• *Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2017, June 19). Obligatory attempts at meaning construction during the presentation of English compound words and noun-noun phrases. Talk presented at the Public seminar on Neurolinguistics, University of Iceland. ReyKjavik, Iceland.
  • Park, J., Sana, F., Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2017, June 3). The roles of heads and modifiers in noun-noun metaphors. Talk presented at the  27th annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Sciences. Regina, SK.
  • Marelli, M., Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2017, June 23).  Evaluating the impact of relations in compound processing: A simulation study in distributional semantics. Talk presented at the International Morphological Processing Conference (MoProc). Trieste, Italy.
  • Schmidtke, D.,  Kuperman, V., Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L.  (2017, June 23). The role of competition between conceptual relations during compound word recognition: Evidence from spoken and visual word recognition. Talk presented at the International Morphological Processing Conference (MoProc). Trieste, Italy.
  • Ferro, M., Cardillo, F.A., Pirrelli, V., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L (2017, December 6). Written word production and lexical self-organisation: Evidence from English (pseudo)compounds. Talk presented at the Third Italian Conference on Computational Linguistics. Napoli, Italy.
  • Sana, F., Park, J., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, November). The role of executive functions and conventionality in metaphor comprehension. Poster presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Boston, MA.
  • Park, J., Sana, F., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, November). Individual differences in the comprehension of novel and conventional metaphors. Poster presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Boston, MA.
  • Chamberlain, J., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, October 20). The role of morphemes in word processing: Detection of transposed letters in compound, monomorphemic, and pseudocompound words. Talk  presented at the Tenth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Ottawa, ON.
  • Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, October 21). Morphological structure and semantic transparency affect typing latencies in English compound and pseudo-compound words. Talk  presented at the Tenth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Ottawa, ON.
  • Parrish, A., Kelly, P., Smith, K., Gagné, C. L., & Beretta, A. (2016, October 20). Nominal compounds: Relational frequency effects in sentential contexts. Poster presented at the Tenth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Ottawa, ON.
  • Schmidtke, D., Kuperman, V., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, October 19). The role of morphemes in word processing:Processing compound relational structure is contingent on reading skill: evidence from eye-tracking. Poster presented at the Tenth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Ottawa, ON.
  • Sana, F., Park, J., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, November). The role of executive functions and conventionality in metaphor comprehension. Poster presented at the 57 Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Boston, MA.
  • Park, J., Sana, F., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, November). Individual differences in the comprhension of novel and conventional metaphors. Poster presented at the 57 Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Boston, MA.
  • Chamberlain, J., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, October 20). The role of morphemes in word processing: Detection of transposed letters in compound, monomorphemic, and pseudocompound words. Talk presented at the Tenth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Ottawa, ON.
  • Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, October 21). Morphological structure and semantic transparency affect typing latencies in English compound and pseudo-compound words Talk presented at the Tenth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Ottawa, ON.
  • Schmidtke, D., Kuperman, V., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, October 19). The role of morphemes in word processing:Processing compound relational structure is contingent on reading skill: evidence from eye-tracking. Talk presented at the Tenth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Ottawa, ON.
  • Parrish, A., Kelly, P., Smith, K., Gagné, C. L., & Beretta, A. (2016, October 21). Nominal compounds: Relational frequency effects in sentential contexts. Poster presented at the Tenth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Ottawa, ON.
  • Sana, F., Park, J., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L., (2016, June 25) Role of conventionality in Metaphor Comprehension. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science. Ottawa, ON.
  • Park, J., Sana, F., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L., (2016, June 26). Is inhibition involved in the processing of opaque compound words? Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour and Cognitive Science. Ottawa, ON.
  • *Gagné, C. L. (2016, January 18-22). Psycholinguistic: From concepts to compound word processing. Invited lecture series (5 talks) presented at LOT Winter School 2016, Tilburg, Netherlands.
  • *Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2016, March). Investigating the role of morphology and semantic transparency in the written production of English compound and pseudo-compound words. Invited talk presented at the Michigan State University, Department of Linguistics Spring Colloquium Series. East Lansing, MI.
