This is a limited annotated list of websites for Canadian social studies educators, and those interested in Canada, carefully examined for their quality and use. This is also the companion website for the Webmaster's elementary textbook and junior high textbook which is free and online (Click here to access it). Suggestions for additional sites can be sent to the Webmaster Dr. Joe Kirman at joe.kirman @ . Please note the suggested site’s URL and mention why you think it should be on this list. Not all suggestions can be accepted, but your interest is appreciated. Updated or checked April 18, 2021. You are visitor number Counter for Forums
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I hope all of you are keeping well and safe.  As of the above date the outstanding series based on Herman Wouk's  books, Winds of War, and War and Remembrance are still online under History and Historical Pictures. During this time of lockdowns and isolation this would be a good time to see them before they are taken off again.






Please be aware that there is no guarantee about the accuracy or truth of materials in any website. The authorship, timeliness, and veracity of a website need to be carefully ascertained and, if necessary, information verified in other sources. Student projects, in particular, should not rely only on Internet material. Internet sites as resources should be used by students only after they have learned how to rate the sites with guidelines established in class, with the exception of those authorized by the teacher.

Evaluating Internet Research Sources. This website by Robert Harris is one of the finest guides for evaluating sources in general in addition to Internet materials. If you are planning to teach about resource evaluations this website is a must read item.

How to Evaluate Web Resources - Who Is Hosting This? - This site complements Evaluating Internet Research Resources and is specific to the Internet. Who is Hosting This? is a free tool to identify who hosts a website or a particular piece of content.

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Alert your students to immediately sign-off any website they encounter with material dealing with hate, harming others or themselves, smut, asking that the encounter remain a "secret," requesting any personal information, or to identify themselves or their location. They should report the incident to their parent/guardian or teacher.

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Your Webmaster has discontinued adding new news articles and topics to the list of controversial issues. This is because you can follow any current issue you want using Google Alerts. This is a service that will email to you up-to-date media sites with the topic(s) of your choice. Go to  for this service. You can obtain earlier information on a topic by using a search engine of your choice.


The Valour and the Horror

This is both an example of, and information for, a case study of a controversial issue:

In 1992, the National Film Board, the CBC and Gala Films produced The Valour and the Horror, the most controversial film series ever made in Canada. The segment "Death by Moonlight" was the subject of a multi-million dollar defamation law suit by the aging veterans of RCAF Bomber Command. The case was never heard by a jury since the courts ruled that the veterans did not have legal standing to sue. The Valour and the Horror was severely criticized by Canadian historians such as Jack Granatstein (see his comments in Who Killed Canadian History?, Harper Collins Publishers Ltd., 1998 pp 14-15, 116-120. ) and Desmond Morton. An entire issue of Canadian Social Studies (Winter, 1994, Volume 28, Number 2) was devoted to this matter. The CBC will not show the series again since it does not meet the CBC's standards for accuracy. Bomber Command veterans and supporters of the series have set-up websites to present their sides of the story.  

  • Report of the CBC Ombudsman.    by William Morgan. Click on the Ombudsman’s report in the index or scroll down to pages 61- 72. This is in the Google Books on-line sample pages of The Valour and the Horror Revisited by David J. Bercuson and and S.F. Wise. It provides the reasons why the CBC will not re-broadcast The Valour and the Horror.
  • The Bombing Of Brian Mc-Kenna  This is a critical essay about The Valour and the Horror written by historian Neil Cameron.
  • The Valour and the Horror From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article appears to provide a fair balance between the positives and negatives of this series.

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  • Environment Canada. - The job of Environment Canada is protecting the environment, conserving the country's natural heritage, and providing weather and environmental predictions. Their programs and services implement the federal government's environmental agenda.

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  • Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.  An extensive link with government and other sites related to Canada’s First Nations.
  • CBC Indigenous. This Canadian Broadcasting Company site reflects aboriginal life in Canada and includes weekly news stories, arts and culture, personality profiles, programming, regional content, archival information as well as background and history to current topics, and more.

