To view abstracts, please visit http://ualberta.academia.edu/ChristinaGagne/Papers

Schmidtke, D., Gagné, C. L., Kuperman, V., Spalding, T. L. & Tucker, B. V. (in press). Conceptual relations compete during auditory and visual compound word recognition. Language, Cognition, and Neuroscience.
Stedman, J., Kostelecky, M., Spalding, T. L., Gagné, C. L. (in press). Animal cognition: An Aristotelean-Thomistic perspective. Journal of Mind and Behaviour.
Spalding, T. L., Kostelecky, M., Stedman, J. M., & Gagné, C. L., (in press). Functionalism. In Vonk, J., & Shackelford, T. K., Eds., Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior. New York: Springer.
Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L., & Kostelecky, M. (2017). Conceptual combination, property inclusion, and the Artistotelian-Thomistic view of concepts. In J. Hampton & Y. Winter (Eds.). Compositionality and Concepts in Linguistics and Psychology. Language, Cognition, and Mind (pp. 223-245). New York: Springer.
Marelli, M., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2017). Compounding as abstract operation in semantic space: A data-driven, large-scale model for relational effects in processing of novel compounds. Cognition, 166: 207-224.
Stedman, J. M., Kostelecky, M, Spalding, T. L., & Gagné, C. L. (2017) Scientific realism, psychological realism, and Aristotelian-Thomistic realism. Journal of Mind and Behaviour, 37.3/4, 199-218.
Ferro, M.,  Cardillo, F. A.,   Pirrelli, Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016)Written word production and lexical self-organisation: Evidence from English (pseudo)compounds.   Proceedings of Third Italian Conference on Computational Linguistics (CLiC-it 2016), vol. 1749. Article 10.2, Napoli, Italy.
Gagné, C. (2017). Psycholinguistic Approaches to Morphology. In M. Aronoff (Ed). Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford Press. http://linguistics.oxfordre.com/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780199384655.001.0001/acrefore-9780199384655-e-258.
Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L., & Nisbet, K. (2017). Processing English compounds: Investigating semantic transparency.
SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 13(2), 2-22.
Stedman, J., Spalding, T. L., & Gagné, C. L., (2016). Does functionalism offer an adequate account of cognitive psychology? Journal of Mind and Behavior, 37(1), 15-30.
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016). Effects of morphology and semantic transparency on typing latencies in English compound and pseudo-compound words.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 42(9), 1489-1495.
Schmidtke, D. Kuperman, V., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2015). Competition between conceptual relations affects compound recognition: The role of entropy.
Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23(2), 556-570.
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016). Written production of English compounds: Effects of morphology and semantic transparency.
Morphology, 26(2), 133-155.
Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L., & Park, J. (2015). Comprehension and written production of English modifier-noun phrases: Effects of meaning predictability. SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 12, 257-271.
Spalding, T. L., & Gagné, C. L. (2015). Property attribution in combined concepts.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 41(3), 693-707.
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2015). Typing time as an index of morphological and semantic effects during English compound processing. In
Morphology and Semantics: Online Proceedings of the 9th Mediterranean Morphology Meeting (MMM9). J. Audring, N. Koutsoukos, F. Masini & I. Raffaelli (eds.). Dubrovnik, Croatia, 38-53. http://www3.lingue.unibo.it/mmm2/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/MMM9_-proceedings_BOOK.pdf
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2015). Semantics, concepts, and meta-cognition: Attributing properties and meanings to complex concepts. In L. Bauer, L. Körtvélyessy, & P. Stekauer (Eds.),
Semantics of Complex Words. (pp. 9-25). New York: Springer.
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (accepted). Morphological theory and psycholinguistics. In J. Audring & F. Masini (Eds.).
Oxford Handbook of Morphological Theory. Oxford: Oxford Press.
Spalding, T. L., Stedman J., Hancock C. & Gagné, C. L. (2014). Intentionality and the Aristotelian-Thomistic view of concepts.
Journal of Mind and Behavior, 35, 245-262.
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2014). Adaptation effects in lexical processing.
Suvremena Lingvistika, 40:78, 127-149.
