Overview of some areas of research that I have been working on. For each area, I have provided examples of publications/presentations. For a full list of publications, see here.

DEVELOPMENT OF A THEORY OF CONCEPTUAL COMBINATION.
  • Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2014). Conceptual composition: The role of relational competition in the comprehension of modifier-noun phrases and noun-noun compounds. In B. H. Ross (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation. (pp. 97-130). New York: Elsevier.
  • Spalding, T. L., Gagné, C. L., Mullaly, A. C. & Ji, H. (2010). Relation-based interpretations of noun-noun phrases: A new theoretical approach. In S. Olson (ed.), New impulses in word-formation (Linguistische Berichte Sonderheft 17), Buske, Hamburg, 283-315. [Invited]
  • Gagné, C. L. (2002). The competition-among-relations-in-nominals (CARIN) theory of conceptual combination: Implications for stimulus-class formation and class expansion. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 78, 551-565.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Shoben, E. J. (1997). The influence of thematic relations on the comprehension of modifier-noun combinations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 23, 71-87.

EXAMINATION OF THE COGNITIVE MECHANISM(S) UNDERLYING THE PROCESSING OF COMPOUND WORDS.
  • Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2014). Typing time as an index of morphological and semantic effects during English compound processing. Lingue e linguaggio, XIII.2, 241-262.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (in press). Relational diversity affects ease of processing even for opaque English compounds. The Mental Lexicon.
  • El-Bialy, R., Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2013). Processing of English compounds is sensitive to the constituents’s semantic transparency. The Mental Lexicon, 8, 75-95.
  • Ji, H., Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2011) Benefits and costs of lexical decomposition and semantic integration during the processing of transparent and opaque English compounds. Journal of Memory and Language, 65, 406-430.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2011). Relation priming in established compounds: Facilitation? Memory & Cognition, 39, 1472-1486.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2010). Relational competition during compound interpretation. Scalise, S. & Vogel, I. (Eds.). Cross-disciplinary issues in compounding. (pp. 287-300). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Gagné, C. L., Marchak K. A. & Spalding, T. L. (2010). Meaning predictability and compound interpretation: A psycholinguistic investigation. Word Structure, 3, 234-251.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2009). Constituent integration during the processing of compound words: Does it involve the use of relational structures? Journal of Memory and Language, 60, 20-35.
  • Gagné, C. L. Spalding, T. L, Figueredo, L. & Mullaly, A. C. (2009). Does snow man prime plastic snow? The effect of position in accessing relational information during conceptual combination. The Mental Lexicon, 4, 41-76.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2006). Using conceptual combination research to better understand novel compound words. SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 3, 9-16.

COMPOSITIONALITY WITHIN THE HUMAN CONCEPTUAL SYSTEM.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2006). Relation availability was not confounded with familiarity in Gagné and Shoben (1997): Comment on Wisniewski and Murphy (2005). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 32, 1431-1437.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2007). Postscript. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33, 459.
  • Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L., & Gorrie, M. C. (2005). Sentential context and the interpretation of familiar open-compounds and novel modifier-noun phrases. Language and Speech, 48, 203-221.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2004). Effect of discourse context and modifier relation frequency on conceptual combination. Journal of Memory and Language, 50, 444-455.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Shoben, E. J. (2002). Priming relations in ambiguous noun-noun combinations. Memory & Cognition, 30, 637-646.
  • Gagné, C. L. (2002). Lexical and relational influences on the processing of novel compounds. Brain and Language, 81, 723-735.
  • Gagné, C. L. (2001). Relation and lexical priming during the interpretation of noun-noun combinations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 27, 236-254.
  • Gagné, C. L. (2000). Relation-based combinations versus property-based combinations: A test of the CARIN theory and dual-process theory of conceptual combination. Journal of Memory and Language, 42, 365-389.

PROPERTY ATTRIBUTION AND FEATURE AVAILABILITY.
  • Spalding, T. L., & Gagné, C. L. (2015). Property attribution in combined concepts. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 41(3), 693-707.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2011). Inferential processing and meta-knowledge as the bases for property inclusion in combined concepts. Journal of Memory and Language, 65, 176-192.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2011, July). Inferential processing and meta-knowledge as the bases for property inclusion in combined concepts. Poster presented at the 37th Annual Meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology. Montreal, QC.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2007). The availability of noun properties during the interpretation of novel noun phrases. The Mental Lexicon, 2, 241-260.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2007). Semantic property activation during the interpretation of combined concepts. The Mental Lexicon, 2, 25-47.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Murphy, G. L. (1996). Influence of discourse context on feature availability in conceptual combination. Discourse Processes, 22, 79-101.

EXAMINATION OF THE NATURE OF CONCEPTS FROM AND ARISTOTELIAN-THOMISTIC PERSPECTIVE.
  • Spalding, T. L., Stedman J., Hancock C. & Gagné, C. L. (in press). Intentionality and the Aristotelian-Thomistic view of concepts. Journal of Mind and Behavior.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2013). Concepts in Aristotle and Aquinas: Implications for current theoretical approaches. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 33, 71-89.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2012, March). Concepts in Aristotle and Aquinas: Implications for current theoretical approaches in the psychology of concepts. Talk presented at the Midwinter Meeting of the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology. Austin, TX.