Christmas Eve when the water turns to wine. England: Baughman.

D477.2. †D477.2. Transformation: brine becomes wine. Irish myth: Cross.

D477.3. †D477.3. Beer becomes wine. German: Grimm No. 64.

D478. †D478. Water changed to other substance (or vice versa).

D478.1. †D478.1. Transformation: water to milk. Irish myth: *Cross (†D479.4); Sébillot France II 213.

D478.2. †D478.2. Transformation: water to ale. Irish myth: *Cross (†D479.4.1).

D478.3. †D478.3. Transformation: water to fire. Irish myth: *Cross (†D479.4.2); Jewish: Neuman.

D478.4. †D478.4. Transformation: water to marvelous drink. Irish myth: *Cross (†D479.4.3).

D478.5. †D478.5. Transformation: water to honey. *Loomis White Magic 78; Irish myth: *Cross (†D479.4.4).

D478.6. †D478.6. Transformation: water to mead. Irish myth: *Cross (†D479.4.5).

D478.7. †D478.7. Transformation: water changed into oil. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D478.8. †D478.8. Water changed into balsam. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D478.9. †D478.9. Water in river transformed to copper by magician. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D478.10. †D478.10. Salty water turned into fresh liquid. *Loomis White Magic 78; Jewish: Neuman.

D478.11. †D478.11. Transformation: water to butter and cream. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 460.

D478.12. †D478.12. Transformation: water to rocks. Jewish: Neuman.

D478.13. †D478.13. Transformation: water to brimstone. Jewish: Neuman.

D478.14. †D478.14. Boiling pitch reduced to cold water. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D479. †D479. Transformation: miscellaneous objects change material.

D479.1. †D479.1. Transformation: bog to flowery mead (through power of saint). Irish myth: Cross (†D479.6).

D479.2. †D479.2. Transformation: iron tools to earth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D479.3. †D479.3. Transformation: magic charm makes root bitter. India: Thompson-Balys.

D479.4. †D479.4. Transformation: goose egg becomes hen's egg. Irish myth: Cross (†D479.17).

D479.5. †D479.5. Transformation: basket of things to iron. India: Thompson-Balys.

D479.6. †D479.6. Wax turned into earth. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D479.7. †D479.7. Evil smells transformed into sweet fragrances, and vice versa. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D479.8. †D479.8. Hut transformed into golden palace. India: Thompson-Balys.

D480. †D480. Size of object transformed. Irish myth: Cross.

D480.0.1. †D480.0.1. Things miraculously stretched or shortened if needed by a saint. *Loomis White Magic 89.

D482. †D482. Stretching objects.

D482.1. †D482.1. Transformation: stretching tree. A tree magically shoots upward. --India: Thompson-Balys; Batak: Warneck Religion der Batak 50; Melanesian: Codrington 165. --N. Am. Indian: Thompson Tales 332 n. 199; S. Am. Indian (Mataco): Métraux MAFLS XL 35; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 188, 306.

D482.2. †D482.2. Stretching lily plant. Miraculously quick growing. India: Thompson-Balys.

D482.3. †D482.3. Magic stretching lance (Cf. †D1086). Jewish: Neuman.

D482.4. †D482.4. Transformation: stretching cliff. A cliff magically shoots up into the air. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "precipice". --Hawaii: Dixon 90; Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 76.

D482.5. †D482.5. Stretching sepulchre. Magically becomes longer. Irish myth: Cross (†D484).

D482.5.1. †D482.5.1. Grave equals five times length of any person's foot. Irish myth: Cross (†D484.1).

D482.5.2. †D482.5.2. Tomb gate magically enlarged. Jewish: Neuman.

D483. †D483. Sea formed from giant's spittle. (Cf. †D1001.) --Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen II 285.

D483.1. †D483.1. River expands and becomes sea. S. Am. Indian (Apapocuvú-Guaraní): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 138.

D485. †D485. Transformation: stretching fingers to make ladder. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D486. †D486. Person becomes larger.

D486.1. †D486.1. Demon becomes larger. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z--G. 13/420).

D487. †D487. Animal becomes larger.

D487.1. †D487.1. Snake grows to 300 leagues length. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 859.

D487.2. †D487.2. Monkey becomes 100,000 feet high. Chinese: Werner 361.

D487.3. †D487.3. Ox-demon becomes 10,000 feet long. Chinese: Werner 361.

D488. †D488. Houses magically made larger. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 219.

D489. †D489. Objects made larger -- miscellaneous.

D489.1. †D489.1. Small leaves become larger. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1205.

D489.2. †D489.2. Amulet enlarged to become cloak. Jewish: Neuman.

D490. †D490. Miscellaneous forms of transformation.

D491. †D491. Compressible objects. N. Am. Indian: Thompson Tales 336 n. 210a.

D491.1. †D491.1. Compressible magic animals.

D491.1.1. †D491.1.1. Herd of cattle put into magic cup. (Cf. †B182.) --Greek: Fox 86.

D491.1.2. †D491.1.2. Magic folding mule. Folds up like a sheet of paper. (Cf. †B184.1.) --Chinese: Werner 294.

D491.1.3. †D491.1.3. Magic dog shrinks in size. Irish myth: Cross.

D491.2. †D491.2. Compressible magic objects.

D491.2.1. †D491.2.1. Compressible magic box.

D491.2.1.1. †D491.2.1.1. Compressible magic box containing many people and objects. East Africa: Frobenius Atlantis IV 134ff. No. 13.

D491.2.2. †D491.2.2. Compressible table. Irish myth: *Cross.

D491.3. †D491.3. Saint confined a large quantity of water in a small ditch. *Loomis White Magic 41.

D491.4. †D491.4. Iceflake made small by magic. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 270.

D491.5. †D491.5. Castle magically made smaller. German: Grimm No. 163.

D491.6. †D491.6. Twelve stones unite to make one. Jewish: Neuman.

D491.7. †D491.7. Ship becomes small boat. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T--G 3/900).

D492. †D492. Color of object changed.

D492.1. †D492.1. Cock's comb becomes white. Jewish: Neuman.

D492.2. †D492.2. Blood turns black. Jewish: Neuman.

D492.3. †D492.3. Color of hair suddenly changed. Jewish: Neuman.

D493. †D493. Spirit changes to animal. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T--G 3/1001, z-G. 3/1353).

D494. †D494. Transformation: person to monster. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 154.

†D500-†D599. Means of transformation.

D500. †D500. Means of transformation -- general.

D502. †D502. Inability to transform self in presence of others. Chinese: Graham.

D510. †D510. Transformation by breaking tabu. Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 468; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 154.

D511. †D511. Transformation by breaking name tabu. (Cf. †C430.)

D511.1. †D511.1. Man calls wife "my swallow"; she becomes swallow. (Cf. †A1917.) --Dh III 414.

D512. †D512. Transformation by expressing astonishment at marvel. India: Thompson-Balys.

D512.1. †D512.1. Transformation when one expresses astonishment at smith drawing water in an egg-shell. (Cf. †C491.) --*Köhler-Bolte I 220.

D513. †D513. Transformation by violation of looking tabu. (Cf. †C300.)

D513.1. †D513.1. Man looks at copulating snakes: transformed to woman. (Cf. †D12.) --Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 364 n. 1.

D515. †D515. Transformation by plucking flowers in enchanted garden. Type 451.

D516. †D516. Transformation through excessive grief. Greek: Roscher s. v. "Itys"; Japanese: Ikeda; N. Am. Indian (Thompson): Alexander N. Am. 137.

D517. †D517. Transformation because of disobedience. India: Thompson-Balys.

D518. †D518. Woman transformed for nourishing an animal. Eskimo (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 176, (Greenland): Rink 413, Rasmussen III 81, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 638.

D520. †D520. Transformation through power of the word.

D521. †D521. Transformation through wish. Type 451; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; N. Am. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 398 No. 70, 409 No. 73, (Shasta): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 216 No. 6; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 172.

D521.1. †D521.1. Transformation through thoughtless wish of parent. BP I 430 (Grimm Nos. 9, 27, 49).

D522. †D522. Transformation through magic word (charm). (Cf. †D1273.) --Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 136, II 20, VI 8, 59. --Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/203); Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 271 No. 84.

D523. †D523. Transformation through song. (Cf. †D1275.) --Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 273 No. 87.

D523.1. †D523.1. Transformation by playing musical instrument.

D523.1.1. †D523.1.1. Transformation by playing flute. Chinese: Graham.

D525. †D525. Transformation through curse. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 16, VIII 140ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D525.1. †D525.1. Despondent mother curses herself and children into trees. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *425D.

D526. †D526. Transformation through greeting: first creature to be greeted will be transformed. (Cf. †A1371.3.) --*Dh II 191ff.

D527. †D527. Transformation by scolding. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 468.

D529. †D529. Transformation through power of the word -- miscellaneous.

D529.1. †D529.1. Petrification when woman's voice is heard. India: Thompson-Balys.

D530. †D530. Transformation by putting on skin, clothing, etc.

D531. †D531. Transformation by putting on skin. By putting on the skin, feathers, etc. of an animal, a person is transformed to that animal. --Fb "and"; Icel.: Völsunga saga ch. 8; Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child II 494, III 518, IV 495a, †V495 s. v. "seals"; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Ikeda; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 313 n. 132; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 364, II 13, III 75, 143, 262, Rink 146, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 181, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 617, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 468, (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 95; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 271 No. 84; North Carolina Negro: Parsons JAFL XXX 187; Surinam: Alexander Lat. Am. 274. --See also all references under †D361.1. (Swan Maiden).

D532. †D532. Transformation by putting on claw, feather, etc. of helpful animal. Types 552A, 553; *BP III 434; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XXII 13.

D533. †D533. Transformation to fish by catching in fish-trap. India: Thompson-Balys.

D535. †D535. Transformation to horse (ass. etc.) by putting on bridle (halter). *Fb "hest" I 598b, "grime" I 484, "bidsel" IV 37b; Köhler-Bolte I 220, 586. --Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 130 No. 71; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 45 No. 71; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3656; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 56 n. 2, *59.

D535.1. †D535.1. Transformation to horse by being horse-shod. Köhler-Bolte I 220, 586.

D536. †D536. Transformation by removing chains from neck.

D536.1. †D536.1. Transformation to swans by taking chains off neck. (Cf. †D161.) --**O. Rank Die Lohengrinsage (1911) 65f.; *Wehrhan 50; *Wesselski Märchen 255 No. 64; *Chauvin VIII 206 No. 248; *G. Huet Romania XXXIV (1905) 206ff.; H. Am. Todd MLN VI 2. --Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 263; English Romance: Wells 97 (Chevalere Assigne).

D537. †D537. Transformation by changing clothes. Icelandic: Arnason (Powell and Magnusson tr.) II 246, Boberg. --N. Am. Indian (Micmac): Rand Nos. 5, 16, 17. (Caughnawaga): Harrington JAFL XIX 127f., cf. (Yana): Curtin Creation Myths of Primitive America (Boston 1898) 312ff. --Cf. Fb. "klæder" II 200a.

D537.1. †D537.1. Transformation by donning hood. (Cf. †D1067.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D537.2. †D537.2. Transformation by donning cloak. Irish myth: Cross.

D537.2.1. †D537.2.1. Giantess's cloak makes man grow. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 430.

D537.3. †D537.3. Transformation by putting on moustache. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D537.4. †D537.4. Transformation by donning wig. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D550. †D550. Transformation by eating or drinking. *MacCulloch Childhood 158. --Japanese: Ikeda; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 313 n. 132a.

D551. †D551. Transformation by eating. *MacCulloch Childhood 158; *Penzer VI 56.

D551.1. †D551.1. Transformation by eating fruit. (Cf. †D981.) Cf. Type 566. India: Thompson-Balys.

D551.1.1. †D551.1.1. Transformation by eating apple. *Fb "æble" III 1136a; Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Apfel" n. 11. --Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "pomme"; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 62 No. 449. Cf. Type 566.

D551.1.2. †D551.1.2. Transformation by eating apricot. Chinese: Werner 203.

D551.1.3. †D551.1.3. Transformation by eating pear. Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Birnbaum".

D551.2. †D551.2. Transformation by eating vegetable. (Cf. †D983.) --Type 567; *BP III 6; *Aarne MSFO XXV 143ff. (Cf. †D132.1.)

D551.2.1. †D551.2.1. Transformation by eating cabbage. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 48 No. 327*D.

D551.2.2. †D551.2.2. Transformation by eating cicuta. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 63 No. 453.

D551.2.3. †D551.2.3. Transformation through eating magic seeds. (Cf. †D971). --Hindu: Penzer VI 56 n. 1, 62f.

D551.2.4. †D551.2.4. Transformation by eating flower. India: Thompson-Balys.

D551.2.5. †D551.2.5. Transformation by eating onions. Korean: Zong in-Sob 21.

D551.2.6. †D551.2.6. Transformation by eating garlic. Korean: Zong in-Sob 3.

D551.2.7. †D551.2.7. Transformation by eating manioc. Africa (Dahomé): Einstein 27.

D551.3. †D551.3. Transformation by eating flesh. Icelandic: Boberg. --Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 162; Japanese: Ikeda; American Indian (Creek): Swanton BBAE LXXXVII 32f., (Ladino): Conzemius BBAE CVI 130f.; Argentina: Jijena Sanchez 23.

D551.4. †D551.4. Transformation by eating bread. India: Thompson-Balys.

D551.5. †D551.5. Transformation by eating leaf from a tree. Falcon is returned to form of girl. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D551.6. †D551.6. Transformation by eating -- miscellaneous.

D551.6.1. †D551.6.1. Transformation by placing pill in mouth. (Cf. †D1243.) --Hindu: Penzer VII 42 n. 1, 222; India: Thompson-Balys.

D551.6.2. †D551.6.2. Transformation by eating rice mixed with perspiration. Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 85.

D551.6.2.1. †D551.6.2.1. Transformation by eating sticky rice. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 60.

D551.6.3. †D551.6.3. Transformation by eating snake eggs. India: Thompson-Balys.

D555. †D555. Transformation by drinking. *Type 450; BP I 86ff.; MacCulloch Childhood 159. See also references to †D550. --Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 287 n. 2; India: Thompson-Balys.

D555.1. †D555.1. Transformation by drinking from animal's track. (Cf. †D578.) --*Type 450; *Sartori Zs. f. Vksk. IV 41ff.

D555.2. †D555.2. Transformation by drinking wine. Korean: Zong in-Sob 27.

D560. †D560. Transformation by various means.

D561. †D561. Transformation by jumping over. The person, animal, or object jumped over is transformed. American Indian (Zuñi): Parsons JAFL XXXI 243 No. 16, (Canadian Dakota): Wallis JAFL XXXVI 97 No. 26, (Cheyenne): Campbell JAFL XXIX 407 No. 1.

D561.1. †D561.1. Transformation by rolling. N. Am. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 81.

D561.2. †D561.2. Transformation by somersault. Chinese: Graham; Argentina: Jijena Sanchez 31, 38, 59.

D561.3. †D561.3. Transformation by jumping three times. Korean: Zong in-Sob 58.

D562. †D562. Transformation by bathing. *Chauvin V 4 No. 2, VIII 43f. No. 11; English: Child V 499 s. v. "transformations"; Irish myth: *Cross. --Indonesian: Dixon 216; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D562.1. †D562.1. Transformation by application of water. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D562.2. †D562.2. Transformation by urine. (Cf. †D441.5, †D441.6, †D564.4, †D1006.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D562.2.1. †D562.2.1. God's urine makes chilly fiery. India: Thompson-Balys.

D562.2.2. †D562.2.2. Human urine softens rock. India: Thompson-Balys.

D563. †D563. Transformation by encircling object thrice. Fb "rundt" III 96a. --N. Am. Indian (Zuñi): Parsons JAFL XXXI 243 No. 16 (four times).

D564. †D564. Transformation by smelling. India: Thompson-Balys.

D564.1. †D564.1. Self-transformation by smelling stick. India: Thompson-Balys.

D564.2. †D564.2. Transformation by smelling flower. India: Thompson-Balys.

D564.3. †D564.3. Transformation by smelling powders. India: Thompson-Balys.

D564.4. †D564.4. Transformation by smelling wine. (Cf. †D562.2.) --Korean: Zong in-Sob 56.

D565. †D565. Transformation by touching. India: Thompson-Balys.

D565.0.1. †D565.0.1. Transformation by touching ground on return from fairyland. Irish myth: Cross.

D565.1. †D565.1. Midas' golden touch. Everything touched turns to gold. Greek: Roscher s. v. "Midas"; India: Thompson-Balys.

D565.2. †D565.2. Transformation by touching with rod. Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 70 n. 1, II 287 n. 2; Jewish: Neuman.

D565.3. †D565.3. Transformation by licking. Irish myth: *Cross.

D565.4. †D565.4. Transformation by seizing ears. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 86 No. 754C*.

D565.4.1. †D565.4.1. Transformation by twisting one's own ear. India: Thompson-Balys.

D565.5. †D565.5. Transformation by kiss. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408A*; Irish myth: Cross; English: Child V 499 s. v. "transformations."

D565.5.1. †D565.5.1. Transformation by sexual intercourse. Irish myth: *Cross.

D565.6. †D565.6. Transformation by touching water. Irish myth: Cross.

D565.7. †D565.7. Transformation at touch of magic dogskin. Irish myth: Cross.

D565.8. †D565.8. Transformation by touching with flower. India: Thompson-Balys.

D565.8.1. †D565.8.1. Transformation by pinching flower (life token). German: Grimm No. 9.

D565.9. †D565.9. Bag of stones becomes auks on touching ground. Eskimo (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 172.

D565.10. †D565.10. Transformation by scratching. Brazil: Jijena Sanchez 37.

D566. †D566. Transformation by striking. Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 80.

D566.1. †D566.1. Transformation by striking wolf-skin glove. Icelandic: Hrólfs saga Kraka 50.

D566.2. †D566.2. Transformation by striking with stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D566.3. †D566.3. Transformation of horse by spurring. India: Thompson-Balys.

D566.4. †D566.4. Transformation by decapitation. India: Thompson-Balys.

D567. †D567. Transformation by sunlight. *BP III 89 n. 2.

D568. †D568. Transformation by turning magic hood. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 175, *Cross.

D571. †D571. Transformation by throwing object or person.

D571.1. †D571.1. Transformation by throwing rice on person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D572. †D572. Transformation by magic object. Irish myth: Cross.

D572.1. †D572.1. Transformation by magic stick. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 276, 280.

D572.2. †D572.2. Transformation by ring. Icelandic: Boberg.

D572.3. †D572.3. Transformation by cloth. German: Grimm No. 99.

D572.4. †D572.4. Transformation by wand. German: Grimm No. 56, 60.

D572.5. †D572.5. Transformation by means of magic stone. Icelandic: *Boberg; Africa (Fang): Einstein 53.

D572.6. †D572.6. Transformation by magic powder. Korean: Zong in-Sob 230 No. 99.

D572.7. †D572.7. Transformation by celestial dew. Jewish: Neuman.

D573. †D573. Transformation by spell (charm).

D573.1. †D573.1. Transformation by written spell. Korean: Zong in-Sob 85.

D573.2. †D573.2. Petrification by magic written formula. India: Thompson-Balys.

D574. †D574. Transformation by crossing water. Scotch: McKay Beal III 139.

D575. †D575. Transformation by fumigations. Burning of magic perfume transforms. (Cf. †D1245.) --Chauvin V 87 No. 27.

D575.1. †D575.1. Transformation by throwing ashes. Africa: Milligan 141.

D576. †D576. Transformation by being burned. (Cf. †D1787.) --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 349 n. 256, also most of references in n. 259. --Indonesian: DeVries list 239, DeVries Volksverhalen II 356 No. 100; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D577. †D577. Transformation by braiding hair. Africa (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 395 No. 18.

D578. †D578. Transformation by stepping in footprint. (Cf. †D555.1.) --Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D579. †D579. Transformation by looking in a mirror. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D581. †D581. Petrification by glance. Fb "öje" III 1167b. --Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 152 n. 3 (Gorgon).

D581.1. †D581.1. Damsel whose voice turns her suitors to stone. India: Thompson-Balys.

D582. †D582. Transformation by sticking magic pin into head. (Cf. †D765.1.2., †D1182.) --Fb "knappenål" II 211b; *Cosquin Indiens 58ff.; Penzer VI 61.

D582.1. †D582.1. Transformation by sticking nails into feet. India: Thompson-Balys.

D582.2. †D582.2. Transformation by magic needle. India: Thompson-Balys.

D583. †D583. Transformation by lousing. Maori: Dixon 55.

D584. †D584. Transformation by contemplation. Penzer VI 20f.

D585. †D585. Transformation by binding with string around neck. India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 39f., 56ff., VII 44 n. 1.

D585.1. †D585.1. Transformation by tying charm around person's neck. India: Thompson-Balys.

D586. †D586. Transformation to fish by throwing into sea. N. Am. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 100; Madagascar (Antankarana): Renel I 94ff. No. 14.

D587. †D587. Transformation by baptism. Irish myth: Cross.

D588. †D588. Transformation by blowing. Irish myth: Cross.

D591. †D591. Transformation by immersing in magic well. Irish myth: Cross.

D592. †D592. Transformation to likeness of another by sleeping with arms about him under the same mantle. Irish myth: Cross.

D593. †D593. Change of sex by exchange with a yaksa (ogre). (Cf. †D10.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D594. †D594. Transformation by rubbing with ointment. India: Thompson-Balys.

D595. †D595. Transformation by application of blood. India: Thompson-Balys.

D596. †D596. Transformation by placing something on head. India: Thompson-Balys.

D596.1. †D596.1. Transformation by placing bewitched flower on head. India: Thompson-Balys.

D599. †D599. Transformation by various means -- miscellaneous.

†D600-†D699. Miscellaneous transformation incidents.

D600. †D600. Miscellaneous transformation incidents.

D601. †D601. Offer to make pups born of woman in shape of hound human. Irish myth: Cross.

D610. †D610. Repeated transformation. Transformation into one form after another. --Köhler-Bolte I 265; *Type 325; *Norlind 73ff.; *Scott Thumb 124ff.; Cosquin Études 516ff; Chauvin II 183, V 199. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child I 337, *V 499 s. v. "transformations, successive"; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 16f.; Missouri French: Carrière; Greek: Fox 87 (Nereus), 92 (Periklymenos), 122 (Thetis), Frazer Apollodorus II 67 n. 6, Roscher s. v. "Acheloos"; Persian: Carnoy 270, 272; Turkish: Radloff IV 81ff.; India: Keith 152, Tawney II 168, 510ff., *Thompson-Balys. --Chinese: Werner 361, Eberhard FFC CXX 48; Japanese: Ikeda; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen Nos 63, 69, 132. --Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 213 No. 73; Central Caroline Islands: Dixon 258; American Indian (Aztec): Alexander Lat. Am. 83. --Africa (Angola): Chatelain 72 No. 3, (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 3, (general): Frobenius Atlantis II 38ff, III 116ff., Meinhof African. Märchen No. 35.

D610.1. †D610.1. Goddess repeatedly transforms herself. India: Thompson-Balys.

D611. †D611. Protean beggar: Person assumes successive forms in order to beg. --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 310 n. 117d.

D612. †D612. Protean sale: man sells youth in successive transformations. --*Type 325; *BP II 60ff.; *Cosquin Études 567ff.; India: *Thompson-Balys; *Kittredge Witchcraft 184 n. 98--Missouri French: Carrière.

D612.1. †D612.1. Illusory transformation of animals in order to sell and cheat. (Cf. †D2031, †K1870.) --Kittredge Witchcraft 184 n. 100.

D615. †D615. Transformation combat. Fight between contestants who strive to outdo each other in successive transformations. --*Penzer III 195 n. 1, 203ff., VIII 80 n. 1; Mitra *The Magical Conflict in Santali, Ao Naga Folklore (Man in India IX 173--80); Chauvin V 2 No. 2, 5 No. 443, 199 No. 116, VI 86 No. 252, 110 No. 274; Cosquin Études folkloriques 570ff.; Köhler-Bolte I 138, 588. --Egypt: Müller 126 (Horus and Seth); Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 256 n. 3 (Hercules and Achelous); Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 110; Finnish: Kalevala rune 28; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 289; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 361; Hawaii: Dixon 90f; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/1001); N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 311 n. 117e; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 220, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 319, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 85, (Greenland): Rasmussen II 96; S. Am. Indian (Eastern Brazil): Lowie BBAE CXLIII 1 434.

D615.1. †D615.1. Transformation contest between magicians. Finnish: Kalevala rune 27; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 50 No. 89; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169, 242; Africa: Milligan Jungle 100.

D615.2. †D615.2. Transformation contest between master and pupil. *Type 325; *BP II 68; *Köhler-Bolte I 138, 556; English: Child V 499 s. v. "transformation"; India: *Thompson-Balys; Missouri-French: Carrière.

D615.3. †D615.3. Transformation combat between lover and maid. BP II 68; Child V 499 s. v. "transformations".

D615.4. †D615.4. Men transformed to animals fight. BP III 261 (Grimm No. 163).

D615.4.1. †D615.4.1. Fairies (gods?) transformed to animals fight. Irish myth: Cross.

D615.5. †D615.5. Transformation combat between saints. Irish myth: Cross.

D616. †D616. Repeated transformations to deceive wives. A husband thus makes each of his many wives believe that he is always with her. Hindu: Keith 166.

D620. †D620. Periodic transformation. A person or thing is transformed at definite intervals. *Types 432, 652; *BP II 125; R. M. Meyer Zs. f. Vksk. XXI 4. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Völsunga saga ch. 8--9, Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: Dixon 219f.; N. Am. Indian (Menomini): Skinner and Satterlee PaAM XIII 317; S. Am. Indian (Surinam): Alexander Lat. Am. 274, (Guaporé): Lévi-Strauss BBAE CXLIII (3) 379. --Africa (Angola): Chatelain 145 No. 15, (Mpongwe): Nassau 68 No. 15.

D621. †D621. Daily transformation. German: Grimm No. 49, 123; India: Thompson-Balys; S. Am. Indian (Argentina): Jijena Sanchez 55, 59.

D621.0.1. †D621.0.1. One shape by day; another by night. Child V 490 s. v. "one".

D621.1. †D621.1. Animal by day; man by night. *Types 425, 552A; *Köhler-Bolte I 315ff.; *Fb "hund" I 678a, "bjørn" IV 43a. --Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Hrólfs saga Kraka 50; Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC 62 No. 451; Bohemian: Hartland Science 246. --India: *Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 135; Mangaia (Polynesia), Samoa, Union Group, Tahiti: Dixon 55f.; Melanesian, Indonesian: ibid. 56 nn. 75, 76; N. Am. Indian: Thompson Tales 347 nn. 247, 248; S. Am. Indian (Arawak): Jijena Sanchez 23.

D621.1.1. †D621.1.1. Man by day; animal by night. *Taylor MPh XVII 59 n. 8. --Icelandic: Boberg; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 45 No. 71; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 130 No. 71; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 135; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 52.

D621.2. †D621.2. Tree by day; man by night. Fb "træ" III 867b; India: Thompson-Balys.

D621.2.1. †D621.2.1. Bush by day; woman by night. Italian: Basile I No. 2.

D621.2.2. †D621.2.2. Flower by day; girl by night. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D621.3. †D621.3. Ugly by day; fair by night. *Köhler-Bolte II 435ff.; Irish myth: Cross.

D621.4. †D621.4. Size of object transformed at night.

D621.4.1. †D621.4.1. Magic dog shrinks at night. Irish myth: Cross.

D621.5. †D621.5. Sheep by day; dog by night. Irish myth: *Cross.

D621.6. †D621.6. Young man issues from conch-shell every evening. India: Thompson-Balys.

D622. †D622. Weekly transformation. See all references to †C31.1.2. (Mélusine). --Jijena Sanchez 42.

D622.1. †D622.1. Transformation to werwolf every Friday night. S. Am. Indian (Brazil): Jijena Sanchez 42.

D623. †D623. Transformation every ten days. Icelandic: Volsungasaga 15.

D624. †D624. Yearly transformation. Irish myth: *Cross.

D624.1. †D624.1. Storks become men in Egypt in the winter. (Cf. †D155.1.) --Wesselski Bebel II 138 No. 117.

D624.2. †D624.2. Fairies become birds every other year. Irish myth: *Cross.

D624.3. †D624.3. Yearly transformation to person of different sex. Irish myth: Cross.

D630. †D630. Transformation and disenchantment at will. See, in general, references throughout †D610-†D629, †D640-†D659, †D670-†D699, nearly all of which motifs involve the idea of voluntary transformation. --*Types 652, 665; Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Baum"; *Bolte Reise der Söhne Giaffers 215; *Chauvin VII 83 No. 373bis n. 1. --German: Grimm Nos. 51, 56, 68, 181; Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 84 n. 2, Grote I 105; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 298f., MacCulloch Eddic 46ff. (Odin), *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys, Keith 156, 218; Arabian: Burton Nights I 134ff., 220f., III 126f., 236, VII 76, 300, IX 331, X 30, S II 86, 105, S V 88, S VII 239; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 420, II 676; Chinese: Werner 327, Coyajee JPASB XXIV 182, Jameson The Chinese Art of Shifting Shape (JAFL LXIV 275--80), Graham; Korean: Zong in-Sob 85; Indonesian: De Vries's list No. 152, 153; New Guinea: Dixon 138; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 401ff. note; New Hebrides: Beckwith 131; Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 363. --S. Am. Indian (Argentina): Jijena Sanchez 53; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 271 No. 84. --Africa (Cold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 42 No. 4, (Ekoi): Talbot 247.

D630.1. †D630.1. Power of self-transformation received from wood spirit. *Type 677.

D630.1.1. †D630.1.1. Power of self-transformation received from demon. Jewish: Neuman.

D630.2. †D630.2. Power of self-transformation received from a god. Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 84 n. 2; India: Thompson-Balys.

D630.2.1. †D630.2.1. Power of self-transformation received from an angel. Jewish: Neuman.

D630.3. †D630.3. Power of self-transformation received from fairy parent. Irish myth: Cross.

D630.4. †D630.4. Deity has power of self-transformation. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 93, 117ff, 172ff., 186, 276--83, 512.

D631. †D631. Size changed at will. India: Thompson-Balys.

D631.1. †D631.1. Person changes size at will. Irish myth: Cross; Marquesas: Handy 106; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 77, 241, Rink 402, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 84; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 154 (Cf. †D55.2.1.).

D631.1.1. †D631.1.1. Person changes appearance at will. Irish myth: Cross.

D631.2. †D631.2. Animal's size changed at will. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 516.

D631.2.1. †D631.2.1. Dogs large or small at will. N. Am. Indian (Micmac): Michelson JAFL XXXVIII 52.

D631.3. †D631.3. Size of object changed at will. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen 235, III 173.

D631.3.1. †D631.3.1. Compressible canoe. Can be made pocket size. N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14c.

D631.3.1.1. †D631.3.1.1. Compressible ship. Can be put into vest pocket. (Cf. †D1123.) --Fb "skib" III 243a. --Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 109, Boberg.

D631.3.2. †D631.3.2. Compressible tent. Large or small at will. Chauvin VI 135 No. 286 n. 1.

D631.3.3. †D631.3.3. Sword large or small at will. (Cf. †D1081.) Fb "sværd" III 690b; Irish myth: Cross.

D631.3.4. †D631.3.4. Compressible load. India: Thompson-Balys.

D631.3.5. †D631.3.5. Compressible hammer. (Cf. †D1209.4.) --Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 79, Boberg.

D631.3.6. †D631.3.6. Cloth large or small at will. Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen II 103.

D631.3.7. †D631.3.7. Bed large or small at will. Irish myth: Cross (†D631.6); India: Thompson-Balys.

D631.3.8. †D631.3.8. Spear large or small at will. Icelandic: Sturlaugs saga st. 625--26, Boberg.

D631.4. †D631.4. Supernatural creatures change size at will.

D631.4.1. †D631.4.1. Dwarfs change size at will. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 248.

D631.4.2. †D631.4.2. Angels change size at will. Jewish: Neuman.

D631.4.3. †D631.4.3. Demons change size at will. Jewish: Neuman.

D631.4.4. †D631.4.4. Creature born from egg changes size at will. Marquesas: Handy 124.

D632. †D632. Boat transforms self at will of master. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bateau".

D632.1. †D632.1. Island canoe. An island that becomes a canoe at will. N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14.

D640. †D640. Reasons for voluntary transformation.

D641. †D641. Transformation to reach difficult place. *Types 329, 665, 434. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 261; Finnish: Kalevala rune 43; Greek: Fox 178; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 270, 273, 365, Ferguson 159; Maori: Dixon 79; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 310 n. 117; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 26.

D641.1. †D641.1. Lover as bird visits mistress. *Type 432; Child V 39ff. --Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Grote I 86; India: Thompson-Balys.

D641.1.1. †D641.1.1. Girl as bird visits lover. Irish myth: *Cross.

D641.1.2. †D641.1.2. Transformation to be able to woo maiden. Greek: Grote I 139; India: Thompson-Balys.

D641.2. †D641.2. Transformation to gain access to enemy's camp (fortress). Irish myth: *Cross.

D641.2.1. †D641.2.1. Transformation to spy out enemy's camp. Korean: Zong in-Sob 64.

D641.3. †D641.3. Transformation in order to enter rival's stomach. (Cf. †D651.2.) Tonga: Gifford 76.

D641.4. †D641.4. Transformation to travel to otherworld. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 24.

D642. †D642. Transformation to escape difficult situation. Type 461; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 258 No. 40; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 238 No. 35.

D642.1. †D642.1. Transformation to escape from captivity. Finnish: Kalevala rune 16; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Chinese: Werner 366.

D642.2. †D642.2. Transformation to escape death. *Type 316. --Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 49 n. 2, 251 n. 4; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 146, *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 324. --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 310 nn. 117a, 117b.; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 120; Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 83; Eskimo (Greenland) Rasmussen II 211; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 247.

D642.3. †D642.3. Transformation to escape lover. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 22 (Mitis), II 54 n. 1 (Psamathe), 67 n. 6 (Thetis); Chinese: Graham.

D642.3.1. †D642.3.1. Pursued sweetheart becomes tree. (Cf. †D215.) --Greek: Fox 181 (Daphne); India: Thompson-Balys; N. Am. Indian (Crow): Lowie PaAM XXV 45.

D642.4. †D642.4. Transformation to escape ambush. Irish myth: *Cross.

D642.5. †D642.5. Transformation to escape notice. Greek: Grote I 43; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D642.5.1. †D642.5.1. Transformation to hide from ogress. India: Thompson-Balys.

D642.6. †D642.6. Transformation to escape ogress. India: Thompson-Balys.

D642.7. †D642.7. Transformation to elude pursuers. (Cf. †D671, †D672.) Jewish: Neuman.

D643. †D643. Transformation so as to rescue.

D643.1. †D643.1. Transformation to falcon in order to rescue condemned man at the gallows. India: Thompson-Balys.

D643.2. †D643.2. Man transformed to deer decoy for people at execution of saint's friend. India: Thompson-Balys.

D644. †D644. Transformation to travel fast. Icelandic: Boberg; N. Am. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 317, 323, 331; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 516.

D645. †D645. Transformation to test heroes. Irish myth: Cross.

D646. †D646. Transformation to be picked up (caught). Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 262 No. 39.

D646.1. †D646.1. Transformation to fish to be caught. Chinese: Werner 273, 363.

D646.2. †D646.2. Transformation to child or pet to be adopted. N. Am. Indian: Thompson Tales 281 n. 42 (many of the references).

D647. †D647. Transformation to seek lost (or unknown) person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D647.1. †D647.1. Faithful brother transforms self to deer to seek sister. India: Thompson-Balys.

D647.2. †D647.2. Transformation to eagle so as to scour country for lovely woman as bride for king. India: Thompson-Balys.

D651. †D651. Transformation to defeat enemies. (Cf. †D615.) Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 189; Middle English Romance: Wells 103 (Alliterative Alexander Fragment A); Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Fox 219 (Dionysus); India: *Thompson-Balys.

D651.1. †D651.1. Transformation to kill enemy. India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Aleut): Golder JAFL XVIII 220; S. Am. Indian (Yuricare): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 504, (Mundurucú): Horton ibid. (3) 294, (Apapocuvá-Guaraní): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 238; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 278 n. 26, (Plains Ojibwa): Skinner JAFL XXXII 303 No. 7.

D651.1.1. †D651.1.1. Transformation of magic object to animal which kills enemy. Irish myth: Cross.

D651.1.2. †D651.1.2. Demons assume human form to revenge brother's death. India: Thompson-Balys.

D651.1.3. †D651.1.3. Queen transforms herself to defeat god of death. India: Thompson-Balys.

D651.2. †D651.2. Transformation to frighten enemy. (Cf. †D641.3.) Icelandic: Egils saga einhenda XII 9--10; India: Thompson-Balys; Ila (Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 359 No. 12.

D651.3. †D651.3. Transformation to destroy enemy's property. Africa (Angola): Chatelain 245 No. 47.

D651.4. †D651.4. Transformation to ant in order to gnaw bow-strings of enemy. *Charpentier Kleine Beiträge 35 n. 3.

D651.5. †D651.5. Transformation to spy enemy's camp. Icelandic: *Boberg; Korean Zong in-Sob.

D651.6. †D651.6. Transformation so as to protect hero from enemy. India: Thompson-Balys.

D655. †D655. Transformation to receive food. N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 300 n. 100, 310 n. 117c.; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 124f; Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 57 No. 25, (Angola): Chatelain 145 No. 15.

D655.1. †D655.1. Transformation to buffalo so as to eat grass. Cheyenne: Campbell JAFL XXIX 407 No. 1.

D655.2. †D655.2. Witch transforms self to animal (hare, pig) so as to suck cows. Kittredge Witchcraft 166, 484 nn. 21, 22; England, Ireland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D657. †D657. Transformation to steal. (Cf. †K300.) --Icelandic MacCulloch Eddic 54; Chinese: Werner 360f.; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 306 n. 109x, (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 63; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 220 No. 32.

D657.1. †D657.1. Transformation to be put in food-bag. Cape Verde Islands: *Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 323.

D657.2. †D657.2. Transformation to flying horse so as to abduct king. India: Thompson-Balys.