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2014). Typing time as an index of morphological and semantic effects during English compound processing.
Lingue e linguaggio, XIII.2, 241-262.
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2014). Subcategorization, not uncertainty, drives the modification effect.
Language, Cognition, and Neuroscience, 29, 1282-1294.
Caplan, J. B., Boulton, K. L., & Gagné, C. L. (2014). Associative asymmetry of compound words.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 40, 1163-1171.
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2014). Relation diversity and ease of processing for opaque and transparent English compounds. In F. Rainer, Dressler, W., Gardini, F., Luschützky, H.C. (Eds.).
Morphology and Meaning: Current Issues in Linguistic Theory. (pp. 153-162). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2014). Conceptual composition: The role of relational competition in the comprehension of modifier-noun phrases and noun-noun compounds. In B. H. Ross (Ed.),
The Psychology of Learning and Motivation. (pp. 97-130). New York: Elsevier.
Spalding, T. L., & Gagné, C. L. (2014). Relational diversity affects ease of processing even for opaque English compounds.
The Mental Lexicon, 9, 48-66.
Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2015). Noun-noun compounds. Müller, P. O., Ohnheiser, I., Olsen, S., Rainer, F. (Eds.)
Word-formation: An international handbook of the languages of Europe (pp. 1143-1159). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
El-Bialy, R., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2013).
Processing of English compounds is sensitive to the constituents’ semantic transparency. The Mental Lexicon, 8, 75-95.
Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2013). Concepts in Aristotle and Aquinas: Implications for current theoretical approaches.
Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 33, 71-89.
Ji, H., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2011) Benefits and costs of lexical decomposition and semantic integration during the processing of transparent and opaque English compounds.
Journal of Memory and Language, 65, 406-430.
Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2011). Relation priming in established compounds: Facilitation?
Memory & Cognition, 39, 1472-1486.
Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2011). Inferential processing and meta-knowledge as the bases for property inclusion in combined concepts.
Journal of Memory and Language, 65, 176-192.
Gagné, C. L., Marchak K. A., & Spalding, T. L. (2010). Meaning predictability and compound interpretation: A psycholinguistic investigation.
Word Structure, 3, 234-251.
Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2010). Relational competition during compound interpretation. Scalise, S. & Vogel, I. (Eds.).
Cross-disciplinary issues in compounding. (pp. 287-300). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Spalding, T. L., Gagné, C. L., Mullaly, A. C., & Ji, H. (2010). Relation-based interpretations of noun-noun phrases: A new theoretical approach. In S. Olson (ed.),
New impulses in word-formation (Linguistische Berichte Sonderheft 17), Buske, Hamburg, 283-315.
Mullaly, A. C., Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L, & Marchak, K. A. (2010). Examining ambiguous adjectives in adjective-noun phrases: Evidence for representation as a shared core-meaning with sense specialization.
The Mental Lexicon, 5, 87-114.
Gagné, C. L. (2010). Meaning predictability in word formation [Review article].
Word Structure, 3, 98-111.
Krott, A., Gagné, C. L., & Nicoladis, E. (2010). Children’s preference for HAS and LOCATED relations: A word learning bias for noun-noun compounds.
Journal of Child Language, 37, 373-394.
Gagné, C. L. (2009). Psycholinguistic perspectives. Lieber, R. & Stekauer, P. (Eds.).
The Oxford handbook of compounding (pp. 255-271). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2009). Constituent integration during the processing of compound words: Does it involve the use of relational structures?
Journal of Memory and Language, 60, 20-35.
Gagné, C. L. Spalding, T. L, Figueredo, L., & Mullaly, A. C. (2009). Does snow man prime plastic snow? The effect of position in accessing relational information during conceptual combination.
The Mental Lexicon, 4, 41-76.
Krott, A., Gagné, C. L., & Nicoladis, E. (2009). How the parts relate to the whole: Frequency effects on children's interpretations of novel compounds.
Journal of Child Language, 36, 85-112.
Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2008). CARIN theory reanalysis reanalyzed: A comment on Maguire, Devereux, Costello, and Cater (2007).
