Mexican Historietas: A History


Introduction

Terminology

Background Information

Women in Mexican Comics

Historietas: Beginnings to 1959

Censorship and the Historietas

Historietas: 1959 to 1999

Historietas in the 21st Century

Resources

Early Pepin

Terminology:

Comic Tipo Libro Vaquero: "Cowboy comic book." This term is used by hardcore fans and collectors, and can refer to all genres of comics. El Libro Vaquero (The Cowboy Book) is currently the most well-known and successful comic in Mexico, published by Editores Novedades, and has a weekly circulation of around 800,000 copies (Ulloa online).

Comiquero: "Comic book artist/writer" or "Cartoonist."

Historieta: "Little story." This was the first term used to refer to comic books in Mexico, and continues to be used as the official term. "It refers to a graphic narrative designed to entertain, and on occasion, to educate" (Stavans 19).

Fotonovelas: "Photonovels." Panels consist of photographs superimposed over illustrated backgrounds. Predating European photonovels by at least a decade, the Mexican form is more sexually explicit than Italian fumetti. This format has been used increasingly as an educational tool by educators and government agencies.

Libros De Bolsillo: "Pocketbooks." This term is formal and not commonly used.

Monito: "Little Monkey." This term refers to the comic books and magazines where the historietas first appeared. It is still commonly used.

Moneros: Loosely translates to "Monkey Artist." Refers to the artist/writer who created the comic.

Pepines: "Little Josephs" or "Little Cucumbers." Pepín ran from 1936-1955, and was one of the most popular comic books in the Golden Age. Comics are still referred to as pepines due to its influence on the industry. Similarly, comics can also be referred to as paquines or chamacos after two other popular Golden Age publications.

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This website was created by Brianna Erban for LIS 518: Comic Books and Graphic Novels in Schools and Public Libraries

Last updated December 1, 2009.