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  • The National Atlas of Canada Online. "Learn about Canada's geography through texts and maps; access data sets; use our interactive mapping tool; meet our partners; try our quiz and consult our teaching resources section."
  • Historical Maps of Canada This site is sponsored by Canadian Geographic magazine. It is a click and change set of historical maps of Canada from 1700 to 1999.
  • The Canadian Council for Geographic Education. The CCGE was established in 1993 as a joint initiative of the The Royal Canadian Geographical Society and the National Geographic Society of Washington, D.C. This site is notable for its list of geography links. The Webmaster encourages Canadian teachers to join this organization.
  • Google Maps - This is a powerful and user friendly high resolution GIS of the world. You can zoom--in on a location and view it as a map, satellite image, or combined hybrid. Zoom to see your own home, find the location of an address with the search engine, and find the route to and from two locations.
  • Google Earth - This is the free download page for Google Earth. Unlike Google Maps it requires installation on your computer. This page will also give you information on how to operate the program. The program has many higher resolution satellite images and more features than Google Maps. These features include viewing the images from different angles and different direction. Some images have 3D renditions of buildings. This newer version of Google Earth provides undersea views. It also contains a feature called Historical Imagery that allows you to scroll back over previous historical satellite images of an area to see its development or degradation.
  • Geography Games - A set of three classroom geography games for the elementary and middle years written by the Webmaster.
  • ArcGIS Online - This is a geographic information system for students to develop, edit and share interactive maps.  There are ready to use base maps, data and curriculum themed maps, apps, and a lesson planner with lessons, tutorials and how-to-videos. There is a free public account option and a 30 day trial for the full program.

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  • United Nations. The home page of the United Nations, dealing with peace and security, international law, economic and social development, human rights, humanitarian affairs, and the facilities and operation of the organization.
  • The WWW Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources. This site contains an extensive quality list of portals, indexes, web directories and other resources for international affairs.

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  • Library and Archives Canada. "The National Archives of Canada preserves Canada's archival heritage, and makes it available to Canadians through a wide variety of means - publications, exhibitions, special events, as well as reference and researcher services." This site is now linked with the National Library of Canada.
  • Canadian Archival Resources on the Internet. This site, developed by the University of Saskatchewan, which has now migrated to the Archives Canada site,  provides links with archival resources across Canada.
  • The Canadian Museum of History. An extensive and impressive collection  of Canadiana. Here you will find a variety of information about Canada including history, archeology, culture, First Nations and more. There are sections for educators, kids, and scholars. This site has the updated "Oracle," originally a print item, developed for social studies in Canadian schools during the 70s and 80s. Go to the site map for a quick over-view of what is available.
  • The Canadian War Museum. This national museum presents Canada’s military past and how it shaped the country from earliest times to the present, featuring the experiences of people on the battlefields and at home and has online educational resources including planning materials for Remembrance Day.
  • Images CanadaThis site has search access to over 65,000 images of Canadian events, people, places and things on websites of participating Canadian cultural institutions.
  • CBC Archives. Examine sound and video clips of interest to modern Canadian history. Listen to Nelly L. McClung discussing the "Persons Case." See Leonard Cohen being interviewed by a young Adrienne Clarkson, and hear him read his poetry, and much more. There is a teacher's section with information for grades 6-8, 9-10 and 11-12.
  • Great Unsolved Mysteries in Canadian History. A unique Canadian history site to learn about history as a cold case file. You have actual Canadian criminal cases from the past and the historical resources associated with them. Examine the resources and decide whether justice has been done. Learn about the nuances of looking at the past – or just enjoy yourself.
  • Memory Project. This Dominion Institute site is a valuable living history resource to connect veterans and students online and in classrooms across the country. Speakers are provided and there is also an online database with oral histories and artifacts of Canadian veterans. This is an excellent resource for Remembrance Day and units dealing with Canadian combat and peace keeping.
  • Black History Portal. An excellent annotated guide to the history of the black community in Canada.
  • Peel’s Prairie Postcards. This is an image archive at the University of Alberta of over 15,000 postcards dating back to the turn of the 19th century dealing with the Canadian prairies. This site has a search engine, including a browse feature, to find pictures you may wish to use for teaching. Additional archival materials in the Peel’s Prairie Provinces collection will also be found on this page.

  • Centre for the Study of Historical Consciousness. A University of British Columbia site dedicated to facilitating research on the understanding and teaching of history.

  • THEN/HiER The History Education Network. This is a pan-Canadian collaborative for history and the teaching of history at the University of British Columbia. It has an extensive resources section and the site is well worth browsing in general.

  • Fields of Sacrifice. This NFB film, honouring the fallen Canadian military of the First and Second World Wars, was released in 1964 to commemorate the 50th  anniversary of the start of the First World War and has been re-released on the 100th anniversary. A sensitive and moving tribute. 38 min. 13 sec.  