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34, 1573-1578.
Gagné, C. L. (2008). Štekauer: Meaning predictability in word formation.
Language, 84, 661-663.
Ji, H. & Gagné, C. L. (2007). Lexical and relational influences on the processing of Chinese modifier-noun compounds.
The Mental Lexicon, 2, 387-417.
Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2007). The availability of noun properties during the interpretation of novel noun phrases.
The Mental Lexicon, 2, 241-260.
Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2007). Postscript.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33, 459.
Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2007). Semantic property activation during the interpretation of combined concepts.
The Mental Lexicon, 2, 25-47.
Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2006). Relation availability was not confounded with familiarity in Gagné and Shoben (1997): Comment on Wisniewski and Murphy (2005).
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 32, 1431-1437.
Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2006). Using conceptual combination research to better understand novel compound words.
SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 3, 9-16.
Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2006). Conceptual combination: Implications for the mental lexicon. Libben G., & Jarema, G. (Eds.).
The representation and processing of compound words (pp. 145-168). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Ferretti, T. R. & Gagné, C. L. (2006). Recovery of thematic role structure during noun-noun interpretation.
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13, 423-428.
Gagné, C. L. (2005). Lexicon: Overview.
Encyclopedia of linguistics (pp. 623-625). Strazny, P. (Ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L., & Gorrie, M. C. (2005). Sentential context and the interpretation of familiar open-compounds and novel modifier-noun phrases.
Language and Speech, 48, 203-221.
Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L., & Ji, H. (2005). Re-examining evidence for the use of independent relational representations during conceptual combination.
Journal of Memory and Language, 53, 445-455.
Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2004). Effect of relation availability on the interpretation and access of familiar noun-noun compounds.
Brain and Language, 90, 478-486.
Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2004). Effect of discourse context and modifier relation frequency on conceptual combination.
Journal of Memory and Language, 50, 444-455.
Ferretti, T. R. & Gagné, C. L., & McRae, K. (2003). Thematic role focusing by participle inflections: Evidence from conceptual combination.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 29, 118-127.
Gagné, C. L. (2002). The competition-among-relations-in-nominals (CARIN) theory of conceptual combination: Implications for stimulus-class formation and class expansion.
Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 78, 551-565. [Invited]
Gagné, C. L. & Shoben, E. J. (2002). Priming relations in ambiguous noun-noun combinations.
Memory & Cognition, 30, 637-646.
Gagné, C. L. (2002). Lexical and relational influences on the processing of novel compounds.
Brain and Language, 81, 723-735.
Gagné, C. L. (2002). Metaphoric interpretations of comparison-based combinations.
Metaphor and Symbol, 17, 161-178. [Lead Article]
Taylor, T. E., Gagné, C. L. & Eagleson, R. (2001). Producing spatial descriptions: Effects of object familiarity.
Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Smart Graphics, Hawthorne, NY, 69-75.
Gagné, C. L. (2001). Relation and lexical priming during the interpretation of noun-noun combinations.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 27, 236-254.
Gagné, C. L. (2000). Relation-based combinations versus property-based combinations: A test of the CARIN theory and dual-process theory of conceptual combination.
Journal of Memory and Language, 42, 365-389.
Taylor, T. E., Gagné, C. L., & Eagleson, R. (2000). Cognitive constraints in spatial reasoning: Reference frame and reference object selection.
American Association for Artificial Intelligence Technical Report SS-00-04 (pp. 168-172), Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press.
Gagné, C. L. & Shoben, E. J. (1997). The influence of thematic relations on the comprehension of modifier-noun combinations.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 23, 71-87.
Shoben, E. J. & Gagné, C. L. (1997). Thematic relations and the creation of combined concepts. Ward, T. B., Smith, S. M., & Vaid, J. (Eds.).
Creative thought: An investigation of conceptual structures and processes. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Gagné, C. L., Friedman, A., & Faries, J. (1996). Effect of priming on the comprehension of predicative metaphors.
Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 11, 125-143.
Gagné, C. L. & Murphy, G. L. (1996). Influence of discourse context on feature availability in conceptual combination.
Discourse Processes, 22, 79-101.