D657.3. †D657.3. Transformation in order to steal fire. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 7, (Choco): ibid. 112.

D658. †D658. Transformation to seduce. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 319 n. 2. 395; India: Thompson-Balys. --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 305 n. 109v.

D658.1. †D658.1. Transformation to animal to seduce woman. *Krappe Études 53ff. --Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 209 n. 2 (Europa), Fox 24, 33, 60, 166, 223; Hindu: Keith 76 (Prajapati); N. Am. Indian (Iroquois): Alexander N. Am. 26; Am. Negro (Georgia): Harris Friends 81 No. 11, 91 No. 12; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 211, (Congo): Weeks 219 No. 14, (Fjort): Dennett 71 No. 15. Cf. Chinese: Werner 363.

D658.2. †D658.2. Transformation to husband's (lover's) form to seduce woman. *Penzer III 126f.; *Toldo Zs. f. Vksk. XV 367; *Frazer Apollodorus I 174 n. 1; *Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Betrüger überführt"; Roscher Lexikon s. v. "Alkmene"; Euphorion I 589f.; Zachariae Zs. f. Vksk. XVI 138ff.; Wells 30 (Geoffrey of Monmouth), 32 (Layamon's Brut), 43 (Arthour and Merlin), 103 (Alliterative Alexander, Fragment A). --Irish myth: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 52, 56, 63, 75; Welsh: ibid. 185; German: Boberg; Indonesian: DeVries's list No. 150.

D658.3. †D658.3. Transformation of sex to seduce. Irish myth: *Cross; Danish: Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 49.

D658.3.1. †D658.3.1. Transformation to seduce man. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Hindu: Keith 151.

D658.3.2. †D658.3.2. Transformation of animal to woman to seduce man. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D658.3.2.1. †D658.3.2.1. God as mare seduces stallion. Icelandic: De la Saussaye 261 (Loki); India: Thompson-Balys.

D658.3.3. †D658.3.3. Seven girls in guise of seven parrots come to boy who has spurned them. India: Thompson-Balys.

D659. †D659. Miscellaneous reasons for voluntary transformation.

D659.1. †D659.1. Transformation to snakes at night in order to sleep. (Cf. †D621.1.1.) Done by otherworld people. --New Britain: Dixon 117.

D659.2. †D659.2. Transformation to animals to fight. (Cf. †D615) --Icelandic: Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Persian: Carnoy 269; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 38.

D659.3. †D659.3. Transformation to show displeasure. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 94 No. 14.

D659.4. †D659.4. Transformation to act as helpful animal.

D659.4.1. †D659.4.1. Transformation to lion in order to guard palace. (Cf. †D112.1, †D621.1.) --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 62 No. 451.

D659.4.2. †D659.4.2. Sea dragon in serpent's form to accompany hero. (Cf. †D419.1.1, †B11.) --Chinese: Werner 311.

D659.4.3. †D659.4.3. Transformation to eagle to carry hero to safety. Africa (Hausa): Equilbecq II 171ff.

D659.4.4. †D659.4.4. Transformation to eagle in order to guard princess. Icelandic: Boberg.

D659.5. †D659.5. Transformation to obtain blessing. Irish myth: *Cross.

D659.6. †D659.6. Transformation to friar to instruct mankind. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D659.7. †D659.7. Transformation: wife to mistress. Transformed wife substitutes for husband's mistress. --Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D659.8. †D659.8. Transformation to test fidelity. Irish myth: Cross.

D659.9. †D659.9. Transformation to another form to persuade man to go to battle. Irish myth: Cross.

D659.10. †D659.10. Transformation to lure hunters to certain place. Usually fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D659.11. †D659.11. Transformation to recover stolen goods. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D659.12. †D659.12. Transformation to tramp to escape recognition. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule. (Cf. †D23.1.)

D659.13. †D659.13. Transformation in order to drive buffaloes to milking. India: Thompson-Balys.

D659.14. †D659.14. Transformation: woman to fly so as to help hero pick out weapons from among many. India: Thompson-Balys.

D660. †D660. Motive for transformation of others.

D661. †D661. Transformation as punishment. *Dh II 99ff., 123ff., III 284ff., 404ff., 426ff., IV 262; *Type 751A, 368*, 402*; *Fb "fisk" I 296b, "sten" III 553b, 554a; *BP III 168, 462; Köhler-Bolte I 154; Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XXIX 69; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 413. --Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 33; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 97 No. 836A*; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "amoureux"; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 313 No. 82; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 343 (Niobe), Fox 29 (Io); Jewish: Neuman; Tahiti: Dixon 65; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 89 No. 22, 105 No. 29.

D661.1. †D661.1. Transformation as revenge for repulsing amorous advances. Irish myth: Cross.

D661.2. †D661.2. Transformation as punishment for denouncing saint. Der Heiligen Leben und Leiden 100ff. (Santa Barbara).

D661.3. †D661.3. Transformation for violation of vow. Greek: Grote I 162.

D662. †D662. Transformation to cure inconstant husband. He falls in love with another woman: his wife changes him to negro. He then falls in love with negress: wife changes him to ass. He then falls in love with she-ass. Finally restored to his original form. --*Chauvin II 183 No. 23.

D663. †D663. Transformation as reward. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D664. †D664. Transformation of woman by goddess to preserve chastity. India: Thompson-Balys.

D665. †D665. Transformation of enemy to be rid of him. Irish myth: *Cross.

D665.1. †D665.1. Transformation of rival in love (marriage) to be rid of him. Irish myth: *Cross.

D665.2. †D665.2. Transformation of stepchild to be rid of him. Irish myth: Cross.

D665.3. †D665.3. Jealous co-wife transforms the other. India: Thompson-Balys.

D666. †D666. Transformation to save a person. Icelandic: Hjálmtèrs saga ok Ölvers 472, Boberg; Jewish: Neuman.

D666.1. †D666.1. King of birds transforms his quails into sticks and pebbles so king and his hunters and hawks cannot kill them. India: Thompson-Balys.

D670. †D670. Magic flight. Irish myth: Cross; *Krappe The Legend of Walther and Hildegund (Journal of English and Germanic Philology XXII [1923] 75--88).

D671. †D671. Transformation flight. Fugitives transforms themselves in order to escape detection by the pursuer. --*Types 313, 325, 327; **Aarne Die magische Flucht (FFC XCII); *Fb "and" IV 12b, "rose" III 80a. --Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child V 499 s. v. "transformations"; Greek: Grote I 182; Jewish: Neuman; Arabian: Burton Nights V 353; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 75, 17 n. 1; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 327, 367, III 124, Rink 195, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 182; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 334 n. 205b; S. Am. Indian (Sharanti, Comacan, Mashacalí): Horton BBAE CXLIII 3 294, (Mundurucu): Horton ibid. 3 281; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 274 No. 86. --Africa (Kaffir): Theal 98, (Zulu): Callaway 21, (Basuto): Jacottet 206 No. 30, Casalis Les Bassoutos (Paris 1859) 349.

D671.0.1. †D671.0.1. Fugitive transforms self to stone. Thrown to safety by pursuer. Africa (Zulu): Held 144ff., (Bechuana): Brown, J. T. Among the Bantu Nomads (London, 1926) 181ff., (Northern Rhodesia): Worthington The Little Wise One (London, 1930) 135ff. No. 19, (Gan): Westermann Die Sprache der Guang (Berlin, 1922) 86f.

D671.0.2. †D671.0.2. Fugitive transformed by helper to escape detection. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Grote I 238.

D671.1. †D671.1. Reversed transformation flight. Transformed pursuer. Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 363.

D672. †D672. Obstacle flight. Fugitives throw objects behind them which magically become obstacles in pursuer's path. --*Types 313, 314, 325, 327, 502; **Aarne Die Magische Flucht (FFC XCII); **BP II 140; Fb "hår" I 771b, "flaske" I 309a, "hvidtorn" I 703a; *Wesselski Theorie 31; *Hdwb. d. Märch. I 151a; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 1655; Cosquin Études 166, 193ff. --England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman; Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "objets"; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 304 No. 30; Icelandic: Boberg; Hungarian: Solymossy Hongaarsche Sagen (Zutphen, 1929) 403; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer II 21, III 227 n. 1, 236ff., IX 151; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 234f.; Korean: Zong in-Sob 173f.; Japanese: Ikeda: Indonesian: Dixon 236 nn. 48, 49, DeVries Volksverhalen Nos. 16, 17, 63, 116; Philippine (Tinguian): *Cole 75, 17 n. 1; Marquesas: Handy 117; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 333 n. 205, (Yuchi): Speck UPa I 141 n. 5, Hatt Asiatic Influences 92ff.; S. Am. Indian (Mundurucú, Carajá): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (3) 55, (Amuesha): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 149; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 79, (Greenland): Rasmussen I 106; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 274 No. 86; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Märchen 145, (Basuto): Jacottet 4 No. 1, 220 No. 32, (Mpongwe): Nassau 74 No. 15, (Kaffir): Theal 87; Frobenius Atlantis IV 220, V 308. Cf. Ceiuci: Alexander Lat. Am. 304.

D672.1. †D672.1. Magic objects as decoy for pursuer. Date palms are dropped which are transformed into animals which the pursuer stops to pick up. S. Am. Indian (Ceiuci): Alexander Lat. Am. 304.

D673. †D673. Reversed obstacle flight. Magic obstacles raised in front of fugitive. --Type 450; BP III 205. --Arabic: A. Jahn Die Mehri-Sprache in Südarabien (Wien, 1902) 124 No. 28, D. H. Müller Mehri und Hadrami-Texte (Wien, 1909) 99 No. 39, ibid. Mehri und Soquotri Sprache (Wien, 1905) II 99 No. 20.

D674. †D674. Magic flight with the help of a he-goat. Speaking he-goat saves the girl promised to the devil. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *314B.

D675. †D675. Sea turns to ice to permit flight. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 328, 367, III 124, 260, Rink 195, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 182.

D680. †D680. Miscellaneous circumstances of transformation.

D681. †D681. Gradual transformation. (Cf. †D701.) --Köhler-Bolte I 573. --Greek: Hahn Gr. and alb. Märchen No. 29; Russian: v. Löwis of Menar Russische Märchen No. 29: Norwegian: Aasen Norske Minnestykke No. 62; India: Thompson-Balys; N. Am. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 170 No. 32, (White Mountain Apache): Goddard PaAM XXIV 128, (Joshua): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 241 No. 20; --Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 85.

D682. †D682. Partial transformation. Tobler 54, 59ff., 80; Jewish: Neuman.

D682.1. †D682.1. Partial transformation: person with animal head. Hartland Science 198; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 150, (Central Eskimo): Boas BAM XV 182, 253, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 49.

D682.2. †D682.2. Partial transformation: person with animal hair. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 168.

D682.3. †D682.3. Partial transformation: animal with human mind. Irish myth: *Cross; Penzer VI 5 n. 1.

D682.3.1. †D682.3.1. Animals in human form retain animal food and habits. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 456, Rasmussen III 73, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 173, (Central Eskimo): Boas BAM XV 217.

D682.3.2. †D682.3.2. Animal with human eyes. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D682.4. †D682.4. Partial transformation -- color changed. Irish myth: Cross.

D682.4.1. †D682.4.1. Magic mantle changes color hourly. Irish myth: Cross.

D682.4.2. †D682.4.2. "Spirit of poetry" as hideous youth becomes beautiful. Irish myth: *Cross.

D683. †D683. Transformation by magician. Kittredge Witchcraft 184 n. 97; Irish myth: *Cross; See also all notes to †D615.1.

D683.1. †D683.1. Transformers. Demigods who transform things at will so that they assume present form. See all references for motifs †A900-†A999 for work of transformers. (Cf. †D272.) --Marshall Islands: Davenport JAFL LXVI 222.

D683.2. †D683.2. Transformation by witch (sorceress). *Types 403, 405, 410, 450, 451; *Kittredge Witchcraft 183f. nn. 91--96; *Fb "grime" I 484. --Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Fox 137 (Circe); Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC No. 449; India: Thompson-Balys.

D683.3. †D683.3. Transformation by troll. Fb "trold" III 852b.

D683.4. †D683.4. Transformation by saint. *Toldo Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. V 343; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D683.5. †D683.5. Transformation by god (goddess). Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D683.6. †D683.6. Transformation by evil spirits. Irish myth: Cross.

D683.7. †D683.7. Transformation by fairy. Irish myth: *Cross.

D683.7.1. †D683.7.1. Transformation by offspring of fairy and mortal. Irish myth: Cross.

D683.8. †D683.8. Transformation by angel (God). Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D683.9. †D683.9. Transformation by druid. Irish myth: Cross.

D684. †D684. Transformation by helpful animals. *Type 329.

D684.0.1. †D684.0.1. Transformation by magic animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D686. †D686. Transformed animal refuses to touch meat of that animal. Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 102 No. 84.

D686.1. †D686.1. Person transformed to animal refuses human food. Will eat only food suitable for his enchanted form. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 1 and note.

D688. †D688. Transformed mother suckles child. *Types 403, 450; BP I 79ff., 99ff. --India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; Japanese: Ikeda. --Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 87, (Kaffir): Theal 61.

D688.1. †D688.1. Transformed cow advises daughter. Chinese: Graham.

D691. †D691. Daily beating of men transformed to dogs. Necessary unless hero himself is to be transformed. --Chauvin V 3 No. 2, *5 No. 443.

D692. †D692. City's inhabitants transformed to fish. Different classes to different colored fish. --Chauvin VI 57 No. 222 n. 3.

D693. †D693. Man transformed to ass plays the lyre. *Type 430; *BP III 166.

D694. †D694. Food left for transformed person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D695. †D695. Man transformed to woman has children. Irish myth: Cross.

D696. †D696. Transformation during sleep. Irish myth: Cross.

D697. †D697. Magic object can transform self.

D697.1. †D697.1. Magic loin cloth can transform itself into anything. India: Thompson-Balys.

D698. †D698. Gods have power to transform themselves. Greek myth: passim; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 2, and chapt. 1 passim.

D699. †D699. Additional transformation motifs.

D699.1. †D699.1. Eyes of hero's buffalo friend turn into two powerful dogs that protect his wife. India: Thompson-Balys.

†D700-†D799. Disenchantment.

D700. †D700. Person disenchanted. Types 314, 402, 434*, 442, 502; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 925 s. v. "Erlösung". --Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "métamorphose"; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 285, 356, 364.

D701. †D701. Gradual disenchantment. (Cf. †D617.) --*Type 307; Wimberly 381; Moe Samlede Skrifter I 52; German: Grimm Nos. 108, 121, 137; India: Thompson-Balys.

D702. †D702. Partial disenchantment.

D702.1. †D702.1. Disenchantment with missing member. While in transformation a person loses a bodily member. When disenchanted, he still lacks the member. --Many of the references to †E33 may refer to this motif.

D702.1.1. †D702.1.1. Cat's paw cut off: woman's hand missing. A man spends a night in a haunted mill, where he cuts off a cat's paw. In the morning the miller's wife has lost her hand. (Cf. †D142, †D621.1.1.) --*Taylor MPh XVII 59 n. 8; Tobler 43; Eng., Ire., U.S.: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.

D702.1.2. †D702.1.2. Hog's forefoot cut off: woman's hand missing. Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D702.2. †D702.2. Person restored to human form retains certain animal features. German: Grimm No. 49.

D705. †D705. Place disenchanted.

D705.1. †D705.1. Castle disenchanted. India: Thompson-Balys.

D710. †D710. Disenchantment by rough treatment. Types 507A, 507C; India: Thompson-Balys; Irish myth: Cross.

D711. †D711. Disenchantment by decapitation. *Types 314, 402, 425, 440, 441, 471, 506, 507, 531, 545A, 545B, 550, 708; *Fb "hoved" I 655a, "løse" II 517a; **Kittredge JAFL XVIII 1; BP I 9, III 60; Hartland Science 241. --Irish myth: *Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17; French: Sébillot France III 52, 140; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 39 No. 5.

D711.1. †D711.1. Disenchantment by decapitation and replacement of head. Type 531; Fb "hund" I 678a.

D711.1.1. †D711.1.1. Head transferred from one man to another; second man's head in first man's hand. Irish myth: Cross.

D711.2. †D711.2. Disenchantment by cutting person in two. Type 506, 507, BP III 537; India: Thompson-Balys.

D711.3. †D711.3. Disenchantment from bird by cutting off bill. Fb "næb".

D711.4. †D711.4. Disenchantment from flower by breaking stalk. Type 407. --Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. *368, 407; India: Thompson-Balys.

D711.4.1. †D711.4.1. Disenchantment from flower by plucking it. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D711.5. †D711.5. Disenchantment from leaf by breaking it from tree. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 42 No. 6.

D711.6. †D711.6. Disenchantment from fruit by plucking it from tree. India: Thompson-Balys.

D712. †D712. Disenchantment by violence.

D712.1. †D712.1. Disenchantment by cutting off and reversing bodily members. (Cf. †D711.1.) --Kittredge JAFL XVIII 13; Fb "flå"; Irish myth: Cross.

D712.1.1. †D712.1.1. Disenchantment by cutting off animal's limb. German: Grimm No. 57.

D712.1.2. †D712.1.2. Disenchantment by cutting in two. India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.2. †D712.2. Disenchantment by slinging against something. Type 440; Hartland Science 242. --Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 510; Chile: Pino Saavedra 402.

D712.2.1. †D712.2.1. Disenchantment by throwing into fire. (Cf. †E15.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.3. †D712.3. Disenchantment by striking. Wimberly 343. --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 57 No. 412; Missouri-French: Carrière; Chinese: Werner 309; India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.3.1. †D712.3.1. Disenchantment by striking with a missile. Irish myth: *Cross.

D712.3.2. †D712.3.2. Disenchantment by throwing a stone. India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.3.3. †D712.3.3. Disenchantment by throwing a flower. India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.4. †D712.4. Disenchantment by drawing blood. *Fb "blod" IV 48a; Child I 178, 337 n.; Wimberly 342; *Jijena Sanchez 19f., 36.

D712.4.1. †D712.4.1. Disenchantment by drinking blood. Child I 178, 337 n.; Wimberly 341.

D712.5. †D712.5. Disenchantment by beating. N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 348 n. 249a; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 187, (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 265, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 630, (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 158, (Greenland): Rink 93, Rasmussen II 38, III 104.

D712.6. †D712.6. Disenchantment by wounding. Kittredge JAFL XVIII 11; *Jijena Sanchez 35, 49; Chinese: Graham.

D712.7. †D712.7. Disenchantment by shooting. Kittredge JAFL XVIII 11; Fb "and" IV 12b. --Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 76 No. 15.

D712.8. †D712.8. Disenchantment by ripping armor. Penzer Sigfrid 113.

D712.9. †D712.9. Disenchantment by killing. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III

D712.9.1. †D712.9.1. Lizard in human form killed; corpse is lizard. India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.10. †D712.10. Disenchantment by driving stake through body. Irish myth: Cross.

D712.11. †D712.11. Disenchantment by throwing objects at transformed person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D714. †D714. Disenchantment by rubbing. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL

D716. †D716. Disenchantment by overcoming enchanted person in fight (contest). Type 406*; Hartland Science 243.

D717. †D717. Disenchantment by assembling bones.

D717.1. †D717.1. Disenchantment by laying collected bones in a seven-fold cloth and spreading another above it. India: Thompson-Balys.

D718. †D718. Disenchantment by shaving. Fb "løse" II 517a.

D719. †D719. Disenchantment by rough treatment -- miscellaneous.

D719.1. †D719.1. Disenchantment by burying victim and sowing grain over him. Fb "levende" II 404ab.

D719.1.1. †D719.1.1. Disenchantment through burial and revival. Chinese: Graham.

D719.2. †D719.2. Girl destroys crab shape of husband and disenchants him permanently. India: Thompson-Balys.

D720. †D720. Disenchantment by removing (destroying) covering of enchanted person.

D721. †D721. Disenchantment by removing skin (or covering). See all references to †D361.1, Swan Maiden. --Irish myth: *Cross: India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XX 299, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 51; Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 131, 156, 335; Africa (Pangwe): Tessman 368f.

D721.1. †D721.1. Disenchantment by flaying. Fb "flå"; Kittredge JAFL XVIII 12.

D721.2. †D721.2. Disenchantment by hiding skin (covering). When the enchanted person has temporarily removed the covering, it is stolen and the victim remains disenchanted until it is found. *Type 400; *Fb "sælhund". --Scandinavian: Krappe Scandinavian Studies XVIII (1944) 156--162; Slavic: Máchal 258; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Surinam: Alexander Lat. Am. 274; Indonesian: DeVries's list No. 151; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 146 No. 30, (Kaffir): Theal 38.

D721.3. †D721.3. Disenchantment by destroying skin (covering). *Type 425, 430, 440, 441; Köhler-Bolte I *319, 511; *Chauvin VII 37 No. 212B. --Icelandic: *Boberg; Turkish: Giese Türkische Märchen (Jena 1925) 120; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Korean: Zong in-Sob 177. --Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 89, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 55, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 224; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 347 n. 249; S. Am. Indian: Jijena Sanchez 23; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis IV 69, 287.

D721.4. †D721.4. Disenchantment by holding temporarily disenchanted person. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D721.5. †D721.5. Disenchantment from fruit (flower) by opening it. Type 408; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D722. †D722. Disenchantment by taking off bridle. Man transformed to horse (ass) thus released. --See references in †D535. --*Type 325; *BP II 67; Chauvin V 150 No. 73. --French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17; Missouri French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys.

D723. †D723. Disenchantment by putting on (removing) chain from neck.

D723.1. †D723.1. Disenchantment by putting chain around neck. See all references to †D536.1.

D723.2. †D723.2. Disenchantment by removing chain from neck. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D723.2.1. †D723.2.1. Disenchantment by removing string from neck. India: Thompson-Balys.

D730. †D730. Disenchantment by submission. The helper must submit to the will of the enchanted person. Icelandic: Hjálmthèrs saga ok Ölvis 510, 515; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17.

D731. †D731. Disenchantment by obedience and kindness. *Type 431.

D732. †D732. Loathly Lady. Man disenchants loathsome woman by embracing her. --Maynadier The Wife of Bath's Tale; Taylor Washington Univ. Studies IV (2) (1917) 177 n. 9; Vogt MLN XXXVII 339; Coomaraswamy On the Loathly Bride (Speculum 1945, 391ff.); Krappe Philological Quarterly XXVI 352ff. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg. --Ila (Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 404 No. 1; India: Thompson-Balys.

D732.1. †D732.1. Disenchantment of girl by carrying her on back. Hartland Science 237, 243.

D733. †D733. Loathly bridegroom. Woman disenchants loathsome man by embracing him. --India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 16; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 n. 188; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 44, 87.

D733.1. †D733.1. Hairy anchorite. Beast-like man seduced by beautiful woman becomes human and handsome. --*C. A. Williams Oriental Affinities of the Legend of the Hairy Anchorite (U. of Illinois, 1925) 15; Gaster Oldest Stories 43.

D733.2. †D733.2. Swine bridegroom. Bride disenchants him by her love. He returns to original form. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D733.3. †D733.3. Loathly husband a god in disguise. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 648.

D734. †D734. Disenchantment of animal by admission to woman's bed. *BP I 9; Type 440; Fb "løse" II 517a. --English: Child I 298, II 502b, IV 454a, V 213a, 215b; Indonesian: Dixon 210; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 63, 321, 327.

D735. †D735. Disenchantment by kiss. *Type 410; BP I 9, II 236 n., 271, 561; Wimberly 335ff.; Hartland Science 238 f., 241; Taylor Washington Univ. Studies IV (2) (1917) 177 n. 9; Klapper 112. --Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child I 306ff., Icelandic: Sveinsson FFC LXXXIII xxxv, *Boberg; France: Sébillot France I 244, III 291; India: *Thompson-Balys; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 247 No. 29; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis I 108.

D735.1. †D735.1. Beauty and the beast. Disenchantment of animal by being kissed by woman (man). --*Type 402, 425, 433A, 440; Fb "kys"; Dickson 55 nn. 70, 72; Tobler 53; Zs. f. Vksk. XIV 245; Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. II 360, 472 n. 4. --English: Child V 486 s. v. "kiss"; Chile: Pino Saavedra 404f.; India: Cowell Jataka V 141; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 303; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 38.

D735.2. †D735.2. Three redeeming kisses. (Die weisse Frau.) A woman can be disenchanted from animal form if man will kiss her three times, each time when she is in the form of a different terrifying animal. --Tobler 69; **M. Waehler Die weisse Frau (Erfurt 1931); *Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 928. --Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 298 No. 3, 307 No. 24, 314 No. 103, 322 No. 93, 325 No. 3, 329 No. 32; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3592.

D735.3. †D735.3. Disenchantment from tree form by embrace of lover. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 262 n. 2 (Demophon and Phyllis).

D735.4. †D735.4. Disenchantment by enduring animal's embrace.

D735.4.1. †D735.4.1. Girl disenchants animal husband by enduring his embraces without fear. Africa (Bantu): Theal Zambesi 279ff.

D735.4.2. †D735.4.2. Son disenchants animal father by enduring his caresses without fear. Africa (Suto): Hoffman Zs. f. Eingeborenen-Spr. XXII 172 No. 11.

D741. †D741. Disenchantment of monster when prince promises to marry the monster's mother. The prince imagines falsely that the mother is also a monster. --Type 708.

D741.1. †D741.1. Disenchantment of monster when his mother acknowledges him as son. Type 708. Cf. Hupa: Goddard UCal I 147.

D741.2. †D741.2. Disenchantment of monster child when baptized. *Hibbard 45ff. (King of Tars).

D742. †D742. Disenchantment by promise to marry. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D743. †D743. Disenchantment by sexual intercourse. Man disenchants woman in form of a bear. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D745. †D745. Disenchantment by feeding enchanted animals. Fb "løse" II 517a.

D750. †D750. Disenchantment by faithfulness of others. Irish myth: Cross.

D753. †D753. Disenchantment by accomplishment of tasks. Type 518; Irish myth: Cross; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *422; Prussian: Plenzat 21; Rumanian: Schullerus FFC LXXVIII No. 308*; Hungarian: Honti FFC LXXXI No. 4011.

D753.1. †D753.1. Disenchantment by sewing shirts for enchanted brothers. *Type 451; Fb "skjorte" III 268b.

D753.2. †D753.2. Disenchantment of another by weeping jug of tears. Italian: Basile introduction.

D753.3. †D753.3. Disenchantment by obeying directions received in a dream. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D753.4. †D753.4. Disenchantment by climbing glass mountain. German: Grimm No. 93.

D754. †D754. Disenchantment by serving transformed person. German: Grimm No. 106.

D755. †D755. Disenchantment of long absent spouse by faithfulness of partner. India: Thompson-Balys.

D757. †D757. Disenchantment by holding enchanted person during successive transformations. *Types 403, 450; *MacCulloch Childhood 45; Hartland Science 242. --Greek: Fox 122 (Thetis); English: Child V 499 s. v. "transformation, successive"; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 326. --See also, in general, references to †D610.

D758. †D758. Disenchantment by maintaining silence. *Type 451; Hartland Science 242.

D758.1. †D758.1. Disenchantment by three nights' silence under punishment. *Type 400; cf. Type 307; *BP II 330; *Fb "tie" III 792a; Hartland Science 246.

D758.2. †D758.2. Disenchantment by maintaining silence for a year or more. German: Grimm Nos. 9, 49, 137.

D759. †D759. Disenchantment by faithfulness of others -- miscellaneous.

D759.1. †D759.1. Disenchantment by taking key from serpent's mouth at midnight. The disenchanter is to take the key (three keys) from the mouth of the woman in serpent form with his own mouth. --Hartland Science 240; Tobler Epiphanie der Seele 74.

D759.2. †D759.2. Disenchantment from bird when queen milks own milk into bird's beak. (Cf. †D764.1.) --Fb "trane".

D759.3. †D759.3. Disenchantment by naked virgin undergoing frightful journey at midnight. She must come naked and alone on St. John's night between twelve and one, climb the castle walls, and enter the treasure chamber. --Hartland Science 236.

D759.4. †D759.4. Disenchantment if twelve men will not leave castle for a year. Hartland Science 246.

D759.5. †D759.5. Disenchantment by following enchanted woman through lake to underwater castle. Hartland Science 241.

D759.6. †D759.6. Disenchantment by maidens walking with lighted candles in procession. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 59 No. 425*D.

D759.7. †D759.7. Disenchantment by maiden sitting at head of enchanted king's bed on morning of St. John's day. --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC No. 445B.

D759.8. †D759.8. Snake disenchanted by being allowed to wrap itself three times around person's neck. Tobler 21.

D759.9. †D759.9. Failure to disenchant by not watching sleeping princess long enough. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *422B.

D759.10. †D759.10. Three soldiers in the enchanted manor. Curiosity overcoming them they forfeit the power of disenchanting the princesses. Seven seven-year-old boys break the spell and save the princess. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *422B.

D760. †D760. Disenchantment by miscellaneous means.

D762. †D762. Disenchantment by proper person waking from magic sleep. The enchanted person appears three times and if the sleeper does not wake by the third time the enchantment must last. --*Type 403, 450; Cosquin 166f., 170. --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 61 No. 445A; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *422A; Russian: Andrejev No. *400B.

D762.1. †D762.1. Disenchantment by causing enchanted person to speak. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D762.2. †D762.2. Disenchantment by being wakened from magic sleep by proper agent. German: Grimm Nos. 50, 163.

D763. †D763. Disenchantment by destroying enchanter. Chauvin VI 88 No. 252. --Irish myth: Cross; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 28, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 325.

D763.1. †D763.1. Disenchantment by eating enchanter's heart. Fb "løse" II 517a. --Penobscot (European borrowing): Speck JAFL XXVIII 58 No. 4; India: Thompson-Balys.

D763.2. †D763.2. Disenchantment by defeating enchanter in single combat. Irish myth: Cross.

D764. †D764. Disenchantment by eating or drinking. Irish myth: Cross.

D764.1. †D764.1. Disenchantment by drinking milk of queen who has borne two boys. (Cf. †D759.2.) --*Fb "løse" II 517a.

D764.2. †D764.2. Disenchantment by biting certain twig. *Hdwb. d. Märchens sv. "Baum".

D764.3. †D764.3. Disenchantment by eating certain salmon. Irish myth: Cross.

D764.4. †D764.4. Disenchantment by eating apple. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D764.5. †D764.5. Disenchantment by eating whale meat. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 327.

D764.6. †D764.6. Disenchantment by eating certain plant. German: Grimm No. 122; Apulejus Golden Ass.

D764.7. †D764.7. Disenchantment by refusing to eat for three days. German: Grimm No. 93.

D764.8. †D764.8. Disenchantment by eating head of serpent. Jewish: Neuman.

D765. †D765. Disenchantment by reversing (undoing) enchantment.

D765.1. †D765.1. Disenchantment by removing cause of enchantment.

D765.1.1. †D765.1.1. Disenchantment by removal of enchanting pill from mouth. (Cf. †D551.4.1.) --Penzer VII 42 n. 1, 222.

D765.1.1.1. †D765.1.1.1. Disenchantment by removing ring from under dead girl's tongue. Lover is thus freed from loving her. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D765.1.2. †D765.1.2. Disenchantment by removal of enchanting pin (thorn). (Cf. †D582.) --Fb "løse" II 517a. --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 59, 62 Nos. 435, 449; Missouri-French: Carrière; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D765.2. †D765.2. Disenchantment by untying enchanting knot. Fb "knude" II 228.

D766. †D766. Disenchantment by liquid.

D766.1. †D766.1. Disenchantment by bathing (immersing) in water. Type 433B; Taylor Washington Univ. Studies IV (2) (1917) 176 n. 8; Wimberly 388; Child I 308, 338 n., II 505, III 505, V 39f. --India: *Thompson-Balys.

D766.1.1. †D766.1.1. Disenchantment by water and command. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D766.1.2. †D766.1.2. Disenchantment by touching water. India: Thompson-Balys.

D766.1.3. †D766.1.3. Disenchantment by pouring water into ear. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 40.

D766.2. †D766.2. Disenchantment by application of blood. (Cf. †D712.4, †D712.4.1). --*Type 516; *Rösch FFC LXXVII 138; *Fb "blod" IV 46b, 47a; Child I 337 n.; Penzer I 97; Wesselski Mönchslatein 148 No. 119. --Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 53 No. 400A*; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D766.2.1. †D766.2.1. Disenchantment by rubbing with pig's blood. Irish myth: Cross.

D766.3. †D766.3. Disenchantment by tears. *Type 425. --Africa (Angola): Chatelain 35 No. 1.

D766.4. †D766.4. Disenchantment by bathing in milk. Wimberly 372; Type 433B and 507 (Danish forms); India: Thompson-Balys.

D771. †D771. Disenchantment by use of magic object.

D771.1. †D771.1. Disenchantment by burning magic hair. Köhler-Bolte I 573.

D771.2. †D771.2. Disenchantment by rubbing with magic grease. Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 219 No. 73; Greek Odyssey 10 line 394.

D771.3. †D771.3. Disenchantment by using powder. Chauvin VI 8 No. 273.

D771.4. †D771.4. Disenchantment by using wand. MacCulloch Childhood 205; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D771.5. †D771.5. Disenchantment by drinking from golden vessel. Irish myth: Cross.

D771.6. †D771.6. Disenchantment by medicine. India: Thompson-Balys.

D771.7. †D771.7. Disenchantment by rosary or scapular. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D771.8. †D771.8. Disenchantment and transformation by means of a magic sword. India: Thompson-Balys.

D771.9. †D771.9. Disenchantment by sprinkling consecrated rice. India: Thompson-Balys.

D771.10. †D771.10. Disenchantment by ring. German: Grimm No. 123.

D771.11. †D771.11. Disenchantment by flower. German: Grimm No. 69.

D771.12. †D771.12. Disenchantment by use of crystal ball. German: Grimm No. 196.

D772. †D772. Disenchantment by naming. Wimberly 345; *Fb "varulv" III 1015a.

D772.1. †D772.1. Disenchantment by recognition. German: Grimm Nos. 62, 160.

D775. †D775. Disenchantment by feeding transformed creature. This is done contrary to commands. --Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 130 No. 72.

D777. †D777. Disenchantment by placing handkerchief between horns. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "mouchoir".

D777.1. †D777.1. Disenchantment by covering with cloth. German: Grimm No. 76; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D778. †D778. Disenchantment by blowing on victim. Chauvin V 236 No. 134; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 105.

D778.1. †D778.1. Disenchantment from berry by blowing on it. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *702.

D778.2. †D778.2. Disenchantment by blowing medicine on victim. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D781. †D781. Disenchantment by prayer (mass) of Pope. Meyer Zs. f. Vksk. XXI 4.

D781.1. †D781.1. Disenchantment by blessing. German: Grimm No. 141.

D782. †D782. Disenchantment by physical contact. Kittredge Gawain 205f., 216f. --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 70 No. 535; Irish myth: Cross; German: Grimm No. 49, 56, 60, 76, 96.

D782.1. †D782.1. Disenchantment by touch of holy man. India: Thompson-Balys.

D782.2. †D782.2. Disenchantment by touching earth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D783. †D783. Disenchantment by being found when lost. Type 451.

D784. †D784. Disenchantment by lighting fire. Type 727*.

D785. †D785. Disenchantment by magic contest. Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 330.

D785.1. †D785.1. Disenchantment produced by hero winning series of contests with seven demons. India: Thompson-Balys.

D786. †D786. Disenchantment by music. Wimberly 332.

D786.1. †D786.1. Disenchantment by song. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 63; Africa (Swazi): Bourhill and Drake 212ff. No. 18.

D787. †D787. Disenchantment by encircling. Wimberly 363.

D788. †D788. Disenchantment by sign of cross. (Cf. †D1766.6.) Wimberly 367.

D789. †D789. Other means of disenchantment.

D789.1. †D789.1. Disenchantment by covering with deliverer's clothing. Wimberly 390.

D789.2. †D789.2. Disenchantment by breaking lamp. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 54 No. 400B*.

D789.3. †D789.3. Disenchantment by sight of old home.

D789.3.1. †D789.3.1. Frog-woman disenchanted by sight of water. Hindu: Keith 147.

D789.4. †D789.4. Disenchantment by breaking tabu. (Cf. C.) --Hindu: Keith 147.

D789.5. †D789.5. Disenchantment by throwing golden objects into water. German: Grimm No. 181.

D789.6. †D789.6. Disenchantment by repeating magic formula. South Africa: Bourhill and Drake 237ff. No. 20.

D789.6.1. †D789.6.1. Disenchantment by speaking proper words. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D789.7. †D789.7. Disenchantment by shaking certain tree. Irish myth: Cross.

D789.8. †D789.8. Disenchantment of enchanted (sunken) castle (town, inhabitants) by digging it out. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D789.9. †D789.9. Girl disenchants her tiger-husband by putting a garland around his neck, sprinkling sand and water over him. India: Thompson-Balys.

D789.10. †D789.10. Disenchantment by ringing bell. Korean: Zong in-Sob 97.

D790. †D790. Attendant circumstances of disenchantment.

D791. †D791. Disenchantment possible under unique conditions. Only one combination of time place and person will serve. --For many of these combinations see Hartland Science 240, 244, 248. --Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3593.

D791.1. †D791.1. Disenchantment at end of specified time. Irish myth: *Cross; *Jijena Sanchez 35, 36, 68, 70.

D791.1.1. †D791.1.1. Disenchantment at end of seven years. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC No. 453.

D791.1.2. †D791.1.2. Disenchantment when superhuman task is finished. Enchanted person appears every seven years in human form and puts one stitch in a smock. When it is finished, she will be delivered. Hartland Science 240.

D791.1.3. †D791.1.3. The deliverer in the cradle. Enchanted person can be delivered by child rocked in a cradle made from an oak sapling after it has grown great. **Ranke Der Erlöser in der Wiege; Hartland Science 244f; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 80.

D791.1.4. †D791.1.4. Disenchantment at end of two hundred years. Irish myth: Cross.

D791.1.5. †D791.1.5. Disenchantment at end of nine hundred years. Irish myth: Cross.

D791.1.6. †D791.1.6. Disenchantment possible at the end of seven hundred years. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D791.1.7. †D791.1.7. Disenchantment at cock crow. Jijena Sanchez 38, 55.