  • Canadian Primary Sources in the Classroom - A site well worth browsing for Canadian history primary sources. It also has excellent material on historical method, teaching ideas, philosophies of history and other items.

  • Winds of War - Part 1. (This site has on again off again copyright problems. The Webmaster is monitoring it.) This is a TV series based on Herman Wouk's novel of the same name showing the lead-up to the Second World War. NOTE: This is for teacher background information for a mature adult audience and not for elementary or secondary class use.  

  • War and Remembrance - Part 1. (This site has on again off again copyright problems. The Webmaster is monitoring it.) This is the follow-up TV series to Winds of War, based on Herman Wouk's novel dealing with the Second World War. NOTE: This is for teacher background information for a mature adult audience and not for elementary or secondary class use. Warning: there are scenes of explicit, graphic violence especially concerning the development and operation of the German concentration camps. Holocaust survivors are respectfully urged not to view War and Remembrance

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  • e-Pals. A pen pal network with over a million students and teachers in more than 20,000 registered classrooms in over 100 countries.

Both pen pals and e-mail pals can also be obtained by contacting ministries of education, educational associations -- in particular social studies specialist groups, consuls and embassies. E-mail addresses can often be obtained where there is an Internet URL. The URL can be obtained by using Internet search engines.

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  • 2Learn -Telus Learning Connection. This is an interactive site that is divided into research skills and strategies, teacher tools, professional growth and mentorship, curricular resources, and a telecollaborative project centre. Teachers can involve their classes with online projects, find tutorials for presentation instruction and instructional resources, among other items. This site has a powerful function for teacher inservice instruction.
  • Educational Resources in Social Studies. This website was prepared by Open Learning Network’s Community Learning Network of British Columbia. It is a very comprehensive site that is Canadian oriented. There are excellent links to materials for planning and projects.
  • Teaching Values. This is the Webmaster’s theory and procedures for teaching values using love, kindness, and respect for human dignity for the elementary and secondary levels. It was originally published in the McGill Journal of Education.
  • National Council for the Social Studies.  NCSS Online. This is the site for the world’s largest social studies organization.
  • Weblens. Almost 5,000 Internet research resources. This was the companion site to Pam Blackstone's technology column in the Victoria Times-Colonist newspaper and is one of the most powerful search sites on the Internet.
  • NFB. This is the National Film Board of Canada home page. Check it for visuals that you can use in class. It states: “Watch hundreds of films, anytime, anywhere, for free. Documentaries, animations and other alternative dramas on the web, or on you personalized home page, or on your iPhone. Also, watch trailers, upcoming online releases and playlists.”
  • Evaluating Internet Research Sources. This website by Robert Harris is one of the finest guides for evaluating sources in general in addition to Internet materials. If you are planning to teach about resource evaluations this website is a must read item.
  • Online Research Review: Resources for College Students. - This site deals with selecting reputable sources to add credibility and detail to research papers and reports. It contains links to information regarding resources and educational search engines. The site is excellent for teachers to mine for preparing students to do research. This site is sponsored by an insurance program but has no affect on the material.

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  • Canadian Space Agency. This site is contains information about Canada’s role in the space program. There is general information, current event items, and material for educators. The site also cross-links with other space agencies.
  • NASA - Home Site. This is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's main site. Here the social studies teacher can keep up with space exploration current events and find lots of resources about space programs.
  • NASA Earth Observatory Images. This is an excellent geographic aid for current events. It is a free NASA listserv that e-mails you weekly current interest images ranging from satellite images of the earth to outer space images. The site also contains an archive of satellite images of the earth among other items. You can unsubscribe when you wish. Click into the site and you will find an icon to subscribe to this service. Highly recommended.
  • Stellarium - A free downloadable powerful planetarium astronomy program that shows the night sky anywhere in the world. The display moves with a timer to show the changing night sky or can be locked for a specific time. Great for teaching about space probes in current events and astronomy in general. Once the program is opened press the “h” key for command information including exiting. Click on the configuration box on the lower left task bar and click on location. On the map click on the location you want (latitude and longitude specifics will help). The lower right task bar controls the time. Thirty minutes of playing with this program and its task bars will make you an expert. This program is very impressive.
  • Google Earth -  This comprehensive program includes viewing  images of the earth from different angles and different directions. Some images have 3D renditions of buildings. This newer version  provides undersea views. It also contains a feature called Historical Imagery that allows you to scroll back over previous historical satellite images of an area to see its development or degradation.

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