Faults are fractures along which there has been significant relative motion. They are classified by geometry and kinematics into several types.
Thrust fault (mountainside scale). Upper part of mountain is white limestone and dolostone of Triassic age; lower mountainside is Miocene 'flysch' sandstones and shales. Isparta Dag, Lycian Nappes, SW Turkey
Thrust duplication of single bed. Pensylvanian Stellarton Formation shales and siderite band, Stellarton, Nova Scotia