D791.1.8. †D791.1.8. Disenchantment at midnight after owl hoots three times. German: Grimm No. 179.

D791.2. †D791.2. Disenchantment by only one person.

D791.2.1. †D791.2.1. Disenchantment of girl only by lover. BP II 125.

D791.2.2. †D791.2.2. Disenchantment can be done by wife. India: Thompson-Balys.

D791.2.2.1. †D791.2.2.1. Disenchantment promised if girl may marry transformed man. India: Thompson-Balys.

D791.3. †D791.3. Disenchantment fails because conditions are not fulfilled. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D791.4. †D791.4. Disenchantment by finding key to enchanted castle. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D792. †D792. Transformed mother called by her child. Comes and is rescued. --Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 333.

D793. †D793. Disenchantment made permanent.

D793.1. †D793.1. Disenchantment made permanent by holding to a hair. Italian: Basile I No. 2.

D793.2. †D793.2. Disenchantment made permanent by burning cast-off skin. Cf. †D721.3.

D794. †D794. Enchanted person attracts attention of rescuer.

D794.1. †D794.1. Enchanted person attracts attention by dancing. South Africa: Bourhill and Drake 237ff. No. 20.

D795. †D795. Maiden disenchanted, deserted, and refound. *BP II 325.

D796. †D796. Divine beings assume their own shape in sleep. Penzer III 92 n. 2, VIII 25 n. 2.

D797. †D797. Disenchantment as proof of truth. The prodigy convinces judge that witness is speaking truth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D798. †D798. Disenchantment by passing between human being's legs. Argentina, Paraguay: Jijena Sanchez 45.

D799. †D799. Disenchantment by other means. Irish myth: Cross.

D799.1. †D799.1. Children disenchanted after long period are aged. Irish myth: Cross.

D799.2. †D799.2. Valley disenchanted rises to level of surroundings. Irish myth: Cross.

D799.3. †D799.3. Attendants of disenchanted person automatically disenchanted. German: Grimm Nos. 50, 106, 127, 169, 179.

†D800-†D1699. MAGIC OBJECTS.

†D800-†D899. Ownership of magic objects.

D800. †D800. Magic object. *Toldo Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. VIII 60ff.; *Siuts 89ff.; *Penzer I 25ff., V 3 n 1, IX 142; *Tibbals "Elements of Magic in the Romance of William of Palerne" MPh I (1903) 355 ff.; *Easter A Study of Magic Elements in the Romans d'Aventure (Dissertation, Baltimore 1906).

D801. †D801. Ownership of magic object. Irish myth: Cross.

D801.1. †D801.1. Magic objects possessed by witch, sorcerer or evil dwarf. (Cf. †F451.7, †G234, †D1711.) German: Grimm Nos. 53, 56, 60, 191.

D803. †D803. Magic objects created by deity.

D803.1. †D803.1. Magic objects created by God on sixth day. (Cf. †A0). Jewish: Neuman.

D804. †D804. Ineffable name written on object renders it magic. (Cf. †C431.) Jewish: Neuman.

D805. †D805. Magic object to be used only in extreme need. Italian: Basile introduction.

D806. †D806. Magic object effective only when exact instructions for its use are followed.

D806.1. †D806.1. Magic object effective when struck on ground once only. Second blow renders useless. Africa (Bulu): Krug JAFL XXV 113 No. 9.

D806.2. †D806.2. Magic charm (formula) used injudiciously brings death to owner's wife, children, himself. India: Thompson-Balys.


D810. †D810. Magic object a gift. *BP I 361; *Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96. --Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D811. †D811. Magic object received from God (a god). *Toldo IX 451ff. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Örvar-Odds saga 138--41, Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 36; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "baguette"; Greek: Fox 40, *Grote I 88.

D811.1. †D811.1. Magic object received from goddess. Hartland Perseus III 109; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D811.2. †D811.2. Magic object falls down from the heaven. India: Thompson-Balys.

D811.2.1. †D811.2.1. Magic needle and thread fall from heaven as result of prayer. (Cf. †D1766.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D812. †D812. Magic object received from supernatural being. Japanese: Ikeda.

D812.1. †D812.1. Magic object received from saint. BP I 361. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 15f.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 25, 50.

D812.2. †D812.2. Magic object received from demigod. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 18.

D812.3. †D812.3. Magic object received from devil. *Aarne MSFO XXV 39. --Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "baguette"; Hindu: Penzer IX 45 n. 1.

D812.4. †D812.4. Magic object received from ghost. *Aarne MSFO XXV 39; *Chauvin V 78 No. 22 n. 1. --Icelandic: *Boberg; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 25; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 47, 211.

D812.4.1. †D812.4.1. Magic object received from the dead in lower world. Africa (Cameroons): Mansfeld 229f. No. 16, (Ekoi): Talbot 46.

D812.4.2. †D812.4.2. Magic object acquired as reward for burial of the dead. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D812.5. †D812.5. Magic object received from genie. *Type 561; *BP II 547. --India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 109.

D812.5.1. †D812.5.1. Magic object received from temple demons. Chinese: Graham.

D812.6. †D812.6. Magic object received from witch or wizard. Type 576*****, 576***.

D812.7. †D812.7. Magic object received from dragon king. Japanese: Anesaki 315.

D812.8. †D812.8. Magic object received from lady in dream. (Cf. †D825.) --Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Baum"; BP II 544. --Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Fox 40; India: Thompson-Balys.

D812.8.1. †D812.8.1. Magic object received from giantess in dream. Norse: *Boberg.

D812.8.2. †D812.8.2. Magic object received from man in dream. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D812.9. †D812.9. Magic object received from wild man. Italian: Basile I No. 1.

D812.10. †D812.10. Magic object received from angel. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D812.10.0.1. †D812.10.0.1. Angel reveals location of magic object. Irish myth: Cross.

D812.11. †D812.11. Magic object received from giant. Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross.

D812.12. †D812.12. Magic object received from dwarf. Icelandic: *Boberg; German: Grimm Nos. 28, 64, 91, 97, 165.

D812.12.1. †D812.12.1. Magic sword received from dwarf in dream. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D812.13. †D812.13. Magic objects gifts of magician. India: Thompson-Balys.

D812.14. †D812.14. Magic object received from ascetic. India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 849, II 210, 656.

D812.15. †D812.15. Magic object received from maiden-spirit. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D813. †D813. Magic object received from fairy. *Type 510. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "baguette"; Missouri French: Carrière.

D813.1. †D813.1. Magic object received from river-nymph. Hartland Perseus III 109.

D813.1.1. †D813.1.1. Magic sword received from Lady of Lake. (Cf. †D878.1.) --Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 50 (Le Morte Arthur); Indo-Chinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 303.

D813.1.2. †D813.1.2. Magic cauldron received from lake spirit. (Cf. †D1171.2.) --Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 100.

D813.2. †D813.2. Magic object received from grateful fairy. Hero has cured sick fairy by making her laugh. English: Baughman; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D813.3. †D813.3. Magic object received from maiden in otherworld island. Irish myth: Cross.

D814. †D814. Magic objects received from sun, moon, and stars, etc. Köhler-Bolte I 188.

D814.1. †D814.1. Magic object received from wind. German: Grimm No. 88.

D815. †D815. Magic object received from relative.

D815.1. †D815.1. Magic object received from mother. (Cf. †D842.) --*Type 510; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 301, Boberg; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 145.

D815.2. †D815.2. Magic object received from father. Hartland Perseus III 199. --Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 308 (Tyrfing), *Boberg.

D815.3. †D815.3. Magic object received from godmother. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "baguette"; Missouri French: Carrière.

D815.4. †D815.4. Magic object received from sister. Hartland Perseus III 199; Icelandic: Boberg.

D815.5. †D815.5. Magic object received from father-in-law. Hartland Perseus III 199.

D815.6. †D815.6. Magic object received from daughter. Icelandic: Boberg.

D815.7. †D815.7. Magic object received from foster-parents. Icelandic: Boberg.

D815.7.1. †D815.7.1. Magic object received from girl's foster-mother. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D815.8. †D815.8. Magic object received from wife. German: Grimm No. 92.

D816. †D816. Magic object inherited. MacCulloch Childhood 376; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D817. †D817. Magic object received from grateful person. *Type 560; *Aarne MSFO XXV 40; BP II 39. --Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carrière; N. Am. Indian (Malecite, Penobscot): Thompson CColl II 411ff. (European borrowings).

D817.1. †D817.1. Magic object received from man in return for rescue of child. *Types 560, 611; Aarne MSFO XXV 38--56 passim; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D817.1.1. †D817.1.1. Magic object received from dwarf in return for rescue of child or kindness to child. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D817.1.2. †D817.1.2. Magic object received from grateful father of redeemed snake. India: Thompson-Balys.

D817.2. †D817.2. Magic object received in return for being shaved. India: Thompson-Balys.

D818. †D818. Magic object received from astrologer. Irish myth: Cross.

D818.1. †D818.1. Magic object received from magician. India: Thompson-Balys.

D821. †D821. Magic object received from old woman. Hartland Perseus III 199. --Italian Novella: Rotunda; Missouri French: Carrière; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 123.

D822. †D822. Magic object received from old man. Hartland Perseus III 199. --Icelandic: *Boberg; U.S.: Baughman.

D823. †D823. Magic object received from huntsman.

D823.1. †D823.1. Magic object received from green-clad huntsman. Type 304.

D825. †D825. Magic object received from maiden. Hartland Perseus III 199. --Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: Cross.

D825.1. †D825.1. Magic object received from cat-woman; i.e. woman transformed intermittently to cat. --French: Cosquin No. 11; N. Am. Indian: Thompson CColl II 400f.

D826. †D826. Magic object received from monster.

D826.1. †D826.1. Magic object vomited by conquered monster. India: Thompson-Balys.

D827. †D827. Magic object received through particular intermediaries. Only one person can help secure it. --*Chauvin V 59 No. 19 n. 1.

D828. †D828. Magic object received from child. Type 425.

D829. †D829. Acquisition of magic object -- miscellaneous.

D829.1. †D829.1. Magic object received by apprentice from master. German: Grimm Nos 36, 111, 129.

D830. †D830. Magic object acquired by trickery. *Chauvin VII 38 No. 212B; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 268; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 289.

D830.1. †D830.1. Attempt to learn about magic object by spying. Chinese: Graham.

D831. †D831. Magic object acquired by trick exchange. By means of second magic object hero recovers first. (Often mixed with †D832). --*Types 302, 400, 507, 569; BP I 464; Penzer I 25ff. --India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen Nos. 3, 104.

D832. †D832. Magic objects acquired by acting as umpire for fighting heirs. When hero gets hold of objects he refuses to return it. --*Types 400, 518; *BP II 331ff.; Cosquin Indiens 371ff.; Saintyves Perrault 287ff.; Hdwb. d. Märchens I 97. --Icelandic: Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen No. 104; Chinese: Chavannes 500 Contes III 259 No. 470; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis II 113, 175, III 336, IV 110.

D833. †D833. Magic object acquired by tricking giant. Giant is persuaded to give the objects to the hero. (Cf. †D831, where the person tricked is often a giant.) --Type 328.

D834. †D834. Magic object acquired by tricking devil. Man gets shelter in storm; devil gets wet. Devil gives man magic object in return for information as to how he kept dry. --Köhler-Bolte I 416.

D835. †D835. Magic object acquired through trickery: child forced to cry till object is given. Icelandic: Egils saga ok Asm., ch. XIV 10, Boberg.

D836. †D836. Magic object acquired by exchanging letters. (Cf. †K511). India: Thompson-Balys.

D837. †D837. Magic object acquired through foolish bargain. Type 590. --N. Am. Indian (Micmac) (European borrowing): Thompson CColl II 412.

D838. †D838. Magic object acquired by stealing. Types 576******, 581*; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys.

D838.1. †D838.1. Stolen objects powerful in magic. *Fb "stjæle" III 576a, "tigge" III 793b.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D838.2. †D838.2. Magic object taken from ogre's house. Hartland Perseus III 201; Icelandic: *Boberg; Japanese: Ikeda; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D838.3. †D838.3. Magic object stolen in Thor's temple. Icelandic: Sturlaugs saga 617--31, Boberg.

D838.4. †D838.4. Magic object taken in the serpents' country. Icelandic: FSS 69--79, Boberg.

D838.5. †D838.5. Magic object taken from barrow. (Cf. †E461.1, †F352.) --Icelandic: *Boberg.

D838.6. †D838.6. Magic object stolen from giant. (Cf.†F531.6.7.3.) --Icelandic: *Boberg.

D838.7. †D838.7. Magic armor stolen from dwarf by giant. Icelandic: Boberg.

D838.8. †D838.8. Magic helmet taken directly from bystander. Icelandic: Boberg.

D838.9. †D838.9. Boy overhears witches' conversation about magic objects, which he gets possession of. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *613A.

D838.10. †D838.10. Prince procures magic object from bathing fairy when he steals her clothes. India: Thompson-Balys.

D838.11. †D838.11. Man poisons couple, owners of magic gong, and gains possession of it. India: Thompson-Balys.

D838.12. †D838.12. Magic object taken from dead enemy. German: Grimm No. 166.

D838.13. †D838.13. Magic object stolen at night. Korean: Zong in-Sob 28 No. 12.

D839. †D839. Magic object acquired by trickery -- miscellaneous.

D839.1. †D839.1. Magic root acquired by tricking mother bird into searching for it in order to disentangle her young. India: Thompson-Balys.

D839.2. †D839.2. Fairy dun acquired by tricking owner. Irish myth: Cross.

D840. †D840. Magic object found. Types 561, 590; Hartland Perseus III 201; India: Thompson-Balys.

D841. †D841. Magic object accidentally found. German: Grimm No. 122; Chinese-Persian: *Coyajee JPASB XXIV 197.

D842. †D842. Magic object found on grave.

D842.1. †D842.1. Magic object found on mother's grave. (Cf. †D815.1.) --Type 510; Saintyves Perrault 41; Cox 477.

D842.2. †D842.2. Magic object found on father's grave. Type 314.

D842.3. †D842.3. Magic object found on grave of slain helpful animal. Cox 477; Saintyves Perrault 37; Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Baum". --Japanese: Ikeda.

D845. †D845. Magic object found in underground room. Type 562. --India: Thompson-Balys.

D845.1. †D845.1. Magic object found in giant's cave. Icelandic: Boberg.

D846. †D846. Magic object found in magic castle. *BP III 113 n. 4.

D846.1. †D846.1. Golden cot found in magic castle. India: Thompson-Balys.

D847. †D847. Magic object found in chimney. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "cheminée".

D848. †D848. Magic object dug from ground. Hartland Perseus III 201f. --Korean: Zong in-Sob 43.

D849. †D849. Magic object found -- miscellaneous.

D849.1. †D849.1. Magic object found in fort. Chinese: Werner 312.

D849.2. †D849.2. Magic object pointed out by bird. *Norlind: Skattsägner 19ff., 29ff.

D849.3. †D849.3. Magic object found on an island. Aarne MSFO XXV 120; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D849.4. †D849.4. Magic object found in a wood. *Aarne MSFO XXV 120.

D849.4.1. †D849.4.1. Magic object found in garden. German: Grimm No. 121.

D849.5. †D849.5. Magic object found in fish. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D849.5.1. †D849.5.1. Magic object found in heart of whale. Irish myth: Cross.

D849.6. †D849.6. Magic object found under dead girl's tongue. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D849.7. †D849.7. Magic object pointed out by divine voice. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D849.8. †D849.8. Magic object found on ground. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D850. †D850. Magic object otherwise obtained.

D851. †D851. Magic object acquired by exchange. (No trick). --Hartland Perseus III 200; Irish myth: Cross; N. Am. Indian (Ponca, Ojibwa, European borrowings): Thompson CColl II 329f.

D851.1. †D851.1. Magic object purchased. India: Thompson-Balys.

D852. †D852. Magic object acquired by wishing. *Type 675.

D853. †D853. Magic object forged by smith to order. *Hartland Perseus III 200. --Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 268.

D853.1. †D853.1. Magic horse (wooden) made by carpenter. India: Thompson-Balys.

D855. †D855. Magic object acquired as reward. Icelandic: Boberg.

D855.1. †D855.1. Magic object acquired as reward for vigil. *BP III 111. --Chinese: Graham.

D855.2. †D855.2. Magic object acquired as reward for religious austerities. Chinese: Werner 277.

D855.3. †D855.3. Magic object acquired as reward for quest into grave. Icelandic: Boberg.

D855.4. †D855.4. Magic object as reward for faith. Jewish: Neuman.

D855.5. †D855.5. Magic object as reward for good deeds. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107 No. 62.

D856. †D856. Magic object acquired by gaining love of owner. Type 580.

D857. †D857. Magic object born with hero. *Hartland Perseus III 198. --Africa (Fjort): Dennett 60 No. 12.

D858. †D858. Magic object acquired by singing. Type 650***.

D859. †D859. Magic object obtained -- miscellaneous means.

D859.1. †D859.1. Magic object acquired by rapping on tree. Fb "lind" II 432a.

D859.2. †D859.2. Quest to hell for magic object. Aarne FFC XXIII 130, JSFO XXVII 48. --Icelandic: Boberg.

D859.2.1. †D859.2.1. Magic object received from other world. Jewish: Neuman.

D859.3. †D859.3. Magic object obtained by reaching in certain cardinal direction. N. Am. Indian: *Kroeber JAFL XXI 224, (California): Gayton and Newman 75.

D859.4. †D859.4. Magic object eaten unwittingly.

D859.4.1. †D859.4.1. Magic bird-heart eaten unwittingly. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 15; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 33.

D859.4.2. †D859.4.2. Magic bird-liver eaten unwittingly. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 15.

D859.5. †D859.5. Magic object to be chosen from among identical worthless objects. Insect helps in choice. East Africa: Torrend Zs. f. afrikan. u. ozean. Spr. I 247ff.

D859.6. †D859.6. Magic object obtained as compensation for loss of entire herd -- the spirit of the herd resides in the last goat's tail, which old woman keeps. India: Thompson-Balys.

D859.7. †D859.7. Magic object left by frightened demons. Korean: Zong in-Sob 144.

D859.8. †D859.8. Magic object as ransom of captive. Greek: Grote I 139; Icelandic: Boberg.

D860. †D860. Loss of magic object. *Aarne MSFO XXV I--200 passim; Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XVIII 452 n. 3. --Chinese: Werner 348, Graham.

D860.0.1. †D860.0.1. Death to follow loss of magic object. Irish myth: Cross.

D860.0.2. †D860.0.2. Loss of magic object causes madness. India: Thompson-Balys.

D861. †D861. Magic object stolen. Fansler MAFLS XII 17; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Georgia Negro: Harris Nights 30; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 130.

D861.0.1. †D861.0.1. Magic object stolen from local deity. Chinese: Graham.

D861.1. †D861.1. Magic object stolen by host (at inn.) *Type 563; *BP I 349ff.; **Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "aubergiste"; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 24; Missouri French: Carrière; India: Thompson-Balys; Seneca: Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 264 No. 50 (not at inn).

D861.2. †D861.2. Magic object stolen by neighbor. **Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96, especially 48; *BP I 349ff.; Type 564. --India: Thompson-Balys.

D861.3. †D861.3. Magic object stolen by brothers. Type 563; BP I 349ff.

D861.4. †D861.4. Magic object stolen by rival for wife. *Type 560, 561; *Aarne MSFO XXV 3--83; India: Thompson-Balys.

D861.4.1. †D861.4.1. Magic object stolen by rival's emissary. India: Thompson-Balys.

D861.5. †D861.5. Magic object stolen by hero's wife. *Type 560; **Aarne MSFO XXV 3--83.

D861.5.1. †D861.5.1. Magic object stolen by owner's fiancée. German: Grimm No. 122.

D861.6. †D861.6. Magic object stolen in card game. *Type 566; BP I 470ff.; Aarne MSFO XXV 85--97.

D861.7. †D861.7. Magic object carried off by bird. (Cf. †D865.)

D861.7.1. †D861.7.1. Magic horn carried off by bird. India: Thompson-Balys.

D861.8. †D861.8. Magic object stolen by relatives. Madagascar: Renel I 209ff. No. 40.

D861.8.1. †D861.8.1. Magic objects stolen from owner by his daughter, with whom he spends the night. India: Thompson-Balys.

D861.9. †D861.9. Magic object stolen by giants. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D861.10. †D861.10. Magic object carried away; child allowed to play with it. India: Thompson-Balys.

D862. †D862. Magic object taken away by force. India: Thompson-Balys.

D863. †D863. Magic object mysteriously disappears. Korean: Zong in-Sob 44.

D865. †D865. Magic jewel carried off by bird. This happens when the jewel is examined by daylight. (Cf. †D861.7.) --*Chauvin V 211 No. 120; *Gerould PMLA XIX 392ff.; Krappe Neophilologus XIV 90; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D865.1. †D865.1. Magic ring carried off by bird. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D866. †D866. Magic object destroyed. Japanese: Ikeda.

D866.1. †D866.1. Woman cooks the magic fruits. (Cf. †D981.) --Indonesia: DeVries's list No. 195.

D866.2. †D866.2. Magic object destroyed because of feigned sickness. India: Thompson-Balys.

D867. †D867. Magic object mysteriously disappears. Korean: Zong in-Sob 44.

D867.1. †D867.1. Magic object disappears at owner's death. Irish myth: Cross (†D857).

D868. †D868. Magic object returns to original place.

D868.1. †D868.1. Magic mango returns to tree for broken tabu. India: Thompson-Balys.

D871. †D871. Magic object traded away.

D871.1. †D871.1. Magic object exchanged for worthless. Foolish brother (wife) exchanges old object for new. *Type 561; *BP II 205. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bague"; India: Thompson-Balys.

D871.1.1. †D871.1.1. Exchange of common cow for gold-dropping cow made by daughter when her father stops at her home for the night. India: Thompson-Balys.

D876. †D876. Magic treasure animal killed. (Goose that laid the golden egg). Greek fable: Wienert FFC LVI 64 (ET 283), 106 (ST 182); Babrius 123; Halm Aesop No. 343. --India: Keith 145 (gold-producing boy), Thompson-Balys; Panchatantra III 6 (tr. Ryder) 331; Cowell Jataka I 292 No. 136; Japanese: Ikeda; Indonesian: Dixon 238 n. 51; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson-Tales 306 n. 109z.

D877. †D877. Magic object loses power by overuse. *Chauvin V 11 No. 7; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 106, 109. --Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 248 No. 24.

D877.1. †D877.1. Magic wishing-ring loses power by touching water. Irish myth: Cross.

D877.2. †D877.2. Extraordinary flower preserves its freshness so long as it remains unperceived by anyone other than owner. India: Thompson-Balys.

D878. †D878. Magic object voluntarily restored to giver. Irish myth: Cross.

D878.1. †D878.1. Magic sword returned to lake whence it was received. Taken back by lake spirit. (Excalibur). (Cf. †D813.1.1.) --English: Wells 50 (Le Morte Arthur); Indo-Chinese: Scott 303.

D878.2. †D878.2. Magic sword thrown into lake by dying hero. Irish myth: Cross.

D880. †D880. Recovery of magic object. *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XVIII 452 n. 3; *Aarne MSFO XXV 3ff. --Chinese: Werner 348; India: Thompson-Balys.

D880.0.1. †D880.0.1. Recovery of magic object cures madness. India: Thompson-Balys.

D881. †D881. Magic object recovered by using second magic object. *Type 561; *Aarne MSFO XXV 3--83; *BP II 547ff. --Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 24.

D881.1. †D881.1. Recovery of magic object by use of magic apples. These apples cause horns to grow. (Cf. †D895.) *Type 566; BP I 470ff; Aarne MSFO XXV 85--97.

D881.2. †D881.2. Recovery of magic object by use of magic cudgel. (Cf. †D1094.) --*Types 563, 564; BP I 349ff.; *Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96 --India: *Thompson-Balys; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 248 No. 25.

D882. †D882. Magic object stolen back.

D882.1. †D882.1. Stolen magic object stolen back by helpful animals. Korean: Zong in-Sob 28.

D882.1.1. †D882.1.1. Stolen magic object stolen back by helpful cat and dog. They steal the ring from the thief's mouth. --*Type 560; **Aarne MSFO XXV 3--82 BP II 455. --India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen Nos. 67, 170 notes.

D882.1.2. †D882.1.2. Magic object recovered with lioness's help. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule (†D887).

D882.2. †D882.2. Recovered magic articles dropped by rescuing animals into the sea. Köhler-Bolte I 437; India: Thompson-Balys.

D882.3. †D882.3. Magic object stolen back by servant. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D882.4. †D882.4. Stolen magic object stolen back by man in disguise. India: Thompson-Balys.

D883. †D883. Magic (marvelous object) given back to placate crying child. India: Thompson-Balys.

D884. †D884. Thief forced to vomit up stolen magic object. India: Thompson-Balys.

D885. †D885. Magic object recovered with devil's help. Types 360, 361, 475; BP II 423.

D885.1. †D885.1. Magic object recovered with witch's help. Georgia Negro: Harris Nights 30.

D886. †D886. Magic object recovered through recitation of magic formula. Chinese: Werner 358.

D895. †D895. Magic object returned in payment for removal of magic horns. (Cf. †D881.1). --*Type 566.

†D900-†D1299. Kinds of magic objects.

D900. †D900. Magic weather phenomena.

D900.0.1. †D900.0.1. Prognostications from weather phenomena. Irish myth: *Cross.

D901. †D901. Magic cloud. *Chauvin V 230; Fb "sky"; Jewish: *Neuman.

D902. †D902. Magic rain. (Cf. †D910.) *Basset RTP XXXIII 167f. --Irish: Cross; Plummer clxxx; Chinese: Werner 205.

D902.1. †D902.1. Magic mist. *Fb "tåge" III 945a; *Cox Cinderella 477; Irish: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Wimberly 321; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "brume"; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221b.

D902.1.1. †D902.1.1. Druidic mist. Irish myth: *Cross.

D902.2. †D902.2. Magic dew. *Fb "Sankt Hansdag" III 161a.

D902.3. †D902.3. Magic hail. Irish myth: Cross.

D903. †D903. Magic snow. Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 170.

D904. †D904. Magic ice. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 516.

D905. †D905. Magic storm. *Fb "storm" III 595b, 596a, "skål" III 352b, "vand" III 1001b; *Penzer IV 213; Morgan MPh. VI 331; Nitze MPh. VII 145. --Babylonian: Spence 77; Irish myth: *Cross; MacCulloch Celtic 44; Welsh: ibid. 191; Icelandic: *Boberg, Middle English: Wells 65 (Ywain and Gawain); Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1269; Korean: Zong in-Sob 170f.

D906. †D906. Magic wind. *Fb "wind", "vindknude"; Frazer Golden Bough I 119ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg; Lappish: Holmberg Lappalaisten uskonto 75; Estonian: Eisen Estnische Mythologie 100; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Graham; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 344.

D908. †D908. Magic darkness. *Fb "tåge" III 945a; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Homer Iliad III 382, V 23, Odyssey XXIII 372; Jewish: *Neuman; Japanese: Ikeda.

D910. †D910. Magic body of Water. *A. Hertel Verzauberte Oertlichkeiten (Hannover 1908). --Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D911. †D911. Magic sea. Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "tonneau"; Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 82.

D911.1. †D911.1. Magic wave. Irish myth: Cross.

D911.1.1. †D911.1.1. Magic virtue of nine waves. Irish myth: *Cross.

D915. †D915. Magic river. Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "rivière"; Jewish: *Neuman; Ila (Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 416; Hottentot: Bleek 75 No. 36; Zulu: Callaway 90.

D915.1. †D915.1. River produced by magic. Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "rivière".

D915.2. †D915.2. River contained under cock's wings. *Type 715.

D915.2.1. †D915.2.1. River contained in bird's ears. India: Thompson-Balys.

D915.3. †D915.3. River contained in box. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "rivière".

D915.4. †D915.4. Intermittent river. River flows at stated intervals. *Chauvin VII 44 No. 153.

D915.4.1. †D915.4.1. Sabbatical river. Dry on Sabbath. *Chauvin VII 44 No. 153; Gaster Exempla 188 No. 15; India: Thompson-Balys.

D915.5. †D915.5. River issuing from cave controlled by race of Amazons. Hartland Science 202.

D915.6. †D915.6. Magic flood. India: Thompson-Balys.

D921. †D921. Magic lake (pond). *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXV (1933) 107ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Werner 137 (lake of gems).

D921.1. †D921.1. Lake (pond) produced by magic. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "étang"; Irish myth: *Cross.

D921.2. †D921.2. Lake produced by belches after magic draught. Irish myth: Cross.

D921.3. †D921.3. Lake under which supernatural smith lives. Irish myth: *Cross.

D921.3.1. †D921.3.1. Lake of milk created through merit of saint. Irish myth: Cross.

D921.4. †D921.4. Magic tank. India: Thompson-Balys.

D925. †D925. Magic fountain. (Cf. †D926, †D927.) *Dh II 154; *Wünsche Die Sagen vom Lebensbaum und Lebenswasser (Leipzig, 1905); *Hopkins JAOS XXVI 1--67, 411--413; *Fb "ungdom" III 979b; Penzer IV 145; *Patch PMLA XXXIII 670 n. 67. --Irish myth: *Cross, Plummer cl--clii, clxxii; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "fontaine"; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10--12; Tirol: Zingerle 588; Jewish: Neuman; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 284 n. 50a.; Lat. American: Alexander Lat. Am. 20 n. 6, 349.

D925.0.1. †D925.0.1. Magic oil-spouting fountain. Italian: Basile introduction.

D925.0.2. †D925.0.2. Miraculous well yielding milk, beer or wine. *Loomis White Magic 38.

D925.1. †D925.1. Fountain magically made. Irish: Plummer cl, Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 12; Jewish: *Neuman, Gaster Exempla 225 No. 206.

D925.1.0.1. †D925.1.0.1. Fountain bursts forth where water is not available for baptismal ceremonies of future saint. *Loomis White Magic 23.

D925.1.1. †D925.1.1. Saint produces fountain by means of his tears. *Loomis White Magic 37.

D925.1.2. †D925.1.2. Fountain gushes up at place where saint's head was cut off. *Loomis White Magic 37.

D925.1.3. †D925.1.3. Samson makes sweet water flow from jawbone. *Loomis White Magic 37.

D925.2. †D925.2. Fountain is inhabited by sacred oracular fish. *Loomis White Magic 38.

D926. †D926. Magic well. (Cf. †D925, †D927.) Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 54. --Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 106f.; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 189.

D926.1. †D926.1. Well produced by magic. Jewish: Neuman.

D926.1.1. †D926.1.1. Well produced by saint invoking heaven. *Loomis White Magic 37.

D927. †D927. Magic spring. (Cf. †D925, †D926.) *Fb "blind" IV 45b; *Herbert III 238; *Oesterley No 253; Child I 192. --Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.

D927.1. †D927.1. Spring made by magic. P. Saintyves Le Miracle de l'apparition des eaux (Revue de l'Université de Bruxelles 1912, 265--94). --Germanic: De la Saussaye 254 (Balder); French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 12; Jewish *Neuman.

D927.1.1. †D927.1.1. Saint causes water to issue from cut in a tree. *Loomis White Magic 37.

D927.2. †D927.2. Magic spring guarded by demons (monsters). Irish myth: Cross.

D927.2.1. †D927.2.1. Magic spring guarded by druids. Irish myth: Cross.

D927.3. †D927.3. Spring augments milk of nursing mothers who drink its water. *Loomis White Magic 38.

D927.4. †D927.4. Spring follows saint to his country. *Loomis White Magic 38.

D927.5. †D927.5. Spring runs dry (as result of fratricide). Irish myth: *Cross.

D928. †D928. Magic water-hole.

D928.1. †D928.1. Water-hole made by magic. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 180; Southern Paiute (Maopa): Lowie JAFL XXXVII 168 No. 5a.

D930. †D930. Magic land features. *Hertel Verzauberte Oertlichkeiten (Hannover, 1908).

D931. †D931. Magic rock (stone). *Type 593, 870A; Köhler-Bolte I 114, 572; *Fb "sten" III 553a, 554a, "ønske" III 1178b; Hartland Science 242; *Penzer III 161 n. 1, 162 n., V 177; Reinhart PMLA XXXVIII 458 n. 108. --Greek: Fox 111, 137, (modern): Hahn No. 34; German: Grimm No. 163; Irish: Plummer clv--clvii, *Cross; Swiss: Jegerlehner 309 No. 9; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Graham, Werner 383. --Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 118; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 15; Southern Paiute: Lowie JAFL XXXVII 143f. No. 15. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 366, (Kaffir): Theal 36, 161, (Angola): Chatelain 47 (version B), (Zulu): Callaway 143, (Fang): Trilles Légendes 140, Einstein 99.

D931.0.1. †D931.0.1. Stone produced by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D931.0.2. †D931.0.2. Stones fixed in the earth have certain magic powers. *Fb II 47 s. v. "jordfast (sten)"; Örvar-Odds saga 136.

D931.0.2.1. †D931.0.2.1. Location of magic stone determines race of king of country. Irish myth: Cross.

D931.0.3. †D931.0.3. Stone on which saint is baptized (is born) has magic powers. Irish myth: *Cross.

D931.0.4. †D931.0.4. Magic stone as amulet. (Cf. †D1274.1.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 148, Rasmussen II 233.

D931.1. †D931.1. Magic coal. Irish: O'Suilleabhain 69, Beal XXI 326.

D931.1.1. †D931.1.1. Magic soot. Africa (Washaga): Gutman 137.

D931.1.2. †D931.1.2. Magic ashes. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Mitford 180ff.

D931.1.3. †D931.1.3. Magic lampblack. India: Thompson-Balys.

D931.1.4. †D931.1.4. Magic lime.

D931.2. †D931.2. Magic pebble. Jewish: Neuman.

D932. †D932. Magic mountain. *Type 676; Fb "rundt".

D932.0.1. †D932.0.1. Mountain created by magic. India: Thompson-Balys.

D932.1. †D932.1. Magic cliff.

D932.2. †D932.2. Magic hill.

D933. †D933. Magic sink-hole. Fb "grøft".

D934. †D934. Magic turf. *Fb "græstørv".

D934.1. †D934.1. Magic sod. Irish myth: Cross.

D935. †D935. Magic earth (soil). *Fb "muld" II 619. --Irish: Plummer clxxx, *Cross; O'Suilleabhain 92, Beal XXI 329; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Penzer III 227f.; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 161f.

D935.0.1. †D935.0.1. Magic earth from crossroads. (Cf. †D1786.) Seligmann 151.

D935.1. †D935.1. Magic sand.

D935.2. †D935.2. Magic clay. India: Thompson-Balys.

D935.3. †D935.3. Magic dust. India: Thompson-Balys.

D935.4. †D935.4. Magic brick. India: Thompson-Balys.

D936. †D936. Magic island. Irish myth: Cross.

D936.1. †D936.1. Island made by magic. Greek: Pauly-Wissowa s. v. "Anaphe".

D937. †D937. Magic plain. Irish myth: Cross.

D940. †D940. Magic forests.

D941. †D941. Magic forest. Saintyves Perrault 65; Wimberly 124. --Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Penzer VIII 222 n. 2.

D941.1. †D941.1. Forest produced by magic. Saintyves Perrault 92. --Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "forêt"; India: Thompson-Balys.

D945. †D945. Magic hedge. *Type 410; BP I 440. --Irish: Plummer clxi, *Cross.

D950. †D950. Magic tree. *Types 330, 510, 511; BP II 188 n. 1; Dh II 10, 30ff.; A. F. Schmidt Hultrær i Danmark (Danske Studier 1932 33ff.); Köhler Aufsätze 19ff.: *Fb "træ" III 866a, 867a; Chauvin VII 95 No. 375; Penzer I 144, *VIII 69 n. 1. --Irish: Plummer cliii, *Cross; German: Grimm No. 123; Persian: Carnoy 281, Coyajee JPASB XXIV 185f., 194; Chinese: Ferguson 104, Eberhard FFC CXX 46. --Indonesian: Dixon 238 n. 51; Quiché: Alexander Lat. Am. 172; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 297 n. 86a, (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 391 No. 70; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 146, 218, (Upoto): Einstein 123.

D950.0.1. †D950.0.1. Magic tree guarded by serpent (dragon) coiled around its roots. Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Fox 87f. (Apples of Hesperides).

D950.0.1.1. †D950.0.1.1. Magic tree guarded by giant ogre. Irish myth: *Cross.

D950.0.2. †D950.0.2. Magic tree at bottom of lake. Irish myth: Cross.

D950.1. †D950.1. Magic hazel tree. *BP III 477. Irish: Plummer cliii, *Cross.

D950.2. †D950.2. Magic oak tree. Type 577. --Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Fox 109.

D950.3. †D950.3. Magic peach tree. Chinese: Werner 173.

D950.4. †D950.4. Magic cherry tree. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "cerisier".

D950.5. †D950.5. Magic pear tree. Fb "pæretræ"; cf. Type 1423; *Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Birne".

D950.6. †D950.6. Magic ash tree (quicken, rowan). *Fb "usynlig"; Irish myth: *Cross.

D950.7. †D950.7. Magic lime tree. Irish: Plummer cliii, *Cross.

D950.8. †D950.8. Magic fig tree. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D950.9. †D950.9. Magic olive tree. Jewish: *Neuman.

D950.10. †D950.10. Magic apple tree. Irish myth: *Cross; French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D950.11. †D950.11. Magic alder tree. Irish myth: *Cross.

D950.12. †D950.12. Magic birch tree. Irish myth: Cross.

D950.13. †D950.13. Magic hawthorn. Irish myth: *Cross.

D950.14. †D950.14. Magic yew tree. Irish myth: *Cross.

D950.14.1. †D950.14.1. Magic yew tree created by fairies. Irish myth: Cross.

D950.15. †D950.15. Magic bamboo tree. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 80.

D950.16. †D950.16. Magic nut tree. Jewish: Neuman.

D950.17. †D950.17. Magic laurel tree. Jewish: Neuman.

D950.18. †D950.18. Magic cedar tree. Jewish: Neuman.

D950.19. †D950.19. Magic palm tree. Jewish: Neuman.

D951. †D951. Tree produced by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D951.1. †D951.1. Magic tree springs from fairyland berry. Irish myth: Cross.

