Tim Lueth

Tutorial I: "Medical Robotics"
09:00 - 10:00, December 14, 2012


Prof. Dr.rer.nat. Dipl.-Ing.  Tim C. Lueth
Institute of Micro Technology and Medical Device Technology
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Abstract: Medical robotics did start with Brian Davies first ideas at Imperial College at the end of the 80th for prostate cancer resection. Since the year 2005, robots in medical procedures are considered as helpful tools or assistance for surgery, radiation therapy, and imaging. Companies such as Intuitive Surgical have today a much higher stock market value than robotics companies for industrial applications or service robots. More and more industrial robotics companies drift into this new market. In the talk, different types of surgical assistance systems are described from the past to the current state of the art. In addition a collection of different robot system are presented which are medical products today. Beside the basic principles of these systems, also the procedure to develop and to get a medical approval for such kind of robot systems is explained. At the end of talk, a new concept of single use robot systems is presented for snake-like robots in minimally invasive surgery. Those robots are designed in a half automatic way using selective laser sintering for manufacture the robot kinematic over night.

Tutorial II: "Robotics as Service Enabler"
10:00 - 11:00, December 14, 2012


Professor Kazuhiro Kosuge
Department of Bioengineering and Robotics
Tohoku University

Abstract: Robotics research is classified into two types: curiosity-driven robotics research and needs-driven robotics research. Both types of research have created rich foundation for new technological systems. Robotics has become a key technology for the engineering. Many potential applications exist in human environment. Physical human-robot interaction is one of key issues for developing a robot in human environments working together with its partner(s). A dance partner robot, which has been developed in our laboratory and dances a waltz with a male dancer, is a research platform for the human-robot interaction. How to estimate the following step lead by the male dancer, or how to read the male dancer’s lead, or how to estimate its partner’s intention, was one of the key issues for the development of the robot. In this talk, we will first consider issues relating to physical human-robot interaction and introduce what we have done so far for the dance partner robot. Then, we will consider how the concept of the dance partner robot could be utilized in real world applications. As one of the applications of the human-robot interaction and coordination, PaDY (Parts/tools-Delivery-to-You robot) is introduced. PaDY is a robot, which is being developed for automobile assembly process and assists its partners to assemble parts to a vehicle. Finally an overview of robotics research is introduced and will show how new services will be created by the robotics.

Special Colloquium:
"People Behaving Badly, Robots Behaving Better? Embedding Ethics in Autonomous Robotic Systems"
11:00 - 12:00, December 14, 2012
Professor Ron Arkin
Regents' Professor
Georgia Institute of Technology

Abstract: Weaponized robotic systems are being introduced into the battlefield at an ever increasing pace. The consequences of this technological progress need to be examined carefully. In this talk, I outline the philosophical basis, motivation, theory, and design recommendations for the implementation of an ethical control and reasoning system potentially suitable for constraining lethal actions in an autonomous robotic system so that they fall within the bounds prescribed by the Laws of War and Rules of Engagement. It is a further contention that an autonomous robot capable of lethal force can ultimately be more humane in the battlefield than human soldiers. Robot architectural design recommendations are presented for (1) post facto suppression of unethical behavior, (2) behavioral design that incorporates ethical constraints from the onset, (3) the use of affective functions as an adaptive component in the event of unethical action, and (4) a mechanism in support of identifying and advising operators regarding their ultimate responsibility for the deployment of such a system. This research was supported under a grant from the Army Research Office.


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