  • Ferro, M., Marzi, C., Pirrelli, V., Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2016, February). One word or two? Discriminative effects of word entrenchment and competition on processing compounds and pseudo-compounds. Talk presented at the 17th International Morphology Meeting. Vienna, Austria.
  • *Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2016, January). Investigating the role of morphology and semantic transparency in the written production of English compound and pseudo-compound words. Invited talk presented at the Institute for Computational Linguistics, Italian National Research Council (ILC-CNR). Pisa, Italy.
  • Nisbet, K., Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L., & Chamberlain, J. (2015, November). An examination of the modification effect in compound words. Poster presented at the 56th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Chicago, IL.
  • Park, J., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2015, November). The influence of phonology on the morphological decomposition of pseudo-compound words during typing tasks. Poster presented at the 56th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Chicago, IL.
  • *Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2015, July). Evidence of obligatory attempts at meaning construction during the processing of compound words. Invited talk presented at Anglia Ruskin University. Cambridge, UK.
  • *Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2015, June). Processing of English compound words and noun phrases:  Evidence of obligatory attempts at meaning construction. Invited talk presented at the Institute for Computational Linguistics, Italian National Research Council (ILC-CNR). Pisa, Italy.
  • *Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2015, June). Processing English compounds: Investigating compositionality, semantic transparency, and relational structures. Plenary talk presented at the Word-Formation Theories II/Typology and Universals in Word-Formation III conference. Košice, Slovakia.
  • Spalding, T. L., & C. L. (2015, June). Processing of a repeated free morpheme in English: Facilitation for compounds, but inhibition for pseudo-compounds. Talk presented at the Word-Formation Theories II/Typology and Universals in Word-Formation III conference. Košice, Slovakia.
  • Marelli, M., Gagné, C. L., Spalding T. L., & Baroni, M. (2015, June). Capturing relational information in compound words - a distributional-semantic approach. Poster presented at the 9th International Morphological Processing Conference. Potsdam, Germany.
  • Spalding, T. L., Gagné, C. L., Nisbet, K. A., & Park, J. R., (2014, November). Morphological processing of fully opaque and pseudo-compounds: Similarity and difference in inter-letter typing speed. Poster presented at the 55th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Long Beach, CA.
  • Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L., Nisbet, K. A., & Armstrong, C. (2014, November). Opaque and pseudo-compounds: Effects of (pseudo)morphemic structure. Poster presented at the 55th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Long Beach, CA.
  • Gagné, C.L., Spalding, T.L., Nisbet, K.A., & Armstrong, C. (2014, October). Effects of Masked (pseudo)Morpheme Repetition Priming using opaque and pseudo-compounds. Poster presented at the 9th International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada.
  • Spalding, T.L., Gagné, C.L., Nisbet, K.A., & Park, J.R. (2014, October). Inter-letter typing speed as an index of morphological processing. Poster presented at the 9th International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, Canada.
  • *Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2014, July). Relation-based interpretation of novel and familiar compounds. Invited talk presented at Department of Linguistics and Language, McMaster University. Hamilton, ON.
  • Nisbet, K., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2014, July). Processing of (pseudo)constituents in English opaque and pseudo-compounds: Effects of morphemic structure. Poster presented at the 24th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science. Toronto, ON.
  • *Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2014, May). Relation-based interpretation of English compounds and noun-noun phrases. Talk presented at the Seminar für Sprachwissenschaft/Quantitative Linguistics. Tübingen, Germany.
  • *Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2014, May). Modelling relational interpretation of combined concepts. Talk presented at the Seminar für Sprachwissenschaft/Quantitative Linguistics. Tübingen, Germany.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2014, May). Relational competition and meaning construction in compound interpretation and production. Talk presented at the 16th International Morphology Meeting. Budapest, Hungary.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2014, May). Diversity and relative entropy as indices of relational competition in the processing of English compounds. Talk presented at the 16th International Morphology Meeting. Budapest, Hungary.
  • Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L. & Nisbet K. (2013, November). Typing English compounds: Effects of transparency and semantic priming. Poster presented at the 54th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Toronto, ON.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2013, November). Expected contrast drives the modification effect. Poster presented at the 54th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Toronto, ON.
  • *Gagné, C. L. (2013, September). Adaptation effects in lexical processing. Talk presented at the Networds Workshop (European Network on word structure). Dubrovnik, Croatia.
  • *Gagné, C. L. (2013, September). Progressive demasking and typing time as indices of morphological and semantic effects during English compound processing. Talk presented at the 9th Mediterranean Morphology Meeting. Dubrovnik, Croatia.
  • *Spalding, T. L., & Gagné, C. L. (2013, August). Relation diversity and opaque English compound words. Talk presented to the Department of Psychology, University of Calgary. Calgary, AB.
  • Gagné, C. L., Spalding, T. L., & El-Bialy, R. (2012, November). Processing of English compounds is sensitive to the constituents’ semantic transparency. Poster presented at the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Minneapolis, MN.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné C. L. (2012, November). Non-property inclusion in combined concepts: An inverse modification effect. Poster presented at the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Minneapolis, MN.
  • El-Bialy, R., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2012, October). Constituent opacity affects semantic priming for English compounds. Poster presented at the 8th International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Montreal, QC.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2012, October). Relational diversity affects ease of processing even for opaque English compounds. Talk presented at the 8th International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Montreal, QC.
  • *Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2012, July). Conceptual productivity: The role of relational meaning construction in the comprehension of novel and established noun compounds. Talk presented at the Conference on Data-Rich Approaches to English Morphology. Wellington, New Zealand.
  • *Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2012, February). Relational information is the basis for conceptual compositionality: The influence of relational competition on the comprehension of noun phrases and noun-noun compounds. Talk presented at the Cognition Seminar at the University of Texas at Austin. Austin, TX.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2012, March). Concepts in Aristotle and Aquinas: Implications for current theoretical approaches in the psychology of concepts. Talk presented at the Midwinter Meeting of the Society for Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology (Div. 24 of the American Psychological Association). Austin, TX.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2012, February). Relational diversity and ease of processing for opaque and transparent English compounds. Talk presented at the 15th International Morphology Meeting. Vienna, Austria.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2011, November). Property inclusion in combined concepts: Effects of inference and metaknowledge. Poster presented at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Seattle, WA.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2011, July). Inferential processing and meta-knowledge as the bases for property inclusion in combined concepts. Poster presented at the 37th Annual Meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology. Montreal, QC.
    [Semi-finalist for SPP Poster Prize]
  • Marchak, K. A., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2011, June). Availability of constituents’ conceptual representations during the processing of opaque and transparent compound words. Poster presented at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science. Winnipeg, MB.
  • Marchak, K. A., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2011, March). Availability of constituents’ conceptual representations during the processing of opaque and transparent compound words. Paper presented at the 25th Annual Joseph R. Royce Research Conference. Edmonton, AB.
  • Marchak, K. A., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2010, July). Involvement of meaning construction in the processing of opaque and transparent compounds. Poster presented at the Seventh International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Windsor, ON.
  • Marchak, K. A., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2010, May). The availability of lexical and semantic representations of opaque and transparent compounds during processing. Poster presented at the Banff Annual Seminar in Cognitive Science, Banff, AB.
  • *Gagné, C. L. (2010, January). Concepts are the building blocks of cognition: Relational information is the basis for conceptual compositionality. Departmental seminar presented to the Department of Psychology. University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB.
  • Mullaly, A. C., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2009, November). Ambiguous adjectives in noun phrases: Shared core-meaning with sense specialization. Poster presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Boston, MA.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L (2008, November). The differential roles played by the modifier and head noun during the interpretation of noun-noun compounds. Poster presented at the 49th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Chicago, IL.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2008, October). An examination of the nature of relation availability and the influence of competition on the interpretation of novel noun-noun phrases. Paper presented at the Sixth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Banff, AB.