D952. †D952. Magic tree-bark.

D953. †D953. Magic twig. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D953.1. †D953.1. Origin of magic twig. Irish myth: Cross.

D953.1.1. †D953.1.1. Magic twigs grow from buried magic vessel. Irish myth: Cross.

D953.2. †D953.2. Magic birch twig. (Cf. †D950.12.) Irish myth: Cross.

D954. †D954. Magic bough. *Chauvin V 229 No. 130; Fb "finkelrut". --Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 114f.; *Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 51 No. 340; India: Thompson-Balys.

D955. †D955. Magic leaf. Type 612; *BP I 128; *Fb "blad" IV 44a. --Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Völsunga saga ch. 8, Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Ibo, Nigeria): Basden 280, (Ekoi): Talbot 115, 188, (Zulu): Callaway 191.

D956. †D956. Magic stick of wood. BP II 527; Jewish: *Neuman.

D957. †D957. Magic faggot. Irish myth: Cross.

D958. †D958. Magic thorn. *Köhler-Bolte I 261. --Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child V 496 s. v. "sleep"; Hindu: Penzer III 227f.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D960. †D960. Magic gardens and plants.

D961. †D961. Magic garden. *Type 550; BP II 232. --Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Penzer I 66f.; N. Am. Indian (Tsimshian): Boas RBAE XXXI 182; Africa (Benga): Nassau 208 No. 33.

D961.1. †D961.1. Garden produced by magic. (Cf. †D2178.) Irish myth: Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Penzer VIII 92.

D962. †D962. Magic vineyard. Jewish: Neuman.

D964. †D964. Magic bush. (Cf. †D960, †D965.) Basile Pentamerone IV 6; Irish: O'Suilleabhain 74, Beal XXI 326; Jewish: *Neuman.

D965. †D965. Magic plant. *BP I 128; Fb "blad" IV 44a, "vild" III 1052b; *Chauvin II 193 No. 12, V 14 No. 9; VI 73f. No. 239. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "herbe"; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 312 n. 2, Fox 263; Jewish: Neuman; Babylonian: Spence 158, 160, 178; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer; Chinese: Werner 299.

D965.0.1. †D965.0.1. Honeysuckle "king of trees." Irish myth: Cross.

D965.1. †D965.1. Magic mandrake. **Starck Der Alraun; *Taylor JAFL XXXI 561f.; Penzer III 153f.; F. Ohrt Dragedukker i Danmark (Danske Studier 1930 63ff., 186); *Fb "alrunerot" IV 10a; *Frazer Old Testament II 372ff.; Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 311 s. v. "Alraun". --Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.

D965.2. †D965.2. Magic calabash (gourd). Chinese: Werner 347; Korean: Zong in-Sob 288; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 27, 34, (Yoruba): Ellis 246, (Benga): Nassau 208 No. 33.

D965.3. †D965.3. Magic rosebush. BP II 527.

D965.4. †D965.4. Magic mistletoe. *K. v. Tubeuf Monographie der Mistel (München, 1923); *Frazer Golden Bough XII 373 s. v. "mistletoe", XI 78ff. --Irish myth: *Cross.

D965.4.1. †D965.4.1. Mistletoe used by druids. Irish myth: Cross.

D965.5. †D965.5. Moly: magic plant. *Taylor JAFL XXXI 561. --Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 288 n. 1.

D965.6. †D965.6. Magic lotus plant. (Cf. †D975.1.) Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 280 n. 2; Japanese: Ikeda.

D965.7. †D965.7. Magic four-leaf clover. *BP III 201; Fb "firkløver".

D965.8. †D965.8. Magic corn. (Cf. †D973.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.

D965.8.1. †D965.8.1. Magic rice (plant.).

D965.9. †D965.9. Magic laurel (plant). Hartland Science 204.

D965.10. †D965.10. Magic myrtle. Hartland Science 204.

D965.11. †D965.11. Magic plantain. Ibo (Nigeria): Thomas 126.

D965.12. †D965.12. Magic grass. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Graham.

D965.13. †D965.13. Magic flax. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 673ff., Index No. 3697.

D965.14. †D965.14. Magic fern blossom. May be obtained on St. John's eve. Lithuanian: Balys Index 3644.

D965.15. †D965.15. Magic barley plant. (Cf. †D973.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D965.16. †D965.16. Magic rue.

D965.17. †D965.17. Magic tobacco plant.

D965.18. †D965.18. Magic weeds.

D965.19. †D965.19. Magic myrtle. Jewish: Neuman.

D967. †D967. Magic roots. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Baholoholo): Einstein 233.

D971. †D971. Magic seed. Danish: Fb "frø" I 378b; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Penzer VI 62ff; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 36f.; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 178.

D971.1. †D971.1. Magic mustard-seed. Penzer VI 5, 29, 109, 123f.

D971.2. †D971.2. Magic hemp-seed. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chenevis"; English: Child V 59, 286a.

D971.3. †D971.3. Magic fern-seed. *Cox Cinderella 517.

D971.4. †D971.4. Magic black cummin. India: Thompson-Balys.

D973. †D973. Magic grains. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D973.1. †D973.1. Magic rice-grains. Tawney II 453; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D973.1.1. †D973.1.1. Rice-grains magically produced by gourd. India: Thompson-Balys.

D973.2. †D973.2. Magic barley. (Cf. †D965.15.) Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Penzer VI 55 n. 2.

D974. †D974. Magic plant-sap. Dh II 154.

D975. †D975. Magic flower. *Basset 1001 Contes I 143; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 108; Japanese: Ikeda.

D975.1. †D975.1. Magic lotus-flower. (Cf. †D965.6, †D1641.15.) India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 322.

D975.2. †D975.2. Magic rose. Köhler-Bolte II 447.

D976. †D976. Magic thorn.

D977. †D977. Magic stalk.

D978. †D978. Magic herbs. (Cf. †D965.) India: Thompson-Balys; Irish myth: Cross.

D980. †D980. Magic fruits and vegetables.

D981. †D981. Magic fruit. *Type 566; *Aarne MSFO XXV 122; Fb "næse" II 716b; *Penzer VI 216; *Basset 1001 Contes I 143; *Chauvin VI 74 No. 239. --Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Tawney I 259f., 310n., 382, II 142n., 198n., 596n.; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 105; Japanese: Ikeda; Indonesian: DeVries's list No. 195.

D981.0.1. †D981.0.1. Magic fruit juice.

D981.1. †D981.1. Magic apple. *Types 400, 500, 590, 708, 709; *Aarne MSFO XXV 121; *BP I 463, 482, III 97; *Köhler-Bolte I 118, 143; *Fb "guldæble" I 516a, "æble" III 1135f, "ønske" III 1178b; *Chauvin VI 74 No. 239, 133 No. 286. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 280, *Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "cornes", "pomme"; English: Child I 364; Jewish: Neuman; Arabian: Burton Nights S IV 434ff.

D981.1.1. †D981.1.1. Magic apple from Garden of the Hesperides. Irish myth: *Cross.

D981.2. †D981.2. Magic peach. Chinese: Werner 270, Eberhard FFC CXX 210.

D981.3. †D981.3. Magic orange. *Type 408. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "orange".

D981.4. †D981.4. Magic cherry. Aarne MSFO XXV 121; Fb "kirsebær"; Penzer I 27.

D981.5. †D981.5. Magic fig. (Cf. †D1375.1.1.5.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121. --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56, 116 Nos. 408*A, 970; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Penzer I 27.

D981.6. †D981.6. Magic pear. (Cf. †D1375.1.1.6, †D1375.2.1.3.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121; Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Birne".

D981.7. †D981.7. Magic plum. (Cf. †D1375.1.1.7.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D981.8. †D981.8. Magic grape. (Cf. †D1375.1.1.8.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121; Jewish: *Neuman.

D981.9. †D981.9. Magic date (fruit). (Cf. †D1375.1.1.9.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D981.10. †D981.10. Magic berry. (Cf. †D1375.1.1.10.) Aarne MSFO XXV 122; Irish myth: *Cross.

D981.10.1. †D981.10.1. Magic cranberry. Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 91.

D981.11. †D981.11. Magic pumpkin. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 58, 67, 221.

D981.12. †D981.12. Magic pomegranate. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D981.13. †D981.13. Magic bananas.

D983. †D983. Magic vegetable. *Aarne MSFO XXV 143n., *BP III 6; Type 567.

D983.1. †D983.1. Magic bean. *BP II 527. --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 124 No. 1374A; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "fève".

D983.2. †D983.2. Magic yam. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 90 No. 16.

D983.3. †D983.3. Magic leek. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D983.4. †D983.4. Magic garlic. Jewish: Neuman.

D983.5. †D983.5. Magic egg-plant.

D985. †D985. Magic nut. Cox Cinderella Nos. 6, 72, 76, 88 and passim; Fb "nød" II 719a. --Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "noix"; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 53 No. 400 B*; Italian: Basile introduction; Jewish: Neuman.

D985.1. †D985.1. Magic coconut-shell. Sulka of New Britain: Dixon 132 and 132 n. 2.

D985.2. †D985.2. Magic chestnut. Italian: Basile Pentamerone introduction.

D985.3. †D985.3. Magic hazel-nut. Irish myth: *Cross; Italian: Basile introduction.

D985.4. †D985.4. Magic acorn. Irish myth: Cross.

D985.5. †D985.5. Magic betel-nut. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 93.


D990. †D990. Magic bodily members -- human. N. Am. Indian: Thompson Tales 318 n. 150.

D991. †D991. Magic hair. *Fb "guld" I 512a, "hår" I 771ab, "styrke" III 630a; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1274; Köhler-Bolte I 126, 573; *Penzer VIII 59 n. 3; MacCulloch Childhood 211; Chauvin V 230 No. 130; *Wesselski Märchen 196; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 150. --Irish myth: Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 12; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508A*; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 117 n. 3, Fox 69, 77; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys. --N. Am. Indian (Mohegan): Speck JAFL XVI 106; (Micmac): Rand 356, 369 Nos 67, 71, Leland 83, (Skidi Pawnee): Dorsey MAFLS VII 102, 113 Nos. 28, 31, (Wichita): Dorsey CI XXI No. 19, (Modoc): Curtin Myths of the Modocs (Boston 1912) 32, 46, (Ojibwa): Radin GSCan II 51; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 97; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 131.

D991.1. †D991.1. Magic beard. Fb "styrke" III 630a.

D991.2. †D991.2. Magic pubic hair. *Fb "kusse" II 334a; India: Thompson-Balys; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 290 n. 65, (Tlingit): Golder JAFL XX 292.

D991.3. †D991.3. Magic ball of hair. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 667.

D992. †D992. Magic head. Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 105; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "tête"; Jewish: Neuman.

D992.1. †D992.1. Magic horns (grow on person's forehead). (Cf. †D1011.1.) *Type 566; Penzer III 187. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; bin Gorion Born Judas@2 IV 122; N. Am. Indian (Mohegan): Speck JAFL XVII 184.

D992.2. †D992.2. Magic lips. Type 403; Köhler-Bolte I 126. --French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10.

D992.3. †D992.3. Magic face. Jewish: *Neuman.

D992.4. †D992.4. Magic skull.

D992.5. †D992.5. Magic tongue. Jewish: Neuman.

D993. †D993. Magic eye. See references to †D2071. Jewish: Neuman.

D995. †D995. Magic foot.

D995.1. †D995.1. Magic toe. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 56 No. 9.

D996. †D996. Magic hand. *Penzer III 150; *Baker AA o.s. I 51ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D996.0.1. †D996.0.1. Magic right hand.

D996.0.1.1. †D996.0.1.1. Magic power of right hand for good. Irish myth: *Cross.

D996.0.2. †D996.0.2. Magic left hand. Irish myth: Cross.

D996.0.2.1. †D996.0.2.1. Magic power of left hand for evil. Irish myth: *Cross.

D996.1. †D996.1. Magic finger. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D997. †D997. Magic internal organs -- human.

D997.1. †D997.1. Magic heart -- human.

D997.1.1. †D997.1.1. Magic heart of unborn child. *Fb "hjærte" I 631b.

D997.2. †D997.2. Magic brain. Irish myth: Cross.

D997.3. †D997.3. Magic liver. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D998. †D998. Magic private parts -- human. Taylor MLN XXXI (1916) 249 n. 2; Gaster Thespis 327. --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 nn. 83a, 83b.

D1001. †D1001. Magic spittle. *Type 313; *BP II 527 n. 1; *Fb "spytte" III 514b, 515a; Penzer VIII 59 n. 3. --Irish: Plummer clxxxiii, *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Maori: Dixon 59; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 n. 190, 331 n. 196a; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 64, 234, (Upoto): Einstein 125; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 263 No. 67.

D1002. †D1002. Magic excrements. Hindu: Keith 145; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 161; N. Am. Indian: Thompson Tales 296 n. 83c, 329 n. 190a, (Takelma): Sapir UPa II 65 No. 4.

D1002.1. †D1002.1. Magic urine.

D1003. †D1003. Magic blood -- human. *Fb "blod" IV 46--48; *BP II 527 n. 1; Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Blut". --Irish: Plummer cl, clxxxi, *Cross; English: Child I 172, II 39b; Italian: Basile II 5, III 9, Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman, Gaster Thespis 296; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 98.

D1003.1. †D1003.1. Magic menstrual blood. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1003.2. †D1003.2. Magic blood of circumcision. Jewish: Neuman.

D1003.3. †D1003.3. Magic blood of unborn child. Jewish: Neuman.

D1004. †D1004. Magic tears. Hartland Science 238. --Irish: Plummer cl, *Cross; Norse: De la Saussaye 277; Jewish: *Neuman; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 n. 190b.

D1005. †D1005. Magic breath. Irish: Plummer clxxii, *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1006. †D1006. Magic buttocks. N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 n. 83.

D1007. †D1007. Magic bone (human). (Cf. †D1013.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1008. †D1008. Magic human flesh. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 329.

D1009. †D1009. Magic bodily members (human) -- miscellaneous.

D1009.1. †D1009.1. Magic scab (from skin). Tsimshian: Boas BBAE XXVII 190.

D1009.2. †D1009.2. Magic tooth. Irish myth: Cross.

D1009.2.1. †D1009.2.1. Magic dead man's tooth. Kittredge Witchcraft 142, 460 nn. *11, 13.

D1009.3. †D1009.3. Magic breasts of woman.

D1010. †D1010. Magic bodily members -- animal. Jewish: *Neuman.

D1011. †D1011. Magic animal head.

D1011.0.1. †D1011.0.1. Magic bird head. *Aarne MSFO XXV 175; *Type 567; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1011.0.2. †D1011.0.2. Magic ass's head. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC No. 425.

D1011.0.3. †D1011.0.3. Magic serpent head. Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 33.

D1011.1. †D1011.1. Magic animal horn. (Cf. †D992.1.) Cross MPh X 289; Icelandic: Boberg; Greek: Fox 93; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 160 No. 23, 242 No. 35, (Kaffir): Theal 169f; N. Am. Indian (Micmac): Rand 196 No. 25.

D1011.2. †D1011.2. Magic ear of animal. See references to †B115.1.

D1011.3. †D1011.3. Magic animal's crown.

D1011.3.1. †D1011.3.1. Magic serpent's crown. (Cf. †B112.) Cox Cinderella 517.

D1011.4. †D1011.4. Magic tooth of animal. Jewish: Neuman.

D1011.5. †D1011.5. Magic lips of animal.

D1011.6. †D1011.6. Magic tongue of animal. Jewish: Neuman.

D1011.7. †D1011.7. Magic brain of animal.

D1012. †D1012. Magic limbs of animal.

D1012.1. †D1012.1. Magic legs of animal.

D1012.1.1. †D1012.1.1. Magic legs of bull. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1013. †D1013. Magic bone of animal. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "os"; cf. Type 780. --India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 180 No. 26, 190 No. 28.

D1013.1. †D1013.1. Magic chicken-thigh. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1015. †D1015. Magic internal organs of animal.

D1015.1. †D1015.1. Magic heart of animal.

D1015.1.1. †D1015.1.1. Magic bird heart. *Type 567; *BP I 528, III 3ff.; *Aarne MSFO XXV 176; Penzer I 19 n. 2; *Fb "hjærte" I 631b. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "mendiant".

D1015.1.2. †D1015.1.2. Magic dragon heart. (Cf. †B11.2.9.) Icelandic: Völsunga Saga 66.

D1015.1.3. †D1015.1.3. Magic serpent heart. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 43 No. 302 A*.

D1015.1.4. †D1015.1.4. Magic wolf heart. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1015.1.5. †D1015.1.5. Magic fox heart. Jewish: Neuman.

D1015.2. †D1015.2. Magic gall-bladder of animal. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 214 No. 32; (Ekoi): Talbot 27.

D1015.3. †D1015.3. Magic entrails of animal.

D1015.3.1. †D1015.3.1. Magic entrails of bird. Aarne MSFO XXV 176.

D1015.3.2. †D1015.3.2. Magic entrails of goat. German: Grimm No. 130.

D1015.4. †D1015.4. Magic liver of animal. Chinese-Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 187.

D1015.4.1. †D1015.4.1. Magic bird liver. *Aarne MSFO XXV 176; Type 567.

D1015.5. †D1015.5. Magic stomach of animal.

D1015.5.1. †D1015.5.1. Magic stomach of hare. Jewish: Neuman.

D1016. †D1016. Magic blood of animal. Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 187.

D1017. †D1017. Magic flesh of animal. Irish: Cross.

D1017.1. †D1017.1. Magic fat of animal.

D1017.1.1. †D1017.1.1. Magic fat of crow. Fb "fedt" I 278b.

D1018. †D1018. Magic milk of animal. *Köhler-Bolte I 468; Dh II 154. --Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 70.

D1021. †D1021. Magic feather. *Types 552, 534*; BP III 18ff.; 424ff. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "plume"; English: Child V 496 s. v. "sleep"; Persian: Carnoy 290, 331; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 304; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 126.

D1021.1. †D1021.1. Magic bird's power in one feather. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1022. †D1022. Magic wings. Aarne MSFO XXV 176; Jewish: Neuman.

D1022.0.1. †D1022.0.1. Wings grown by magic. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "ailes".

D1023. †D1023. Magic hair of animal. Fb "hår" I 771b.

D1023.1. †D1023.1. Magic hair of bear. *Fb "hår" I 771b.

D1023.2. †D1023.2. Magic hair of fox. *Fb "hår" I 771b.

D1023.3. †D1023.3. Magic hair of lion's tail. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D1023.4. †D1023.4. Magic hair of ant's beard. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D1024. †D1024. Magic egg. Irish myth: Cross (†D1019); Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "oeuf"; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 104f., 151; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 269 No. 81, 277 No. 89.

D1025. †D1025. Magic skin of animal.

D1025.1. †D1025.1. Magic pigskin. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 40; *Cross.

D1025.2. †D1025.2. Magic fishskin. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1025.3. †D1025.3. Magic mouseskin. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 97.

D1025.4. †D1025.4. Magic skin of swallow. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 53.

D1025.5. †D1025.5. Magic cowhide. Irish myth: Cross.

D1025.6. †D1025.6. Magic dogskin. Irish myth: Cross.

D1025.7. †D1025.7. Magic horseskin. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 79.

D1025.8. †D1025.8. Magic sheepskin. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1025.9. †D1025.9. Magic sealskin.

D1026. †D1026. Magic dung of animal. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1026.1. †D1026.1. Magic bird dung. Africa (Yoruba): Ellis 256 No. 4.

D1026.2. †D1026.2. Magic cow-dung. BP II 527 n. 1.

D1027. †D1027. Magic urine of animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D1027.1. †D1027.1. Magic urine of serpent. Africa (Zanzibar): Bateman 204 No. 10.

D1028. †D1028. Magic shell of animal.

D1028.1. †D1028.1. Magic conch shell. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1028.2. †D1028.2. Magic tortoise shell.

D1029. †D1029. Other bodily members of animals -- magic.

D1029.0.1. †D1029.0.1. Other bodily members of bird -- magic. Aarne MSFO XXV 176.

D1029.1. †D1029.1. Magic breath of animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D1029.2. †D1029.2. Magic tail of animal. Jewish: Neuman.

D1029.2.1. †D1029.2.1. Magic yak tail. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1029.2.2. †D1029.2.2. Magic goat tail. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1029.2.3. †D1029.2.3. Magic snake tail. Jewish: Neuman.

D1029.3. †D1029.3. Magic animal feet.

D1029.4. †D1029.4. Magic sex organs of animal.

D1029.5. †D1029.5. Magic spittle of animal. (Cf. †D1001.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1029.6. †D1029.6. Magic shell of animal. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107.

D1030. †D1030. Magic food. *Fb "tønde" III 934b, "mad" II 525a, "styrke" III 630a. --Irish: Plummer clxxxv, *Cross, O'Suilleabhain 57, Béal XXI 322; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 254, Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11; Arabic: Burton Nights II 212; India: Thompson-Balys; Philippines: Dixon 221ff.; Melanesian: ibid. 224 n. 28; Indonesian: ibid. 238 n. 51; Java: ibid. 209; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 446, Rasmussen I 202; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 335 n. 210.

D1030.1. †D1030.1. Food supplied by magic. Most of the references in †D1030 also belong here. *Types 563, 564. --Irish: *Cross, O'Suilleabhain 38, Beal XXI 314; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 192; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "repas"; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: Dixon 238 n. 51; Jamaican: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 248 No. 25; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 248; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 44, 88.

D1030.1.1. †D1030.1.1. Food supplied by means of prayer. Irish myth: Cross.

D1030.2. †D1030.2. Magic banquet. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1030.3. †D1030.3. Magic food from herbs. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1031. †D1031. Magic pastry (bread, cake, etc.).

D1031.0.1. †D1031.0.1. Manna. Food from skies in basket each morning. Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; N. Am. Indian (Maidu): Dixon BAM XVII 39ff. No. 1.

D1031.1. †D1031.1. Magic bread. *Type 310C*; *Fb "brød" IV 74b. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "pain"; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 60 No. 438*; Jewish: Neuman; Babylonian: Gilgamesch-Epos XI 220ff., cf. p. 141ff.

D1031.1.1. †D1031.1.1. Consecrated bread as magic object. *Kittredge Witchcraft 149f., 469 nn. 103--116; Irish: *Cross, O'Suilleabhain 25, 48f., Beal XXI 307, 317f.

D1031.2. †D1031.2. Magic cake. *Type 751; *BP II 527 n. 1. --Chinese: Werner 186.

D1031.2.1. †D1031.2.1. Cake made by rubbing flour on griddle. Irish myth: Cross.

D1031.2.2. †D1031.2.2. Magic cake of figs. Jewish: *Neuman.

D1032. †D1032. Magic meat. Type 301C*; Irish myth: Cross; *Frazer Apollodorus II 70 n. 2; Africa (Benga): Nassau 227 No. 34.

D1032.1. †D1032.1. Magic meal of fishes. Mark 6: 41--44.

D1032.2. †D1032.2. Flesh of cat when chewed has magic results. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1032.3. †D1032.3. Flesh of dog when chewed has magic results. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1032.4. †D1032.4. Flesh of pig when chewed has magic results. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1033. †D1033. Magic cereal (food).

D1033.0.1. †D1033.0.1. Cereal from man's body. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1033.1. †D1033.1. Magic rice. Indonesian: DeVries's list No. 206; Chinese: Graham.

D1033.2. †D1033.2. Magic wheat. Irish myth: Cross.

D1034. †D1034. Magic vegetable (as food). (Cf. †D983.) Icelandic: Ragnars saga 112.

D1035. †D1035. Magic nuts (as food). (Cf. †D985.)

D1035.1. †D1035.1. Magic chestnut (as food). Seneca: Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 148, 187, 199, 503.

D1035.2. †D1035.2. Magic coconut (as food). Leper's Island: Dixon 127.

D1036. †D1036. Magic dairy products.

D1036.1. †D1036.1. Magic cheese. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 318 No. 3, 321 No. 59.

D1037. †D1037. Magic honey. Irish myth: *Cross, Beal XXI 337; Gaster Thespis 364; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 158.

D1038. †D1038. Magic sweets.

D1039. †D1039. Magic food -- miscellaneous.

D1039.1. †D1039.1. Magic vermicelli. Chinese: Werner 222.

D1039.2. †D1039.2. Magic salt. Jewish: Neuman; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 282 No.

D1040. †D1040. Magic drink. *MacCulloch Childhood 70--72; *Fb "drikke" I 204b, "styrke" III 630a. --Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 287 n. 2; Irish: Plummer clxxii, *Cross; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 143, *Boberg; English: Child I 363 n. 364; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 328 No. 24; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Hindu: Keith 46; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 453.

D1040.1. †D1040.1. Drink supplied by magic. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1041. †D1041. Blood as magic drink. Frazer Golden Bough XII 189 s. v. "blood"; Zs. f. deutsche Philologie XXVI (1894) 9; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Hrolfs saga Kraka 62, 69, Völsungasaga 45, *Boberg; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 248.

D1043. †D1043. Milk as magic drink. Irish myth: *Cross; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 310 No. 30; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 134.

D1045. †D1045. Magic beer.

D1045.0.1. †D1045.0.1. Beer brewed by means of magic song. Finnish: Kalevala rune 20.

D1045.1. †D1045.1. Magic ale. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 172.

D1046. †D1046. Magic wine. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.

D1046.1. †D1046.1. Consecrated wine as magic object. *Kittredge Witchcraft 148, 468f. nn. 97--101; Irish myth: Cross.

D1050. †D1050. Magic clothes. BP II 527 n. 1. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "habit", "évêque"; India: Thompson-Balys; N. Am. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 128, 131 No. 20, 264 No. 50.

D1050.1. †D1050.1. Clothes produced by magic. *Type 510; *Cox Cinderella passim; Saintyves Perrault 151; Irish myth: Cross.

D1051. †D1051. Magic cloth. Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 26; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 221; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 226; (Ibo, Nigeria): Thomas 124.

D1052. †D1052. Magic garment (robe, tunic). *Fb "ønske" III 1178b. --Irish. Plummer clxxx, clxxxi, *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "robe"; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 165; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth *491, 499f.; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 303 n. 109i.

D1052.1. †D1052.1. Magic uniform. *Fb "guldmundering".

D1053. †D1053. Magic mantle (cloak). *Types 328, 400, 566; *Chauvin V 230; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 323; *Cross MPh XVI 649; Köhler-Bolte II 409. --Irish: *Cross, Beal XXI 328, O'Suilleabhain 85; Icelandic: *Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Hindu: Penzer I 25ff.; Japanese: Mitford 185ff.; Easter Island: Métraux Ethnology 367; N.A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221a.

D1055. †D1055. Magic trousers (breeches). Fb "lærredsbukser" II 501a, *"bukser" IV 77b. --Chinese: Werner 307, 309, 313.

D1056. †D1056. Magic shirt. *BP I 42; Fb "skjorte" III 285b, W. S. Johnsson Om Sejrsskjorten (Danske Studier 1929 97ff.); Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Fox 94; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 241 No. 15.

D1057. †D1057. Magic belt. *Type 590; *Fb "ønske" III 1178b, "træ" III 868a, "bælte" IV 84a; Hdwb. d. Märchens II s. v. "Gürtel". --Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "ceinture"; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 286 *Boberg. --N. Am. Indian (Passamaquoddy): Prince PAES X 31 No. 5, (Chipewyan [European borrowing]): Thompson CColl II 392, (Micmac): Rand 274, 369 Nos 46, 71, Leland 31, (Ojibwa): Schoolcraft Indian in his Wigwam (Buffalo, 1848) 106, (Quinault): Farrand JE II 114 No. 10.

D1057.1. †D1057.1. Magic girdle. Herbert III 207; Oesterley No. 10. --Middle English: Wells 55 (Sir Gawayne and the Green Knight), 85 (Sowdone of Babylone); Irish: Plummer clxxxi, *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Werner 218; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/152, 221, z-G. 3/1146, 1301.).

D1058. †D1058. Magic underclothing.

D1058.1. †D1058.1. Magic shift. Ward II 603.

D1061. †D1061. Magic veil. Greek: Fox 262; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 201.

D1062. †D1062. Magic stockings. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bas"; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 173.

D1063. †D1063. Magic garter. *Fb "hosebånd" I 650b; *Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1064. †D1064. Magic pocket. Chauvin VI 104 No. 270 n. 2.

D1065. †D1065. Magic footwear.

D1065.1. †D1065.1. Magic boots. *Type 328; Saintyves Perrault 283, 286; Fb "stövle" III 642a. --Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bottes"; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Russian: Andrejev No. 515**; Hindu: Penzer I 25ff.; N. Am. Indian: cf. Thompson Tales 315 n. 145.

D1065.1.1. †D1065.1.1. Boots produced by magic. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 96f.

D1065.2. †D1065.2. Magic shoes. Type 515**; *Chauvin V 229 No. 130; Penzer I 24 n. 1; Fb "sko" III 288a; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1065.3. †D1065.3. Magic snowshoes. N. Am. Indian (Menomini): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.

D1065.4. †D1065.4. Magic moccasins. N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 303 n. 109i, 322 n. 164, (Zuñi): Parsons JAFL XXXI 242 No. 16.

D1065.5. †D1065.5. Magic sandals. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Fox 34, Frazer Apollodorus I 153 n. 3 (Perseus); India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer 28, III 56, VII 235.

D1065.6. †D1065.6. Magic gaiters. Penzer I 27.

D1065.7. †D1065.7. Magic slippers.

D1066. †D1066. Magic glove. Fb "styrke" III 630a. --Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1067. †D1067. Magic head-wear.

D1067.1. †D1067.1. Magic hat. *Fb "hat" I 563b, "usynlig" III 985b; Mt. 581*; Saintyves Perrault 291. --Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 596; Greek: Fox 195 (Hermes); Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chapeau"; N. Am. Indian (Haida): Alexander N. Am. 261, (Lkuñgen): Hill-Tout JAI XXXVII 342.

D1067.2. †D1067.2. Magic cap. *Types 328, 566; *BP I 470ff.; *Aarne MSFO XXV 116; *Chauvin V 229 No. 130; *Fb "kappe" II 89a, "ønske" III 1178b. --Icelandic: Bosa saga 38, Boberg; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 153 n. 3 (Perseus), Fox 34; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 253; Korean: Zong in-Sob 152ff.; Japanese: Mitford 185ff; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221a.

D1067.3. †D1067.3. Magic hood. Irish myth: *Cross; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 470.

D1067.3.1. †D1067.3.1. Magic cowl. Irish: Plummer clxxxi, *Cross.

D1067.4. †D1067.4. Magic mask. Irish myth: Cross.

D1068. †D1068. Magic collar. Irish myth: Cross.

D1068.1. †D1068.1. Magic hunting collar. Irish myth: Cross.

D1069. †D1069. Magic clothes -- miscellaneous.

D1069.1. †D1069.1. Magic handkerchief. Korean: Zong in-Sob 91f.

D1069.2. †D1069.2. Magic feather dress.

D1070. †D1070. Magic ornaments. Tawney I 300, II 150; De Cock Studien 156; Encyc. Rel. Ethics III 392--472. --Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1071. †D1071. Magic jewel (jewels). **J. Evans Magic Jewels of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (Oxford, 1922); **G. F. Kunz The Magic of Jewels and Charms (Philadelphia, 1915); **R. Grötzinger Das Geheimnis der Amulette und Talismane (Leipzig, 1919); **R. H. Laarsz Talismanische Magie (Leipzig, 1920); **E. Am. W. Budge Amulets and Superstitions (Oxford, 1930); *Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 374; *Penzer III 167, VIII 172ff., 195 n. 1; *Chauvin V 4, 293 No. 443; *Reinhard PMLA XXXVIII 434 n. 32. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Ferguson 149, Eberhard FFC CXX 25, 67, 105.

D1071.0.1. †D1071.0.1. Jewels produced by magic. *Type 403. --Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 nn. 190, 190a, 190b.

D1071.1. †D1071.1. Magic beads. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chapelet".

D1072. †D1072. Magic hair ornaments.

D1072.1. †D1072.1. Magic comb. See references to †D672; in a large proportion of the occurrences of that motif (Obstacle flight) the comb is one of the magic objects thrown. Köhler-Bolte I 177.

D1072.2. †D1072.2. Magic hairpin. Chinese: Werner 264.

D1072.3. †D1072.3. Magic brooch. Penzer I 26.

D1073. †D1073. Magic necklace. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 261, 263, *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer III 30f.

D1074. †D1074. Magic bracelet. *Chauvin VI 107 No. 272 n. 4; Chinese: Werner 308f.

D1075. †D1075. Magic bangle. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Vai): Ellis 235 No. 36.

D1076. †D1076. Magic ring. *Types 400, 554*, 560, 665; *Aarne MSFO XXV 43; *Bolte Reise der Söhne Giaffers 214; *Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 439f. nn. 49--58; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XX 66; Köhler-Bolte I 110f., 308ff.; *Fb "ring" III 60ab, "ønske" III 1178b; **A. Stern Hessische Blätter für Volkskunde XXX 106; *Chauvin V 229 No. 130, VI 108 Nos. 272, 273; Penzer I 26, VI 73; Bédier Fabliaux 442; Herbert III 207; *Oesterley No. 10. --Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 172, *Cross; English: Wells (King Horn) 9, 11 (Horne Childe and Maiden Rimnild), 65 (Ywain and Gawain), Child I 189f.; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Breton: *Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bague"; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Arabian: Burton Nights VI 243, VII 283, X 1--54, S III 51, 72, 136ff., S V 245; Chinese: Werner 331, Eberhard FFC CXX 67; Sumatran: Dixon 163; Africa (Wakweli): Bender 106.

D1077. †D1077. Magic fan. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 242, 245, 359, 361f., Graham; Japanese: Ikeda.

D1078. †D1078. Magic chain (ornament). Wesselski Märchen 174 No. 64; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1078.1. †D1078.1. Magic blue ribbon. (Cf. †D1835.4.) French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D1079. †D1079. Magic ornaments -- miscellaneous.

D1079.1. †D1079.1. Magic crown. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D1079.2. †D1079.2. Magic diadem. Jewish: Neuman.

D1079.3. †D1079.3. Magic ornamental breastplate. (Cf. †D1101.3.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1080. †D1080. Magic weapons. Irish: *Cross, Plummer clxxxv; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Wells 132 (Sir Launfal); Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Hindu: Keith 152; Chinese: Werner 161.

D1081. †D1081. Magic sword. **Burton Sword; *Types 328, 611, 665; *Fb "sværd" III 690ab; *MacCulloch Childhood 202; *Chauvin VI 66 No. 233; Gaster FL II 57; Penzer I 109 n. 1, IV 235f., VI 28 n. 2, 72 n. 1, VIII 154 n. 2. --Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 191, 197f.; Irish: O'Suilleabhain 63, Beal XXI 324, Plummer clxxxv, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala runes 12, 36, 39; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "épée"; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508*; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 197; English: Wells 115 (Sir Eglamour of Artois); Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 63 n. 4; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Arabian: Burton Nights IV 176, VI 221f., 230, VII 41, 44, S VI 221f., 426, S VII 257; IndoChinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 303; Chinese: Werner 121, 236; Korean: Zong in-Sob 59; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 354; S. Am. Indian (Mataco): Métraux MAFLS XL 132.

D1081.1. †D1081.1. Sword of magic origin. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 197; Irish myth: Cross; Indo-Chinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 303.

D1082. †D1082. Magic saber. Type 308*, 576***; *Chauvin V 230 No. 130, 259 No. 154 n. 1. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "sabre".

D1083. †D1083. Magic knife. *Type 576**, 576******. --Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 68, Rasmussen I 230; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 127, 211.

D1083.1. †D1083.1. Magic poignard (dagger). *Basset 1001 Contes I 143; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "poignard".

D1084. †D1084. Magic spear. (Cf. †D1086.) MacCulloch Childhood 203; Greek: Fox 72 (Prokris); Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Gaster Thespis 158; Hindu: Keith 140; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 316, 355; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 492; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 192; Africa (Benga): Nassau 177 No. 24, (Duala): Lederbogen Märchen V 138.

D1084.1. †D1084.1. Magic spear-head. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 198f.; Africa (Benga): Nassau 177 No. 24 (version 1).

D1085. †D1085. Magic javelin. Hindu: Tawney I 166.

D1086. †D1086. Magic lance. *Gaster FL II 57; Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh MacCulloch Celtic 202; Jewish: Neuman.

D1087. †D1087. Magic sling. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1091. †D1091. Magic bow. *Type 592; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Fox 139 (Odysseus); Hindu: Penzer IV 55; Chinese: Werner 312; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 213; S. Am. Indian (Mataco): Métraux MAFLS XL 99.

D1092. †D1092. Magic arrow. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130; Köhler-Bolte I 554. --Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "flèches"; Greek: Pauly-Wissowa s. v. "Anaphe", Fox 84, 131; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Tawney I 166, 358, 438; Chinese: Werner 182, 312; Chinese-Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 185; Hawaii: Dixon 75; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 315 n. 145a, 333 n. 203, 356 n. 287b, (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 318 No. 58, 514 No. 109, (Cree, Menominee): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 37, Rink 316; S. Am. Indian (Jibaro, Eastern Equador): Boas JAFL XXXII 446 (from Karsten Myths of the Jibaros), (Mataco): Métraux MAFLS XL 99, 132, (Toba): ibid. 77; Africa (Fang): Einstein 71, (Vai): Ellis 191 No. 8; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 277 No. 89.

D1092.0.1. †D1092.0.1. Magic arrow makes five wounds. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1092.1. †D1092.1. Magic quiver. Hindu: Penzer IV 54.

D1093. †D1093. Magic missile. Hindu: Meyer Hindu 75 n.; Fuegian: Alexander Lat. Am. 340; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 356 n. 287b.

D1093.1. †D1093.1. Boomerang effect of hurled missiles caused by a saint. *Loomis White Magic 131.

D1093.1.1. †D1093.1.1. Arrows returned upon those who shoot saint. *Loomis White Magic 114.

D1094. †D1094. Magic cudgel (club). *Types 563, 534*; BP I 349ff.; *MacCulloch Childhood 214; Aarne MSFO XXVII 1--96; Gaster Thespis 158, Oldest Stories 231; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 196; Tonga: Gifford 178; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 336 n. 214; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 75; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 44 No. 4; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 248 No. 25.

