Conrad, Heart of Darkness (1899)

"Authenticity comes from a single faithfulness: that to the ambiguity of experience." -- John Berger

First approaches

Page references to Conrad refer to the Norton Anthology edition


Cf. Henry Morton Stanley, Through the Dark Continent (1878); In Darkest Africa (1890).







Language, as theme


Possible topics for class report:

Suggestions for the report:

Further reading; the question of race

Candice Bradley, "Africa and Africans in Conrad's Heart of Darkness" (Lawrence University Freshman Studies Lecture)

Conrad, Heart of Darkness. Norton Critical Edition, ed. Robert Kimbrough (3rd ed. 1988)
PR 6005 O4 H42 1988

Joseph Conrad Society, UK: Student Resources

John Hope Franklin, George Washington Williams, a Biography (1985). [Williams's report on the Congo, pp. 264-279; Letter to King Leopold, pp. 192-195.]
E 185.97 W695 F833 1985

Guy Burrows, The Land of the Pigmies (1898). [King Leopold on The Sacred Mission of Civilization, p. 286.]
DT 644 B97 1898 BARD

Wack, Henry Wellington. The Story of the Congo Free State. . New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1905.
DT 652 W11 HSS:3

Hochschild, Adam. King Leopold's Ghost. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1998.

Chinua Achebe, "An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad's Heart of Darkness." Massachusetts Review, 18 (1977): 782-794. AS 30 M3 A2 Rutherford.

C. P. Sarvan, "Racism and The Heart of Darkness." International Fiction Review, 7 (1980): 6-10.
PN 3311 I62

Ian Watt, Conrad in the Nineteenth Century (1979). [See especially pp. 168-200, 249-253.]
PR 6005 O4 Z7 W34 1979

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Document prepared September 24th 2001 / revised October 6th 2011