Islamia College on Railway Road was established by the Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam in 1892. This college is affiliated with the University of Punjab and imparts education until Associate Bachelor in Arts/Science subjects which is equal to 14 years of total schooling in the West. Graduates and students of this college are referred to as "Habibians" after the name of the college's oldest and central building.
This college was one of the focal points for the Pakistan Movement. The founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, frequently visited this college to address and confer with its students. During its heyday, this college was regarded among the most prestigious seats of Muslim higher learning in British India. The college has produced many well known international cricketers with the likes of Fazal Mahmood and at one point in history, seven of the national team players were from Islamia College.
The Islamia College campus on Cooper Road is an all girls college and was established by Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam in 1939. It is also affiliated with the University of Punjab. Another campus on Civil Lines was founded in 1947 on the premises of an abandoned Hindu school.Although the college has a glorious history, it is no longer regarded among the elite colleges of Pakistan due to its nationalization in the 1970s which saw a gradual decline in all aspects of its functioning.