D1095. †D1095. Magic hammer (Mjölnir). Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 78ff.

D1096. †D1096. Magic firearms.

D1096.1. †D1096.1. Magic gun. *Type 304, 594*; *Fb "bøsse" IV 86b, "skyde" III 345b. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "fusil"; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330.

D1096.2. †D1096.2. Magic pistol. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "pistolet".

D1096.3. †D1096.3. Magic bullet. Fb "sølvknap", "sølvkugle" III 737a; Japanese: Ikeda.

D1097. †D1097. Magic battle-axe. Chinese: Werner 196.

D1101. †D1101. Magic armor. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Korean: Zong in-Sob 64; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 16.

D1101.1. †D1101.1. Magic shield. Andrews MPh. IX 27, 32. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508*A; Jewish: Neuman; N. Am. Indian (Seneca): Curtin 5.

D1101.2. †D1101.2. Magic cuirass. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No.

D1101.3. †D1101.3. Magic breastplate. Irish myth: Cross.

D1101.4. †D1101.4. Magic helmet. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 47 n. 3.

D1101.5. †D1101.5. Magic scabbard. Jewish: *Neuman.

D1101.6. †D1101.6. Magic yoke.

D1102. †D1102. Magic trident. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1110. †D1110. Magic conveyances.

D1523.2.6. †D1523.2.6. Bundle of wood magically acts as riding-horse.

D1111. †D1111. Magic carriage. *Chauvin V 229 No. 130.

D1111.1. †D1111.1. Carriage produced by magic. Saintyves Perrault 151ff.;

D1112. †D1112. Magic cart. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "charette".

D1113. †D1113. Magic wagon. *Type 675; *Fb "vogn" III 1078a.

D1114. †D1114. Magic chariot. *Chauvin V 229; Loomis White Magic 35f.; Jones PMLA XXIII 574; *Fb "guldkaret" I 513b. --Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Fox 115, 119, 213, *Frazer Apollodorus I 38 n. 2; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Keith 108, Penzer IV 3ff., 8ff.

D1115. †D1115. Magic sleigh. Fb "kane".

D1118. †D1118. Magic airships. *BP III 273. --Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14d.

D1118.1. †D1118.1. Magic air-riding basket. Cox Cinderella 323; N. Am. Indian (Atsina): Curtis N. Am. Indian V 123.

D1121. †D1121. Magic boat. (Cf. †D1123.) *Barry JAFL XXVIII 195. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Arabian: Burton Nights I 242f.; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 150; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 154, 300, 417, Holm 43, Rasmussen III 102, 294, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 26, 171, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 500, (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XXII 17, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 41, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 181, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 628; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14a.

D1121.0.1. †D1121.0.1. Boat made by magic. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bateau"; Finnish: Kalevala rune 16.

D1121.1. †D1121.1. Magic hollow-log boat. N. Am. Indian: Thompson Tales 275 n. 14e.

D1122. †D1122. Magic canoe. (Cf. †D1121.) Marquesas: Handy 46; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14e.

D1122.1. †D1122.1. Canoe made by magic. Polynesian, Melanesian, Indonesian: Dixon 68 nn. *39, *40; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14b; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 192.

D1123. †D1123. Magic ship. (Cf. †D1121.) *Fb "skib" III 242b, 243ab; *Chauvin V 201 No. 117 n. 1; cf. Cox Cinderella 159, 480 n. 11. --Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 192; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "navire"; English: Child IV 376--380, V 275f., 484 s. v. "Jonah"; Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 30, 39; Greek: Fox 138, *Frazer Apollodorus I 109 n. 4.

D1124. †D1124. Magic oar. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "aviron"; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 153, 157.

D1124.1. †D1124.1. Magic paddle. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1131. †D1131. Magic castle. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "château"; English: Wells 17 (Reinbrun, Gy sone of Warwike); Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408A*.

D1131.1. †D1131.1. Castle produced by magic. *Type 554, 560, 561, 675, 512*; *Aarne MSFO XXV 44; *BP II 455ff., 547ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1132. †D1132. Magic palace. Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408*A; English: Wells 145 (Parthenope of Blois); India: Thompson-Balys Tawney I 257.

D1132.1. †D1132.1. Palace produced by magic. *Chauvin V 63 No. 19. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 183.

D1133. †D1133. Magic house. *Fb "hus" I 686b. --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1133.1. †D1133.1. House created by magic. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; N. Am. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 349 No. 60, 392 No. 70; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 77.

D1133.1.1. †D1133.1.1. Magic house made by prayer. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1134. †D1134. Magic church (temple).

D1134.1. †D1134.1. Church produced by magic. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1136. †D1136. Magic fort.

D1136.1. †D1136.1. Fort produced by magic. Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "fort".

D1138. †D1138. Magic tent. *Chauvin VI 135 No. 286 n. 1; Icelandic: Hjálmthèrs Saga ok Ölvis 468; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen II 365, No. 114.

D1141. †D1141. Magic room.

D1141.1. †D1141.1. Magic kitchen. Hindu: Tawney II 226.

D1144. †D1144. Magic stairs. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330.

D1145. †D1145. Magic windows. Type 329; BP III 366.

D1146. †D1146. Magic door (gate). Jewish: *Neuman; N. Am. Indian (Shasta): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 216 No. 6.

D1146.1. †D1146.1. Magic doorstep. Chinese: Graham.

D1147. †D1147. Magic hearth. Irish myth: Cross.

D1148. †D1148. Magic tomb. Jewish: Neuman.

D1149. †D1149. Magic buildings and parts -- miscellaneous.

D1149.1. †D1149.1. Store, fully supplied, produced by magic. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1149.2. †D1149.2. Magic tower. Jewish: Neuman.

D1149.3. †D1149.3. Magic house-pillars. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 442.

D1150. †D1150. Magic furniture. BP II 527.

D1151. †D1151. Magic seat. *BP II 188. --Icelandic: De la Saussaye 286, Hrólfs saga Kraka ch. 33, *Boberg.

D1151.1. †D1151.1. Magic bench. *Type 330.

D1151.2. †D1151.2. Magic chair. *BP II 188; *Chauvin V 229 No. 130. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chaise"; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 322 No. 92; Greek: Fox 206, Frazer Apollodorus II 152 No. 4; Jewish: Neuman.

D1153. †D1153. Magic table. *Types 563, 564; BP I 346ff.; *Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96 passim, MSFO XXV 118; *Köhler-Bolte I 109; *Chauvin V 272 No. 154. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; English: Wells 32 (Layamon's Brut); Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297 No. 28.

D1153.1. †D1153.1. Magic tablecloth. *Type 569, 851, 853; BP I 464ff.; *Aarne MSFO XXV 118; Penzer I 25f. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "serviette".

D1154. †D1154. Magic couch.

D1154.1. †D1154.1. Magic bed. German: Grimm No. 4; Irish: O'Suilleabhain 57; Jewish: Neuman.

D1154.1.1. †D1154.1.1. Magic bed-legs.

D1154.2. †D1154.2. Magic sofa. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1154.3. †D1154.3. Magic hammock. Africa (Vai): Ellis 200 No. 18.

D1154.3.1. †D1154.3.1. Magic swing.

D1154.3.2. †D1154.3.2. Magic palanquin.

D1154.4. †D1154.4. Magic divan. (Cf. †D1310.8.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1154.5. †D1154.5. Magic pillow. Papua: Ker 109.

D1155. †D1155. Magic carpet. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130; Fb "luftrejse" II 457a. --Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 111 No. 39; Chinese: Werner 192; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 62.

D1156. †D1156. Magic throne. Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1157. †D1157. Magic platform. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1158. †D1158. Magic key. *Type 531.

D1161. †D1161. Magic stove. *Fb "ovn" II 774a.

D1162. †D1162. Magic light. *Types 328, 562; *Thompson CColl II 361ff.; *Fb "lys"; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1162.1. †D1162.1. Magic lamp. *Types 561, 301C*; *BP II 544ff. --Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 45.

D1162.2. †D1162.2. Magic candle. Type 301C*; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1162.2.1. †D1162.2.1. Hand-of-glory. Magic candle made of criminal's hand. *Kittredge Witchcraft 144f., 463 nn. 50, 55; Penzer III 150; Baker AA old ser. I 51ff.; *Fb "tyvefinger"; *Taylor JAFL XXXI 561. --Irish myth: Cross; England, Ireland, Wales: *Baughman.

D1163. †D1163. Magic mirror. *Type 709; *BP I 450, 463; *Bolte Reise der Söhne Giaffers 202f.; *Chauvin VIII 191 No. 228; Köhler-Bolte I 334; *Handwb. d. Abergl. IX Nachträge 565--577; *Fb "spejl" III 481a; *MacCulloch Childhood 34--37; *Cox Cinderella 483; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 232. --Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 244, 331; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 111 No. 39; Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 62; Africa (Vai): Ellis 200 No. 18, (Fjort): Dennett 60 No. 12, (Angola): Chatelain 43, (Mpongwe): Nassau 15 No. 1.

D1164. †D1164. Magic lock.

D1166. †D1166. Magic altar. Jewish: Neuman.

D1167. †D1167. Magic quilt.

D1170. †D1170. Magic utensils and implements. Penzer IV 248.

D1171. †D1171. Magic vessel. Fb "tønde" III 934b. --Irish: Plummer clxxxv, *Cross.

D1171.1. †D1171.1. Magic pot. *Types 565, 591; *Fb "potte" II 866f.; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 26ff; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107, 272; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 220 No. 33, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 40f. No. 4.

D1171.1.1. †D1171.1.1. Magic coffee-pot. Fb "tønde" III 934b.

D1171.2. †D1171.2. Magic cauldron. Brown MPh XIV 385. --Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 95, 101, 110; Hindu: Penzer VII 224f.

D1171.3. †D1171.3. Magic kettle. *Fb "gryde" I 494b. --Japanese: Mitford 175ff.; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 349 n. 257.

D1171.4. †D1171.4. Magic pitcher. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130; Penzer V 3 n. 1; Chinese: Graham.

D1171.5. †D1171.5. Magic can. Fb "kande".

D1171.6. †D1171.6. Magic cup. Type 301C*; *Fb "sølvbæger" III 736b, "tønde" III 934b, "ønske" III 1178b, "bæger" IV 83a; *Loomis and Lindsay Magic Horn and Cup in Celtic and Grail Tradition (Romanische Forschungen XLV [1931] 66); *Boberg Des Knaben Wunderhorn-Oldenburgerhornet (Festskrift til L. L. Hammerich [København, 1952] 53). --Irish: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 171; Welsh: ibid. 202f.; Manx: Hartland Science 156f.; Greek: Fox 86; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Penzer I 25.

D1171.6.1. †D1171.6.1. Magic tankard. Chinese: Werner 382.

D1171.6.2. †D1171.6.2. Magic goblet (glass). *Fb "tønde" III 934b. --Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 213 n. 2.

D1171.6.3. †D1171.6.3. Magic drinking horn. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 593, 596, *Boberg.

D1171.6.4. †D1171.6.4. Magic chalice. Jewish: Neuman.

D1171.7. †D1171.7. Magic vase: *Chauvin V 259 No. 154; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 348.

D1171.7.1. †D1171.7.1. Magic jar. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 50f.

D1171.8. †D1171.8. Magic bottle. *Köhler-Bolte II 471; *Fb "flaske" I 309a; Hartland Science 142. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bouteille", "flacon"; Chinese: Werner 202.

D1171.8.1. †D1171.8.1. Magic cruet. Irish myth: Cross.

D1171.9. †D1171.9. Magic barrel (cask). *Fb "styrke" III 630a, "tønde" III 934b. --Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297 No. 6.

D1171.10. †D1171.10. Magic bucket. Chinese: Werner 221, 233.

D1171.11. †D1171.11. Magic basket. Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 192; Chinese: Werner 233; Tonga: Gifford 113.

D1171.12. †D1171.12. Magic basin. *BP II 40 n. 2.

D1171.13. †D1171.13. Magic chamber-pot. *BP II 40 n. 2; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 452.

D1171.14. †D1171.14. Magic tub. Irish myth: Cross.

D1171.15. †D1171.15. Magic urn. Irish myth: Cross.

D1172. †D1172. Magic dish. English: Child I 126.

D1172.1. †D1172.1. Magic plate. *Fb "tønde" III 934b.

D1172.2. †D1172.2. Magic bowl. Irish myth: Cross.

D1173. †D1173. Magic carving knife. (Cf. †D1083.) Magic knife (weapon). English: Child I 266; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 293 n. 1.

D1173.1. †D1173.1. Magic razor. Chinese: Werner 366; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 45 (version B).

D1174. †D1174. Magic box. *Type 561; Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19, 489; *Chauvin V 230 No. 130. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "boîte", "coffre"; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 161; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 67; Japanese: Ikeda; N. Am. Indian (Micmac, Maliseet): Thompson CColl II 398f.; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 185, (Angola): Chatelain 45.

D1174.1. †D1174.1. Magic box containing castle. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *320.

D1175. †D1175. Magic match. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "briquet".

D1175.1. †D1175.1. Magic tinder. Fb. "fyrtøj" I 390b. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "amadou".

D1175.2. †D1175.2. Magic fire-steel (flint, strike-a-light). *Type 562.

D1176. †D1176. Magic key. Fb "nøgle"; Irish: O'Suilleabhain 27, 29, Beal XXI 309; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 221.

D1177. †D1177. Magic spoon.

D1181. †D1181. Magic needle. *Type 585; Fb "synål"; Köhler-Bolte I 187. --Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "aiguille"; Jewish: Neuman.

D1182. †D1182. Magic pin. *Type 400; *Basset 1001 Contes I 143.

D1183. †D1183. Magic scissors (shears). Köhler-Bolte I 187; Fb "saks" III 143a. --Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Werner 158; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 45 (Version B).

D1184. †D1184. Magic thread. Köhler-Bolte I 187; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 152.

D1184.1. †D1184.1. Magic ball of thread. *Köhler-Bolte I 407; Fb "nøgle".

D1184.2. †D1184.2. Magic string. Penzer VI 59ff.

D1185. †D1185. Magic shuttle. *Type 585.

D1186. †D1186. Magic spindle. *Types 410, 585; Saintyves Perrault 62.

D1187. †D1187. Magic awl. BP II 527. --Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 267; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "alène".

D1187.1. †D1187.1. Magic auger. Icelandic: Snorra Edda Skaldsk. II, Boberg.

D1188. †D1188. Magic hone. Icelandic: Snorra Edda Skaldsk. II, Boberg.

D1192. †D1192. Magic purse. *Types 564, 566, 580*; *Aarne MSFO XXV 116; *Fb "pung", "Fortunatus". --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bourse", Hartland Science 174; Arabian: Burton Nights I 215; Hindu: Penzer I 20 n, 25ff.

D1193. †D1193. Magic bag (sack). *Types 330, 563, 564; *Chauvin V 272 No. 154; Fb "ransel" "pose". --Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "blague"; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 314f. No. 114, 322 No. 92; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 28. --N. Am. Indian (Ojibwa, Potawatomi): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.

D1193.1. †D1193.1. Magic bag made from skin of crane (transformed woman). Irish myth: *Cross.

D1194. †D1194. Magic umbrella. Chinese: Werner 12, 242.

D1195. †D1195. Magic soap. Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 277.

D1196. †D1196. Magic net. Africa (Benga): Nassau 186 No. 24 version 2.

D1202. †D1202. Magic anvil. Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "enclume"; Chinese: Graham.

D1203. †D1203. Magic rope. *Type 559; *BP II 539; Chinese: Werner 348; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 216; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 402.

D1204. †D1204. Magic hoe. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 363.

D1205. †D1205. Magic shovel. Fb "skovl", "redskab".

D1205.1. †D1205.1. Magic spade. Fb "redskab", "spade"; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 3.

D1206. †D1206. Magic axe. *Fb "styrke" III 630a, "redskab" III 30a, "økse" III 1171b. --Icelandic: Bósa Saga 58; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1055; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107; Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 468.

D1206.1. †D1206.1. Magic sickle. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1207. †D1207. Magic wheel. *Fb "hjul"; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1207.1. †D1207.1. Destructive "rolling wheel" of druid. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1208. †D1208. Magic whip. Fb "pisk". --Chinese: Werner 161.

D1209. †D1209. Miscellaneous utensils and implements.

D1209.1. †D1209.1. Magic bridle. Greek: Fox 40.

D1209.2. †D1209.2. Magic saddle. *Fb "guldsadel" I 514b, "ønske" III 1178b.

D1209.3. †D1209.3. Magic plow. Fb "plov"; Irish myth: Cross.

D1209.4. †D1209.4. Magic hammer. Type 308*; Jewish: Neuman; Korean: Zong in-Sob 144.

D1209.5. †D1209.5. Magic fish-hook.

D1209.6. †D1209.6. Magic thong. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 267.

D1209.7. †D1209.7. Magic game board (chessboard). Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1209.8. †D1209.8. Magic broom. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 152.

D1210. †D1210. Magic musical instruments. Finnish: Kalevala rune 41; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 176 No. 25.

D1211. †D1211. Magic drum. India: Thompson-Balys; Indo-Chinese: Scott 283; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 96; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 47, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 90 No. 16, (Benga): Nassau 113 No. 11.

D1212. †D1212. Magic rattle. Ibo (Nigeria): Thomas 119.

D1213. †D1213. Magic bell. Fb "kirkeklokke"; *Thompson CColl II 348, 358, 363. --Irish: Plummer clxxvi--clxxvii, *Cross, Beal XXI 328, O'Suilleabhain 88; English: Child I 173, 231, III 235, 244, 519f.; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "cloche"; Jewish: *Neuman; Thompson River: Teit JAFL XXIX 320 No. 11.

D1213.1. †D1213.1. Magic gong. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1221. †D1221. Magic trumpet. *Aarne MSFO XXV 117; Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 62.

D1222. †D1222. Magic horn (musical). *Types 566, 569, 592; *BP I 464ff., 470ff., II 470ff.; *Aarne MSFO XXV 117. --Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child I 15--17, 23, 55, 367; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1223. †D1223. Magic clarinet. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "clarinette".

D1223.1. †D1223.1. Magic flute. (Cf. †D1224.) *Type 780; *Fb "fløjte". --Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Ibo (Nigeria): Thomas 146.

D1224. †D1224. Magic pipe (musical). *Aarne MSFO XXV 117; *Fb "rotte" III 83a, "ønske" III 1178b; *Type 570, 515*; Penzer III 187. --English: Child I 47; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "pipe"; N. Am. Indian (Central Algonquin): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.

D1224.1. †D1224.1. Magic flageolet. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 75 No. 594*.

D1225. †D1225. Magic whistle. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "sifflet"; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Missouri French: Carrière.

D1225.1. †D1225.1. Magic mouth harp. Chinese: Graham.

D1231. †D1231. Magic harp. Hertz Spielmannsbuch 71, 363; *Fb "harpe" IV 201b; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child V 482 s. v. "harp"; Greek: Grote I 214; Jewish: Neuman.

D1231.1. †D1231.1. Magic lyre. Greek: Fox 44 (Amphion).

D1232. †D1232. Magic lute. Hindu: Tawney I 338 n; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 192, II 859.

D1233. †D1233. Magic violin (fiddle). *Types 559, 577, 592, 851, 853; Fb "fiol" I 293b, "spille" III 488a; Basset RTP XXVI 266; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "violon"; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer III 187 n. 3; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 280 No. 91; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 97, 100 No. 18.

D1233.1. †D1233.1. Magic musical bow. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1234. †D1234. Magic guitar. Chinese: Werner 121; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 231, 278.

D1239. †D1239. Magic musical instruments -- miscellaneous.

D1240. †D1240. Magic waters and medicines. *Types 331, 513, 551, 576****; *Penzer III 60ff. --Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "guérison"; Greek: Fox 72 (Minos), 112 (Medea and Jason); Arabian: Burton Nights I 124, III 259, V 394, IX 204, S VI 328; Hindu: Tawney I 265, 360, 534, 554, II 4ff., 208, 211; Chinese: Werner 275ff.; Africa (Benga): Nassau 208 No. 33.

D1241. †D1241. Magic medicine (= charm). Hindu: Tawney II 165; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Benga): Nassau 100, 139, 178, 208 Nos. 7, 15, 24 (version 1), 33, (Ekoi): Talbot 34, 178, 344, 359, (Hottentot): Bleek 55 No. 24, (Zanzibar): Bateman 204 No. 10, (Fang): Nassau 242 No. 9, (Basuto): Jacottet 212 No. 31.

D1242. †D1242. Magic fluid. See references for †D1040. --Chinese: Werner 216.

D1242.1. †D1242.1. Magic water. (Note: here are included all references to magic water, whether as a remedy or as another type of magic agent). *Types 590, 613; *Christiansen FFC XXIV 79; *Chauvin VI 202; *Fb "vand", "livets vand"; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) Nos. 34, 328; Köhler-Bolte I 118, 143; Morgan MPh. VI 331; Nitze MPh. VII 145; *MacCulloch Childhood 67ff. --Irish: Plummer cl, clxxviii, clxxx, *Cross, O'Suilleabhain 69, Beal XXI 325; Icelandic: Göngu Hrolfs Saga 309, Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; Babylonian: Spence 178; Arabian: Burton Nights S VI 213; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 28, III 227f., VI 5, 8, 62; Chinese: Werner 205. --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 354 n. 279; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 47.

D1242.1.1. †D1242.1.1. Baptismal water as magic object. *Kittredge Witchcraft 150f., 470 nn. 117--125; England: Baughman.

D1242.1.2. †D1242.1.2. Holy water as magic object. Kittredge Witchcraft 124ff., 449f. nn. 1--33 passim; Irish myth: *Cross; England: Baughman.

D1242.2. †D1242.2. Magic potion. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Þorsteinssaga Vikingssona (FAS II) 394, Flateyarbók I 279, *Boberg; English: Wells 80 (Sir Tristrem), 145 (Parthenope of Blois), Child V 305b; Greek: Fox 200 (Phaon), *Grote I 219; Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 55 No. 24.

D1242.3. †D1242.3. Magic drops. Type 576*****; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1242.4. †D1242.4. Magic oil. India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: *Neuman.

D1243. †D1243. Magic pill. *Chauvin VIII 133 No. 126; India: Thompson-Balys, Meyer Hindu 193, Penzer II 183 n. 1, III 75f, VII 40 n. 1, 41ff., 222f.; Chinese: Werner 134, 159, 184f., 275ff., Eberhard FFC CXX 162.

D1244. †D1244. Magic salve (ointment). *Type 611: *Fb "salve" III 150b, "øje" III 1166b; Chauvin V 41 No. 388, 146 No. 72; Penzer IV 90 n. 1, IX 45 n. 1; Griffith MLN XXV 102. --Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "onguent"; Greek: Roscher Lexikon s. v. "Achilleus" I 24, *Grote I 219; Chinese: Werner 276f., 281f; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 219 No. 73.

D1245. †D1245. Magic perfume. *Chauvin V 10 No. 7, 60 No. 19 n. 1.

D1246. †D1246. Magic powder. Type 726*; Chauvin VI 8 No. 273. --India: Thompson-Balys. Tawney I 378; Chinese: Werner 375; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 214 No. 73; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 142 No. 20.

D1248. †D1248. Human liver as medicine. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1250. †D1250. Miscellaneous magic objects.

D1251. †D1251. Magic chain (iron).

D1251.1. †D1251.1. Iron chain made by magic. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chaine".

D1252. †D1252. Magic metal. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1252.1. †D1252.1. Magic steel. Fb "stål" III 647b; Penzer II 106 n. 4.

D1252.1.1. †D1252.1.1. Magic iron. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1252.1.2. †D1252.1.2. Magic nails. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1252.2. †D1252.2. Magic copper. *Zingerle 589.

D1252.3. †D1252.3. Magic gold.

D1254. †D1254. Magic staff. (Cf. †D1277.) *Fb "kjæp" II 150--151, "stav" III 541b. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 84, 111, *Boberg; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 302 No. 6; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 III 19, *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 22ff., IX 68f.; Chinese: Graham; Hawaii: Dixon 90; Marquesas: Handy 134; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 145, (Upoto): Einstein 142f., (Bakuba): ibid. 100.

D1254.1. †D1254.1. Magic wand. *MacCulloch Childhood 205ff.; *Bolte Reise der Söhne Giaffers 221; Saintyves Perrault 63; *Cox Cinderella 485. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Corpus Poeticum Boreale I 115; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "baguette", "sommeil", "navigation"; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 510; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 324, 326. --N. Am. Indian (Passamaquoddy): Leland 127, (Chilcotin): Farrand JE II 44 No. 30, (Bella Coola): Boas JE I 54, 57, (Kwakiutl): Boas and Hunt JE III 356, (Mandan): Curtis N. Am. Indian V 39ff., (Salishan): Boas Proc. Am. Philosophical Soc. XXXIV 38.

D1254.1.1. †D1254.1.1. Magic pair of sticks. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1254.2. †D1254.2. Magic rod. (Cf. †D1254.1.) Fb "pilegren"; Krappe MLN LVIII (1943) 515ff. --Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Penzer I 22ff.; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 87, 107; Hawaii: *Beckwith Myth 466; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 129, (Zulu): Callaway 307.

D1254.3. †D1254.3. Magic pestle. Chinese: Eberhard 221; Africa (Tim): Frobenius Atlantis XI 224ff. No. 38, (Fang): Einstein 151.

D1254.4. †D1254.4. Magic trident. Greek: *Grote I 180.

D1255. †D1255. Magic tube. *Chauvin VI 133 No. 286 n. 2.

D1256. †D1256. Magic ball. *Chauvin V 87 No. 27 n. 2, VII 98 No. 375 n. 3. --Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "boule"; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 315 n. 145b, Thompson CColl II 331 (Osage).

D1257. †D1257. Magic fishhook. Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "hameçon"; Maori: Dixon 43, Clark 153; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 420.

D1258. †D1258. Magic bridge. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1258.1. †D1258.1. Bridge made by magic. *Types 313, 314; Köhler-Bolte I 195. --Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "pont"; Chinese: Werner 213; Japanese: Ikeda; N. Am. Indian (Cherokee): Mooney RBAE XIX 319 No. 67, (Quinault): Farrand JE II 115 No. 10.

D1261. †D1261. Magic cigar. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408*A.

D1262. †D1262. Magic grinding-stone. Gold Coast: Barker and Sinclair 81 No. 13.

D1262.1. †D1262.1. Magic millstone. Chinese: Eberhard 107.

D1263. †D1263. Magic mill. *Type 565; BP II 439; Fb "salt", "havet", "kværn" *Dh II 155; Gering Festschrift für Eugen Mogh 37. --Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross.

D1264. †D1264. Magic sphere. *Chauvin V 259 No. 154.

D1266. †D1266. Magic book. *Chauvin V 135, 262, 295; Type 611; *Fb "Cyprianus" I 166--7, "bog", "Cyprian" IV 88f.; Hartland Science 199. --Irish: Plummer clxxviii, *Cross; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297 No. 29, 314 No. 102; Norwegian: Christiansen Norske Eventyr 90; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Penzer I 37 n. 2, 129f.

D1266.1. †D1266.1. Magic writings (gramerye, runes). Child I 28, 48, 362, 391f., II 53ff., 506a; *Hdwb d. Abergl. I 1225; Krappe The Sending (Scandinavian Studies XVII [1943] 297--304). --Irish myth: *Cross, Beal XXI 311, O'Suilleabhain 33; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 46f., 295ff., *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman.

D1266.1.1. †D1266.1.1. Magic ogam writing. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1266.2. †D1266.2. Magic picture. Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 1282 s. v. "Bild"; Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Bild". --Irish: O'Suilleabhain 33; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Werner 139, Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 233f.

D1266.3. †D1266.3. Magic story. Irish myth: Cross.

D1267. †D1267. Magic card. *Köhler-Bolte Zs f. Vksk. VI 62 (to Gonzenbach No. 10); --German Grimm No. 82.

D1268. †D1268. Magic statue (doll). Basset RTP XXVI 22 (and following numbers passim). --Irish: Beal XXI 312; Italian Novella: Rotunda (†D1295); Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 152; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 494.

D1271. †D1271. Magic fire. *BP I 440; *Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Waberlohe"; Panzer Sigfrid 281 s. v. "Waberlohe"; Fb "ild" II 10a. --Irish: Plummer clxvi, cxxxviii, *Cross; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 601, *Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "feu"; Jewish: *Neuman; Africa (Fang): Tessman 104.

D1272. †D1272. Magic circle. *Types 810, 815; *Chauvin VII 104 No. 378; *Penzer II 98f., III 201, VI 167 n. 3; Saintyves RTP XXV 113; MacCartney Classical Weekly XXII 175 f.; *Loomis White Magic 100; Harou RTP XXV 294. --Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 237.

D1272.1. †D1272.1. Magic line. Irish: Plummer clxxv, *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 364; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 79, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 177f., (West Hudson Bay): ibid. 308f.

D1273. †D1273. Magic formula (charm). *Types 676, 677; DeCock Studien 156; Encyc. Religion and Ethics III 392; *Chauvin V 10 No. 7, 60 No. 19 n. 1; *Grendon JAFL XXII 105ff.; *Ohrt Danmarks Trylleformler, ibid. Trylleord Fremmede og Danske; *Hestesko FFC XIX; *Kittredge Witchcraft 31f., 386ff. nn. 71, 72, 90, 104; *Fb "Læsning" II 502f.; Penzer I 138ff. --Irish: Plummer cl, clxxix, *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "charme", "blessure"; English: Child I 28, 48, 55, 391f., II 441, 445, 450; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 16; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 84 No. 746; Finnish: Kalevala runes 16, 26; Estonian: Loorits Grundzüge I 288f; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 300 No. 10; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys. --Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 9, 61; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 101, 143, (Kaffir): Theal 41 No. 2, 45 No. 2, 30 No. 1, 125, (Ekoi): Talbot 401, (Yoruba): Ellis 253 No. 4, 271, (Basuto): Jacottet 100 No. 15, (Angola): Chatelain 183ff. No. 22. --Eskimo: Rink 107 No. 3.

D1273.0.1. †D1273.0.1. Charm written in blood has magic power. (Cf. †D1003.) Fb "blod" IV 47b.

D1273.0.2. †D1273.0.2. Magic spells mixed with Christian prayers. *Kittredge Witchcraft 146, 465 n. 64; *Fb "Fader Vor" I 260. --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1273.0.3. †D1273.0.3. Charm sung over flesh chewed by wizard has magic power. Irish myth: Cross.

D1273.0.4. †D1273.0.4. Charm chanted standing on one foot with one eye shut, etc. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1273.0.5. †D1273.0.5. Charm containing name of God. Jewish: Neuman.

D1273.1. †D1273.1. Magic numbers. (Cf. †Z71.) Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1273.1.1. †D1273.1.1. Three as magic number. *Hdwb. d. Abergl. s. v. "Drei"; Irish myth: *Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 8f.; Jewish: Neuman.

D1273.1.1.1. †D1273.1.1.1. Three on a match (lighting cigarettes or cigars). England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1273.1.1.2. †D1273.1.1.2. Breakage of glass or crockery occurs in threes. One breakage is followed by two more. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1273.1.1.3. †D1273.1.1.3. Deaths in a community come in threes. One death is shortly followed by two more. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1273.1.1.4. †D1273.1.1.4. Three meditations on death which prevent laughter. Irish myth: Cross.

D1273.1.2. †D1273.1.2. Four as magic number. Irish myth: *Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9.

D1273.1.2.1. †D1273.1.2.1. Five as magic number. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1273.1.3. †D1273.1.3. Seven as magic number. *Fb "syv"; Irish myth: *Cross; England: Baughman; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9; Jewish: Neuman; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 338.

D1273.1.3.1. †D1273.1.3.1. Nine as magic number. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1273.1.4. †D1273.1.4. Ten as magic number. Jewish: Neuman.

D1273.1.5. †D1273.1.5. Twelve as magic number. Fb "tolv"; Gaster Thespis 369; Jewish: Neuman.

D1273.1.6. †D1273.1.6. Thirteen as magic number. Jewish: Neuman; England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1273.1.7. †D1273.1.7. Magic numbers -- miscellaneous.

D1273.1.7.1. †D1273.1.7.1. 101 as magic number. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9.

D1273.1.7.2. †D1273.1.7.2. 9999 as magic number. Persian: Carnoy 327.

D1273.2. †D1273.2. Magic secret. Finnish: Kalevala rune 20.

D1273.3. †D1273.3. Bible texts as magic spells. *Kittredge Witchcraft 146, 465 nn. 66, 67, 70; Jewish: *Neuman.

D1273.4. †D1273.4. Magic measurement (height of Christ). Irish myth: Cross.

D1273.5. †D1273.5. Magic oath. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1273.6. †D1273.6. Magic alphabet. Jewish: Neuman.

D1274. †D1274. Magic fetish. *Seligmann 39. --English: Child I 28, 48, 55, 57, 391; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 56, 148, 433, Rasmussen III 100, Holm 56; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 96, (Bushmen, South of Zambesi): Theal 56; S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 38.

D1274.1. †D1274.1. Magic conjuring bag. Filled with nail parings, human hair, feet of toads, and the like. *Kittredge Witchcraft 48ff., 401f. nn. 197--208. --Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 403.

D1275. †D1275. Magic song. Fb "synge" III 706b, "Kanariefugle" II 85; Hdwb. d. Abergl. IX Nachträge 424ff.; Köhler-Bolte I 125. --Irish: Plummer clxxix, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala runes 8, 10, 12, 14, 15, 24, 40; Greek: Grote I 242; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 125; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 85, 125, (Angola): Chatelain 110ff. No. 7.

D1275.1. †D1275.1. Magic music. *Krappe Classical Journal XXI 21ff.; *Fb "spille" III 488ab; Gaster Oldest Stories 131. --Irish: *Cross; Plummer clxxii, O'Suilleabhain 54, Beal XXI 320; English: Child V 489 s. v. "music"; Greek: Fox 193 (Hermes and Argos), Frazer Apollodorus I 17 (Orpheus).

D1275.2. †D1275.2. Magic melody. (Cf. †D1275.1.) *BP II 502.

D1275.3. †D1275.3. Magic hymn. (Cf. †D1275.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1275.4. †D1275.4. Magic poem (satire).

D1276. †D1276. Magic straw. *Fb "hest" I 598b; Irish: O'Suilleabhain 98, Beal XXI 331.

D1277. †D1277. Magic bachall. (Cf. †D1254.) Irish: Plummer cl, clxxv, *Cross, O'Suilleabhain 85, Beal XXI 328.

D1277.1. †D1277.1. Magic crozier. Irish: Plummer cl, *Cross.

D1278. †D1278. Ghoulish charm. Charm made from parts of corpse or things associated with corpse. *Kittredge Witchcraft 141ff., 458ff. nn. 1--55; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 148, 173, 347, Rasmussen II 233, III 105, Holm 15, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 495.

D1278.1. †D1278.1. Magic churchyard mould. *Fb "kirkegaardsmuld", "grav"; Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 95; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1278.2. †D1278.2. Sorcerers use marrow of corpses' bones. Irish myth: Cross.

D1281. †D1281. Magic dead fish. Hindu: *Penzer I 46ff.

D1281.1. †D1281.1. Magic dead pig.

D1282. †D1282. Magic coil. Chinese: Werner 358.

D1282.1. †D1282.1. Magic knot. *Fb "vindknude"; Penzer II 189 n. 1; Jewish: Neuman.

D1282.1.1. †D1282.1.1. Druid's knot: magic defense. Irish myth: Cross.

D1282.1.2. †D1282.1.2. Magic phylactery. Jewish: Neuman.

D1282.2. †D1282.2. Magic wisp. Irish myth: Cross.

D1283. †D1283. Magic packet. Chinese: Werner 230.

D1284. †D1284. Magic dice. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 379; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 151.

D1285. †D1285. Magic spike. Chinese: Werner 123.

D1285.1. †D1285.1. Spike produced by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D1286. †D1286. Magic horseshoe. *Fb "hestesko" I 603b, IV 213b; Frazer Golden Bough XII 309 s. v. "horseshoes"; **Means-Lawrence Magic of the Horseshoe.

D1287. †D1287. Magic fly-whisk. Chinese: Werner 322.

D1288. †D1288. Magic coin. *Type 745; *Fb "vekseldaler"; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107, 152, 222; Japanese: Ikeda; N. Am. Indian (Skaulitz): Hill-Tout JAI XXXIV 374.

D1291. †D1291. Heavenly body as magic object.

D1291.1. †D1291.1. Sun as magic object. Cox Cinderella 483.

D1291.1.1. †D1291.1.1. Magic sun-ray. Jewish: Neuman.

D1291.2. †D1291.2. Star as magic object. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1291.2.1. †D1291.2.1. Sign in stars as portent. Irish myth: Cross.

D1291.2.2. †D1291.2.2. Magic star later resolves into its elements. Irish myth: Cross.

D1292. †D1292. Magic bird nest. Cox Cinderella 517.

D1293. †D1293. Magic color.

D1293.1. †D1293.1. Red as magic color. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 300 No. 6; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Gaster Oldest Stories 69; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1293.2. †D1293.2. Green as magic color. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1293.3. †D1293.3. White as magic color. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1293.4. †D1293.4. Black as magic color. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1294. †D1294. Magic footprint. *Seligmann 153; Boberg.

D1295. †D1295. Magic incense. Jewish: Neuman (†D1297).

D1296. †D1296. Sacred relic as magic object. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1297. †D1297. Magic dye. Irish myth: Cross.

D1298. †D1298. Magic firewood. Irish myth: Cross.

D1299. †D1299. Other magic objects. Irish myth: Cross.

D1299.1. †D1299.1. Magic sign (symbol, insignia). Irish myth: Cross.

D1299.2. †D1299.2. Magic sepulchre (grave). Irish myth: Cross.

D1299.3. †D1299.3. Magic cross. Irish myth: Cross.

D1299.4. †D1299.4. Magic cotton-wool.

D1299.5. †D1299.5. Magic pair of spectacles. India: Thompson-Balys.

†D1300-†D1599. Function of magic objects.


D1300. †D1300. Magic object gives supernatural wisdom.

D1300.1. †D1300.1. Hat gives magic wisdom. (Cf. †D1067.1.) *Type 328.

D1300.2. †D1300.2. Cap gives magic wisdom. (Cf. †D1067.3.) *Type 328.