  • Spalding, T. L., & Gagné, C. L. (2008, October). The role of the head noun in relational interpretation of novel noun-noun compounds. Poster presented at the Sixth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Banff, AB.
  • Mullaly, A. C., Gagné, C. L., & Spalding, T. L. (2008, October). Examining ambiguous adjectives in adjective-noun compounds: Can we restrict the interpretation to a single meaning of the ambiguous word? Poster presented at the Sixth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Banff, AB.
  • *Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2008, June). Relational competition during compound interpretation. Paper presented at the CompoNet Congress on Compounding. Bologna, Italy.
  • Krott, A., Nicoladis, E., & Gagné, C. L. (2008, April). The role of physical contiguity in children’s interpretations of novel compound words. Paper presented at the meeting of the Experimental Psychology Society. Cambridge, UK.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2007, November). Representing competition among relations during conceptual combination. Poster presented at the 48th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Long Beach, CA.
  • *Krott, A., Gagné, C. L., & Nicoladis, E. (2007, August). An exemplar-based account of compound words. In D. Matthews (Convenor). Exemplar based approaches in language development. Symposium conducted at the British Psychological Society: 2007 Developmental Section Conference. Plymouth, UK.
  • Krott, A., Gagné, C. L., & Nicoladis, E. (2007, July). The role of physical contiguity in children’s interpretations of novel compound words. Paper presented at the Child Language Seminar. Reading, UK.
  • Gagné, C. L., Figueredo, L., & Spalding, T. L. (2006, October). Does snow man prime plastic snow? The effect of position in accessing relational information during conceptual combination. Poster presented at the Fifth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Montreal, QC.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2006, October). Relation priming in compounds: Facilitation of repeated relations. Poster presented at the Fifth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Montreal, QC.
  • Ji, H., Gagné, C. L., & Kemps, R. J. J. (2006, October). Compounds are processed more quickly than monomorphemic words. Paper presented at the Fifth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Montreal, QC.
  • Krott, A., Gagné, C. L., & Nicoladis, E. (2006, October). Learning how to interpret noun-noun compounds. Poster presented at the Fifth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Montreal, QC.
  • *Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2006, August). Using conceptual combination research to better understand novel compound words. Paper presented at the Eighth Conference of the European Society for the Study of English. London, UK.
  • Ji, H., Gagné, C. L., & Kemps, R.J.J. (2005, November). Compounds are processed more quickly than monomorphemic words. Poster presented at the 46th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Toronto, ON.
  • Krott, A. & Gagné, C. L., (2005, July). The role of the lexicon in children's interpretation of novel compound words. Paper presented at the Xth International Congress for the Study of Child Language. Berlin.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2004, November). Semantic property activation during the interpretation of combined concepts. Poster presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Minneapolis, MI.
  • *Gagné, C. L. (2004, August). Conceptual combination: At the intersection of concepts and language. In F. Costello (Chair), Diversity of conceptual combination. Symposium conducted at the 26th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society. Chicago, IL.
  • Spalding, T. L. & Gagné, C. L. (2004, June). The role of semantic property activation in relation selection during conceptual combination. Paper presented at the Fourth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Windsor, ON.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T.L. (2004, June). The availability of noun properties during the interpretation of novel noun phrases. Poster presented at the Fourth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Windsor, ON.
  • Ji, H., & Gagné, C. L. (2004, June). Repetition and relation priming with Chinese familiar compounds. Poster presented at the Fourth International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Windsor, ON.
  • Krott, A., Gagné, C.L., & Nicoladis, E. (2004, February). Morphological family effects in compound acquisition. Paper presented at International Morphology Meeting. Vienna.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2003, November). Effect of relation availability on the access of compound words. Poster presented at the 44th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Vancouver, BC.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Spalding, T. L. (2002, October). The influence of relation selection on the interpretation of familiar compound words. Paper presented at the Third International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Banff, AB.
  • *Gagné, C. L. (2001, November). Why chocolate bees are sweet, but honey bees aren’t: The role of relational information in cognition. Department of Linguistics colloquium series, University of Alberta. Edmonton, AB.
  • Taylor, T. E. & Gagné, C. L. (2001, June). Effects of object familiarity on the production of spatial descriptions. Paper presented at the Eleventh Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science. Quebec City, QC.
  • Taylor, T. E. & Gagné, C. L. (2001, March). Some ways in which background knowledge constrains reference object selection.  Poster presented at the 1st International Symposium on Smart Graphics. Hawthorne, NY.
  • Taylor, T. E. & Gagné, C. L. (2001, March). Factors affecting reference object selection.  Computer demonstration given at the 1st International Symposium on Smart Graphics. Hawthorne, NY.
  • Taylor, T. E., Gagné, C. L. & Eagleson, R. (2001, March). Producing spatial descriptions: Effects of object familiarity. Paper presented at the 1st International Symposium on Smart Graphics. Hawthorne, NY.
  • *Gagné, C. L. (2001, February). Cognitive constraints in spatial reasoning: Reference frame and reference object selection. Cognitive Seminar, University of Alberta. Edmonton, AB.
  • Taylor, T. E., Lupker, S. J., & Gagné, C. L. (2000, November). Blocking and sequential effects in naming: Effects of time perception. Poster presented at the 41st Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. New Orleans, LA.
  • Gagné, C. L. (2000, October). The role of lexical availability and relation availability on the processing of novel compounds. Paper presented at the 2nd International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Montreal, QC.
  • Ferretti, T. R., Gagné, C. L., & McRae, K. (2000, October). Tense morphemes, event knowledge and conceptual combination. Poster presented at the Second International Conference on the Mental Lexicon. Montreal, QC.
  • Gagné, C. L. (2000, July). Lexical and relation-based influences on the interpretation of noun-noun phrases. Paper presented at the Tenth Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science. Cambridge, England.
  • Taylor, T. E., Gagné, C. L., & Eagleson, R. (2000, July). Producing spatial descriptions: The effect of functional relations and orientation. Poster presented at the Tenth Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science. Cambridge, England.
  • Taylor, T. E., Gagné, C. L., & Eagleson, R. (2000, April). Spatial descriptions: Effects of object orientation and background knowledge. Paper presented at the Western Research Forum. London, ON.
  • Taylor, T. E., Gagné, C. L., & Eagleson, R. (2000, March). Spatial reasoning: Reference frame and object selection. Poster presented the American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Spring Symposium. Stanford, CA.
  • Taylor, T. E., Gagné, C. L., & Eagleson. R. (2000, March). Spatial reasoning: Reference frame and reference object selection. Computer demonstration given at the American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Spring Symposium. Stanford, CA.
  • Gagné, C. L. (1999, November). Lexical and relational priming in conceptual combination. Poster presented at the 40th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society. Los Angeles, CA.
  • *Gagné, C. L. (1999, October). The influence of relational information on interpreting noun-noun phrases. SUNY-Buffalo Cognitive Science Colloquium Series. Buffalo, NY.
  • Ferretti, T. R. & Gagné, C. L. (1999, June). Event structure and conceptual combination. Paper presented at the Ninth Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science. Edmonton, AB.
  • Gagné, C. L. (1997, May). Use of recently-encountered combinations during conceptual combination. Paper presented at the meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association. Chicago, IL.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Shoben, E. J. (1996, May). The influence of prior examples on the interpretation of noun-noun phrases. Paper presented at the meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association. Chicago, IL
  • Gagné, C. L. & Shoben, E. J. (1994, May). Priming thematic relations in nonpredicating conceptual combinations. Paper presented at the meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association. Chicago, IL.
  • Gagné, C. L. & Shoben, E. J. (1993, May). The influence of relational information on interpreting nonpredicating combinations. Paper presented at the meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association. Chicago, IL.
  • Friedman, A. & Gagné, C. L. (1991). The role of subject and predicate attributes in metaphor comprehension. Poster presented at the Annual Convention of the Canadian Psychological Association. Calgary, AB.