D1300.3. †D1300.3. Magic well of wisdom. (Cf. †D926.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 49, Boberg.

D1300.3.1. †D1300.3.1. Streams of wisdom flow from magic well. (Cf. †D915.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1300.4. †D1300.4. Stone gives magic wisdom. (Cf. †D931.) Jewish: Neuman; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1300.5. †D1300.5. Staff gives magic wisdom. (Cf. †D1254.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1300.6. †D1300.6. Charm gives magic wisdom. (Cf. †D1273.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1300.7. †D1300.7. Fox-heart gives magic wisdom. (Cf. †D1015.1.5.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1301. †D1301. Magic object teaches animal languages. (Cf. †D1268.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1301.1. †D1301.1. Magic turf from church-roof teaches animal languages. (Cf. †D934.) *Fb "græstørv".

D1301.2. †D1301.2. Drinking blood teaches animal languages. (Cf. †D1041.) --**Scott Thumb; Panzer Sigfrid 281 s. v. "Vogelsprache". --Icelandic: Völsungasaga 45, Boberg.

D1301.3. †D1301.3. Marvelous ruby teaches bird's speech. (Cf. †D1071.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1301.4. †D1301.4. Bird's head (when eaten) teaches animal languages. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1302. †D1302. Magic object teaches magic.

D1302.1. †D1302.1. Magic axe teaches magic. (Cf. †D1206) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1305. †D1305. Magic object gives power of prophecy.

D1305.1. †D1305.1. Drop of water from Paradise gives power of prophecy. (Cf. †D1242.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1310. †D1310. Magic object gives supernatural information.

D1310.1. †D1310.1. Magic seat gives omniscience. (Cf. †D1151.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1310.2. †D1310.2. Drop from magic cauldron gives supernatural information. (Cf. †D1171.2.) --Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 110.

D1310.3. †D1310.3. Intelligent ship. (Cf. †D1123.) --Icelandic: Boberg; English: Child IV 376--80, V 275f.

D1310.4. †D1310.4. Magic object tells how another fares.

D1310.4.1. †D1310.4.1. Magic ring tells how another fares. (Cf. †D1076.) --*Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 55.

D1310.4.2. †D1310.4.2. Magic plant bears fruit to indicate that heroine is ready to marry. (Cf. †D965.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1310.4.3. †D1310.4.3. Barley plant droops if prince is in trouble. (Cf. †D965.15.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1310.5. †D1310.5. Magic staff gives supernatural information. (Cf. †D1254.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1310.6. †D1310.6. Magic charm gives knowledge. (Cf. †D1273.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1310.7. †D1310.7. Singing of wave gives supernatural information. (Cf. †D911.1.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1310.8. †D1310.8. Speaking and walking divan brings supernatural information. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1310.9. †D1310.9. Magic water gives knowledge. (Cf. †D1242.1.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1310.10. †D1310.10. Magic fruit gives supernatural knowledge.

D1310.10.1. †D1310.10.1. Magic apple gives supernatural knowledge. (Cf. †D981.1.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1310.10.2. †D1310.10.2. Magic fig gives supernatural knowledge. (Cf. †D981.5.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1310.10.3. †D1310.10.3. Magic grape gives supernatural knowledge. (Cf. †D981.8.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1310.11. †D1310.11. Magic nut gives supernatural knowledge. (Cf. †D985.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1311. †D1311. Magic object used for divination. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.1. †D1311.1. Harp struck for divination. (Cf. †D1231.) --Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 15 No. 1.

D1311.2. †D1311.2. Mirror answers questions. (Cf. †D1163, †D1323.1.) --*Type 709; *Böklen Sneewittchenstudien 70 (Leipzig, 1915); *MacCulloch Childhood 34ff.; *BP I 463; *Cox Cinderella 483. --Africa (Angola): Chatelain 29.

D1311.3. †D1311.3. Oracular fountain. (Cf. †D925.) --Irish: Plummer cli, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1311.3.1. †D1311.3.1. Spring gives omens. (Cf. †D927.) --Type 709; Böklen Sneewittchenstudien (Leipzig, 1915) 73; *Kittredge Witchcraft 34, 394 n. 116.

D1311.3.1.1. †D1311.3.1.1. Divination by water. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.4. †D1311.4. Oracular tree. (Cf. †D950.) --Irish: Plummer cliii, *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D1311.4.0.1. †D1311.4.0.1. Oracular twig. (Cf. †D953, †D1254.2, †D1311.15, †D1314.2.) --Irish myth: Cross; Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 86; Tacitus Germania Ch. 10.

D1311. †D1311. Sight of magic twigs gives foreknowledge of day's events. Irish myth: Cross.

D1311.4.0.2. †D1311.4.0.2. Falling of two trees reveals Savior's will as to separation of friends. Irish myth: Cross.

D1311.4.1. †D1311.4.1. Tree appealed to as arbitrator. Penzer V 60.

D1311.4.1.1. †D1311.4.1.1. Ash (quicken, rowan) used (by druids) for divinations. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.4.1.2. †D1311.4.1.2. Hazel used by druids for divination. (Cf. †D950.1.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.4.2. †D1311.4.2. Speaking trees give prophecy. Jewish: *bin Gorion Born Judas@2 III 140, 307.

D1311.5. †D1311.5. Oracular flame. (Cf. †D1271.) --Norwegian: Dasent Popular Tales from the Norse (New York, 1888) 261.

D1311.6. †D1311.6. Divination by heavenly bodies. (Cf. †D1291.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1311.6.0.1. †D1311.6.0.1. Divination by looking upon astrolabe. Jewish: Neuman.

D1311.6.1. †D1311.6.1. Moon (stars) answers questions. Africa (Tonga): Junod 266ff., (Swahili): Baker FL XXXVII 299f. No. 16.

D1311.6.2. †D1311.6.2. Magic cloud answers questions. (Cf. †D901.) Chinese: Graham.

D1311.6.3. †D1311.6.3. Sun answers questions. (Cf. †D1291.1.) --Type 709; *Böklen Sneewittchenstudien (Leipzig, 1915) 72; Cox Cinderella 483.

D1311.6.4. †D1311.6.4. Divination by stars. (Cf. †D1291.2.) --Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 828.

D1311.7. †D1311.7. Oracular image. (Cf. †D1268.) --*Dickson 193 (n. 75) ff.

D1311.7.1. †D1311.7.1. Oracular artificial head. (Cf. †D1268.) --*Dickson 200 n. 94, 213 n. 145.

D1311.7.2. †D1311.7.2. Oracular brazen lion. Dickson 197 n. 83.

D1311.8. †D1311.8. Divination by head (skull). (Cf. †D992, †D1610.5, †M118.) --*Dickson 201 n. 97; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 46.

D1311.8.1. †D1311.8.1. Dog's head used for divination. (Cf. †D1011.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.8.2. †D1311.8.2. Cut-off head prophesies fight. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1311.9. †D1311.9. Coconut shell answers questions. Sinks for yes, floats for no. (Cf. †D985.1.) --Sulka of New Britain: Dixon 132 and 132 n. 2.

D1311.10. †D1311.10. Divination by part of animal's body.

D1311.10.1. †D1311.10.1. Divination by shoulder-bone of sheep. (Cf. †D1013.) --*Kittredge Witchcraft 144, 462 n. 44.

D1311.10.2. †D1311.10.2. Divination from gall and liver of pig. (Cf. †D1015.2.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 19 note 1, 91.

D1311.11. †D1311.11. Oracular river. (Cf. †D915.)

D1311.11.1. †D1311.11.1. River says, "The time has come but not the man". Man thus induced to drown himself. --*Fb "tid" III 789b; *Lizbarski Am Urds-Brunnen IV 56. --England: Baughman; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 54 No. 460; Netherlands: Sinninghe FFC CXXXII 52 No. 1; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3495; Livonian: Loorits in FFC LXVI 45 No. 44f.; Estonian: Aarne in FFC XXV 136 No. 95.

D1311.12. †D1311.12. Oracular bell. (Cf. †D1213.)

D1311.12.1. †D1311.12.1. Bell sounds to designate pope. (Cf. †D1213.) --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "cloche".

D1311.13. †D1311.13. Plant used for divination. (Cf. †D965.)

D1311.13.1. †D1311.13.1. Mandrake as magic forecaster. (Cf. †D965.1, †D1314.7.1.) --*Starck; *Taylor JAFL XXXI 561f.

D1311.13.2. †D1311.13.2. Weeds used for divination. Africa (Fang): Einstein 51.

D1311.14. †D1311.14. Divination from chance reading of sacred (magic) book. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1311.15. †D1311.15. Magic rod used for divination. (Cf. †D1311.4.0.1.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.15.1. †D1311.15.1. Magic yew rod used by druid to discover whereabouts of woman carried off by fairies to underground retreat. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.16. †D1311.16. Oracular stone. (Cf. †D931.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 89.

D1311.16.0.1. †D1311.16.0.1. Saint's blessing makes stone oracular. Irish myth: Cross.

D1311.16.1. †D1311.16.1. Number of screams from stone indicates number of kings to descend from man standing upon it. Irish myth: Cross.

D1311.17. †D1311.17. Divination by magic weapon. (Cf. †D1080.)

D1311.17.1. †D1311.17.1. Magic spear gives omen of victory. (Cf. †D1084.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.17.2. †D1311.17.2. Divination by magic arrow. (Cf. †D1092.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1311.17.3. †D1311.17.3. Lance sounds when knocked on shield, except when its owner will be defeated. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1311.18. †D1311.18. Oracular ring. (Cf. †D1076.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1311.19. †D1311.19. Divination by water. (Cf. †D1242.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1311.20. †D1311.20. Oracular pubic hair. (Cf. †D991.2.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1311.21. †D1311.21. Divination by cup. (Cf. †D1171.6.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1311.22. †D1311.22. Divination from (sound of) wind. (Cf. †D906.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.23. †D1311.23. Divination with chessboard. (Cf. †D1209.7.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1312. †D1312. Magic object gives advice. *Huet 94. --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 297 n. 86b.; Africa (Bankon): Ittman 97.

D1312.1. †D1312.1. Bodily members as advisers. (Cf. †D990.) --N.A.Indian: *Thompson Tales 318 n. 150.

D1312.1.1. †D1312.1.1. Excrements as advisers. (Cf. †D1002.) --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 n. 83c.

D1312.2. †D1312.2. Magic bone gives advice. (Cf. †D1013.) --Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 192 No. 28.

D1312.3. †D1312.3. Speaking grass gives advice. (Cf. †D965.12.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1312.4. †D1312.4. Magic book gives advice. (Cf. †D1266.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1313. †D1313. Magic object points out road. *BP I 434. --Irish myth: Cross; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 297 n. 86c.

D1313.1. †D1313.1. Magic ball indicates road. Rolls ahead. (Cf. †D1256.) --Type 425; Tegethoff 43; *Chauvin V 87 No. 27 n. 2, VII 98 No. 375 n. 3; *Kittredge Gawain 170 n. 2. --Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "boule"; India: Thompson-Balys; U.S. (Ozarks): Randolph Who Blowed Up the Church House (New York, 1953) 59.

D1313.1.1. †D1313.1.1. Magic ball of thread indicates road. Rolls ahead. (Cf. †D1184.1) --*Köhler-Bolte I 407; BP I 434; Fb "nøgle".

D1313.1.2. †D1313.1.2. Magic rolling cake indicates road. (Cf. †D1031.2.) BP III 458f.; Hdwb. d. Märch. I 335a.

D1313.2. †D1313.2. Hat thrown in air indicates road. (Cf. †D1067.1.) --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chapeau".

D1313.3. †D1313.3. Copper horseman indicates road. By striking his hand one makes him turn and indicate the proper road for travelers. (Cf. †D1268, †D1626.) --Chauvin V 33 No. 16.

D1313.4. †D1313.4. Blinded trickster directed by trees. He asks them their names and by their answers he can tell where he is. (Cf. †D950.) --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 297 n. 86a.

D1313.5. †D1313.5. Magic stick indicates road. (Cf. †D1254.) --Fb "kjæp" II 151a.

D1313.5.1. †D1313.5.1. Saint's staff as an excellent pilot at sea. *Loomis White Magic 90.

D1313.5.2. †D1313.5.2. Reed as direction finder. (Cf. †D953) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1313.6. †D1313.6. Magic apple indicates road. Rolls ahead. (Cf. †D981.1.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1313.7. †D1313.7. Magic flute indicates road. (Cf. †D1223.1.) --Africa (Ibo of Nigeria): Thomas 146.

D1313.8. †D1313.8. Magic two-edged knife indicates direction. Points in proper direction; bends downward to indicate wrong direction. (Cf. †D1083.) --Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 127.

D1313.9. †D1313.9. Charm (medicine) indicates direction. (Cf. †D1241.) --Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 34.

D1313.10. †D1313.10. Magic feather indicates road. (Cf. †D1021.) --*BP II 37.

D1313.11. †D1313.11. Magic fountain indicates road for saint by removing itself. (Cf. †D925.) --Irish: Plummer cli, *Cross.

D1313.12. †D1313.12. Magic cake indicates road. Rolls ahead. (Cf. †D1031.2.) --*Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Ariadnefaden" n. 12.

D1313.13. †D1313.13. Magic shoe points out road. (Cf. †D1065.2.) --Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 22.

D1313.14. †D1313.14. Magic thornbush points out road. (Cf. †D958.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1313.15. †D1313.15. Magic wheel indicates road. (Cf. †D1207.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1313.16. †D1313.16. Magic pillar of fire indicates direction. (Cf. †D1271.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1314. †D1314. Magic object indicates desired place. Irish myth: Cross; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 70f. Nos 598--604; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Werner 197.

D1314.0.1. †D1314.0.1. Magic object shows place where person has been killed. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1314.1. †D1314.1. Magic arrow indicates desired place. (Cf. †D1092.)

D1314.1.1. †D1314.1.1. Magic arrow shot to determine place to lodge for night. Köhler-Bolte I 554.

D1314.1.2. †D1314.1.2. Magic arrow shot to determine where to build city. (Cf. †D1314.4.) *Köhler-Bolte I 554.

D1314.1.3. †D1314.1.3. Magic arrow shot to determine where to seek bride. Köhler-Bolte I 419, 554. --English: Child II 499; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Dixon 75f. n. 65.

D1314.1.4. †D1314.1.4. Magic arrow indicates place to build church. Fb "kirke" II 125a.

D1314.1.5. †D1314.1.5. Arrow shot to determine burial place. English: Child I 185. III 106.

D1314.1.6. †D1314.1.6. Arrow shot into air discovers iron pit. --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1314.1.7. †D1314.1.7. Arrow shot to discover direction of attacking army. Jewish: Neuman.

D1314.2. †D1314.2. Magic wand (twig) locates hidden treasure. (Cf. †D954, †D1254, †D1254.2.) --*Barrett and Besterman The Divining Rod (London 1926); Encyc. Religion and Ethics II 832a; Fb "finkelrut", "skat", "pilegren"; *Norlind Skattsägner 28. --Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 86; Eng., U.S.; *Baughman; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 77 No. 650.

D1314.2.1. †D1314.2.1. Divining rod sinks at place where tribe shall settle. S. Am. Indian (Inca): Alexander Lat. Am. 249.

D1314.2.2. †D1314.2.2. Divining rod (twig) locates underground water supply. Ireland, England, U. S.: *Baughman.

D1314.2.3. †D1314.2.3. Divining rod points to house of thief. England: Baughman.

D1314.2.4. †D1314.2.4. Divining rod (twig) points out spot where unwed mother had drowned child. U.S.: Baughman.

D1314.2.5. †D1314.2.5. Saint's staff becomes tree to indicate building site. England: Baughman.

D1314.2.6. †D1314.2.6. Golden staff stuck into ground finds site for city. S. Am. Indian (Inca): Rowe BBAE CXLIII (2) 317.

D1314.3. †D1314.3. Saint's bachall discovers gold. (Cf. †D1277.) --Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1314.4. †D1314.4. Bell indicates place for settlement. Remains dumb until place destined for saint's final settlement is reached. (Cf. †D1213, †D1314.1.2, †D1314.2.1.) --Irish: Plummer clxxvii, *Cross.

D1314.4.0.1. †D1314.4.0.1. Saint's bell lands at place where monastery is to be founded. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1314.4.1. †D1314.4.1. Bell rings to indicate location of well. Irish myth: Cross.

D1314.5. †D1314.5. Hand-of-glory indicates location of treasure. (Cf. †D1162.2.1.) --*Kittredge Witchcraft 144, 463 n. 50.

D1314.6. †D1314.6. Loaf of bread locates drowned man. Floated on water comes to rest directly over corpse. (Cf. †D1031.1.) --*Kittredge Witchcraft 48, 400 n. 194; England: *Baughman.

D1314.7. †D1314.7. Magic plant (flower) shows location of treasure. (Cf. †D965, †D975.) --*Norlind Skattsägner 19ff. --Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3646.

D1314.7.1. †D1314.7.1. Mandrake shows location of treasure. (Cf. †D965.1, †D1311.13.) --*Norlind Skattsägner 23ff.; Penzer III 153.

D1314.8. †D1314.8. Jewels aid in search for treasure. (Cf. †D1071.) --*Norlind Skattsägner 29.

D1314.9. †D1314.9. Magic cloth leads owner to lost horses. (Cf. †D1051.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1314.10. †D1314.10. Fiery pillar guides person (to church). (Cf. †D1271.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1314.11. †D1314.11. Seat-pillars thrown in the sea (with god's image) indicate where to settle. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1314.12. †D1314.12. Coffin lands where the dead is to be buried, and his son to settle. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1314.12.1. †D1314.12.1. Rope breaks at proper burial place. (Cf. †D1203.) Chinese: Graham.

D1314.13. †D1314.13. Star indicates location of newborn hero. Irish myth: Cross.

D1314.13.1. †D1314.13.1. Star of Bethlehem. Irish myth: Cross.

D1314.14. †D1314.14. Four balls given to each of four impoverished men point out places where they should dig. (Cf. 1256.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1314.15. †D1314.15. Dried root sprouts when planted to indicate spot where holy man should set up his abode. (Cf. †D967.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1315. †D1315. Magic object locates lost person.

D1315.1. †D1315.1. Magic arrow locates lost person. (Cf. †D1314.1.ff.) S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 147.

D1316. †D1316. Magic object reveals truth. (Cf. †D1318.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1316.1. †D1316.1. Stone reveals truth. (Cf. †D931.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 29ff., 43ff.

D1316.2. †D1316.2. Magic lamp indicates falsehood by lighting. (Cf. †D1162.1.) India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 43ff. (Version B.)

D1316.3. †D1316.3. Speaking spittle reveals truth. (Cf. †D1001.) Africa (Zulu): Callaway 64.

D1316.4. †D1316.4. Magic ring permits owner to learn person's secret thoughts. (Cf. †D1076.) --Chauvin VI 108 No. 272.

D1316.4.1. †D1316.4.1. Magic ring shows the true nature of its possessor. (Cf. †D1076.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1316.4.2. †D1316.4.2. Magic spectacles allow wearer to read others' thoughts. (Cf. †D1299.5.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1316.5. †D1316.5. Magic speaking reed (tree) betrays secret. King has whispered secret to hole in the ground. Reed growing from this hole tells the secret. --*Köhler-Bolte I 383 n. 1, 511, 587; Sébillot RTP I 327, VII 356; *Zs. d. deutschen morgenland. Gesel. XL 549; Crooke FL XXII 183; *BP IV 147 n. 7 (Celtic): *Basset 1001 Contes II 258; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1316.5.1. †D1316.5.1. Voice comes forth from tree, revealing truth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1316.6. †D1316.6. Magic goblet (cup) indicates truth or falsehood. (Cf. †D1171.6.2.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1316.7. †D1316.7. Magic sod indicates falsehood by turning grassy surface downward, truth by turning it upward. (Cf. †D934.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1316.8. †D1316.8. Magic collar indicates falsehood by squeezing throat (hand, foot), truth by falling to ground. (Cf. †D1068.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1316.9. †D1316.9. Magic epistle (brought from apostle) assures wearer will utter truth. (Cf. †D1266.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1316.10. †D1316.10. Pig cooked when true story is told. (Cf. †D1281.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1316.11. †D1316.11. Sword turns upon owner when untruth is uttered. (Cf. †D1081.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1316.12. †D1316.12. Magic root reveals truth when water is poured over it. (Cf. †D967.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1316.13. †D1316.13. Magic bird's tongue reveals truth. (Cf. †D1011.6.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1317. †D1317. Magic object warns of danger. Irish myth: Cross.

D1317.0.1. †D1317.0.1. Magic object detects poison. (Cf. †D1317.4.) --*Penzer I 110, IV 228 n. 1, IX 143; Dickson 228 n.

D1317.1. †D1317.1. Buttocks as magic watcher. (Cf. †D999.) --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 n. 83.

D1317.2. †D1317.2. Magic gall-bladder warns of danger. (Cf. †D1015.2.) --Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 214 No. 32.

D1317.3. †D1317.3. Magic swallow-skin warns of danger. (Cf. †D1025.4.) --Africa (Zulu): Callaway 53.

D1317.4. †D1317.4. Magic bracelet warns of poison. (Cf. †D1074, †D1317.0.1.) --*Chauvin VI 107 No. 272 n. 4.

D1317.4.1. †D1317.4.1. Truth-telling voice in wall warns against poisoned food. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1317.5. †D1317.5. Magic ring gives warning. (Cf. †D1076.) --Type 425; Tegethoff 34f. --Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Wells II (Horn Childe and Maiden Rimnild).

D1317.5.1. †D1317.5.1. Magic ring warns of poison. (Cf. †D1076, †D1317.4, †D1317.0.1.) --Kittredge Witchcraft III, 440 n. 58.

D1317.5.2. †D1317.5.2. Magic ring awakens person in morning. (Cf. †D1076.) --*Fb "ring" III 60b.

D1317.6. †D1317.6. Magic sword gives warning. (Cf. 1081.)

D1317.6.1. †D1317.6.1. Sword bursts in son's hand when he is about to kill his father. *Fb "sværd" III 690b.

D1317.7. †D1317.7. Magic bell gives alarm. (Cf. †D1213.) --French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 73; cf. Types 327A, 328. --Thompson River: Teit JAFL XXIX 320 No. 11.

D1317.8. †D1317.8. Magic dice give warning. Tell their master, a thief, when to seek safety (Cf. †D1284.) --Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 379.

D1317.9. †D1317.9. Statue gives warning. (Cf. †D1268.)

D1317.9.1. †D1317.9.1. Brass (copper) statue at city gates blows on trumpet at stranger's approach. *Chauvin V 30 No. 13 n. 1, 265 No. 154.

D1317.10. †D1317.10. Wagon refuses to move because ghost is sitting in it. (Cf. †D1113, †D1654.5.) --Fb "vogn" III 1078a.

D1317.11. †D1317.11. Bedstead warns of danger of snake. (Cf. †D1154.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1317.12. †D1317.12. Magic stone gives warning. (Cf. †D931.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 300.

D1317.12.1. †D1317.12.1. Stone bleeds three days before church is plundered. Irish myth: Cross.

D1317.13. †D1317.13. Magic shield roars when bearer is in danger. (Cf. †D1101.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1317.14. †D1317.14. Bones (human) warn of danger. (Cf. †D1007.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 265.

D1317.15. †D1317.15. Golden cock on tent warns against danger. Norse: *Boberg.

D1317.16. †D1317.16. Magic spear warns of danger. (Cf. †D1084.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1317.17. †D1317.17. Knife sings as warning of fraud. (Cf. †D1083.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1317.18. †D1317.18. Magic drinking horn gives warning. (Cf. †D1171.6.3.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1317.19. †D1317.19. Cloak warns. (Cf. †D1053) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1317.20. †D1317.20. Tree warns of danger. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1317.21. †D1317.21. House-pillars warn. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 442.

D1317.22. †D1317.22. Water rages by boat of would-be murderer. (Cf. †D1242.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 317, 321, III 300, Holm 45, Rink 147.

D1318. †D1318. Magic object reveals guilt.

D1318.0.1. †D1318.0.1. Magic object picks out guilty man. Basset RTP VII 621.

D1318.1. †D1318.1. Stone reveals guilt.

D1318.1.1. †D1318.1.1. Stone bursts as sign of unjust judgment. *Fb "sten" III 554a.

D1318.2. †D1318.2. Dead fish reveals guilt.

D1318.2.1. †D1318.2.1. Laughing fish reveals unjust judgment. A severe judgment is rendered for a small offence. As the convicted man is being led away, a dead (dried) fish is heard to laugh. The fish reveals that he has laughed at the foolishness of the judge who, while he punishes minor offences severely, is unable to see the capital crimes in his own household. (Cf. †D1281.) *Bolte Reise der Söhne Giaffers 216. --India: Thompson-Balys, *Penzer I 46ff., VII 254, IX 142. --Cf. Child I 241, II 501b, IV 452a, V 288b.

D1318.3. †D1318.3. Charms indicate guilt. (Cf. †D1274.) --Africa (Bushman): Theal Zambesi 56.

D1318.4. †D1318.4. Magic seed indicates guilt. (Cf. †D971.)

D1318.5. †D1318.5. Blood indicates guilt or innocence. (Cf. †D1003.) Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Blut"; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1318.5.1. †D1318.5.1. Blood springs from murderer's finger when he touches victim. Fb "blod" IV 47a.

D1318.5.2. †D1318.5.2. Corpse bleeds when murderer touches it. **Christensen (C. V.) Baareprøven (1900); Fb "blod" IV 47a; Knudsen (H.) En Baareprøve (Danske Studier 1932 69ff.); Von Künssberg Jahrb. f. historische Volksk. I (1925) 94, 120; Jobbé-Duval Essais de folklore juridique@2 (Paris, 1920); English: Child II 143, 146, 148, 153, IV 468a, *Baughman; North Carolina: Brown Coll. I 639; Jewish: Neuman.

D1318.5.3. †D1318.5.3. Each drop of innocent blood turns to burning candle. English: Child I 172, II 39b.

D1318.5.4. †D1318.5.4. Speaking blood reveals murder. Frazer Old Testament I 101; Fb "blod" IV 47ab; Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Blut".

D1318.5.5. †D1318.5.5. Blood drops from stone to indicate girl's innocence. Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 47 No. 87**.

D1318.5.6. †D1318.5.6. Blood bubbles at place of murder. Jewish: Neuman.

D1318.6. †D1318.6. Divining bones reveal guilt. (Cf. †D1013.) --Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 180 No. 26.

D1318.7. †D1318.7. Flesh reveals guilt.

D1318.7.0.1. †D1318.7.0.1. Speaking flesh reveals murder. Molucca: Dixon 230.

D1318.7.1. †D1318.7.1. Flesh of animal reveals guilt. (Cf. †D1017.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1318.7.1.1. †D1318.7.1.1. Flesh of stolen animal cannot be cooked (turns putrid). Irish: Plummer cxliii, Cross.

D1318.7.1.2. †D1318.7.1.2. Food sticks in thief's throat and betrays him. (Cf. †D1030.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1318.8. †D1318.8. Magic cloth reveals guilt. (Cf. †D1051.)

D1318.8.1. †D1318.8.1. Magic cloth betrays thief. Calls out, telling who is wearing it. Ibo of Nigeria: Thomas 124.

D1318.9. †D1318.9. Ring reveals guilt. (Cf. †D1076.)

D1318.9.1. †D1318.9.1. Ring springs asunder when faithlessness of lover is learned. *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XX 66.

D1318.10. †D1318.10. Ship reveals guilt. (Cf. †D1123.)

D1318.10.1. †D1318.10.1. Ship refuses to move with guilty man aboard. *BP IV 196f.; Fb "skib" III 242b. --English: Child V 484 s. v. "Jonah"; U. S.: Baughman.

D1318.11. †D1318.11. Light reveals guilt. (Cf. †D1162).

D1318.11.1. †D1318.11.1. Light where murder is committed. Fb "lys" II 481b.

D1318.12. †D1318.12. Vessels reveal guilt. (Cf. †D1171.)

D1318.12.1. †D1318.12.1. Vessels burst and reveal disobedience. Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, Cross.

D1318.12.1.1. †D1318.12.1.1. Poet's spell causes ale vessels to burst when request for ale is refused. (Cf. †D1275.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1318.13. †D1318.13. Magic cauldron reveals guilt. (Cf. †D1171.2.) --Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 95, Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross.

D1318.14. †D1318.14. Sack of gold retains at will any hand thrust in it. (Cf. †D1193.) --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330.

D1318.15. †D1318.15. Mill will not grind stolen wheat. (Cf. †D1263.) Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross.

D1318.16. †D1318.16. Speaking earth reveals murder. (Cf. †D935, †D1610.19.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1318.17. †D1318.17. River rises to drown liars. (Cf. †D1316, †D915) Irish myth: Cross.

D1318.18. †D1318.18. Apples which grow from tree under which murder was done have red centers. (Cf. †D981.1.) U.S.: Baughman.

D1318.19. †D1318.19. Manna reveals guilt. (Cf. †D1031.0.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1322. †D1322. Magic object warns of death.

D1322.1. †D1322.1. Saw for coffin-making sounds to announce death. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 641.

D1322.1.1. †D1322.1.1. Hammer in coffin maker's shop makes noise to announce a death. (Cf. †D1209.4.) North Carolina: Brown Collection I 640.

D1322.1.2. †D1322.1.2. Boards for coffin making mysteriously moved announces death. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 641.

D1322.2. †D1322.2. Light moving toward cemetery as sign of death. (Cf. †D1162.) North Carolina: Brown Collection I 641.

D1323. †D1323. Magic object gives clairvoyance. (Cf. †D1331.1, †D1825.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1323.1. †D1323.1. Magic clairvoyant mirror. Type 425; Tegethoff 32; **Róheim Spiegelzauber; *Liebrecht 85, 88; *BP III 366ff.; *Kittredge Witchcraft 503 n. 1; MacCulloch Childhood 36f.; *Chauvin VIII 191 No. 228; *Handwb. d. Abergl. IX Nachträge 547--565; Fb "spejl" III 481a; *Bolte Reise der Söhne Giaffers 202f.; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 232. --England, U.S., Wales: *Baughman; Irish: Beal XXI 323; Icelandic: *Boberg; Chinese: Werner 244, 331; Japanese: Anesaki 325; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 111 No. 39; S. Am. Indian (Aztec): Alexander Lat. Am. 62; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 61 No. 12, (Vai): Ellis 200 No. 18, (Mpongwe): Nassau 15 No. 1.

D1323.1.1. †D1323.1.1. Magic mirror reflects the face of whoever dies. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1323.2. †D1323.2. Magic clairvoyant vase. (Cf. †D1171.7.) --*Chauvin V 259 No. 154.

D1323.3. †D1323.3. Magic clairvoyant windows. Twelve, each more powerful than the next. (Cf. †D1145.) --*Type 329; *BP III 365.

D1323.4. †D1323.4. Magic clairvoyant sphere. Shows all that passes on earth by looking at that part of globe. (Cf. †D1264.) --*Chauvin V 259 No. 154.

D1323.4.1. †D1323.4.1. Salvatio Romae. Image of land showing by means of magic bell outbreak of rebellion in any province. (Cf. †D1213.) *Spargo 496b s. v. "Salvatio Romae".

D1323.5. †D1323.5. Magic salve gives clairvoyance (Cf. 1244.) --*Fb "salve" III 150b; Chauvin V 146 No. 72.

D1323.6. †D1323.6. Magic soap gives clairvoyance. (Cf. †D1195.) --Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 277.

D1323.7. †D1323.7. Turf from church roof gives clairvoyance. Placed on head in order to see witches. (Cf. †D934.) --Fb "græstørv"; *De Vries Acta Philologica Scandinavica III 106ff.

D1323.8. †D1323.8. Churchyard mould gives clairvoyance. Placed in pocket in order to see witches. (Cf. †D1278, †G250.) --Fb. "kirkegaardsmuld".

D1323.9. †D1323.9. Clairvoyant tube. (Cf. †D1255.) --*Chauvin VI 133 No. 286 n. 2.

D1323.10. †D1323.10. Hat gives clairvoyance. (Cf. †D1067.1.) --Fb "hat" I 563b; Saintyves Perrault 291.

D1323.11. †D1323.11. Hair gives clairvoyance. (Cf. †D991.) --Modoc: Curtin Myths of the Modocs (Boston, 1912) 32.

D1323.12. †D1323.12. Clairvoyance by looking at object filled with water. Marquesas: Handy 109, 118; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 528; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/420).

D1323.12.1. †D1323.12.1. Clairvoyant spring. Lady whose lover is absent to look in spring each day. If she sees his shadow, he is about to marry another. (Cf. †D927.) --English: Child I 192.

D1323.13. †D1323.13. Magic powder gives clairvoyance. (Cf. †D1246.) --Type 726.

D1323.14. †D1323.14. Four-leaf clover gives clairvoyance. (Cf. †D965.7.) --*BP III 201.

D1323.15. †D1323.15. Magic clairvoyant telescope. Shows distant events. --*Fb "kikkert" IV 257a.

D1323.16. †D1323.16. Magic feather gives clairvoyance. (Cf. †D1021.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1323.17. †D1323.17. Magic clairvoyant girdle. (Cf. †D1057.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1323.18. †D1323.18. Clairvoyance from prayer. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1323.19. †D1323.19. Lamp gives him who looks into its flame a vision of the Most High. (Cf. †D1162.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1324. †D1324. Magic object indicates tides.

D1324.1. †D1324.1. Magic bag full at high tide, empty at ebb tide. (Cf. †D1193.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1324.1.1. †D1324.1.1. Magic tub drips at high tide, is watertight at ebb tide. (Cf. †D1171.14.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1324.2. †D1324.2. Magic faggot drips to indicate rising tide. (Cf. †D957.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1325. †D1325. Magic object reveals future history. (Cf. †D1812.3.)

D1325.1. †D1325.1. Magic book wherein is written family's destiny. (Cf. †D1266.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1326. †D1326. Magic object renders judgment.

D1326.1. †D1326.1. Magic slippers approve or disapprove judicial decisions. (Cf. †D1065.7.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1066.

D1327. †D1327. Magic object locates fish (game).

D1327.1. †D1327.1. Magic arrow locates fish. (Cf. †D1092.) S. Am. Indian (Mataco): Métraux MAFLS XL 132.

D1327.2. †D1327.2. Magic doll consulted for hunting. (Cf. †D1268.) Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 494.

D1329. †D1329. Magic object gives supernatural information -- miscellaneous.

D1329.1. †D1329.1. Putting head under saint's cloak reveals rewards of heaven. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1330. †D1330. Magic object works physical change.

D1331. †D1331. Magic object affects eyesight.

D1331.1. †D1331.1. Object gives magic sight. (Cf. †D1323, †D1825.)

D1331.1.1. †D1331.1.1. Hempseed sown to acquire magic sight. (Cf. †D971.2.) England, Wales: *Baughman; English: Child V 59, 286a.

D1331.1.2. †D1331.1.2. Medicine gives magic sight. (Cf. †D1240.) --India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Benga): Nassau 215 No. 33.

D1331.1.3. †D1331.1.3. Fan gives magic sight. (Cf. †D1077.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1331.1.4. †D1331.1.4. Stone gives magic sight. (Cf. †D931.) Jewish: Neuman; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1331.1.5. †D1331.1.5. Jewel gives magic sight. (Cf. †D1071.)

D1331.1.5.1. †D1331.1.5.1. Sapphire gives magic sight. Jewish: Neuman.

D1331.2. †D1331.2. Magic object blinds.

D1331.2.1. †D1331.2.1. Magic spike causes blindness. Throws such a strong ray of light. (Cf. †D1285.) --Chinese: Werner 123.

D1331.2.2. †D1331.2.2. Magic salve causes blindness. (Cf. †D1244, †D1331.3.1.) --*Fb "öje" III 1166b.

D1331.2.2.1. †D1331.2.2.1. Magic salve from underworld causes blindness. Fb "öje".

D1331.2.3. †D1331.2.3. Virgin Mary's shift as banner causes blindness to opposing army. (Cf. †D1058.1.) --*Ward II 603.

D1331.2.4. †D1331.2.4. Magic stone causes blindness. (Cf. †D931.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1331.2.5. †D1331.2.5. Sight of magic wheel causes blindness. (Cf. †D1207.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1331.2.6. †D1331.2.6. Magic mirror causes blindness. (Cf. †D1163.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1331.2.7. †D1331.2.7. Dog's urine makes tiger blind. (Cf. †D1027.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1331.2.8. †D1331.2.8. Magic storm blinds enemy troops. (Cf. †D905.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1331.2.9. †D1331.2.9. Magic wind blinds. (Cf. †D906.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1331.3. †D1331.3. Magic object causes both supernatural sight and blindness.

D1331.3.1. †D1331.3.1. Salve causes magic sight and blindness. (Cf. †D1244, †D1323.5, †D1331.2.2.) Put on left eye causes one to see all treasure of earth; on the right, makes blind. Chauvin V 146 No. 72.

D1331.3.2. †D1331.3.2. Powder causes magic sight and blindness. (Cf. †D1246, †D1323.13.) Type 726*.

D1331.3.3. †D1331.3.3. Magic antimony, rubbed on hero's eyes, will make whatever he looks at become far or near, as he desires it. (Cf. †D1246.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1331.4. †D1331.4. Magic object causes sight-shifting. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1331.4.1. †D1331.4.1. Saint's gospel-book causes sight-shifting. (Cf. †D1266.) Irish: Plummer clxxviii, Cross.

D1332. †D1332. Magic object affects hearing.

D1332.1. †D1332.1. Magic object deafens.

D1332.1.1. †D1332.1.1. Magic stone causes deafness. (Cf. †D931.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1332.1.2. †D1332.1.2. Sound of magic wheel causes deafness. (Cf. †D1207.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1335. †D1335. Object gives magic strength. Irish myth: Cross.

D1335.1. †D1335.1. Magic strength-giving food. (Cf. †D1030.) --Fb "mad" II 525a, "styrke" III 630a. --Norse: Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 70 n. 2; Chinese: Graham; N. Am. Indian (Thompson River): Hill-Tout BAAS LXIX 540.

D1335.1.1. †D1335.1.1. Magic strength-giving rice-grain. (Cf. †D973.1.) --Japanese: Anesaki 358.

D1335.1.2. †D1335.1.2. Heart of enemy eaten produces magic strength. Finnish: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 5.

D1335.1.3. †D1335.1.3. Fighting animals eaten produce magic strength. (Cf. †D1032.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1335.1.4. †D1335.1.4. Manna produces magic strength. (Cf. †D1031.0.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1335.2. †D1335.2. Magic strength-giving drink. (Cf. †D1040.) --*Fb "styrke". --Icelandic: Sveinsson FFC LXXXIII xxxiii, Boberg*; Korean: Zong in-Sob 167 No. 72.

D1335.2.1. †D1335.2.1. Blood as magic strengthening drink. (Cf. †D1041.) --Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Blut". --Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 5.

D1335.2.2. †D1335.2.2. Water as magic strengthening drink. (Cf. †D1242.2.) *MacCulloch Childhood 70ff. --Irish myth: Cross.

D1335.2.3. †D1335.2.3. Milk as magic strengthening drink. (Cf. †D1043.) --Irish myth: Cross; Hindu: Keith 134; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1335.3. †D1335.3. Magic (iron) glove gives strength. (Cf. †D1066.1.) --Fb "styrke" III 630a, "handske" IV 199b. --Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1335.4. †D1335.4. Magic belt gives strength. (Cf. †D1057.) --*Type 590; *Fb "bælte" IV 84a; A. Haberlandt Gurtel als Heiltum in Volkskunde (Otto Lauffer zum 60. Geburtstage [1934] 83--96); Von der Hagen Gesammtabenteuer I 455ff. --Icelandic: *Boberg. --N. Am. Indian (Chippewyan [European borrowing]): Thompson CColl II 392, (Micmac): Rand 274, 369, (Passamaquoddy): Leland 31.

D1335.5. †D1335.5. Magic ring gives strength. (Cf. †D1076.) --*Dickson 135 n. 118; *Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 53.

D1335.5.1. †D1335.5.1. Magic ring gives remarkable sexual prowess. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1335.5.2. †D1335.5.2. Solomon's power to hold kingdom dependent on ring; drops it in water. Jewish: Neuman.

D1335.6. †D1335.6. Magic dagger gives strength. (Cf. †D1083.1.) --Malone PMLA XLIII 409.

D1335.7. †D1335.7. Flask imparts magic strength to drinker. (Cf. †D1171.8.) --*Fb "flaske". --Norwegian: Dasent 204, 223.

D1335.8. †D1335.8. Bathing in magic cauldron gives strength. (Cf. †D1171.2.) --Norwegian: Dasent 281. --S. Am. Indian (Kwakiutl): Boas and Hunt JE III 104 (certain wash-basin); cf. Haida: Swanton JE X 365.

D1335.9. †D1335.9. Magic axe gives strength. (Cf. †D1206.) --Fb "styrke" III 630a.

D1335.10. †D1335.10. Magic medicine (charm) gives strength. (Cf. †D1241.) --Africa (Benga): Nassau 100 No. 7.

D1335.11. †D1335.11. Powder gives magic strength. (Cf. †D1246.) --Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 142 No. 20.

D1335.12. †D1335.12. Magic song gives strength. (Cf. †D1275.) --Icelandic: Boberg.

D1335.13. †D1335.13. Magic hammer gives strength. (Cf. †D1209.4.) --Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 22 (Thor).

D1335.14. †D1335.14. Magic strengthening staff. (Cf. †D1254.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1335.15. †D1335.15. Magic strength-giving apple. (Cf. †D981.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1335.16. †D1335.16. Image of lion gives magic strength. (Cf. †D468.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1335.17. †D1335.17. Garment gives bearer magic strength. (Cf. †D1052.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1336. †D1336. Magic object gives weakness.

D1336.1. †D1336.1. Magic sword gives weakness. (Cf. †D1081.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.2. †D1336.2. Magic food gives weakness. (Cf. †D1030.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.2.1. †D1336.2.1. Magic apple gives weakness. (Cf. †D981.1.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1336.3. †D1336.3. Magic music gives weakness. (Cf. †D1275.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.4. †D1336.4. Magic shield gives weakness. (Cf. †D1101.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.5. †D1336.5. Saint's bell gives weakness. (Cf. †D1213.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1336.6. †D1336.6. Magic fire gives weakness. (Cf. †D1271.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1336.7. †D1336.7. Magic drink gives weakness. (Cf. †D1040.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1336.8. †D1336.8. Magic spell gives weakness. (Cf. †D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.9. †D1336.9. Druids' (poets') spells bind. (Cf. †D1275.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.10. †D1336.10. When bow is taken away from owner, he loses all strength. (Cf. †D1091.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1337. †D1337. Magic object makes beautiful or hideous. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Japanese: Ikeda.

D1337.1. †D1337.1. Magic object beautifies. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 121.

D1337.1.1. †D1337.1.1. Charm gives magic beauty. (Cf. †D1273.) --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "charme".

D1337.1.2. †D1337.1.2. Water gives magic beauty. (Cf. †D1242.1.) --Fb "livets vand" II 439b. --Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1337.1.3. †D1337.1.3. Milk gives magic beauty. When magic milk touches ugly girl she turns beautiful. (Cf. †D1018.) --Italian Novella: Rotunda; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 70.

D1337.1.3.1. †D1337.1.3.1. Bathing hair in buffalo milk makes it unusually long. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1337.1.4. †D1337.1.4. Bathing in magic cauldron gives beauty. (Cf. †D1171.2.) --Norwegian: Dasent 281.

D1337.1.5. †D1337.1.5. Magic spear gives beauty. (Cf. †D1084.) --Also gives ugliness at will. Icelandic: Ritterhaus 227f. No. 54.

D1337.1.6. †D1337.1.6. Beautification by use of saint's spittle. (Cf. †D1001.) --Irish: Plummer clxxviii, *Cross.

D1337.1.7. †D1337.1.7. Magic needle transforms a room from plainness to beauty. (Cf. †D1181.) --*Type 585; BP III 355.

D1337.1.8. †D1337.1.8. Magic liquid gives beauty. (Cf. †D1242.) --Penzer VII 61.

D1337.1.8.1. †D1337.1.8.1. Rose water gives magic beauty. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1337.1.9. †D1337.1.9. Magic wand beautifies. (Cf. †D1254.1.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1337.1.10. †D1337.1.10. Magic apple makes beautiful. (Cf. †D981.1.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1337.1.11. †D1337.1.11. Playing of magic flute beautifies. (Cf. †D1223.1.) --Chinese: Graham.

D1337.1.12. †D1337.1.12. Magic jewel beautifies. (Cf. †D1071.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1337.2. †D1337.2. Magic object makes hideous.

D1337.2.1. †D1337.2.1. Magic leaves turn white bird black. (Cf. †D955, †A2411.2.6.) --Africa (Ibo of Nigeria): Basden 280.

D1337.2.2. †D1337.2.2. Magic herbs render hideous. (Cf. †D965.) --Greek: Fox 263 (Skylla).

D1337.2.3. †D1337.2.3. Dragon's breath renders hideous. (Cf. †D1029.1.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1337.2.4. †D1337.2.4. Magic water makes ugly. (Cf. †D1242.1.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1337.2.5. †D1337.2.5. Magic skin makes person appear ugly. (Cf. †D1005.) German: Grimm No. 179.

D1338. †D1338. Magic object rejuvenates. (Cf. †D1880.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1338.0.1. †D1338.0.1. Magic object retards aging.

D1338.0.1.1. †D1338.0.1.1. Elixir retards aging. (Cf. †D1242.3.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1338.1. †D1338.1. Magic drink rejuvenates. (Cf. †D1040.) --Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1338.1.1. †D1338.1.1. Fountain of youth. (Cf. †D925, †D926, †D927, †D1341.1.) Water from certain fountain rejuvenates. --**Hopkins JAOS XXVI 1--67, 411--415; Penzer Ocean IV 145; DeCock Studien 16ff.; *Fb "ungdom" III 979b. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "fontaine"; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11; U.S.: *Baughman; Greek: Rohde Der griechische Roman 222; Japanese: Ikeda. --Alexander Lat. Am. 20 n. 6, 349. --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 284 n. 50a.

D1338.1.1.1. †D1338.1.1.1. Magic lake rejuvenates. (Cf. †D921.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1338.1.2. †D1338.1.2. Water of youth. (Cf. †D1242.1.) --Type 551; *BP II 394ff.; *Wünsche Die Sagen vom Lebensbaum und Lebenswasser (Leipzig, 1905); *Dh II 154; *Chauvin VI 73f. Nos. 239, 202.

D1338.1.3. †D1338.1.3. Magic blood rejuvenates. (Cf. †D1003.) --Fb "blod" IV 47a.

D1338.2. †D1338.2. Rejuvenation by plant. (Cf. †D965.) --*Chauvin VI 74 No. 239. --Babylonian: Gilgamesh-epos XI 282ff. (eaten by serpent); Gaster Oldest Stories 51.

D1338.2.1. †D1338.2.1. Rejuvenation by juice of plant. (Cf. †D974). --*Dh II 154. --Irish myth: Cross.

D1338.2.2. †D1338.2.2. Root of eternal youth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1338.3. †D1338.3. Rejuvenation by fruit. (Cf. †D981.) --*Chauvin VI 74 No. 239; BP II 147. --India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 216.

D1338.3.1. †D1338.3.1. Rejuvenation by apple. Golden apples of youth. (Cf. †D981.1.) --*Chauvin VI 74 No. 239. --Icelandic: Boberg (Idhunn).

D1338.3.2. †D1338.3.2. Magic peach gives immunity from age. (Cf. †D981.2.) --Chinese: Werner 270.

D1338.3.3. †D1338.3.3. Rejuvenation by fruit of magic tree. (Cf. †D950.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1338.3.3.1. †D1338.3.3.1. Year added to life by eating fruit of magic tree. (Cf. †D950.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1338.4. †D1338.4. Bath in magic milk rejuvenates. (Cf. †D1080.) --Köhler-Bolte I 468 (boiling milk); Dh II 154.

D1338.5. †D1338.5. Rejuvenation by ring. (Cf. †D1076.) --Hartland Science 204; Fb "ungdom" III 979b.

D1338.6. †D1338.6. Rejuvenation in magic mill. (Cf. †D1263.) --Dh II 155.

D1338.7. †D1338.7. Land of youth. Land which keeps off old age. --Fb "ungdom" III 979b; Hartland Science 196f. --Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 181, *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1338.8. †D1338.8. Rejuvenation by magic oil. (Cf. †D1244.) --Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 328.

D1338.9. †D1338.9. Rejuvenation by magic honey. (Cf. †D1037.) Hindu: Keith 158.

D1338.10. †D1338.10. Rejuvenation by magic tub. (Cf. †D1171.14.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1338.11. †D1338.11. Rejuvenation by magic manure dust. (Cf. †D1026.) Chinese: Graham.

D1338.12. †D1338.12. Rejuvenation by magic feather. (Cf. †D1021.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1338.13. †D1338.13. Rejuvenation by magic rice. (Cf. †D973.1.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1341. †D1341. Magic object makes person old.

D1341.0.1. †D1341.0.1. Magic well makes person's hair gray. (Cf. †D926.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1341.1. †D1341.1. Magic fountain makes person old. (Cf. †D925, †D1338.1.1.) --*Fb "ungdom" III 979b; Boberg.

D1341.2. †D1341.2. Magic cloak makes person old. (Cf. †D1053.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1341.3. †D1341.3. Magic ointment makes person old. (Cf. †D1244.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1341.4. †D1341.4. Magic feather brings supernatural old age. (Cf. †D1021.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1342. †D1342. Magic object gives health. Irish myth: Cross.

D1342.1. †D1342.1. Magic ring gives health. (Cf. †D1076.) --Kittredge Witchcraft III, 440 n. 54.

D1342.2. †D1342.2. Magic apple gives health. (Cf. †D981.1.) --*Fb "æble" III 1135b.

D1342.3. †D1342.3. Magic wood gives health. (Cf. †D956.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1342.4. †D1342.4. Magic wand gives health. (Cf. †D1254.1.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1342.5. †D1342.5. Amulet guarantees health. (Cf. †D1070.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 424.

D1343. †D1343. Magic object gives skill.

D1343.1. †D1343.1. Magic oars give skill. (Cf. †D1124.) --Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 153, 157.

D1344. †D1344. Magic object gives invulnerability. *Kittredge Witchcraft *405 nn. 238--9. --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1344.1. †D1344.1. Magic ring renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1076.) --*Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 52; *Fb "ring" III 60b. --English: Child I 189f., Wells 9 (King Horn), II (Horn Childe and Maiden Rimnild); Icelandic: Boberg.

D1344.2. †D1344.2. Magic drug renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1240.) --Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 110 n. 1.

D1344.2.1. †D1344.2.1. Magic drug gives immunity from fire and iron. Greek: Fox 112.

D1344.3. †D1344.3. Amulet renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1070.) --De Cock Studien 156.

D1344.4. †D1344.4. Charm (written) renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1273.) --De Cock Studien 161; Irish myth: Cross.

D1344.5. †D1344.5. Magic ointment renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1244.) --Greek: Roscher Lexikon I 24 s. v. "Achilleus"; Boberg.

D1344.6. †D1344.6. Saint's tunic renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1052.) --Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1344.7. †D1344.7. Saint's girdle renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1057.1.) --Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1344.8. †D1344.8. Saint's cowl renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1067.3.1.) --Irish: Plummer clxxx, *Cross.

D1344.8.1. †D1344.8.1. Hood renders invulnerable. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 17, Rasmussen II 70, III 304, Rink 344.

D1344.9. †D1344.9. Magic garment renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1052.) --Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 210, III 105, 117, 153.

D1344.9.1. †D1344.9.1. Magic shirt gives invulnerability. (Cf. †D1056.) --*Fb "skjorte" III 268a; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1712; Icelandic: *Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 187.

D1344.9.2. †D1344.9.2. Magic trousers render invulnerable. (Cf. †D1055.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1344.10. †D1344.10. Magic mandrake gives invulnerability. (Cf. †D965.1.) --Penzer III 153.

D1344.11. †D1344.11. Magic sword gives invulnerability. (Cf. †D1081.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1344.12. †D1344.12. Blood smeared on body renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1016.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1344.13. †D1344.13. Magic (golden) helmet renders invulnerable. (Cf. †D1101.4.) --Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1345. †D1345. Magic object gives longevity. Penzer VI 6 n. 1.

D1345.1. †D1345.1. Serpent's water gives longevity. (Cf. †D1027.1.) --Africa (Zanzibar): Bateman 204 No. 10.

D1345.2. †D1345.2. Magic statue of dragon gives longevity. (Cf. †B11, †D1268.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1346. †D1346. Magic object gives immortality.

D1346.1. †D1346.1. Magic drink gives immortality. (Cf. †D1040.) --Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 31, 54; Greek: Grote I 219; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 41, Penzer III 253f.; Chinese: Giles 316.

D1346.1.1. †D1346.1.1. Water of life destroyed to prevent immortality: too long life would become tiresome. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.1.2. †D1346.1.2. Nectar of immortality. (Cf. †A154.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.2. †D1346.2. Fountain of immortality. (Cf. †D925, †D926, †D927, †D1341.1, †D1338.1.1.) --Hindu: Tawney I 499.

D1346.3. †D1346.3. Food of immortality. (Cf. †D1030.) --**G. Dumézil Le festin d'Immortalité (Paris, 1924) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1346.3.1. †D1346.3.1. Magic honey gives immortality. (Cf. †D1037.) --Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 158.

D1346.4. †D1346.4. Tree of immortality. (Cf. †D950.) --Jewish: Neuman; Persian: Carnoy 281; S. Am. Indian (Tiatinagua): Métraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 449.

D1346.5. †D1346.5. Plant of immortality. (Cf. †D965.) --Babylonian: Spence 158, 160, 178; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 215.

D1346.6. †D1346.6. Fruit of immortality. (Cf. †D981.) --Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 216.

D1346.6.1. †D1346.6.1. Magic peach gives immortality. (Cf. †D981.2.) --Chinese: Werner 270, Eberhard FFC CXX 210.

D1346.6.2. †D1346.6.2. Apple of immortality. (Cf. †D981.1.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.7. †D1346.7. Pill of immortality. (Cf. †D1243.) --Chinese: Werner 184f., 330.

D1346.8. †D1346.8. Magic ointment gives immortality. Burning at night and anointment with magic ointment by day. (Cf. †D1244.) --Greek: Roscher Lexikon s. v. "Achilleus".

D1346.8.1. †D1346.8.1. Oil of immortality. (Cf. †D1244.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1346.9. †D1346.9. Magic sword gives immortality. (Cf. †D1081.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.10. †D1346.10. Magic water (sprinkled) gives immortality. (Cf. †D1242.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.11. †D1346.11. Medicine gives immortality. (Cf. †D1241.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.12. †D1346.12. Incense gives immortality. (Cf. †D1295.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1346.13. †D1346.13. Filth (dirt, excrements) eaten gives immortality. (Cf. †D1002.) --Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 161f.

D1346.14. †D1346.14. Magic cup gives immortality. (Cf. †D1171.6.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1347. †D1347. Magic object produces fecundity.

D1347.1. †D1347.1. Magic apple produces fecundity. (Cf. †D981.1.) --Icelandic: Völsunga Saga 4.

D1347.2. †D1347.2. Blood as remedy for barrenness in woman. (Cf. †D1003.) --*Fb "blod" IV 47a.

D1347.3. †D1347.3. Magic medicine makes sterile fertile. (Cf. †D1241.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1347.3.1. †D1347.3.1. Magic pills insure birth of twin sons. (Cf. †D1243.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1347.4. †D1347.4. Magic statue gives fecundity. (Cf. †D1268.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1347.5. †D1347.5. Magic fish (eaten) causes fecundity. (Cf. †D1032.1.) --Jewish: Neuman; S. Am. Indian (Tupinamba): Métraux RMLP XXXIII 169.

D1347.6. †D1347.6. Hare's stomach causes fecundity. (Cf. †D1015.5.1.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1349. †D1349. Magic object produces miscellaneous physical changes in persons or things.

D1349.1. †D1349.1. Magic object produces immunity from hunger and thirst. Irish myth: Cross.

D1349.1.1. †D1349.1.1. Magic peach produces immunity from hunger and thirst. (Cf. †D981.2.) --Chinese: Werner 270.

D1349.1.2. †D1349.1.2. Magic perfume produces immunity from hunger and thirst. (Cf. †D1245.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1349.1.3. †D1349.1.3. Magic milk produces immunity from hunger and thirst. (Cf. †D1018.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1349.1.4. †D1349.1.4. Magic belt produces immunity from hunger. (Cf. †D1057.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1349.1.5. †D1349.1.5. Magic sweets: one can quench thirst and the other can allay hunger. (Cf. †D1038.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1349.1.6. †D1349.1.6. Tiny amount of food magically satisfies. (Cf. †D1030.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1349.1.6.1. †D1349.1.6.1. One drop of blood when licked satisfies hunger. (Cf. †D1003.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1349.2. †D1349.2. Magic object produces immunity from old age. Irish myth: Cross.

D1349.2.1. †D1349.2.1. Magic peach produces immunity from old age. (Cf. †D981.1.) --Chinese: Werner 270.

D1349.2.2. †D1349.2.2. Washing in magic bowl produces immunity from old age. (Cf. †D1172.2.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1349.2.3. †D1349.2.3. Magic apple produces immunity from old age. (Cf. †D981.1.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1349.3. †D1349.3. Magic stone makes water like wine. (Cf. †D1071.) --Icelandic: Boberg.

D1349.4. †D1349.4. Magic jewel makes owner fat. (Cf. †D1071.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1350. †D1350. Magic object changes person's disposition.

D1351. †D1351. Magic object makes person peaceful. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1351.1. †D1351.1. Saint's bachall makes person peaceful. (Cf. †D1277.) --Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1351.2. †D1351.2. Magic branch of peace. Warfare ceases when it is shaken. (Cf. †D954.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1351.3. †D1351.3. Magic veil changes enmity into peacefulness. (Cf. †D1061.) --Icelandic: Boberg.

D1351.4. †D1351.4. Charm which makes inhabitants of city faint-hearted. (Cf. †D1273.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1352. †D1352. Magic object has pre-natal influence.

D1352.1. †D1352.1. Magic net has prenatal influence. (Cf. †D1196.) --Africa (Benga): Nassau No. 24, version 2.

D1353. †D1353. Magic object makes person foolish.

D1353.1. †D1353.1. Magic rain makes people foolish. All on whom it falls act like fools. (Cf. †D902.) --Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 34.

D1354. †D1354. Magic object makes person kind. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1355. †D1355. Love-producing magic object. *Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 775, 1007, II 1506, 1589, 1616, III 1279. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "aimer".

D1355.0.1. †D1355.0.1. Magic spear produces love-sickness. (Cf. †D1084.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1355.1. †D1355.1. Love-producing music. (Cf. †D1275.1.) --English: Child V 489 s. v. "music".

D1355.1.1. †D1355.1.1. Love-producing song. (Cf. †D1275.) --Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chant". --N. Am. Indian (Wichita): Barbeau GSCan XI 162f. Nos. 50, 51, (Micmac): Leland 82.

D1355.1.2. †D1355.1.2. Magic love-producing pipe (musical). (Cf. †D1224.) --English: Child I 47; N. Am. Indian (Arikara): Dorsey CI XVII 85 No. 25, 90 No. 27.

D1355.1.3. †D1355.1.3. Magic love-producing horn. (Cf. †D1222.) --English: Child I 15--17, 23, 55, 367.

D1355.2. †D1355.2. Magic love-philtre. (Cf. 1242.2.) --*Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt 401ff.; *Kittredge Witchcraft 107f., 436 nn. 26--31, 30, 383 n. 54. --Greek: Fox 72 (Minos), 200 (Phaon); Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child V 305b, Wells 80 (Sir Tristrem), 145 (Parthenope of Blois); England, U.S.: *Baughman; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1355.2.1. †D1355.2.1. Water blessed by saint as love-philtre. (Cf. †D1242.1.) --Irish: Plummer clxxxviii, *Cross.

D1355.2.1.1. †D1355.2.1.1. Baptismal water as love-philtre. (Cf. †D1242.1.1.) --Kittredge Witchcraft 470 nn. 123--125.

D1355.2.1.2. †D1355.2.1.2. Magic water causes sexual desire. (Cf. †D1242.1.) --Jewish: Neuman.

D1355.2.2. †D1355.2.2. Blood as love-philtre. (Cf. †D1003). --*Fb "blod" IV 46b; *Kittredge Witchcraft 30, 382 n. 53.

D1355.2.2.1. †D1355.2.2.1. Blood of wounded centaur as love philtre. (Cf. †D1016.) Greek: Grote I 139.

D1355.2.3. †D1355.2.3. Semen in love-philtre. --Kittredge Witchcraft 30, 382 n. 53.

D1355.3. †D1355.3. Love charm. (Cf. †D1274.) --Kittredge Witchcraft 30, 111, 382 n. 52, 440 nn. 61--70 passim. --Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; *English: Child I 57; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 137f.; Am. Negro (Georgia): Harris Nights 198 No. 34.

D1355.3.1. †D1355.3.1. Seed mixed with blood as love charm. (Cf. †D971.) --Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 261 n. 1.

D1355.3.2. †D1355.3.2. Image (animal) pierced with pins as love charm. Kittredge Witchcraft 100, *431f. nn. 202--211; England: Baughman.

D1355.3.3. †D1355.3.3. Fruit pierced with pins as love charm. (Cf. †D981.) Kittredge Witchcraft 102, 433 n. 226.

D1355.3.4. †D1355.3.4. Entrails of live pigeon placed above house door fetch lover to the spot. England: Baughman.

D1355.3.5. †D1355.3.5. Boiling lock of lover's hair draws him to sweetheart. England: Baughman.

D1355.3.6. †D1355.3.6. Burning candle stuck with pins fetches lover. England: *Baughman.

D1355.3.7. †D1355.3.7. Person burns salt and says charm to bring lover to spot. England, U. S.: *Baughman.

D1355.3.8. †D1355.3.8. Person burns dragonsblood (plant) and says charm to bring lover to spot. England: *Baughman.

D1355.4. †D1355.4. Ring produces love. (Cf. †D1076.) --*Kittredge Witchcraft 109, 436ff. nn. 38--48 passim; Fb "ring" III 60b. --Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1355.5. †D1355.5. Magic hair produces love. (Cf. †D991.) --Wesselski Märchen 196; Frazer Golden Bough III 270. --N. Am. Indian (Thompson River): Teit MAFLS VI 73 No. 23, (Shuswap): Teit JE II 708 No. 34 (in the last two named references, the hair is a woman's pubic hair); India: Thompson-Balys.

D1355.6. †D1355.6. Churchyard mould produces love. Girl takes three handfuls and passes it over churn. (Cf. †D1278.1.) --Fb "kirkegaardsmuld" II 129b.

D1355.7. †D1355.7. Apple produces love. (Cf. †D981.1.) --*Fb "æble" III 1135a. --English: Child I 364; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1355.8. †D1355.8. Olive branch insures fidelity of husband. Wife to beat him with it. (Cf. †D954.) --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 51 No. 340.

D1355.9. †D1355.9. Magic belt produces love. (Cf. †D1057.) --*Fb "bælte" IV 84a; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1355.10. †D1355.10. Consecrated bread produces love. (Cf. †D1031.1.1.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 149, 469 nn. 107, 108.

D1355.10.1. †D1355.10.1. Consecrated bread kept in mouth and fed to toad produces love. Kittredge Witchcraft 149, 469 n. 104; England: Baughman.

D1355.11. †D1355.11. Magic clothes produce love. (Cf. †D1050.) --Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 274.

D1355.11.1. †D1355.11.1. Magic moccasins produce love. (Cf. †D1065.4.) --N. Am. Indian (Arapaho): Dorsey and Kroeber FM V 15 No. 6.

D1355.12. †D1355.12. Magic nuts (eaten) produce love. (Cf. †D985.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1355.13. †D1355.13. Love-spot. Mark which makes man irresistible to any woman who sees it. --*Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt 401f.; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1355.13.1. †D1355.13.1. Charm placed on cheeks of hag causes love. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1355.14. †D1355.14. Eaten fruit causes sexual desire. (Cf. †D981.) India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman.

D1355.15. †D1355.15. Magic shears produce love. (Cf. †D1183.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1355.16. †D1355.16. Magic rod produces love. (Cf. †D1254.1, †D1254.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1355.17. †D1355.17. Herb bath produces love. (Cf. †D965.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1355.18. †D1355.18. Love charm (words). (Cf. †D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1355.18.1. †D1355.18.1. Word charms woven in clothing produce love. England: Baughman.

D1355.19. †D1355.19. Magic writings produce love. (Cf. †D1266.1.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1355.20. †D1355.20. Green stone causes women to love the possessor. (Cf. †D1070.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1355.21. †D1355.21. Magic grass produces love when girl sleeps on it. (Cf. †D965.12) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1355.21.1. †D1355.21.1. Love charm from tuber. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Métraux MAFLS XL 28.

D1355.22. †D1355.22. Love-producing magic plant. (Cf. †D965.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1355.23. †D1355.23. Love-producing magic feather. (Cf. †D1021.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1356. †D1356. Magic object represses lust.

D1356.1. †D1356.1. Magic girdle represses lust. (Cf. †D1057.1.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1356.1.1. †D1356.1.1. Saint's girdle represses lust. (Cf †V220.) --Irish: Plummer clxxxi, Cross.

D1356.3. †D1356.3. Magic stone represses lust. (Cf. †D930.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1357. †D1357. Magic object makes person cruel.

D1357.1. †D1357.1. Eating ferocious animal's heart makes person cruel. (Cf. †D1015.1, †D1335.1.2.) --Icelandic: Boberg.

D1358. †D1358. Magic object makes person courageous.

D1358.1. †D1358.1. Eating courageous animal's heart makes courageous. (Cf. †E714.4.1.

D1358.1.1. †D1358.1.1. Eating dragon's heart makes courageous. (Cf. †B11, †D1015.1.2.) --Icelandic: Völsunga Saga 79, Boberg.

D1358.1.2. †D1358.1.2. Eating serpent's and wolf's flesh makes courageous and impetuous. (Cf. †D1032.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1358.2. †D1358.2. Magic spell makes person courageous. (Cf. †D1273, †D1359.5.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1358.3. †D1358.3. Magic crystal makes owner courageous. (Cf. †D1071.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1359. †D1359. Magic object changes person's disposition -- miscellaneous.

D1359.1. †D1359.1. Magic object makes woman masterful.

D1359.1.1. †D1359.1.1. Magic olive branch makes woman master in household. (Cf. †D954.) --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 51 No. 340.

D1359.2. †D1359.2. Magic object causes mourning.

D1359.2.1. †D1359.2.1. Magic music causes mourning. (Cf. 1275.1.) --*BP II 502f.; Irish myth: *Cross; England: Baughman.

D1359.3. †D1359.3. Magic object causes joy.

D1359.3.1. †D1359.3.1. Magic music causes joy. (Cf. †D1275.1.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1359.3.1.1. †D1359.3.1.1. Magic (musical) horn (bell) relieves hearers of sorrow. (Cf. †D1213, †D1222.) --*Krappe Balor 159.

D1359.3.1.2. †D1359.3.1.2. Magic musical branch soothes listeners. (Cf. †D1615.2.) --*Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt II 325. --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1359.3.1.3. †D1359.3.1.3. Grief dispelled by sound of bell attached to magic fairy dog. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1359.3.2. †D1359.3.2. Happiness from eating magic pig. (Cf. †D1032.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1359.3.3. †D1359.3.3. Fruit of magic tree exhilarating. (Cf. †D950, †D981.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1359.3.4. †D1359.3.4. Stone blessed by saint banishes sorrow. (Cf. †D931.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1359.4. †D1359.4. Magic food causes intoxication and sobriety. (Cf. †D1030.) --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1359.5. †D1359.5. Magic sign assures that warriors will not flee from battle. (Cf. †D1299.1, †D1358.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1359.6. †D1359.6. Magic object destroys pride. German: Grimm No. 17.

D1360. †D1360. Magic object effects temporary change in person.

D1361. †D1361. Magic object renders invisible. *Aarne MSFO XXV 117; *Cox Cinderella 518; *Fb "usynlig". --Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "invisibilité".

D1361.1. †D1361.1. Magic mist of invisibility. (Cf. †D902.1.) --*Cox Cinderella 477. --Irish myth: *Cross; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221b.

D1361.1.0.4. †D1361.1.0.4. Demons cause impenetrable fog. Irish myth: Cross.

D1361.1.1. †D1361.1.1. Magic mist separates person from his companions. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1361.2. †D1361.2. Magic stone gives invisibility. (Cf. †D931.) --Köhler-Bolte I 114; Kittredge Witchcraft 176 n. 17. --Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1361.3. †D1361.3. Magic ash-tree renders invisible. (Cf. †D950.6.) --*Fb "usynlig".

D1361.4. †D1361.4. Magic calabash renders invisible. (Cf. †D965.2.) --Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 34.

D1361.5. †D1361.5. Magic seed renders invisible.

D1361.5.1. †D1361.5.1. Magic fernseed renders invisible. (Cf. †D971.3.) --*Cox Cinderella 517; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 1215ff. --Irish myth: Cross; Scotland: Baughman.

D1361.6. †D1361.6. Magic flower renders invisible. (Cf. †D975.) --Cox Cinderella 518; Scottish: Baughman.

D1361.7. †D1361.7. "Hand of glory" renders light invisible. Candles of human fat from dead man's hand make light invisible except to man holding it. (Cf. †D1162.2.1.) --Penzer III 150; *Fb "tyvefinger" III 917b.

D1361.8. †D1361.8. Heart of unborn child renders person invisible. (Cf. †D997.1.1.) *Fb "hjærte" I 631b, IV 218b. --Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 293 No. 1.

D1361.9. †D1361.9. Serpent's crown renders invisible. (Cf. †D1011.3.1, †B112.)

D1361.10. †D1361.10. Magic feather renders invisible. (Cf. †D1021.) --Cox Cinderella 517.

D1361.11. †D1361.11. Magic herb renders invisible. (Cf. †D965.) Africa (Fang): Trilles 269.

D1361.12. †D1361.12. Magic cloak of invisibility. (Cf. †D1053.) --*Types 328, 400; Cox Cinderella 517; Penzer I 26; Dickson 134 n. 113; *Loomis White Magic 51. --English: Wells 59 (The Turke and Gawin); Irish: Krappe Balor 2 n. 9, *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 55; Welsh: ibid. 106, 190; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10. --Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Mitford 185ff., Ikeda; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 177, (Tinguian): Cole 201 n. 1.; N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221a.

D1361.12.1. †D1361.12.1. Saint's tunic renders invisible. (Cf. †D1052.) --Irish: Plummer clxxx, *Cross. (†D1361.11.); Icelandic: Boberg.

D1361.13. †D1361.13. Magic belt renders invisible. (Cf. †D1057.) --*Fb "bælte" IV 84a; *Loomis White Magic 51. --French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1361.14. †D1361.14. Magic hat renders invisible. (Cf. †D1067.1.) --Fb "usynlig" III 985b, "hat" I 563b, IV 202b. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chapeau".

D1361.15. †D1361.15. Magic cap renders invisible: tarnkappe. (Cf. †D1067.2, †D1361.16.) *Penzer VI 149 n. 1; *Fb "usynlig" III 985b, "kappe" II 89, IV 253a; Cox Cinderella 517; Thien 30. --Greek: Fox 34, *Frazer Apollodorus I 153 n. 3 (Perseus); Icelandic: Dehmer Primitives' Erzählungsgut in den Islendingasögur 97, *Panzer Sigfrid 281 s. v. "Tarnkappe"; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 109, 253. --N. Am. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221a.

D1361.16. †D1361.16. Saint's cowl renders invisible. (Cf. †D1067.3.1.) --Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1361.17. †D1361.17. Magic ring renders invisible. (Cf. †D1076.) --*Fb "ring" III 60b; *Dickson 133f.; Cox Cinderella 518; *Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 50; Brown Iwain 14 and passim; Günter 64. --Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Roscher Lexikon s. v. "Gyges"; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1361.18. †D1361.18. Magic sword renders invisible. (Cf. †D1081.) --*Chauvin VI 66 No. 233.

D1361.19. †D1361.19. Magic jewel renders invisible. (Cf. †D1071.) --Cox Cinderella 517; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1361.20. †D1361.20. Helmet renders invisible. (Cf. †D1101.4.) --Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 47 n. 3; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1361.21. †D1361.21. Ship becomes invisible. (Cf. †D1123.) --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "navire".

D1361.22. †D1361.22. Magic medicine renders invisible. (Cf. †D1240.) --Type 576****.

D1361.22.1. †D1361.22.1. Magic pills render invisible. (Cf. †D1243.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1361.22.2. †D1361.22.2. Magic salve renders invisible. (Cf. †D1244.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1361.23. †D1361.23. Magic charm renders invisible. (Cf. †D1241.) --Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 34, 178.

D1361.24. †D1361.24. Magic drops render invisible. (Cf. †D1242.3.) --Type 576*****.

D1361.25. †D1361.25. Magic wand renders invisible. (Cf. †D1254.1.) --Fb "usynlig" III 985b. --Irish myth: Cross; German: MacCulloch Eddic 260; Chinese: Werner 326.

D1361.25.1. †D1361.25.1. Magic staff renders invisible. (Cf. †D1254.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 301, Boberg.

D1361.26. †D1361.26. Magic formula renders invisible. (Cf. †D1273.) --Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Werner 310.

D1361.27. †D1361.27. Magic light renders invisible. (Cf. †D1162.) --*Fb "usynlig" III 985b. --Icelandic: Boberg.

D1361.28. †D1361.28. Magic mirror renders invisible. Does so when owner looks into it. (Cf. †D1163.) --Fb "usynlig" III 985b.

D1361.29. †D1361.29. Magic animal's heart renders invisible. (Cf. †D1015.1.) --Fb "usynlig" III 985b.

D1361.30. †D1361.30. Magic bird-nest renders invisible. (Cf. †D1292.) --Cox Cinderella 517.

D1361.31. †D1361.31. Magic song renders invisible. (Cf. †D1275.) --Irish: Plummer clxxix, Cross; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 293.

D1361.32. †D1361.32. Magic mask renders invisible. (Cf. †D1067.4.) --Irish myth: Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 110.

D1361.33. †D1361.33. Magic veil renders invisible. (Cf. †D1061.) --Irish myth: Cross.

D1361.34. †D1361.34. Magic bag renders invisible. (Cf. †D902.1.1.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1361.35. †D1361.35. Magic tiger's hair renders invisible. (Cf. †D1023.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1361.36. †D1361.36. Magic trousers render invisible. (Cf. †D1055.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1361.37. †D1361.37. Magic shirt renders invisible. (Cf. †D1056.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1361.38. †D1361.38. Magic boots render invisible (Cf. †D1065.1.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1361.39. †D1361.39. Fact that woman bears future saint in womb renders her invisible. Irish myth: Cross.

D1361.40. †D1361.40. Magic cloth renders invisible. (Cf. †D1051.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1361.41. †D1361.41. Cross renders invisible. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1361.42. †D1361.42. Magic lampblack renders invisible. (Cf. †D931.1.3.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1361.43. †D1361.43. Magic mark on forehead renders invisible. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1361.44. †D1361.44. Magic ashes render invisible. (Cf. †D931.1.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1364. †D1364. Object causes magic sleep. *Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt I 257 n. 1; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1364.0.1. †D1364.0.1. Ring wakes from magic sleep. (Cf. †D1076.) --*Fb "ring" III 60a.

D1364.0.2. †D1364.0.2. Hero can only wake when a certain axe falls down. (Cf. †D1206.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1364.1. †D1364.1. Fountain causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D925.) --Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Brunnen" nn. 108--110. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "fontaine"; Irish: Plummer cli, clxxii, *Cross.

D1364.2. †D1364.2. Sleep-thorn. Thorn causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D958.) --*Köhler-Bolte I 261; *BP I 440; *Panzer Sigfrid 281 s. v. "Schlafdorn"; **Cosquin Études 95ff., Contes indiens 59ff. --English: Child V 495 s. v. "sleep"; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1364.3. †D1364.3. Flowers cause magic sleep. (Cf. †D975.) --*Basset 1001 Contes I 143.

D1364.4. †D1364.4. Fruit causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D980.) --*Basset 1001 Contes I 143e.

D1364.4.1. †D1364.4.1. Apple causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D981.1.) --*Types 400, 590, 709; *BP I 463, II 346, III 1; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1364.4.2. †D1364.4.2. Figs cause magic sleep. (Cf. †D981.5.) --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56, 116 Nos. 408*A, 970.

D1364.5. †D1364.5. Saint's breath causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1005.) --Irish: Plummer clxxii, Cross.

D1364.6. †D1364.6. Feather causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1021.) --English: Child V 496 s. v. "sleep".

D1364.7. †D1364.7. Sleeping potion: drink causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1040, †D1242.2, †D1364.12.) --Dickson 63; Cox Cinderella 483; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1364.7.1. †D1364.7.1. Liquor blessed by saint causes magic sleep. Irish: Plummer clxxii, Cross.

D1364.8. †D1364.8. Enchanted stockings cause magic sleep. (Cf. †D1062.) --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bas."

D1364.9. †D1364.9. Comb causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1072.1.) --*BP I 463; cf. Type 709.

D1364.10. †D1364.10. Dagger causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1083.1.) --*Basset 1001 Contes I 143.

D1364.11. †D1364.11. Pillow causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1154.5.) *Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt I 257 n. 1. --English: Child V 496 s. v. "sleep"; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1364.12. †D1364.12. Contents of bottle cause magic sleep. (Cf. †D1040, †D1171.8, †D1242.) --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "flacon".

D1364.13. †D1364.13. Cloth causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1051.) --BP I 463.

D1364.14. †D1364.14. Needle causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1181.) --Köhler-Bolte I 261.

D1364.15. †D1364.15. Pin causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1182.) --*Type 400; *Cosquin Contes indiens 95ff.; *BP II 346; Cox Cinderella 483; *Basset 1001 Contes I 143. --English: Child V 496 s. v. "sleep"; Irish myth: Cross; Missouri French: Carrière.

D1364.16. †D1364.16. Hairpin causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1072.2.) --*Type 709; *BP I 463.

D1364.17. †D1364.17. Spindle causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1186.) --*Type 410; *BP I 434ff., 440; *Saintyves Perrault 62.

D1364.18. †D1364.18. Wand causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1254.1.) --Saintyves Perrault 63; Cox Cinderella 483. --Icelandic: Corpus Poeticum Boreale I 158, Boberg; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "baguette", "sommeil"; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1364.19. †D1364.19. Cigar causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1261.) --Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408*A.

D1364.20. †D1364.20. Magic runes cause sleep. (Cf. †D1266.1.) --Fb "sove" III 472b. --English: Child I 28, 48, 55, 391f, Wimberly 355.

D1364.21. †D1364.21. Magic card causes sleep. (Cf. †D1267.) --Köhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 62 (to Gonzenbach No. 10); Basile Pentamerone III Nos. 1, 9; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1364.22. †D1364.22. Sleep-charm. Charm causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1273.) --Dickson 62 n. 6. --English: Child I 28, 48, 55, 391f; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 366.

D1364.23. †D1364.23. Song causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1275, †D1364.24.) --Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "chant".

D1364.24. †D1364.24. Music causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1275.1.) --Greek: Fox 193 (Argos); Irish: Plummer clxxii, *Cross; English: Child V 489 s. v. "music"; Finnish: Kalevala rune 42.

D1364.25. †D1364.25. Musical instrument causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1210.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.25.0.1. †D1364.25.0.1. Musical branch causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1615.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1364.25.1. †D1364.25.1. Flute causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1223.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.25.2. †D1364.25.2. Drum causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1211.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.25.3. †D1364.25.3. Pipe (musical) causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1224.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.26. †D1364.26. Silver rods cause magic sleep. (Cf. †D1254.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.27. †D1364.27. Sword causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1081.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.28. †D1364.28. Smoke from magic purse makes man sleep. (Cf. †D1192.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1364.29. †D1364.29. Touch of glove and ring causes sleep. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1364.30. †D1364.30. Tooth of fox causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1011.4.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1364.31. †D1364.31. Plant produces sleep. (Cf. †D965.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1364.32. †D1364.32. Jewel causes magic sleep. (Cf. †D1071.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1365. †D1365. Object causes magic forgetfulness.

D1365.1. †D1365.1. Plant causes magic forgetfulness. (Cf. †D965.) Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "herbe".

D1365.1.1. †D1365.1.1. Lotus causes forgetfulness. (Cf. †D965.6, †D2004.3.) Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus II 280 n. 2.

D1365.1.2. †D1365.1.2. Myrtle causes forgetfulness. (Cf. †D965.10.) Hartland Science 204.

D1365.1.3. †D1365.1.3. Laurel causes forgetfulness. (Cf. †D965.9.) --Hartland Science 204.

D1365.2. †D1365.2. Drink causes magic forgetfulness. (Cf. †D1040, †D2004.3.1.) --Jiriczek "Der Vergessenheitstrank in der Nibelungensage" Zs. f. vgl. Litgsch. N. F. VII 49ff.; Cox Cinderella 512; Wimberly 278f. --Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child I 363 and note, 364; Norse: Herrmann II 590; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Odyssey IV line 220 et passim; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1365.3. †D1365.3. Food causes magic forgetfulness. (Cf. †D1030.) --Icelandic: *Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 446.

D1365.4. †D1365.4. Girdle causes forgetfulness. (Cf. †D1057.1.) English: Herbert III 207.

D1365.5. †D1365.5. Ring causes forgetfulness. (Cf. †D1076.) --*Oesterley No. 10. --English: Wells 66 (Ywain and Gawain).

D1365.6. †D1365.6. Magic cup causes forgetfulness. (Cf. †D1171.6, †D1365.2.) --*Fb "bæger" IV 83a.

D1365.7. †D1365.7. Breath causes magic forgetfulness. (Cf. †D1005.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1365.8. †D1365.8. Magic medicine causes loss of memory. (Sprinkled on head.) (Cf. †D1241, †D1242.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1365.8.1. †D1365.8.1. Medicines of forgetfulness and remembering. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1365.9. †D1365.9. Tower causes magic forgetfulness. (Cf. †D1149.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1365.10. †D1365.10. Magic writings on drinking horn cause forgetfulness. (Cf. †D1365.2.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1365.11. †D1365.11. "Brain of forgetfulness" lost by person in battle. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1366. †D1366. Magic object causes memory.

D1366.1. †D1366.1. Magic drink causes memory. (Cf. †D1040.) --Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: Cross.

D1366.2. †D1366.2. Lack of magic necklace causes forgetfulness. (Cf. †D1365.) --India: Thompson-Balys.

D1367. †D1367. Magic object causes insanity.

D1367.1. †D1367.1. Magic plant causes insanity. (Cf. †D965.) --Chauvin VII 19 No. 373D n. 1; Fb "vild" III 1052b.

D1367.2. †D1367.2. Magic drink causes insanity. (Cf. †D1040.) --*Kittredge Witchcraft 128, 450 n. 25. --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1367.3. †D1367.3. Magic spell causes insanity. (Cf. †D1273.) --*Kittredge Witchcraft 128, 450 n. 24.

D1367.4. †D1367.4. Magic wisp (withe) causes insanity. (Cf. †D1282.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1367.5. †D1367.5. Runes cause frenzy. (Cf. †D1266.1.) Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 298, Herrmann Saxo Gr. II 239, *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1367.6. †D1367.6. Magic food causes insanity. (Cf. †D1030.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1368. †D1368. Magic object causes illusions. Irish myth: Cross.

D1368.1. †D1368.1. Magic snake-oil causes illusions. (Cf. †D1244.) --Kittredge Witchcraft 144, 463 nn. 51--54.

D1368.1.1. †D1368.1.1. Ointment applied to eyes makes night seem day. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1368.2. †D1368.2. Magic ring causes illusion. (Cf. †D1076.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1368.3. †D1368.3. Magic cloak causes illusion. (Cf. †D1053.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1368.4. †D1368.4. Tree of delusion. (Cf. †D950.) Indian: Thompson-Balys.

D1368.5. †D1368.5. Magic forest seems to stretch farther as mortals travel within. (Cf. †D941.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1372. †D1372. Magic object causes continued sneezing.

D1372.1. †D1372.1. Magic ring causes continued sneezing. (Cf. †D1076.) --Bédier Fabliaux 442.

D1373. †D1373. Magic object causes constant hunger.

D1373.0.1. †D1373.0.1. Magic object causes constant thirst.

D1373.0.1.1. †D1373.0.1.1. Magic lamp (eaten, causes thirst.) (Cf. †D1162.1) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1373.1. †D1373.1. Fetish medicine causes constant hunger. (Cf. †D1241.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 177 No. 24 version I.

D1373.2. †D1373.2. Two loaves of bread -- one to excite, the other to appease hunger. (Cf. †D1031.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1374. †D1374. Magic object causes longing.

D1374.1. †D1374.1. Magic music causes longing. (Cf. †D1275.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1375. †D1375. Magic object causes (or removes) temporary growths.

D1375.1. †D1375.1. Magic object causes horns to grow on person. Irish myth: Cross.

D1375.1.1. †D1375.1.1. Magic fruit causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.) --Philippine: *Fansler MAFLS XII 17.

D1375.1.1.1. †D1375.1.1.1. Magic apples cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.1) --*Type 566; *BP I 470ff., 482; *Aarne MSFO XXV 121. --Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "cornes"; N. Am. Indian (European borrowings): *Thompson CColl II 399ff.

D1375.1.1.2. †D1375.1.1.2. Magic peaches cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.2.) Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "cornes".

D1375.1.1.3. †D1375.1.1.3. Magic orange causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.3.) Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "orange", "cornes".

D1375.1.1.4. †D1375.1.1.4. Magic cherries cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.4.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.1.1.5. †D1375.1.1.5. Magic figs cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.5.) --*Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.1.1.6. †D1375.1.1.6. Magic pear causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.6.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.1.1.7. †D1375.1.1.7. Magic plums cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.7.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.1.1.8. †D1375.1.1.8. Magic grapes cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.8.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.1.1.9. †D1375.1.1.9. Magic dates cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.9.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 122.

D1375.1.1.10. †D1375.1.1.10. Magic berries cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D981.10.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 122.

D1375.1.2. †D1375.1.2. Magic vegetable causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D983.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 122.

D1375.1.3. †D1375.1.3. Charm causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D992.1.) Penzer III 187.

D1375.1.4. †D1375.1.4. Blossom causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D975.) --Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 16.

D1375.1.5. †D1375.1.5. Magic drink causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. †D1040.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1375.2. †D1375.2. Magic object removes horns from person.

D1375.2.1. †D1375.2.1. Magic fruit removes horns from person. (Cf. †D1375.1.1, †D981.)

D1375.2.1.1. †D1375.2.1.1. Magic apple removes horns from person. (Cf. †D981.1.) --*Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.2.1.2. †D1375.2.1.2. Magic orange removes horns from person. (Cf. †D981.3.) Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "orange".

D1375.2.1.3. †D1375.2.1.3. Magic pear removes horns from person. (Cf. †D981.6.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.2.2. †D1375.2.2. Magic nut removes horns from person. (Cf. †D985.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.2.3. †D1375.2.3. Magic salve removes horns from person. (Cf. †D1244.) --Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.2.4. †D1375.2.4. Magic water removes horns from person. (Cf. †D1242.1.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.2.5. †D1375.2.5. Blossoms remove horns from person. (Cf. †D975.) Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 16.

D1375.3. †D1375.3. Magic object causes wings to grow on person. Aarne MSFO XXV 123.

D1375.3.1. †D1375.3.1. Magic ointment causes wings to grow on person. (Cf. †D1244.) Chauvin V 41 No. 388; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1375.4. †D1375.4. Magic object causes tail to grow.

D1375.4.1. †D1375.4.1. Magic plant causes tail to grow.

D1375.4.1.1. †D1375.4.1.1. Magic plantain causes four tails to grow. (Cf. †D965.11.) --Africa (Ibo, Nigeria): Thomas 126.

D1375.4.2. †D1375.4.2. Magic fruit causes tail to grow. (Cf. †D981.) Aarne MSFO XXV 123. --Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 16.

D1375.5. †D1375.5. Magic object causes humps to appear on back. (Cf. †F344.1.) Aarne MSFO XXV 123.

D1375.6. †D1375.6. Magic object causes feathers to grow on person. Irish myth: Cross.

D1375.6.1. †D1375.6.1. Magic egg causes feathers to grow on person. (Cf. †D1024.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1376. †D1376. Magic object causes members to grow long or short.

D1376.1. †D1376.1. Magic object makes nose long (restores it.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 123; Type 566; *BP I 470ff.; *Fb "næse" II 716b. --Japanese: Ikeda.

D1376.1.1. †D1376.1.1. Magic fruit makes nose long (restores it.)

D1376.1.1.1. †D1376.1.1.1. Magic apple makes nose long (restores it). (Cf. †D981.1.) *Fb "æble" III 1136a; Hdwb. d. Märchens s. v. "Apfel" n. 10.

D1376.1.1.2. †D1376.1.1.2. Magic cherry makes nose long (restores it). (Cf. †D981.4.) Fb "kirsebær" II 133a.

D1376.1.2. †D1376.1.2. Magic ring makes nose grow long (restores it). (Cf. †D1076.) Köhler-Bolte I 110f.

D1377. †D1377. Magic object changes person's size.

D1377.1. †D1377.1. Magic comb changes person's size at will. (Cf. †D1072.1.) Köhler-Bolte I 177.

D1379. †D1379. Magic object produces miscellaneous temporary changes in persons, animals, or objects.

D1379.1. †D1379.1. Magic object controls person's will.

D1379.1.1. †D1379.1.1. Magic runes control person's will. (Cf. †D1266.1.) English: Child I 362.

D1379.2. †D1379.2. Magic writings (runes) cause dead to speak. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1379.3. †D1379.3. Magic writings (runes) produce enmity. (Cf. †D1266.1.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1379.4. †D1379.4. Magic picture causes people to wet the bed. (Cf. †D1379.4.) Chinese: Graham.

D1379.5. †D1379.5. "Milk-medicine" causes milk to appear in woman's breast. (Cf. †D1241.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380. †D1380. Magic object protects. **Seligmann 72ff. --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1380.0.1. †D1380.0.1. Magic object protects a city. *Chauvin VIII 191 No. 228.

D1380.0.1.1. †D1380.0.1.1. Palladium. City impregnable while statue remains. (Cf. †D1268.) Greek: Grote I 276.

D1380.1. †D1380.1. Waberlohe. Magic fire surrounds and protects. (Cf. †D1271.) BP I 440; *Panzer Sigfrid 281 s. v. "Waberlohe"; Seligmann 110ff., *122, 123ff., *130; Krappe Archiv für das Studium der Neueren Sprachen 1937, 1938. --Icelandic: Boberg.

D1380.1.1. †D1380.1.1. Pillar of fire protects in desert. (Cf. †D1271.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1380.2. †D1380.2. Tree (plant) protects.

D1380.2.1. †D1380.2.1. Calabash as guardian of girl. (Cf. †D965.2.) Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 27.

D1380.2.2. †D1380.2.2. Tree as guardian of girl. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.3. †D1380.3. Head of divinity as protection of land. Buried. (Cf. †D992.) *Kittredge Gawain 180 n. 1. --Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 105.

D1380.3.1. †D1380.3.1. Magic head of horse as protection of land. (Cf. †D1011.) Hdwb. d. Abergl. VI 996. --Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1380.4. †D1380.4. Magic tent protects occupant. (Cf. †D1138.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1380.5. †D1380.5. Magic water protects. (Cf. †D1242.1.) Seligmann 73ff, *106. --Irish myth: *Cross; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1380.6. †D1380.6. Magic coal protects. (Cf. †D931.1.) Seligmann 131, *133; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.7. †D1380.7. Magic soot protects. (Cf. †D931.1.1.) Seligmann 137, *138.

D1380.8. †D1380.8. Magic ashes protect. (Cf. †D1271.1.) Seligmann 134, *137.

D1380.9. †D1380.9. Magic earth (dirt) protects. (Cf. †D935.) Seligmann *154.

D1380.10. †D1380.10. Magic string protects. (Cf. †D1184.2.) Penzer VI 59.

D1380.11. †D1380.11. Magic jewel protects (Cf. †D1071.) Seligmann *205, *285; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1380.12. †D1380.12. Magic bedstead protects from harm. (Cf. †D1154.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.13. †D1380.13. Magic story protects. (Cf. †D1266.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1380.14. †D1380.14. Magic poems protect. (Cf. †D1275.4.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1380.14.1. †D1380.14.1. Magic hymn protects. (Cf. †D1275.3, †D1382.7.1, †D1383.4.1, †D1385.16, †D1389.9.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1380.15. †D1380.15. Magic well protects. (Cf. †D926.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1380.16. †D1380.16. Magic dog protects. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1380.16.1. †D1380.16.1. Magic statue of dog protects. (Cf. †D1268.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1380.17. †D1380.17. Magic cup protects. (Cf. †D1171.6.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1380.18. †D1380.18. Magic cloth protects. (Cf. †D1051.) Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.19. †D1380.19. Magic club protects ten men. (Cf. †D1094.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1380.20. †D1380.20. Runes protect. (Cf. †D1266.1.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 298, Boberg.

D1380.21. †D1380.21. Magic ointment protects. (Cf. †D1244.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.22. †D1380.22. Magic feather protects. (Cf. †D1021.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.23. †D1380.23. Magic ring protects. (Cf. †D1076.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1380.24. †D1380.24. Spell overcomes all danger. (Cf. †D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.25. †D1380.25. Magic cloud protects. (Cf. †D901.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1380.26. †D1380.26. Reindeer hose from corpse protect women. (Cf. †D1062, †D1278.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 173.

D1381. †D1381. Magic object protects from attack. *Kittredge Witchcraft 54, 404 nn. 231--234. --Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.1. †D1381.1. Druid's hedge prevents attack. (Cf. †D945, †D1282.1.1, †D1361.1.) Irish: Plummer clxi, *Cross.

D1381.2. †D1381.2. Saint's spittle protects fugitive from attack. (Cf. †D1001.) Irish: Plummer clxxviii, Cross.

D1381.3. †D1381.3. Magic garment protects against attack. (Cf. †D1052, †D1053.) *Thien Motive 30; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1712. --Icelandic: Corpus Poeticum Boreale II 354, Möbius Háttatal II 130, *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.3.1. †D1381.3.1. Garment proof against all but man's own sword. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1381.3.2. †D1381.3.2. Magic unpierceable (horn) skin protects against attack. (Cf. †D1025.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1381.3.3. †D1381.3.3. A protective garment which spears could not penetrate. (Cf. †D1052.) *Loomis White Magic 123.

D1381.4. †D1381.4. Magic coat protects against attack. (Cf. †D1053.)

D1381.4.1. †D1381.4.1. Christ's coat of mercy protects Pilate from punishment. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 323.

D1381.5. †D1381.5. Magic shirt protects against attack. (Cf. †D1056, †D1344.9, †D1389.7.) Örvar Odds Saga 75, 109 (will not protect when in flight). --Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 499.

D1381.6. †D1381.6. Stone necklace protects from attack. (Cf. †D1073.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1381.7. †D1381.7. Magic ring protects from attack. (Cf. †D1076.) English: Wells 9 (King Horn); Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1381.8. †D1381.8. Arms that protect from attack. (Cf. †D1080.) English: Wells 132 (Sir Launfal); Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.9. †D1381.9. Dagger protects owner from attack. (Cf. †D1083.1.) Malone PMLA XLIII 402.

D1381.10. †D1381.10. Magic armor protects from attack. (Cf. †D1101.) Thien Motive 30. --Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1381.10.1. †D1381.10.1. Magic impenetrable breastplate. (Cf. †D1101.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.10.2. †D1381.10.2. Magic unpierceable cuirass. (Cf. †D1101.2.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508*A.

D1381.10.3. †D1381.10.3. Magic unpierceable helmet. (Cf. †D1101.4.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1381.10.4. †D1381.10.4. Magic impenetrable yoke. (Cf. †D1101.5.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.11. †D1381.11. Magic circle protects from devil. (Cf. †D1272.) *Types 810, 815, Fb "kreds" II 293. --Irish: Beal XXI 316; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 693--697, 700; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer II 99 n.

D1381.11.1. †D1381.11.1. Magic circle protects from wild animals. Chinese: Graham.

D1381.11.2. †D1381.11.2. Magic circle protects from ghosts. (Cf. †D1272.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.12. †D1381.12. Saint's bachall keeps off enemies. (Cf. †D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, *Cross. --*Loomis White Magic 123.

D1381.13. †D1381.13. Magic fly-whisk stops sword-thrusts. (Cf. †D1287.) Chinese: Werner 322.

D1381.14. †D1381.14. Magic girdle protects from all wounds. (Cf. †D1057.1.) English: Wells 55 (Gawayne and the Grene Knight.).

D1381.15. †D1381.15. Red wards off danger. (Cf. †D1293.1.) Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 300 No. 6.

D1381.16. †D1381.16. Magic letters (amulets) guard against attack by wild animals or men. (Cf. †D1266.1.) Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1.

D1381.17. †D1381.17. Spear in ground pointed toward ferocious animal protects. (Cf. †D1084.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.18. †D1381.18. Magic belt assures victory. (Cf. †D1057.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1381.19. †D1381.19. Magic chain protects from attack. (Cf. †D1078.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.20. †D1381.20. Sacred relics protect against attack. (Cf. †D1296.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.21. †D1381.21. Magic fan protects against attack. (Cf. †D1077.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.22. †D1381.22. Magic mist protects against attack. (Cf. †D902.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.23. †D1381.23. Magic spell causes fortress to revolve, preventing entrance. (Cf. †D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.24. †D1381.24. Magic letter protects against attack. (Cf. †D1266.1.) *Fb I 609 "himmelbrev". --Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.24.1. †D1381.24.1. Reading letter written by Christ protects against attack. Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.25. †D1381.25. Carrying saint's book around army right-handwise insures victory. (Cf. †D1266.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.25.1. †D1381.25.1. Dextrorsum circuit (around sacred stone) insures victory. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.26. †D1381.26. Magic veil protects from attack. (Cf. †D1061.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1381.27. †D1381.27. Magic song stops spears. (Cf. †D1275.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1381.28. †D1381.28. Magic tree protects from attack. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.29. †D1381.29. Speaking lamp prevents king from killing queen. (Cf. †D1162.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.30. †D1381.30. Rider on magic horse immune to harm or danger. (Cf. †B181.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.31. †D1381.31. Magic gate swallows axes trying to force it open. (Cf. †D1146.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1381.32. †D1381.32. Staff protects from attack. (Cf. †D1254.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1382. †D1382. Magic object protects against cold or burning.

D1382.1. †D1382.1. Magic pebble prevents burning. (Cf. †D931.) Southern Paiute: Lowie JAFL XXXVII 144.

D1382.1.0.1. †D1382.1.0.1. Magic stones from holy well protect against loss by fire or water. Irish myth: Cross.

D1382.2. †D1382.2. Fat of crow prevents burning. (Cf. †D1017.1.1.) *Fb "fedt" I 278b.

D1382.3. †D1382.3. Magic cake protects from heat. (Cf. †D1031.2.) Chinese: Werner 186.

D1382.4. †D1382.4. Magic oil prevents burning. (Cf. †D1244.) Malone PMLA XLIII 406.

D1382.5. †D1382.5. Magic fire does not burn one. (Cf. †D1271.) Irish myth: *Cross, Plummer cxxxviii; Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "feu".

D1382.5.1. †D1382.5.1. Flaming shield does not burn owner. (Cf. †D1101.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1382.6. †D1382.6. Magic shirt protects from cold and burning. (Cf. †D1056.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 491.

D1382.6.1. †D1382.6.1. Magic garment protects from fire. (Cf. †D1052.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 210 No. 159.

D1382.7. †D1382.7. Song protects from fire. (Cf. †D1275.) Irish: Plummer clxxix, Cross.

D1382.7.1. †D1382.7.1. Magic hymn protects from fire. (Cf. †D1275.3, †D1380.14.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1382.7.1.1. †D1382.7.1.1. Magic song protects from frost and cold. (Cf. †D1275.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 298, Boberg.

D1382.8. †D1382.8. Magic stream quenches fire. (Cf. †D915.2.) *Type 715; *BP I 258.

D1382.9. †D1382.9. Magic cowl protects from fire. (Cf. †D1067.3.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1382.9.1. †D1382.9.1. Magic cowl protects from cold. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1382.10. †D1382.10. Magic garment prevents burning. (Cf. †D1052.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 210 No. 159.

D1382.11. †D1382.11. Magic ring protects against fire. (Cf. †D1076.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1382.12. †D1382.12. Magic blue stone protects against frost. (Cf. †D931.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1382.13. †D1382.13. Blood of salamander protects against fire. (Cf. †D1016.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1383. †D1383. Magic object protects from poison.

D1383.1. †D1383.1. Magic garment protects from poison. (Cf. †D1052.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1383.2. †D1383.2. Charms protect from poison. (Cf. †D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 387 n. 82; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Penzer I 113.

D1383.3. †D1383.3. Magic ring protects against poison. (Cf. †D1076.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 57; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Penzer I 110 n. 1.

D1383.4. †D1383.4. Song protects against poison. (Cf. †D1275.) Irish: Plummer clxxix, Cross.

D1383.4.1. †D1383.4.1. Magic hymn protects against poison. (Cf. †D1275.3, †D1380.14.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1383.5. †D1383.5. Leek in beer protects against poison. (Cf. †D983.3.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1383.6. †D1383.6. Magic red stone protects from poison. (Cf. †D1070.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1384. †D1384. Magic object protects from discomfort or from accident on journey.

D1384.1. †D1384.1. Magic ring prevents discomfiture. (Cf. †D1076.) Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 51.

D1384.2. †D1384.2. Noose used by suicide as protection from accident. (Cf. †D1278.) Kittredge Witchcraft 142, 461 n. 24.

D1384.3. †D1384.3. Charm gives safety on journey. (Cf. †D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 93; Hälsig Der Zauberspruch bei den Germanen 48ff. --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1384.3.1. †D1384.3.1. Turning right-handwise insures safe journey. (Cf. †D1272.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1384.4. †D1384.4. Charms prevent fatigue. (Cf. †D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 93.

D1384.4.1. †D1384.4.1. Magic shirt prevents fatigue during swimming. (Cf. †D1056.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1384.4.2. †D1384.4.2. Magic blue stone prevents fatigue during swimming. (Cf. †D1072.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1384.5. †D1384.5. Song as protection on journey. (Cf. †D1275.) Irish: Plummer clxxix, *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1384.6. †D1384.6. Ointment gives protection on journey. (Cf. †D1244.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1384.7. †D1384.7. Magic ring prevents losing one's way. (Cf. †D1076.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1385. †D1385. Magic object protects from evil spirits. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.1. †D1385.1. Earth from saint's grave expels demons. (Cf. †D935, †V220.) Seligmann 149. --Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1385.2. †D1385.2. Plant as antidote to spells and enchantments. (Cf. †D965.) Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 288 n. 1 (moly); Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.2.1. †D1385.2.1. Herbs worn in ears keep off power of evil spirits. (Cf. †D965.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1385.2.2. †D1385.2.2. Rue, when burned, keeps evil spirits at a distance. (Cf. †D965.16.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1385.2.3. †D1385.2.3. Hawthorn protects travelers. (Cf. †D950.13.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1385.2.4. †D1385.2.4. Witch will never visit a house where pipal is strewn. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1385.2.5. †D1385.2.5. Ash (quicken, rowan) protects against spells and enchantment. (Cf. †D950.6, †D1311.4.1.1.)

D1385.2.6. †D1385.2.6. Roots protect from evil spirits. (Cf. †D967.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.2.7. †D1385.2.7. Mandrake protects from evil spirits. (Cf. †D965.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.2.8. †D1385.2.8. Garlic protects from evil spirits. (Cf. †D1383.5.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.3. †D1385.3. Marriage ring protects from devil. (Cf. †D1076.) Breton: Sébillot Incidents s. v. "bague".

D1385.3.1. †D1385.3.1. Magic ring protects from spirit. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 309 No. 17.

D1385.4. †D1385.4. Silver bullet protects against giants, ghosts, and witches. (Cf. †D1096.3.) Fb "sølvknap", "sølvkugle". --Japanese: Ikeda; North Carolina: Brown Collection I 644.

D1385.4.1. †D1385.4.1. Witch shot dead with bullet of salt. (Cf. †D1096.3.) Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D1385.5. †D1385.5. Metal as defense against spirits. (Cf. †D1252.) *Seligmann *178; Penzer II 161ff.

D1385.5.1. †D1385.5.1. Copper as defense against ghosts and magic. (Cf. †D1252.2.) *Zingerle Sagen aus Tirol 589. --N. Am. Indian (Ojibwa): Skinner PaAM XII 84.

D1385.5.2. †D1385.5.2. Axe driven into house entrance keeps werwolf out. (Cf. †D1206.) Jijena Sanchez 35.

D1385.6. †D1385.6. Magic salve protects from enchantment. (Cf. †D1244.) Fb "salve".

D1385.7. †D1385.7. Magic circle averts sorcery. (Cf. †D1272.) *Chauvin VII 104 No. 378. --Scotland: Baughman.

D1385.8. †D1385.8. Saint's bachall keeps off monsters and ghosts. (Cf. †D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1385.9. †D1385.9. Magic horseshoe keeps off devils, trolls, and witches. (Cf. †D1286.) *Fb "hestesko"; Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 437ff.

D1385.10. †D1385.10. Wheel buried in doorstep to prevent deviltry. (Cf. †D1207.) Fb "hjul".

D1385.11. †D1385.11. Churchyard mould in hat prevents witchery. (Cf. †D1278.1.) Fb "kirkegaardsmuld".

D1385.12. †D1385.12. Magic bell disperses demons. (Cf. †D1213.) *Frazer Old Testament III 446ff. --Irish: Plummer clxxvi, *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.12.1. †D1385.12.1. Saint's bell rung against black birds (demons). Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.13. †D1385.13. Charm prevents witchcraft. (Cf. †D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 nn. 87, 98, 99; ibid. 133, 453ff. nn. 62--82 passim; *Fb "læse", "læsning", "Fader Vor"; Penzer III 137.

D1385.13.1. †D1385.13.1. Ineffable Name subjugates demons. (Cf. †D807, †G302.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.14. †D1385.14. Milk of two king's children protects hero in dragon fight. (Cf. †B11.11, †D1043.) Dickson 135 n. 117.

D1385.15. †D1385.15. Holy water and mass prevent demons alighting on grave. (Cf. †D1242.1.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.15.1. †D1385.15.1. Holy water dispels demons. Irish myth: Cross.

D1385.16. †D1385.16. Magic hymn protects against demons and vices. (Cf. †D1275.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.16.1. †D1385.16.1. Magic hymn protects against spells of druids. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.16.2. †D1385.16.2. Magic hymn protects against spells of smiths. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.16.3. †D1385.16.3. Magic hymn protects against spells of women. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.17. †D1385.17. Magic measurement protects against devil. (Cf. †D1273.4, †D1389.10, †F950.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1385.18. †D1385.18. Magic thread protects against demons. (Cf. †D1184.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.19. †D1385.19. Clothing protects from evil spirit. (Cf. †D1050.)

D1385.19.1. †D1385.19.1. Saint's hose protects woman from devil. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1385.20. †D1385.20. Runes protect from the curse of a dead Christian woman. (Cf. †D1266.1.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 298, cf. Boberg.

D1385.21. †D1385.21. Magic stone makes demons despair. Irish myth: Cross.

D1385.22. †D1385.22. Bedstead at doorway prevents spirit from entering. (Cf. †D1154.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1385.23. †D1385.23. Magic quilt protects wearer from demons and human weapons. (Cf. †D1167.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1385.24. †D1385.24. Amulet guards against sorcery. (Cf. †D1070.) India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 54, Rink 151, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 511.

D1385.25. †D1385.25. Magic book disperses demons. (Cf. †D1266.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.26. †D1385.26. Red color protects against demons. (Cf. †D1293.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.27. †D1385.27. Meal of fishes protects against demons. (†D1032.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.28. †D1385.28. Magic honey protects against demons. (Cf. †D1037.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.29. †D1385.29. Magic lamp protects against demons. (Cf. †D1162.1.) Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 239.

D1386. †D1386. Magic object protects from unwelcome lover.

D1386.1. †D1386.1. Magic sword protects woman from fairy lover in husband's absence. (Cf. †D1081, †F301.) --Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 197.

D1386.2. †D1386.2. Magic herb keeps off demon lover. (Cf. †D965.) Kittredge Witchcraft 120ff., 446ff. nn. 136--152 passim. --England, Scotland: *Baughman.

D1386.2.1. †D1386.2.1. Clever woman and devil as paramour. Devil betrays means by which he can be driven out. Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. *368, 3682, Legends No. 390.

D1387. †D1387. Magic object preserves chastity. Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt I 123; *Boje 106ff. --Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1387.1. †D1387.1. Amulet preserves chastity. (Cf. †D1070.) Dickson 53 n. 62.

D1387.2. †D1387.2. Magic charm (writings) preserves chastity. (Cf. †D1266.1.) English: Child II 506a; Wells 22 (Sir Beues of Hamtoun).

D1387.3. †D1387.3. Magic belt protects against husband. (Cf. †D1057.) Icelandic: FSS 225, Boberg.

D1388. †D1388. Magic object protects from drowning. Irish myth: *Cross, Beal XXI 328.

D1388.0.1. †D1388.0.1. Magic ring protects from drowning. (Cf. †D1076.) *Dickson 189 n. 65.

D1388.0.2. †D1388.0.2. Magic veil keeps man from sinking in water. (Cf. †D1061.) Greek: Fox 262.

D1388.0.3. †D1388.0.3. Magic chain protects from drowning. Irish myth: Cross.

D1388.0.4. †D1388.0.4. Magic garment protects from drowning. (Cf. †D1052.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1388.0.5. †D1388.0.5. By means of magic bag it is possible to stay as long on the bottom of the sea as one wants. (Cf. †D1193.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1388.0.6. †D1388.0.6. By means of magic helmet it is possible to stay on the bottom of the sea as long as one wants. (Cf. †D1101.4.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1388.1. †D1388.1. Magic object protects from shipwreck.

D1388.1.1. †D1388.1.1. Saint's bachall protects from shipwreck. (Cf. †D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1388.1.2. †D1388.1.2. Herb protects from storms at sea. (Cf. †D965.) Kittredge Witchcraft 153, 474 n. 10.

D1388.1.3. †D1388.1.3. Runes protect from storm and shipwreck. (Cf. †D1266.1.) Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 298.

D1388.2. †D1388.2. Magic stone keeps flood from overflowing earth. (Cf. †A1010, †D931, †D1389.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1389. †D1389. Magic object affords miscellaneous protection.

D1389.1. †D1389.1. Magic stone protects church from oppression. (Cf. †D931, †V111.) Irish: Plummer clvii, Cross.

D1389.2. †D1389.2. Charms against theft. (Cf. †D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 190f., 388 n. 96, 508 nn. 34--43.

D1389.2.1. †D1389.2.1. Theft from church prevented by apparent heat. *Loomis White Magic 98.

D1389.2.2. †D1389.2.2. Thieves cannot cross a river because the water suddenly becomes too hot for them. *Loomis White Magic 98.

D1389.3. †D1389.3. Magic cup protects against loss of strength. (Cf. †D1171.6.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1389.4. †D1389.4. Magic wheel prevents entrance to fortress. (Cf. †D1207.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1389.5. †D1389.5. Magic spear protects against spell. (Cf. †D1084.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1389.6. †D1389.6. Saint's bell carried around tribe averts all danger. (Cf. †D1213.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1389.7. †D1389.7. Magic shirt protects against opposition. (Cf. †D1056.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1389.8. †D1389.8. Magic helmet prevents baldness. (Cf. †D1101.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1389.9. †D1389.9. Magic hymn protects against poverty, death and dishonor. (Cf. †D1275.3, †D1380.14.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1389.9.1. †D1389.9.1. Magic red stone protects against poverty. (Cf. †D1070.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1389.9.2. †D1389.9.2. Magic ring prevents poverty. (Cf. †D1076.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1389.10. †D1389.10. Magic measurement protects against sudden death. (Cf. †D1273.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1389.11. †D1389.11. Magic armature protects soul from hurt. (Cf. †D1101.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1389.12. †D1389.12. Leek put under the tongue of supposed dead person preserves him from harm by burial. (Cf. †D983.3.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1389.13. †D1389.13. Magic plant banishes fear. (Cf. †D965.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1389.14. †D1389.14. Sword puts to flight five evil passions. (Cf. †D1081.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1389.15. †D1389.15. Magic incense protects from plague. (Cf. †D1295.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1389.16. †D1389.16. Magic girdle protects from pain. (Cf. †D1057.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1390. †D1390. Magic object rescues person. Missouri French: Carrière.

D1390.1. †D1390.1. Hairs of lion, when burnt, get owner out of difficulties. (Cf. †D1023.) Malone PMLA XLIII 409.

D1391. †D1391. Magic object saves person from execution. Type 562. --Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carrière.

D1391.1. †D1391.1. Miraculous rain extinguishes fire used at stake. (Cf. †D902.) *Basset RTP XXIII 167; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1391.2. †D1391.2. Saint's bachall saves prisoner from execution. (Cf. †D1277, †V220.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1392. †D1392. Magic object saves owner from death. *Kittredge Witchcraft 54f., 405 nn. 235--237. --Irish myth: *Cross.

D1392.1. †D1392.1. Amulet saves one from death. (Cf. †D1070.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 187, III 114, 211, 216, Rink 168.

D1393. †D1393. Magic object helps fugitive. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1393.1. †D1393.1. Tree opens and conceals fugitive. (Cf. †D950.) Irish: Plummer cliii, Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 90.

D1393.1.1. †D1393.1.1. Woman charms stick of wood so she can hide inside it. (Cf. †D956.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 107.

D1393.2. †D1393.2. Magic object m